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Nan Jing(the Difficult Classic)
the Difficult Classic(or the Classic of Questioning, or the Classic of Difficult Issues)
before the Han Dynasty
Introduction: ✵《難經》(Nan Jing)or the Difficult Classic or the Classic of Questioning, or the Classic of Difficult Issues, a book which appeared in the 1st and 2nd century B.C. or earlier, the authorship was unknown, although it was often ascribed to Qin Yueren, it was a famous ancient book and its origin has several legendary versions. It deals with those fundamental theories and expounds the main points of the Huang Di Nei Jing or the Yellow Emperor's Internal Classic in the form of questions and answers. The points for acupuncture and moxibustion, the method of needling, the physiological and pathological conditions related to the meridians and collaterals, and the method of pulse-taking are all discussed.
✧The theory of the Nan Jing(or the Difficult Classic), proposed the pulse taken from the cunkou(site for taking wrist pulse), to judge the syndromes of the internal, which is different from the the Yellow Emperor's Internal Classic. The earliest edition of Nan Jing which known today are possibly preserved by ancient herbalist Wang Shuhe.
✦The content of the Nan Jing(or the Difficult Classic), is composed of 81 articles and could be classified into 6 parts of its main subjects, and known including: the 1st part is about meridian, from part 1 to 22, the 2nd part is about meridians and collaterals, from part 23 to 29, the 3rd part is about Zang-Fu, from part 30 to 47, the 4th part is about Disease, from part 48 to 61, the 5th part is about acupuncture points, from part 62 to 68, the 6th part is about acupuncture, from part 69 to 81.
✧The theory of the Nan Jing(or the Difficult Classic), has some difference from the Huang Di Nei Jing or the Yellow Emperor's Internal Classic, simply they are: the theory that Qi and Blood based on different which discussed in the chapter 22; the theory that heart main for Triple energizer, with name but incorporeal, which discussed in the chapter 25; the theory that left kidney and right life-gate, which discussed in the chapter 36 and 39; the theory that there are five types of Cold-induced disease, which discussed in the chapter 58; the theory that five-shu point(five transport points) and accumulation of meridians, to differentiate Yin Yang and the five elements, which discussed in the chapter 64; the theory that east excess and west deficiency, discharge the south and supplement the north, which discussed in the chapter 75; the theory that liver excess and the lung deficiency, which discussed in the part 81. From these differences, the Nan Jing(or the Difficult Classic) had references and theories from other ancient classics which different from the Yellow Emperor's Internal Classic, and it could not be simply understood as a summary version book of the Yellow Emperor's Internal Classic.
1.Introduction of Nan Jing:the Difficult Classic.
2.Huang Di Ba Shi Yi Nan Jing:the Eighty One Difficult Classics of the Yellow Emperor.By 秦越人(Qín Yuèrén).
3.Nan Jing Ji Zhu:the variorum of the Difficult Classics.By 王唯壹(Wáng Wéiyī),王九思(Wáng Jiǔsī).
4.Wu Ting Zi Su Jie Ba Shi Yi Nan Jing:Don't listen to the Eighty One Difficult Classics annotated by layman.By 熊宗立(Xióng Zōnglì).