Lung deficiency and excess syndrome:introduction of pathological reasons,syndrome differentiation and common syndromes.

Syndromes of Traditional Chinese Medicine. ✵Traditional Chinese medicine has been used for thousands of years. Through thousands of years of practice, it has been proved that Chinese medicine is effective and feasible in treating diseases, preventing diseases and maintaining health. The treatment of diseases with traditional Chinese medicine has saved countless lives. The treatment of diseases in traditional Chinese medicine is macro and comprehensive.

 The theoretical system of traditional Chinese medicine is derived from and guided by long-term clinical practice. Through the analysis of the phenomenon, the internal mechanism is explored. Therefore, this unique theoretical system of traditional Chinese medicine has two basic characteristics, one is the overall-concept, the other is the dialectical treatment.

Introduction of the Lung viscus.
 
 ✵In the Traditional Chinese Medicine system, the Lung viscus is understood as a Zang-viscus. It is briefly introduced as:

 Lung: the lung viscus governs Qi and performs respiration. The lung viscus is the governor of Qi, main for diffusing and disseminating, cleansing and down-bringing, faces all blood vessels, controls the movement of water, manifested in the skin and body hair, opens orifices in the nose, houses the corporeal soul, in emotion is sadness and grief, intolerant of cold.

Lung Deficiency and Excess Syndrome.
Lung Deficiency and Excess Syndrome. 
 ✵Lung deficiency and excess syndrome are known including the lung deficiency syndrome and the lung excess syndrome.

 ✵The lung deficiency syndrome is also known as lung deficiency cold syndrome, right-hand cunkou pulse Yin deficiency, belong to the hand Tai Yin, symptoms suffering from deficiency of Qi and short of breath, dry throat and no body fluid, this is the condition of lung deficiency cold syndrome. Other symptoms observed including cough and Qi counter flow upward, diarrhea and deficiency of Qi, cold body and aversion to cold, clear nasal discharge from nose, oppression choking in throat, cold arises from the back, sense like ice and snow in mouth, voiceless speech, dry tongue body, spit blood, no appetite(could not take food), etc.

 ✵The lung excess syndrome also known as lung excess heat syndrome, right-hand cunkou pulse Yin excess, belongs to the hand Tai Yin, symptoms suffering from lung distension, perspiration as dews(sweating as dews), abnormal rising of Qi and dyspnea(short of breath and difficulty in breath), blocking in oropharynx and desire to vomit(throw up), this is the condition of lung excess heat syndrome. Other symptoms observed including nose opening, cough, spit blood with pus, etc.

Common Syndromes of Lung Deficiency.
Lung Deficiency 
 ✦The common syndrome of lung deficiency cold are introduced as:

 ✧Lung deficiency cold, hoarseness voice, speak with strength, trembling, weakness and deficiency, wind invading the lung;

 ✧Lung deficiency cold, hurt by strong wind affection, hoarseness voice, panting lassitude and short of breath, cough and spit;

 ✧Lung deficiency cold, cough and nasal discharge, rhinobyon(nasal obstruction, stuffy nose);

 ✧Lung Qi deficiency, counterflow upward and fullness in chest, oppression and choking in pharynx and larynx, short of breath, cold rise up from the back, sense like ice and snow in mouth, loss voice in speaking, even spit blood in severe condition;

 ✧Lung Qi deficiency, cough with Qi rising up, sit and hold a rope, spit foam and blood, no appetite(could not take food);

 ✧Lung Qi deficiency, cough with Qi rising up, short of breath, cold rising from the back, sense like ice and snow in mouth, voiceless in speaking and thirst, dry tongue body;

 ✧Lung Qi deficiency, full in chest and abdomen(fullness in heart and abdomen), cough, dyspnea with Qi rising, spit blood with pus, pain in chest and back, dysphoria with smothery sensation in hands and feet(irritable heat in hands and feet), palpitation with self-alert, hair and skin rise itself, or crying or singing or angry, dry retching and vexation, hear wind and rain sound in ears, pale white complexion(looks pale and white);

 ✧Lung Qi deficiency, cough and spit blood with pus, short of breath and could not sleep;

 ✧Lung Qi deficiency, dry in pharynx and larynx(dry throat);

 ✦The lung and the large intestines have an exterior-interior relationships, the lung deficiency will develop to lung and large intestine deficiency syndrome, right-hand cunkou pulse Yin and Yang both deficiency, means deficiency of both hand Tai Yin and Yang Ming, symptoms tinnitus, improperly seeing light, unhappy in emotions, or looks like frighted and feared, is the condition of lung and large intestine deficiency syndrome. The common syndromes of lung and large intestine deficiency are introduced as:

 ✧Lung and large intestine both deficiency, deficiency cold and lack of Qi, spasm in lower abdomen(lower abdomen contracture), lumbago(backache), emaciation with various sufferings;

 

Common Syndromes of Lung Excess.
Lung Excess 
 ✦The common syndrome of lung excess heat are introduced as:

 ✧Lung excess heat, the chest depend on breath;

 ✧Lung excess heat, dyspnea panting and short of breath, often spit blood with pus;

 ✧Lung excess heat, oppression internally, dyspnea with rapid respiration in chest and palpitation, pathogenic heat affect irregularly, suffering and desire to die;

 ✧Lung heat, Qi counterflow upward(uprising), cough and panting;

 ✧Lung heat, panting(gasp for breath), nose bleeding;

 ✧Lung heat, affected by wind after drinking alcohol, wind invading the lung, the gallbladder Qi discharged improperly, eye blue or green and gasp(short of breath);

 ✧Fatigue after drinking alcohol, or wind affection with happy or anger emotions, cold pathogen invading the lung, yellow swelling on face, dizziness or dazzled when stand up, cough and uprising of Qi, epigastric oppression(feeling of fullness and dull pain in the upper abdomen), no appetite(could not intake food), or spit blood with pus, pain in chest and radiating to the back, full in chest and want to vomit(throw up);

 ✦The lung and the large intestines have an exterior-interior relationships, the lung excess will develop to lung and large intestine excess syndrome, symptoms right-hand cunkou pulse Yin and Yang excess, means the excess of hand Tai Yin and excess of the Yang Ming, suffering from cephalea(headache) and dazzled, frightened madness, numbness pain of larynx, curled arms and hands(spasm of arms and hands), mouth and lips could not collect, this is the conditions of lung and large intestine excess syndrome. The common syndromes of lung and large intestine excess are introduced as:

 ✧Lung and large intestine excess, fullness in chest;

References:
  • 1.Lung deficiency and excess syndrome:introduction of pathological reasons,syndrome differentiation and common syndromes.
  • 2.Su Wen:the Plain Questions of Huangdi's Internal Classic.By 黄帝(the Yellow Emperor).
  • 3.Jin Kui Yao Lue Fang Lun:the Synopsis of Prescriptions of the Golden Chamber.By 张仲景(Zhāng Zhòngjǐng),王叔和(Wáng Shūhé),林亿(Lín Yì),高宝衡(Gāo Bǎohéng).
  • 4.Zhong Zang Jing:the Central Treasury Canon.By 华佗(Huà Tuó).
  • 5.Zhu Bing Yuan Hou Lun:the General Treatise on the Cause and Symptoms of Diseases.By 巢元方(Cháo Yuánfāng).
  • 6.Wai Tai Mi Yao:Arcane Essentials from the Imperial Library.By 王焘(Wáng Tāo).

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