The benefits of Food Therapy:What is Food Therapy?The goodness and importance of food therapy.
✵To help clients and TCM fans know better with the Common Knowledge of Health Preservation in TCM, there comes the online knowledge database in classified categories.
✵The main content including: the introduction of Common Knowledge of Health Preservation, Health Preservation for different groups and in various categories, etc.
✵The modern meaning of Health Preservation refers to the active physical and mental maintenance activities according to the law of human life process.Maintenance or Preservation refers to follow the law of life, through moderate exercise, plus external care and other means, so that the body function and external skin can rest and recuperate, restore due function, which is the first level of health; Cultivation, refers to the broadening of horizons, access to the heart, wide-ranging knowledge, through their own moral and quality of the practice and promotion, so that the body and mind could get a kind of rest and repair, to achieve the purpose of rest the mind and vitality; nourishment refers to the timely and appropriate people, follow the law of heaven and earth, the four seasons, with the appropriate food supplements, in order to nourish the conditioning of the whole body, to achieve the goal of better health and extending the year.
Introduction: Food Therapy, also known as diet therapy, is the use of food to affect the function of the body in all aspects, to obtain health or disease prevention. It is generally believed that food is an edible substance that provides the human body with various nutrients needed for growth, development and healthy survival. That is to say, the primary function of food is nutrition. Traditional Chinese Medicine has long recognized that food is not only nutritious but also can cure diseases.
Dietary health is a traditional habit of the Chinese people, through diet and food to achieve health care, strong body purpose. Food therapy health culture has a long history, food therapy health is a long-term health behavior. People used to take care of their bodies through food therapy, but now people take care of their body, lose weight, protect their skin and hair through food therapy. Food therapy is a healthy way to keep fit.
Food is the best "medicine" for people to cure diseases. Food therapy is to use food instead of medicine to cure diseases, restore the function of cells and restore the health of the human body. Advanced balanced nutrients can enhance the metabolism function of cell nutrition and make cells obtain powerful energy. At the same time, it can activate the healthy immune gene, increase the immune activity and multiply the number of immune cells. It can make immune cells have the ability to release numerous specific immunoglobulin, directly kill bacteria and viruses that invade cells, and directly neutralize and remove physical and chemical substances absorbed by cells. Strong immune cells can directly phagocytosis of dead cells and waste metabolites, to help the function of low-functioning cells to achieve the purpose of curing diseases. Hippocrates, known as the father of medicine in the west, once said that food is not as good as medicine, and food is the best medicine to cure people.
The Traditional Chinese Food Therapy.
Chinese people say: food is better than medicine. Foreigners say: food is the best medicine. If there is a method as long as through dietary, can maintain health, dispel disease, presumably everyone wants to try. This method has been around for a long time, which is China's Traditional Diet Regimen.
✵Food therapy refers to the selection of foods with certain health care or therapeutic effects in different seasons according to different groups of people, different ages, different physical conditions, and different diseases. Through scientific and reasonable collocation and cooking processing, it can be made into delicious food with color, aroma, taste, shape, Qi, and nutrition. These foods are not only delicious but also health care, disease prevention, brings health, longevity.
✵Chinese traditional diet lay emphasis on balance, put forward the dietary principles "five grains should be raised, the loss of beans is bad; Five animals suitable for good, harm if eating too much; Five vegetables are often filled, fresh green yellow and red; Five fruits are in assistant, fewer and numbers of kinds". To put it in modern language is to maintain the biodiversity of food sources, mainly grains, more vegetables, fruits and potatoes, enough beans and their products every day, take fish, poultry, meat, eggs, milk and other animal food with the right amount.
✵Chinese traditional diet structure is very reasonable, but in recent years, people's diet structure is more and more Westernized. Statistics show that from 1997 to 2002, among the ten major types of food consumed by Chinese residents, the consumption of grain and legumes decreased by 2.6% and 6.8% respectively, the consumption of sugary food increased by 42.1%, and the consumption of vegetable oils, meat, poultry and eggs increased by more than 20% respectively. The emergence of this situation is related to problems such as the spread of foreign fast food. Western fast food is mostly fried, baked and processed, with a very high proportion of meat. This wrong orientation of "meat is nutritious" is an important reason for the Westernization of diet structure. About 60 percent of food calories come from carbohydrates, 25 percent from fat, and 12 to 15 percent from protein, which is the ideal dietary composition ratio. The characteristics of western fast food are three high and three low, namely high quantity of heat, high fat and high protein, low minerals, low vitamins, and low dietary fiber. Due to the serious imbalance of nutrition, international nutritionists call western fast food as "energy bombs" and "junk food".
✵When some people are keen on Westernization of diet, Oriental diet structure represented by Chinese traditional diet structure is attracting more and more attention from the world. In 1989, the United States Senate held an unprecedented hearing on dietary nutrition, and heard the results of the cooperative diet survey conducted by Cornell University of the United States, Oxford University of the United Kingdom and Chinese academy of preventive medicine in China for 6 years, which concluded that the traditional diet structure of China was very beneficial to health.
✵Generally speaking, Chinese Traditional Diet Structure has four advantages. The first is the main and secondary food trenchant, the traditional diet attaches great importance to the health role of grains. The second is to focus on the health benefits of fresh vegetables. Traditional Chinese diet of fresh vegetables from a wide range and large consumption. "Do not eat without Green" has become the golden rule of Traditional Chinese Diet. Chinese residents eat about 500 grams of fresh vegetables a day, Germany only 80 grams, Britain is 83 grams, the Netherlands about 100 grams, the United States l02 ~ 103 grams, France 120 grams. The third is to emphasize that "a day without meat is okay, not a day without beans"; "Green vegetables and tofu to ensure safety" dietary principles. Fourth, traditional meals adhere to the low-temperature cooking method, such as staple food steamed bread, rice, noodles, dumplings, porridge and other cooking methods in a water environment, using a temperature of about 100℃ heating, the temperature is much lower than baking. Stir-fried dishes are also completed in a short time. This cooking method is not only beneficial to keep the nutritional components of vegetables from being lost but also meets the needs of surface sterilization of dishes and reduces the oxidation of grease.
Classification of Food Therapy.
✵Porridge: Porridge is cooked with rice and water, such as adding herbs to cook together is called herb porridge, may also add the right amount of herb juice into porridge for patients to take. It includes the dual effects of dietary regimen and medication. For example, dried ginger is used in Traditional Chinese medicine to relieve cold, but it has no tonic effect and is only applicable to the disease of endogenous cold. Rice or glutinous rice can benefit the spleen and nourish the Qi, but no power to drive away cold. If with dry ginger and rice porridge, it has become a warm tonic which benefits spleen and stomach, aid the treatment of spleen and stomach cold. If use glutinous rice to boil porridge again, add right amount green onion, ginger when fry boil, add a cup of vinegar after cook, can cure a cold, prevent cold again. As a result of millet porridge, add herbs to prepare especially tonic porridge, can be taken as breakfast or snack food, both can satisfy hunger, and for food therapy. Porridge food is simple and easy to use, in ancient and modern food therapy regimen it was used with the highest frequency.
✵Soup: can be used as a meal, can also be used as table food. Such as lily tremella soup: with lily 50 grams, tremella 25 grams, rock sugar 50 grams, first boil lily, lotus seeds, tremella with water, simmer until the soup slightly sticky, and then add rock sugar, could be taken once it cools down. It can calm the mind and strengthen the brain and take it before sleep every night to cure insomnia, dreaminess, anxiety, and forgetfulness.
✵ Tea: also known as "Tea Alternative Drinks", refers to the herbs containing tea or without tea, and the coarse products made by crushing and mixing (some herbs can be made without crushing). General does not use too bitter medicine. Herbal tea is prepared with boiling water or adding water to boil, you can drink as often as a daily tea. Such as ginger tea for cold prevention, namely by ginger, brown sugar composition. Also, such as chrysanthemum tea, namely to TCM herbs chrysanthemum and water, brew and drink frequently, can treat dizziness, with effects of heat-clearing, bright vision.
✵ Wine: also known as "Medicinal Wine", namely a liquid dosage form combining traditional Chinese medicine and wine, can be prepared by soaking method or brewing method. Traditional Chinese medicine believes that wine can boost blood circulation, dispel cold, enhance the potency of herbs. Commonly used Chinese wolfberry wine, ginseng wine, deer antler wine, bodybuilding wine and so on. But this kind of medicine wine's shortcoming is not suitable to use for those cannot drink or those with poor function of liver and kidney.
The advantages of Food Therapy.
Traditional Chinese medicine has always stressed that "medicine therapy is not as good as food therapy", taking food as medicine has the following prominent advantages:
✵1. Dietary therapy does not produce any toxic and side effects, while medicine treatment does not. Long-term use of herb medicine often produces various side effects and dependence, and may also affect some viscus of the human body.
✵2. These foods are ordinary things in People's Daily life, with low price, and some even do not spend any money, so that people can achieve the purpose of curing diseases in their daily meals, which is incomparable to the expensive medicines.
✵3. Food as medicine also has the advantage of no pain, allowing people to get rid of pain in the process of enjoying food, avoiding the pain of injection, medicine, or even surgery. Of course, dietary therapy is the best folk prescription, dietary health does have a good effect on disease prevention and treatment, has advantages different from therapy with medicine, but you can not make a conclusion that dietary therapy can cure all diseases, and therefore it cannot replace therapy with medicine. If the illness is acute or severe, or if the disease does not relieve after the application of dietary therapy, the herbalist or doctor should be consulted.
Low-salt diet is the basis of Food Therapy.
It can be said that a low-salt diet is the basis of dietary treatment for the vast majority of patients with kidney disease. A low-salt diet is strictly a diet limit sodium intake. Therefore, all foods high in sodium should be restricted. There are two main categories of high-sodium food: one is salt, monosodium glutamate, soy sauce, sauce, and other condiments; Second, all kinds of preserved salt food, such as all kinds of preserved vegetables, pickles, preserved meat, preserved fish, salted duck, sausage, red sausage and so on. Daily salt intake should be controlled at 2-3 grams or 10-15 ml of soy sauce. The second category of foods should be banned on low-salt diets. MSG(monosodium glutamate) contains half as much sodium as table salt and must be used sparingly. In addition, pasta products generally contain a certain amount of sodium(baking soda). Therefore, limit consumption. For the reason that all sorts of natural fresh food contain sodium content very low, so as long as pay attention to limit the use of condiments, that is, less use of salt, monosodium glutamate and soy sauce, more sugar, vinegar, low-salt diet is not difficult to prepare. In addition, the Traditional Chinese Medicine "Qiushi" and the low sodium salt sold in the market can be used to increase the saltiness. However, their main ingredient is potassium chloride, so consult a physician or herbalist. In cases of oliguria or no urine, renal failure should be used with caution or not use, so as not to lead to hyperkalemia. The low-salt diet is mainly applicable to renal patients with nephrotic syndrome, hypertension, and oliguria, and is the most commonly used diet for renal patients in clinical practice. However, patients with the renal disease with primary tubular impairment should not be on a low-salt diet. In these conditions, too much sodium can be lost in the urine, leading to problems such as hyponatremia and insufficient blood volume. Therefore, we should pay attention to the addition of sodium, should eat high-sodium food.
Wrong way of Food Therapy.
✵Go in the wrong direction: Some people consciously knowing own body deficiency, and often use tonic medicines such as ginseng wine, astragalus yam soup, ginseng, and astragalus essence, they think it is good and no harm, actually this kind of food could not be used to Yin deficiency (pale, anxious, low-grade fever, night sweats, thirst, red tongue with little coating, insomnia, much dream), with the consumption of Yin fluid, instead lead to more serious symptoms. The above-mentioned supplements of dietary health preparation are very effective to Qi deficiency conditions, this kind of people move with asthma, dizziness, and spontaneous sweating, thin and dilute stool, visceral prolapse(gastroptosis, renal ptosis, uterine ptosis, prolapse), with the above tonic medicine on the symptomatic. Therefore, we must take tonic according to the syndromes. Some elderly patients with chronic bronchitis, most cases observed symptoms of lung Yin deficiency (cough without sputum or less, sometimes haemoptysis, hot flashes, night sweats, hot on core of hands and feet, dry mouth and dry throat), for such cases if use red ginseng which nature sweet and warm, makes the illness aggravating, should use American ginseng, Ladybell root to tonify Qi ,nourish Yin and clear heat, for this kind of cough due to Yin deficiency, use some fresh Rehmannia root porridge, or take fresh candied lily, works well.
✵Too much compensation: The elderly mostly weak digestion, weak spleen, and stomach, at this time, taking much longan kernel, prepared Rehmannia root, donkey-hide gelatin and other greasy taste herbs, will make the spleen and stomach digestion ability weakened, reduced appetite, abdominal distension, diarrhea and other symptoms. So too greasy, is often easy to make mistakes. If old people are really Yin deficient, to use prepared Rehmannia root, donkey-hide gelatin and so on, also with a small amount, unfavorable if too greasy. Take the right amount of crystal sugar solomonseal rhizome soup, first-grade HuaiQing wild yam soup is also a good choice. Antler can supplement essence and boost Yang, which is a famous tonic for Yang. If you use a lot of antlers suddenly, you will have the symptoms of excessive heat such as nose bleeding, eye red, and dizziness. So to get a degree, start from a small dose.
✵Take it for granted: Some people think vitamins are supplements, so it doesn't hurt to use them more. Such as cod liver oil(fish oil) contains vitamin A and vitamin D, the human body with vitamin A deficiency show symptoms dry eyes and night blindness, vitamin D deficiency can cause rickets, but in fact vitamin A from food intake is enough for physiological need, the lack of vitamin A normally only occur in chronic hepatitis, pancreatitis, diarrhea. At this point, on the one hand, should be targeted at the cause of treatment, on the other hand, appropriate vitamin A supplements. If taken blindly for a long time, it may lead to poisoning, headache, nausea, vomiting, hair loss, and pruritus. If taken in large quantities for a long time, vitamin D may lead to low heat, irritability, anorexia, liver enlargement, kidney damage, and bone sclerosis. Other vitamin drugs, should not be blindly used as a tonic, such as the long-term large amount of use vitamin C, can cause kidney, ureter, bladder stones; Taking vitamin B1 blindly in large quantities can cause headache, irritability, arrhythmia, edema, and neurasthenia.
✵Medicated food abuse: In recent years, "medicated foods" have become popular. Once abused, these "medicine and foods" will do great harm. It can destroy the normal physiological activities of the human body and even cause disease. Such as "Ginseng jelly", "Deer antler jelly", "Ginseng milk powder", "Ginseng biscuits" and so on. Ginseng stimulates the secretion of gonadal hormones, and velvet antler is commonly used to treat impotence. Some "pharmaceutical foods" (such as some drinks) contain stimulants such as caffeine, which are used in large quantities and can interfere with the body's biological rhythms and are harmful to health. Others make their own "medicine food". If some people think that licorice is good medicine, and its sweet taste is very delicious, so they drink licorice water as a tea, which is very dangerous. Take this kind of "licorice tea" for a long time can produce the side effect that resembles adrenocortical hormone kind, make blood sodium eduction decreases, potassium eduction increases, lead to high blood sodium, convulsion because short of calcium. What's more, taking licorice for a long time can cause adrenal cortical dysfunction. Once adrenocortical dysfunction occurs, some patients may need to take adrenocortical hormones such as prednisone for life.
✵Do not discriminate: In the process of food therapy, it is very important to identify the appropriate and taboo foods for different people. For example, eating fish, which many people think is good for everyone, is not. The fish oil that fish contains basically is icosapentaenoic acid, have the effect of inhibiting platelet agglutination, have great benefit to preventing and treating coronary heart disease and cerebral thrombosis, but, because it reduced the coagulation of platelet, can cause all sorts of spontaneous hemorrhage, include cerebral hemorrhage. Studies have shown that few Inuit people who live on fish suffer from coronary heart disease and cerebral thrombosis, but cerebral hemorrhage is an important cause of death among Inuit people. So, have cerebral hemorrhage tendency or already had the person of cerebral hemorrhage history, should not eat fish in great quantities blindly.
Attention points of food therapy.
✵Not addicted to specific food: Reasonable diet first requires people to have a variety of diet. In Traditional Chinese Medicine, the five flavors represent various foods and their characteristics. If take specific food for long-term, will affect the normal physiological state and even disease.
Reasonable diet requires people's diet should combine refine grains and raw grains, meat and vegetables, coordination, especially can not eat too much saturated fatty acid animal food. Because excessive saturated fatty acid can increase the content of cholesterol in the blood for most people, cause atherosclerosis, induce coronary heart disease. Those herbalists of Ancient Chinese Medicine also pointed out that "greasy and surfeit flavor" is enough to make people sick.
In daily life, some people hold a hobby of spicy food, or hobby to food Fried, greasy, alcoholics. All of these hobbies are bad for your health. In taste preference, the preference for sweet or salty food is harmful to the body. Sweet food is mainly sugar or sugar-containing food because the incidence of dental caries is positively correlated with the amount of sugar, it is necessary to eat less sugar and sweet food to protect teeth. Salty food is salt and salty food, salt contains sodium and chlorine. Because the incidence of high blood pressure and sodium intake is positively correlated, so salt should not be eaten more. To prevent high blood pressure, it is advisable to eat no more than 10 grams of salt per person per day. It is better to limit salt intake in patients with high blood pressure. As to drink incontinence, can make appetite drops, intake food amount decreases, as result nutrition is deficient, seriously will lead to alcoholic liver cirrhosis. Accordingly, should drink less or do not drink, especially those contain high-level alcohol.
Do not overeat raw and cold, fruits and vegetables, or food that is too hot. The former is easy to damage the Yang Qi of spleen and stomach, causing poor appetite and diarrhea, abdominal pain, or menstrual disorders in women; Latter easy to accumulate heat in intestines and stomach, injury Yin and fluid, cause thirsty and dry pharynx, epigastric heat or abdominal pain, constipation, also be the main factor that induces esophagus cancer.
Eat sparingly. Eat with restraint or adequate hunger means eating moderately, not too little and not too much. It is one of the important principles to ensure a reasonable diet. In general, when the appetite is satisfied, the caloric need is satisfied and one of the criteria for health is maintained at a normal weight. Eat too little cause emaciation, eat too much cause fat, it is bad undoubtedly.
In Ancient China people paid great attention to the damage caused by excessive diet. It is "take food times, intestines and stomach are hurt". And it can cause some diseases.
Diet should be avoided in illness.
✵As early as in the Han dynasty, the Synopsis of the Golden Chamber(Jin Kui Yao Lue) recorded: "the taste of food is suitable for illness and vice. If appropriate, it will do you good; if not, it will make you ill." It shows that the diet should be selected when suffering from the disease, because of the different diseases and syndromes, the diet should not be the same. If the spleen and stomach are weak and cold, diarrhea and abdominal pain, it is advisable to eat a diet that is easy to digest and warm to the spleen, such as Chinese yam, lotus seed, jujube fruit, pepper and so on. Diet should avoid cold melon and fruit and greasy diet, such as Popsicle, cold drink, watermelon, glutinous rice, sea cucumber, fat. For Yin deficiency with internal heat, heat and upset, thirsty, appropriate to eat diet function to nourish Yin and clearing heat, such as watermelon, tomato, celery, lotus plumule, ophiopsis and so on; Should avoid warm dry, intense stimulation of food, such as ginger, pepper, mutton, strong tea, wine, coffee. People with diabetes should eat diets that are conducive to lowering blood sugar, such as wild yam, radix ophiopogonis, stevia leaf, and astragalus root. Should avoid refined sugar and its products. Generally speaking, during the illness, food choice should be nature moderate, easy to digest, reasonable nutrition diet, avoid diet which is hard, sticky, smelly and too greasy.
At the beginning of the disease, appetite just improved and better take millet porridge to nourish, can not suddenly take the daily meal or meat and so on thick flavor diet. So as not to be difficult to digest, spleen and stomach involved, or even difficult to recover or disease recurrence. It is particularly common for gastrointestinal diseases.