Small intestine deficiency and excess syndrome:introduction of its pathological reasons,syndrome differentiation and common syndromes.

Syndromes of Traditional Chinese Medicine. ✵Traditional Chinese medicine has been used for thousands of years. Through thousands of years of practice, it has been proved that Chinese medicine is effective and feasible in treating diseases, preventing diseases and maintaining health. The treatment of diseases with traditional Chinese medicine has saved countless lives. The treatment of diseases in traditional Chinese medicine is macro and comprehensive.

 The theoretical system of traditional Chinese medicine is derived from and guided by long-term clinical practice. Through the analysis of the phenomenon, the internal mechanism is explored. Therefore, this unique theoretical system of traditional Chinese medicine has two basic characteristics, one is the overall-concept, the other is the dialectical treatment.

Small intestine deficiency and excess syndrome
 
 ✵Small intestine deficiency and excess syndrome are two kinds of small intestine syndromes.

 ✵The Small intestine deficiency syndrome is a syndrome due the affection of the small intestine due to cold, cold pain in the lower abdomen, prefer warm and pressing, urination clear and long, nocturnal urination, bowel ringing diarrhea or blood after the stool and other main symptoms.

 ✵The Small intestine excess syndrome is the syndrome due to heart transfer heat to the small intestine or heat accumulated in the spleen and stomach, moving down to the small intestine, resulting internal heat in the small intestine, affecting the small intestine to separate turbidity and clear, gasification function of the lower energizer, as small intestine excess heat syndrome. Often presents in the mouth sore, bloody urine and other diseases.

Small Intestine Excess Heat Syndrome.
Small Intestine Excess Heat Syndrome. 
 ✦Etiology and pathogenesis: Because there is heat in the heart meridian, move down to the small intestine; Or eating and drinking without temperance, the spleen loses health function, dampness and turbid depression and transferred to heat, affect the small intestine and result in small intestine excess heat.

 Clinical manifestations: symptoms observed including yellow urine and heat in urine, urethral acerbity pain, bloody urine, upset with thirst, sore on mouth and tongue, abdominal distension pain, red tongue and tongue coating yellow.

 The Small intestine and heart have an exterior-interior relationship with each other, heart fire is hyper, move down to small intestine along the collaterals, make the small intestine hard to separate clear from turbidness, turbidness heat flowing downward and hurt the bladder, leading to urine yellow and urine heat; Qi is unfavorable, then urinate acerbity and stagnant pain; Heat injury blood collateral, the urine with blood; Heat pathogen disturb the heart, then upset; If the tongue is disturbed, sore will appear on the mouth and tongue. Hot pathogen hurt the fluid, then thirsty; Small intestine and urinary bladder Qi imbalance, abdominal distension pain; Tongue red and tongue coating yellow, are symptoms of excess heat.

 ✧Other common syndromes of small intestine excess heat were recorded:

 Small intestine excess heat, heat and swelling, sore on the mouth;

 Small intestine excess heat, heat accumulated, obstacles(might lead to difficulty in urination);

Small Intestine Deficiency Syndrome.
Small Intestine Deficiency Syndrome. 
 ✦The small intestine deficiency syndrome is mainly due to pathological changes of deficiency of Yang Qi, low function of the small intestine of receiving, endogenesis deficiency cold, and lose function separating clear and excreting turbid.

 ✧Etiology and pathogenesis: Because eating and drinking without temperance, or take too much cold, or fatigue and internal injury, Yang deficiency, resulting in intestinal dysfunction.

 Clinical manifestations: chronic abdominal pain, like hot and massage, bowel sounding, diarrhea, yellow withered complexion, mental fatigue and lack in strength, frequent urine and clear long, accompanied with aversion to cold and cold limbs, pale tongue, tongue coating thin white, and so on.

 Deficiency of Yang, excess internal Yin cold, lack of warmth and movement ability, small intestinal Qi is not smooth, thus chronic abdominal pain, like warm and like massage, aversion to cold and cold limbs; Yang Qi deficiency and decline, the function of small intestinal separating clear and excreting turbid is weakened, water and dampness flow downward to the intestines, then bowel sounding and diarrhea; If the water flows down into the urinary bladder, then urination frequent and clear and long. Yellow complexion(looks yellow on face), fatigue and lack in strength, pale tongue, tongue coating thin and white, pulse slow and weak, are all symptoms of deficiency and cold.

 ✧Other common syndromes of small intestine excess heat were recorded:

 Small intestine deficiency cold, red and white dysentery, laxation, uneasy in small intestines;

References:
  • 1.Small intestine deficiency and excess syndrome:introduction of its pathological reasons,syndrome differentiation and common syndromes.
  • 2.Su Wen:the Plain Questions of Huangdi's Internal Classic.By 黄帝(the Yellow Emperor).
  • 3.Zhu Bing Yuan Hou Lun:the General Treatise on the Cause and Symptoms of Diseases.By 巢元方(Cháo Yuánfāng).
  • 4.Qian Jin Yao Fang:Invaluable Prescriptions.By 孙思邈(Sūn Sīmiǎo).
  • 5.Sanyin Ji Yi Bingzheng Fang Lun, Treatise on Three Categories of Pathogenic Factors.By 陈言(Chén Yán).

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