Swelling and distension:introduction of its pathological reasons,syndrome differentiation and common syndromes.

Syndromes of Traditional Chinese Medicine. ✵Traditional Chinese medicine has been used for thousands of years. Through thousands of years of practice, it has been proved that Chinese medicine is effective and feasible in treating diseases, preventing diseases and maintaining health. The treatment of diseases with traditional Chinese medicine has saved countless lives. The treatment of diseases in traditional Chinese medicine is macro and comprehensive.

 The theoretical system of traditional Chinese medicine is derived from and guided by long-term clinical practice. Through the analysis of the phenomenon, the internal mechanism is explored. Therefore, this unique theoretical system of traditional Chinese medicine has two basic characteristics, one is the overall-concept, the other is the dialectical treatment.

Swelling and Distension.
Swelling and Distension. 
 ✵Swelling and distension: the swelling and distention are mainly affecting the abdomen, observed full and swelling distention in the abdomen. In ancient works Neijing, it was defined as stomach pulse excess then swelling and distention, there is excessive Qi, then swelling and distention. The deficiency type which is not painful once pressed, the excess type which is painful once pressed.

 ✵The abdominal swelling and distension relieved irregularly, affect again days later, this is mainly due to cold pathogen, should be warmed; The abdominal swelling and distention condition, dryness in mouth, water retention in the abdomen, this is the condition of water retention; Fu Yang pulse slightly string-like, should observe swelling and distention in abdomen, if not swelling then normally closed at lower energizer, difficulty in defecation, pain below the costal region, this is mainly due to cold pathogen attack from lower upward, should be treated with warm recipes.

Common syndromes of Swelling and Distension.
Common syndromes of Swelling and Distension. 
 ✦The common syndromes of swelling and distension are introduced as:

 ✧Stomach Qi not smooth, swelling and cough irregularly, no appetite(do not want to take food);

 ✧Stomach cold and deficiency, swelling and filled in absomen, should descending Qi;

 ✧Stomach cold pathogen affection, swelling and distension, borborygmus(bowel sounds) and pains, chest fullness, vomiting;

 ✧Swelling and distention in abdomen, physiosis(flatulence),(ever noted by herbalist Zhang Zhongjing:abdominal fullness, fever over tens of days, pulse floating and rapid, diet and drink as normal);

 ✧Swelling and distention in abdomen, fever over tens of days, pulse floating and rapid, diet and drink is same as normal;

 ✧Chronic cold affection, reverse fullness in the chest and hypochondria regions, no appetite(could not take food);

 ✧Weakness and emaciation, fullness in chest and diaphragm;

 ✧Internally hurt due to acute taxation or consumption, sweating and affected by wind pathogen, swelling and distention in abdomen, great hungery, no appetite(could not take food), pain in the heart, urine yellow and red, sometime white urine, difficulty in defecation(constipation);

References:
  • 1.Swelling and distension:introduction of its pathological reasons,syndrome differentiation and common syndromes.
  • 2.Su Wen:the Plain Questions of Huangdi's Internal Classic.By 黄帝(the Yellow Emperor).
  • 3.Zhu Bing Yuan Hou Lun:the General Treatise on the Cause and Symptoms of Diseases.By 巢元方(Cháo Yuánfāng).

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