Heart excess and Heart deficiency:introduction of its pathological reasons,syndrome differentiation and common syndromes.

Syndromes of Traditional Chinese Medicine. ✵Traditional Chinese medicine has been used for thousands of years. Through thousands of years of practice, it has been proved that Chinese medicine is effective and feasible in treating diseases, preventing diseases and maintaining health. The treatment of diseases with traditional Chinese medicine has saved countless lives. The treatment of diseases in traditional Chinese medicine is macro and comprehensive.

 The theoretical system of traditional Chinese medicine is derived from and guided by long-term clinical practice. Through the analysis of the phenomenon, the internal mechanism is explored. Therefore, this unique theoretical system of traditional Chinese medicine has two basic characteristics, one is the overall-concept, the other is the dialectical treatment.

Introduction of the Heart viscus.
 
 ✵In the Traditional Chinese Medicine system, the Heart viscus is understood as a Zang-viscus. It is briefly introduced as:

 Heart: the viscus likened to the monarch in the body, controls blood circulation, in charge of mental activities, in emotions is joy, in liquid is the sweat, in the body, it coordinates with the pulse, manifested on the face, open into the tongue.

Heart Excess Syndromes:
Heart Excess Syndromes 
 ✦The heart excess heat syndrome: the heart excess heat syndrome is known observed symptoms: bitter and closing, difficulty in defecation(constipation), abdominal full(abdominal distention), heavy limbs(feel heavy in legs and arms), body heat, this is the condition of heart excess heat syndrome. The heart excess syndrome is mainly due to excess heat, phlegm heat counter flow upward, and the main symptoms are pathogen excess. Common heart excess heat syndromes are introduced:

 Heart excess heat syndrome, or want to vomit, vomit but could not vomit out, worried and vexed and dyspnea with rapid respiration, cephalea(headache), etc.

 Heart excess heat syndrome, chronic or new diarrhea, water and grains undigested(indigestion), thunder in the intestines, distention and fullness below the heart, dysemesia(retch) and uneasy, etc.

 ✧The heart and small intestine excess syndrome: the heart and small intestine excess syndrome is known observed symptoms: cephalea(headache) and body heat, difficulty in defecation(constipation), dysphoria in heart and abdomen(vexed, upset, fullness in heart and abdomen), could not sleep, due to stomach Qi not flow smoothly, water and grains(food) stagnant inside and excess, this is the condition of heart and small intestine excess syndrome. Common heart and small intestine excess syndromes are introduced:

 Heart excess heat syndrome, awaken in the dream, like to laugh and fear, pavor(palpitate with fear) and uneasy;

 Heart excess heat syndrome, dry mouth and polydipsia(vexation and thirst), uneasy in sleep(restless sleep);

 Heart excess heat syndrome, vomit blood and epistaxis;

 Heart excess heat syndrome, full in heart, vexation and pavor(upset,vexed,fear);

Heart Deficiency Syndromes:
Heart Deficiency Syndromes 
 ✦The heart deficiency cold syndrome:the heart deficiency cold syndrome is known observed symptoms:pavor(palpitate with fear) and not happy, pain in heart and abdomen(heart pain and abdominal pain), difficulty in speech, cold in heart and absent-minded(feel cold in heart, faintly trance), this is the condition of heart deficiency cold syndrome. The heart deficiency syndrome is mainly due to Qi deficiency and blood deficiency of the heart. Common heart deficiency cold syndromes are introduced:

 Heart Qi deficiency, easy sorrow or angry, nose bleeding, complexion yellow and vexation, heat in heart, or soliloquy without knowing, pain in throat, stiffen of the tongue, cold sweating, easy pavor(palpitate with fear), no decided in walking(or actions, or hesitate), women metrorrhagia, red on face;

 Heart deficiency cold, swelling full in heart, sorrow and worry, or dream hills rivers and lakes;

 ✧The heart and small intestine deficiency syndrome:the heart and small intestine deficiency syndrome is known observed symptoms: diarrhea due to deficiency cold, cold and Qi deficiency, cold limbs, Chang Pi(ancient syndrome terms, means purulent and bloody stool), this is the condition of heart and small intestine deficiency syndrome. Common heart and small intestine deficiency syndromes are introduced:

 Deficiency and asthenia, heart Qi weak and palpitation, or wild talk timely, hurt in limbs, strength changes, complexion not glory;

 Zang-viscera deficiency, easy to pavor(palpitate with fear) like in a nightmare, and irregular menstruation of women after childbirth;

References:
  • 1.Heart excess and Heart deficiency:introduction of its pathological reasons,syndrome differentiation and common syndromes.
  • 2.Su Wen:the Plain Questions of Huangdi's Internal Classic.By 黄帝(the Yellow Emperor).
  • 3.Jin Kui Yao Lue Fang Lun:the Synopsis of Prescriptions of the Golden Chamber.By 张仲景(Zhāng Zhòngjǐng),王叔和(Wáng Shūhé),林亿(Lín Yì),高宝衡(Gāo Bǎohéng).
  • 4.Zhu Bing Yuan Hou Lun:the General Treatise on the Cause and Symptoms of Diseases.By 巢元方(Cháo Yuánfāng).
  • 5.Qian Jin Yao Fang:Invaluable Prescriptions.By 孙思邈(Sūn Sīmiǎo).

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