Introduction of Hua Shi Zhong Zang Jing:the Central Treasury Canon.
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Hua Shi Zhong Zang Jing(Central Treasury Canon)
《華氏中藏經》(Hua Shi Zhong Zang Jing)
Central Treasury Canon, or the Treasured Classic
East Han Dynasty
Introduction: ✵《華氏中藏經》(Hua Shi Zhong Zang Jing), or the Central Treasury Canon, or the Central Treasury Canon of Hua Tuo, or the Treasured Classic, is a comprehensive ancient book on herbs and treatment, its authorship was ascribed to prominent ancient herbalist Hua Tuo, but it also probably was written by unknown authors during the Six Dynasties periods(the Northern and Southern Dynasties, epoch during 386~581 AD). Modern scholars have some consensus that the book was from disciples of Hua Tuo, 吴普(Wú Pǔ) and 樊阿(Fán ē), who wrote it into text according to Hua Tuo's lectures, and spread by copy from followers. The book has contents of 49 articles on diagnosis and treatment, pulse, Zang and Fu viscera, deficiency and excess syndromes, cold and heat syndromes, etc, as well as a list of remedies.
The Central Treasury Canon set the Zang-Fu viscera theory as its core theory, systematically summarized and explained ancient theories about life and disease from articles of the Huang Di Nei Jing(the Yellow Emperor's Internal Classics) and Nan Jing(the Difficult Classics), together with explains and supplements added by the author, formed the primary contents of the Zang-Fu(viscera) theory, brought deep and far influence to the development of Zang-Fu theory in later years. The theory was inherited and absorbed by later herbalist, such as the Zang-Fu theory in the book Qian Jing Yao Fang(the Invaluable Prescriptions) by herbalist 孫思邈(Sūn Sīmiǎo), and the Zang-Fu theory for pediatrics from herbalist 錢乙(Qián Yǐ), in his book Xiao Er Yao Zheng Zhi Jue(or Key to the Therapeutics of Children's Disease), and the Zang-Fu theory of herbalist 張元素(Zhāng Yuánsù) in his book Yi Xu Qi Yuan, its Zang-Fu theory was almost all quoted from Hua Tuo's book.
The systematic theory system of the Central Treasury Canon, set the Zang-Fu theory as its core, seek and discussed theories from the book Huang Di Nei Jing(Huangdi's Internal Classic) and Nan Jing(the Difficult Classic), and other ancient books, on Yin and Yang, Cold and Heat, deficiency and excess, Zang and Fu difference, theory on the pulse and syndromes, achieved mastery through a comprehensive study, gave play to the mystery, formed one earliest theory on syndrome differentiation of Zang-Fu viscera, laid a basis for the syndrome differentiation of Zang-Fu viscera. Its influences spread until today.
The content of the Central Treasury Canon, was composed of 3 volumes, the 1st and 2nd volumes in 49 chapters are about theory, the 3rd volume recorded about 60 kinds of remedy for various syndromes. The articles could be classified into 4 parts according to its main subjects, they are known as: the 1st part is about general theory, from chapter 1 to 20; the 2nd part is about methods to differentiate the deficiency excess cold heat life death of Zang and Fu viscera, normal and abnormal transmission, from chapter 21 to 32; the 3rd part is about miscellaneous diseases and relevant methods to judge chances of life or death, from chapter 33 to 49; the 4th part is about remedies listed.
The theory of the Central Treasury Canon, has some new devotions to ancient classics, simply they are:
(1).It gave a new interpretation on the theory of the Triple Energizer(or the "three burners"), the earliest records of the Triple Energizer could be traced back to the ancient classics Huang Di Nei Jing. Su Wen(Huangdi's Internal Classic. The Plain Questions), in the chapter titled "Ling Lan Mi Dian Lun", and the debate was recorded in chapter 25 of the Nan Jing(the Difficult Classic). Its main debate is about the name, function, and existence of the Triple Energizer. In the Central Treasury Canon, the Triple Energizer was defined as "the sea of jade, the water channel or the waterway", and functions "leading the Qi of the five Zang and Six Fu viscera, the Ying and Wei system, the meridians and channels, the Internal and External, the Left Right Upper Lower", and it "is intangible in physical but could be separated into parts, the upper, the middle, the lower", for its function "excretion without storage" the Triple Energizer should be classified to Fu viscera, and different from the five Fu-viscera, it is known as a separate Fu-viscera, the meridian of Foot TaiYang is its channel.
(2).It gives an innovation of the pathogenesis theory of Zang-Fu disease, and makes differences on Yin and Yang, Cold and Heat, Deficiency and Excess, Upper and Lower;
(3).It established the syndrome differentiation of eight principles.
1.Introduction of Hua Shi Zhong Zang Jing:the Central Treasury Canon.
2.Hua Shi Zhong Zang Jing:the Central Treasury Canon, or the Treasured Classic.By 華佗(Huà Tuó).
2.Hua Shi Zhong Zang Jing.Collected in the Ping Jing Guan Cong Shu.By 孫星衍(Sūn Xīngyǎn).
3.Zhong Zang Jing Jiao Zhu:the collated and annotated Central Treasury Canon.