Introduction of the Zang-Fu viscera syndrome differentiation.

Zang-Fu viscera syndrome differentiation  ✵To help clients and TCM fans know better with the common knowledge of ancient TCM and syndrome differentiation, there comes the online knowledge database in classified categories.

 ✵The main content including: the introduction of the most famous and talented Ancient Herbalists and Distinguished Physicians, the most influential and Well-Known Ancient Works, common Diagnostic Methods, the introduction of Common Disease and Syndromes, etc.

 ✵The Syndrome Differentiation of TCM is the process of an overall analysis of data to determine the location, cause, and nature of a person's syndrome and achieve a diagnosis of a syndrome or pattern.

Introduction of Zang-Fu viscera syndrome differentiation.

 Introduction:The Zang-Fu viscera syndrome differentiation, also known as Viscera Pattern Identification, is differentiation of syndromes or identification of patterns according to the pathological changes of Zang-Fu viscera.

 
Introduction of the syndromes of the Zang-Fu viscera.

 Introduction of Zang-Fu viscera syndrome differentiation Introduction: The syndromes of the Zang-Fu viscera syndrome is a collective term for diseases(or syndromes) of the Zang-Fu viscera.

 Common types: The common types of the Zang-Fu viscera syndromes are introduced:

 Heart insufficiency, heart Qi deficiency syndrome, heart Yang deficiency syndrome, decline of heart Yang, heart blood deficiency, heart blood insufficiency syndrome, heart yin deficiency syndrome, up-flaring heart fire syndrome, internal flaming of heart fire, internal deflagration of heart fire, heart fire flaming syndrome, phlegm-fire mental agitation syndrome, phlegm-fire mental agitation syndrome, phlegm clouding of the mind, phlegm misting the heart orifices, phlegm mental clouding syndrome, retained fluid attacking the heart syndrome, heart-spleen dual deficiency syndrome, heart-kidney disharmony syndrome, excess heat in small intestine.

 Liver Yin deficiency, liver Yin deficiency syndrome, liver blood deficiency syndrome, liver Qi deficiency syndrome, liver cold syndrome, liver heat, liver fire syndrome, flaming of liver fire syndrome(liver fire flaming syndrome), ascendant hyperactivity of liver yang, hyperactivity of liver yang syndrome, up-flaming of liver fire, excess fire of liver meridian, liver fire up-flaming syndrome, internal stirring of liver wind, transformation of liver yang into wind syndrome, extreme heat producing wind syndrome, yin deficiency stirring wind syndrome, liver Qi stagnation syndrome, liver stagnation syndrome, liver Qi attacking the stomach syndrome, liver-stomach disharmony syndrome, liver Qi attacking the spleen syndrome, liver-spleen disharmony syndrome, liver stagnation and spleen insufficiency syndrome, stagnation of cold in liver meridian syndrome, liver-kidney yin deficiency syndrome, gallbladder Qi deficiency syndrome, gallbladder insufficiency with seizing of Qi syndrome, liver-gallbladder damp-heat syndrome, gallbladder heat syndrome, gallbladder fire syndrome.

 Introduction of Zang-Fu viscera syndrome differentiation Spleen insufficiency, spleen Qi deficiency syndrome, spleen Yang deficiency syndrome, spleen-stomach deficiency-cold syndrome, spleen-stomach yang deficiency syndrome, spleen Yin deficiency syndrome, spleen insufficiency with damp retention syndrome, cold-damp disturbance of the spleen syndrome, damp disturbance of spleen yang syndrome, damp retention in the middle energizer syndrome, spleen Qi sinking syndrome, middle Qi sinking syndrome, spleen insufficiency syndrome with sinking of Qi, spleen-stomach damp-heat syndrome, middle-energizer damp-heat syndrome, spleen-lung dual insufficiency syndrome, spleen-lung Qi deficiency syndrome, spleen-kidney yang deficiency syndrome, spleen-kidney deficiency-cold syndrome, stomach insufficiency, stomach Qi deficiency syndrome, stomach Yin deficiency syndrome, stomach Yang deficiency syndrome, cold in the stomach, stomach deficiency-cold syndrome, stomach excess-cold syndrome, cold invading the stomach syndrome, stomach heat, intense stomach heat syndrome, stomach fire syndrome, flaming stomach fire syndrome, flaring-up of stomach fire.

 Lung insufficiency, lung Qi deficiency syndrome, lung Yin deficiency syndrome, lung deficiency-heat syndrome, lung excessiveness, syndrome of wind-cold attacking the lung, wind-cold restraining the lung syndrome, wind-heat attacking the lung syndrome, phlegm-damp obstructing the lung syndrome, phlegm-turbidity obstructing the lung syndrome, phlegm-heat obstructing the lung syndrome, lung heat, intense lung heat syndrome, accumulated pathogenic heat in the lung syndrome, lung fire syndrome, lung dryness, syndrome of Yin deficiency with lung dryness, insufficiency of both lung and kidney, lung-kidney yin deficiency syndrome, lung-kidney Qi deficiency syndrome, lung-kidney yang deficiency syndrome, water-cold flooding the lung syndrome, large intestinal deficiency-cold syndrome, large intestinal cold retention syndrome, large intestinal heat retention syndrome, heat retention with intestinal dryness syndrome, large intestinal fluid deficiency syndrome, large intestinal damp-heat syndrome.

 Kidney insufficiency, kidney consumption, kidney Qi deficiency syndrome, insecurity of kidney Qi, insecurity of the lower origin, insecurity of bladder Qi, kidney Qi insecurity syndrome, kidney yin deficiency, insufficiency of genuine yin, kidney water insufficiency, consumption of the lower origin, kidney yin deficiency syndrome, genuine origin consumption syndrome, kidney-water consumption syndrome, emptiness of essence-marrow, kidney yang deficiency syndrome, failure of kidney yang, exuberance of kidney fire, intense fire of the life gate, kidney insufficiency with edema, kidney failure in receiving air syndrome, bladder heat retention syndrome, bladder deficiency-cold syndrome, bladder damp-heat syndrome.

 Deficiency-cold of the triple energizer, deficiency-cold of the upper energizer, deficiency-cold of the middle energizer, deficiency-cold of the lower energizer, excess-heat in triple energizer, excess-heat in upper energizer, excess-heat in middle energizer, excess-heat in lower energizer.

  Disorder of thoroughfare and conception vessels, thoroughfare-conception-vessel disorder syndrome, insecurity of thoroughfare and conception vessels, belt vessel syndrome, yin-heel vessel syndrome, yang-heel vessel syndrome, yin-link vessel syndrome, yang-link vessel syndrome.

 Introduction of Zang-Fu viscera syndrome differentiationHeart insufficiency: a general term for deficiency conditions of the heart.

 ✦ Heart Qi deficiency: a morbid condition resulting from insufficiency of heart Qi with impaired blood-pumping function, chiefly manifested by palpitation, also known as heart Qi insufficiency.

 ✦ Heart Qi deficiency syndrome: syndrome of heart Qi deficiency marked by palpitation, shortness of breath, listlessness, spontaneous sweating, pallor, pale tongue, and weak or irregular pulse.

 ✧Heart Yang deficiency: (1).a morbid condition resulting from advanced insufficiency of the heart Qi with endogenous cold, also known as the decline of heart yang,(2).an abbreviated term for heart yang deficiency syndrome.

 ✧Heart Yang deficiency syndrome: syndrome of heart yang deficiency marked by palpitation, dyspnea, oppressive feeling in the chest, aversion to cold with cold limbs, bright pale complexion, dark lips, and tongue with white coating, weak or irregular pulse.

 ✦Decline of heart Yang: synonymous with heart yang deficiency.

 ✧Heart blood deficiency: (1).a morbid condition resulting from insufficient supply of nourishing the blood to the heart with impairment of mental activities,(2).an abbreviated name for heart blood deficiency syndrome.

 ✧Heart blood deficiency syndrome: syndrome of heart blood deficiency marked by palpitation, dizziness, dream-disturbed sleep, forgetfulness, pale or sallow complexion, pale lips and tongue, and thready pulse.

 ✦Heart blood insufficiency syndrome: same as heart blood deficiency.

 ✧Heart yin deficiency: (1).a morbid condition resulting from consumption of heart Yin with endogenous heat, also known as heart yin insufficiency,(2).an abbreviated name for heart Yin deficiency syndrome.

 ✧Heart yin deficiency syndrome: syndrome of deficient heart yin marked by mental irritability, palpitation, insomnia, low fever, night sweating, malar flush, thirst, and thready rapid pulse.

 ✦Up-flaring heart fire: a morbid condition characterized by the exuberant fire of the heart meridian which flares up to the mouth and tongue.

 ✦Up-flaring heart fire syndrome: syndrome of up-flaring fire from the heart meridian, marked by oral ulceration, mental irritability, insomnia, and red tip of the tongue.

 ✧Internal flaming of heart fire: a morbid condition characterized by excessive heart fire causing mental disturbance.

 ✦Internal deflagration of heart fire: same as internal flaming of heart fire.

 ✧Heart fire flaming syndrome: a syndrome marked by fever, thirst, mental irritability, insomnia, palpitation, and in severe cases even delirium or mania.

 ✦Phlegm-fire mental agitation: a morbid condition resulting from combined phlegm and fire which disturbs the heart(mind), chiefly manifested by mental disorders.

 ✦Phlegm-fire mental agitation syndrome:  a syndrome caused by phlegm-fire which disturbs the mind, marked by restlessness or raving madness accompanied by red tongue tip, yellow dense and greasy tongue coating, and slippery rapid pulse.

 ✦Phlegm clouding of the mind:  (1).a morbid condition caused by phlegm which clouds the mind, chiefly manifested by impairment of consciousness,(2).abbreviation for phlegm mental clouding syndrome.

 ✦Phlegm mental clouding syndrome:  also known as Phlegm misting the heart orifices, a syndrome marked by impairment of consciousness, psychotic depression, or even coma, accompanied with phlegmatic sound in the throat.

 ✧Retained fluid attacking the heart: (1).a morbid condition caused by retained fluid which leads to disorder of the heart,(2).the abbreviated name for the syndrome of retained fluid attack heart.

 ✧Retained fluid attacking the heart syndrome: a syndrome marked by palpitation and shortness of breath associated with general edema.

 ✦Heart-spleen dual deficiency: (1).a morbid condition characterized by the deficiency of both heart blood and spleen Qi;(2).abbreviated term for heart-spleen dual deficiency syndrome.

 ✦Heart-spleen dual deficiency syndrome:  a syndrome marked by palpitation, amnesia, insomnia or dream-disturbed sleep, loss of appetite, abdominal distention, loose bowels, lassitude, sallow face, and thready pulse.

 ✧Heart-kidney disharmony: (1).a morbid condition characterized by the breakdown of the normal physiological coordination between the heart and the kidney with an excess of the heart yang and deficiency of the kidney Yin,(2).an abbreviated term for heart-kidney disharmony syndrome.

 ✧Heart-kidney disharmony syndrome: a syndrome marked by fidgetiness, insomnia, palpitation, dizziness, tinnitus, aching of the lower back and knees, seminal emission, etc.

 ✦Excess heat in small intestine: (1).a morbid condition ascribed to shifting of the heart fire to the small intestine,(2).abbreviation for the syndrome of excess heat in the small intestine.

 ✦Syndrome of excess heat in the small intestine:  a syndrome marked by fidgetiness, oral ulceration, dark urine and burning pain upon urination, abdominal distension, yellow coating of the tongue, and rapid slippery pulse.

 Introduction of Zang-Fu viscera syndrome differentiationLiver Yin deficiency:  a morbid condition attributed to lack of yin fluid for nourishing and moistening the liver, also known as liver yin insufficiency.

 ✦Liver Yin deficiency syndrome:  a syndrome marked by dizziness, headache, blurred vision, dryness of the eye, insomnia, thirst, dry throat, scanty tongue coating, and thready pulse.

 ✦Liver blood deficiency:  a morbid condition characterized by insufficient blood supply to nourish the liver.

 ✧Liver blood deficiency syndrome:  a syndrome marked by sallow complexion, impaired vision, insomnia, deficient or absence of menstruation, pale tongue and lips.

 ✦Liver Qi deficiency:  a morbid condition characterized by the deficiency of Qi resulting in impaired function of the liver in soothing the flow of Qi.

 ✧Liver Qi deficiency syndrome:  a syndrome marked by hypochondriac distention, emotional depression, fatigability, shortness of breath, dizziness, blurred vision, pale tongue, and weak pulse.

 ✦Liver cold: (1).a morbid condition characterized by cold due to insufficiency of liver yang, with symptoms such as depression, timidity, lassitude, cold limbs, deep and thready pulse,(2).stagnation of cold in the liver meridian.

 ✧Liver cold syndrome:  an abbreviation for syndrome of cold stagnating in the liver meridian.

 ✦Liver heat:  a general term for various heat syndromes of the liver such as liver fire, ascendant hyperactivity of liver yang.

 ✧Liver fire:  a morbid condition caused by emotional upset with retention of heat in the liver meridian.

 ✦Liver fire syndrome:  an abbreviation name for liver fire flaming syndrome.

 ✧Flaming of liver fire:  (1).a morbid condition characterized by exuberant fire in the liver meridian that causes upward flow of Qi and flaming of fire,(2).abbreviated term for liver fire flaming syndrome.

 ✦Flaming of liver fire syndrome(liver fire flaming syndrome): a syndrome marked by hypochondriac pain, dryness and bitterness in the mouth, vomiting of bitter fluid, irritability, irascibility, insomnia or dream-disturbed sleep, flushing of the face, blood-shot eyes, constipation, dark urine, reddened tongue with yellow coating, and rapid wiry pulse.

 ✧Ascendant hyperactivity of liver yang: (1).a morbid condition that occurs when liver yin is insufficient to counterbalance yang, resulting in stirring of liver yang mainly involving the upper portion of the body;(2).abbreviated term for liver yang ascendant hyperactivity syndrome.

 ✧Liver yang ascendant hyperactivity syndrome:  a syndrome marked by dizziness, headache, flushed face, blurred vision, tinnitus, bitter taste in the mouth and wiry pulse.

 ✦Hyperactivity of liver yang syndrome: same as liver yang ascendant hyperactivity syndrome.

 ✦Up-flaming of liver fire:  a morbid condition in which fire is transformed from the depressed liver Qi and flames up along the liver meridian, also known as the excess fire of the liver meridian.

 ✦Excess fire of liver meridian: same as up-flaming of liver fire.

 ✦Liver fire up-flaming syndrome: a syndrome marked by headache, dizziness, tinnitus with buzzing in the ears, impairment of hearing, blood-shot eyes, mental irritability, bitter taste in the mouth, yellow coating of the tongue, rapid wiry pulse, and in severe cases hematuria, hemoptysis or epistaxis.

 ✦Internal stirring of liver wind:  a morbid condition characterized by arising of liver wind due to exuberant yang, intense heat-fire, or deficiency of yin-blood, often referred to simply as the liver wind.

 ✦Syndrome of liver wind stirring internally: a syndrome marked by convulsion, tremor or spasm.

 ✦Transformation of liver yang into wind: (1).a morbid condition of hyperactive liver yang that leads to the production of wind,(2).abbreviated term for liver yang transforming into wind syndrome.

 ✦Liver yang transforming into wind syndrome:  a syndrome marked by dizziness with a tendency to fall or even sudden attack of syncope, shaking of the head, tremor of limbs, irritability, irascibility, flushing of face, reddened tongue, and wiry pulse.

 ✦Extreme heat producing wind: (1).a morbid condition of extreme heat that produces wind,(2).abbreviation for extreme heat producing wind syndrome.

 ✦Extreme heat producing wind syndrome:  a syndrome marked by high fever with restlessness, convulsions, opisthotonos, and impaired consciousness.

 ✦Yin deficiency with stirring of wind: (1).a morbid condition of yin deficiency which stirs up endogenous wind,(2).abbreviated term for yin deficiency stirring wind syndrome.

 ✦Yin deficiency stirring wind syndrome: a syndrome marked by wriggling of extremities, accompanied by dizziness, tinnitus, malar flush, and dry reddened tongue.

 ✦Liver Qi stagnation: (1).a morbid condition often caused by emotional depression, characterized by stagnation of liver Qi with impaired function of smoothing the Qi flow, usually abbreviated as liver stagnation.(2).abbreviated term for liver Qi stagnation syndrome.

 ✦Liver Qi stagnation syndrome: a syndrome marked by depression, frequent sighing, hypochondriac or lower abdominal distention or scurrying pain, in women distending pain of the breast and irregular menstruation, and wiry pulse, often abbreviated as liver stagnation syndrome.

 ✦Liver Qi attacking the stomach syndrome: a syndrome marked by dizziness, hypochondriac pain, irritability, epigastric distension and pain, anorexia, belching, nausea, vomiting, and taut pulse.

 ✦Liver-stomach disharmony syndrome:  a synonym for liver Qi attacking the stomach syndrome.

 ✦Liver Qi attacking the spleen syndrome: a syndrome marked by dizziness, hypochondriac pain, irritability, anorexia, abdominal pain and distension, diarrhea, borborygmi, and wiry pulse.

 ✦Liver-spleen disharmony syndrome: a synonym for liver Qi attacking the spleen syndrome.

 ✦Liver stagnation and spleen insufficiency: (1).a morbid condition characterized by the depressed liver activity of smoothing Qi flow together with diminished transporting and transforming the function of the spleen,(2).abbreviation for liver stagnation and spleen insufficiency syndrome.

 ✦Liver stagnation and spleen insufficiency syndrome:  a syndrome marked by hypochondriac pain, abdominal distension, loose bowel, and lassitude.

 ✦Stagnation of cold in liver meridian: (1).a morbid condition characterized by an attack of pathogenic cold which stagnates in the liver meridian. (2).abbreviated term for cold stagnating in the liver meridian syndrome.

 ✦Stagnation of cold in liver meridian syndrome: also known as cold stagnating in the liver meridian syndrome, a syndrome marked by spasmodic symptoms in the area related to the liver meridian, such as stretching pain with cold sensation in the lower abdomen and testicles.

 ✦Liver-kidney yin deficiency: (1).a morbid condition characterized by the deficiency of yin fluid in the liver and kidney with harassment of endogenous heat,(2).abbreviation for liver-kidney yin deficiency syndrome.

 ✦Liver-kidney yin deficiency syndrome: a syndrome marked by dizziness, blurred vision, tinnitus, hypochondriac pain, aching of the loins and weakness of the knees and legs, malar flush, heat sensation in the palms and soles, red and dry tongue with scanty or no coating, and rapid thready pulse.

 ✦Gallbladder Qi deficiency: (1).a morbid condition characterized by insufficiency of gallbladder Qi that causes mental uneasiness with a feeling of fear,(2).abbreviation for gallbladder Qi deficiency syndrome.

 ✦Gallbladder Qi deficiency syndrome:  a syndrome marked by panic, suspicion, sighing, nervousness, irritability, lassitude, dizziness, and insomnia.

 ✦Gallbladder insufficiency with seizing of Qi syndrome: same as gallbladder Qi deficiency syndrome.

 ✦Damp-heat in the liver and gallbladder: (1).a morbid condition characterized by the accumulation of damp-heat in the liver and gallbladder that interferes with their normal function in smoothing Qi flow and bile excretion.

 ✦Liver-gallbladder damp-heat syndrome:  a syndrome marked by fever and chills, jaundice, hypochondriac, and abdominal pain, bitter taste in the mouth, nausea, and slippery and rapid pulse.

 ✦Gallbladder heat:  a morbid condition ascribed to attack on the gallbladder and gallbladder meridian by pathogenic heat.

 ✦Gallbladder heat syndrome:  also known as gallbladder fire syndrome, a syndrome marked by irritability, irascibility, hypochondriac distension, bitterness in the mouth or earache, tinnitus, insomnia, reddened tongue with yellow coating.

 Introduction of Zang-Fu viscera syndrome differentiationSpleen insufficiency: a general term for deficiency conditions of the spleen.

 ✦Spleen Qi deficiency: (1).a morbid condition characterized by Qi deficiency with impaired transforming and transporting function of the spleen, also known as Spleen Qi insufficiency.(2).abbreviation term for spleen Qi deficiency syndrome.

 ✦Spleen Qi deficiency syndrome: a syndrome marked by dizziness, fatigue, sallow face, indigestion, abdominal distention, lassitude, anorexia, and loose bowels.

 ✦Spleen Yang deficiency: (1).a morbid condition characterized by the decline of the spleen yang with diminished warming action, also known as spleen yang insufficiency,(2).abbreviated term for spleen yang deficiency syndrome.

 ✦Spleen Yang deficiency syndrome:  a syndrome marked by cold limbs, cold and pain in the abdomen, anorexia, abdominal fullness, chronic diarrhea, lassitude, emaciation, and edema.

 ✦Spleen-stomach deficiency-cold syndrome:  a syndrome marked by cold and pains over the stomach, accompanied by anorexia, abdominal fullness, belching, vomiting thin fluid, chronic diarrhea, lassitude, and cold limbs.

 ✦Spleen-stomach yang deficiency syndrome: same as spleen-stomach deficiency-cold syndrome.

 ✦Spleen Yin deficiency: (1).a morbid condition ascribed to deficiency of fluid in the spleen. (2).abbreviated term for spleen Yin deficiency syndrome.

 ✦Spleen Yin deficiency syndrome:  a syndrome marked by anorexia, dryness of the lips and mouth, reddened tongue with scanty coating, and especially constipation with abdominal distention.

 ✦Spleen insufficiency with damp retention: (1).a morbid condition characterized by insufficiency of spleen Qi leading to damp retention, which, in turn, further impairs the transporting and transforming function of the spleen,(2).abbreviated term for spleen insufficiency with damp retention syndrome.

 ✦Spleen insufficiency with damp retention syndrome:  a syndrome marked by epigastric distension, poor appetite, borborygmi, diarrhea, nausea, thirst but no desire to drink, lassitude, and dense and slippery tongue coating.

 ✦Cold-damp disturbance of the spleen syndrome: a syndrome marked by epigastric and abdominal distention, stickiness and tastelessness in the mouth, nausea, loose bowels, heavy sensation in the head and body, or jaundice with dim yellow discoloration, pale plump tongue with white greasy coating, and soggy and relaxed pulse.

 ✦Damp disturbance of spleen yang:  a morbid condition characterized by invasion of damp which impairs the spleen yang, giving rise to clinical manifestations similar to cold-damp disturbance of the spleen.

 ✦Damp retention in the middle energizer syndrome: a morbid condition referring to retention of pathogenic damp in the spleen and stomach.

 ✦Damp retention in the middle energizer syndrome:  a syndrome marked by epigastric and abdominal distension, anorexia, lassitude, stickiness in the mouth, white thick greasy tongue coating and relaxed pulse.

 ✦Spleen Qi sinking: (1).a morbid condition characterized by weakness of the spleen with sinking of the middle Qi,(2).abbreviated term for spleen Qi sinking syndrome.

 ✦Spleen Qi sinking syndrome: a syndrome marked by bearing-down sensation in the epigastrium and abdomen, protracted diarrhea, even prolapse of the rectum or visceroptosis, also known as sinking of middle Qi, or middle Qi skinking syndrome, or spleen insufficiency with sinking of Qi.

 ✦Damp-heat in the spleen and stomach: (1).a morbid condition ascribed to the accumulation of damp-heat which impairs the functions of the spleen and stomach,(2).abbreviated term for the spleen-stomach damp-heat syndrome.

 ✦Spleen-stomach damp-heat syndrome: a syndrome marked by epigastric or abdominal distention, anorexia, nausea, vomiting, lassitude, heavy sensation of the body, or jaundice with bright yellow discoloration of the skin and the whites of the eyes, yellow dense and greasy tongue coating.

 ✦Spleen-stomach damp-heat syndrome: a syndrome marked by epigastric or abdominal distention, anorexia, nausea, vomiting, lassitude, heavy sensation of the body, or jaundice with bright yellow discoloration of the skin and the whites of the eyes, yellow dense and greasy tongue coating.

 ✦Middle-energizer damp-heat syndrome: same as spleen-stomach damp-heat syndrome.

 ✦Spleen-lung dual insufficiency: (1).a morbid condition characterized by Qi deficiency of both the spleen and the lung, also known as spleen-lung Qi deficiency. (2).abbreviated term for spleen-lung dual insufficiency syndrome.

 ✦Spleen-lung dual insufficiency syndrome:  a syndrome marked by anorexia, loose stools, abdominal distension as well as dyspnea and productive cough. Also known as Spleen-lung Qi deficiency syndrome, or Spleen-lung Qi deficiency.

 ✦Spleen-kidney yang deficiency: (1).a morbid condition characterized by insufficient Yang-Qi of the spleen and kidney with endogenous cold, also known as deficiency-cold of the spleen and kidney. (2).abbreviation for spleen-kidney yang deficiency syndrome.

 ✦Spleen-kidney yang deficiency syndrome:  a syndrome marked by anasarca or chronic diarrhea before dawn together with the aching of the loins, weakness of the knees and aversion to cold.

 ✦Spleen-kidney deficiency-cold syndrome: same as spleen-kidney yang deficiency.

 ✦Stomach insufficiency: a general term for deficiency condition of the stomach.

 ✦Stomach Qi deficiency: (1).a morbid condition characterized by weakness of the stomach Qi with impairment of appetite and digestion. (2).abbreviation for stomach Qi deficiency syndrome.

 ✦Stomach Qi deficiency syndrome:  a syndrome marked by dull epigastric pain relieved by pressure, anorexia, pale tongue, and weak pulse.

 ✦Stomach Yin deficiency: (1).a morbid condition characterized by the deficiency of fluid in the stomach impairing the harmonizing and descending activities, also known as stomach Yin insufficiency.

 ✦Stomach Yin deficiency syndrome:  a syndrome marked by dryness in the mouth, thirst, anorexia, constipation, retching, and reddened furless tongue.

 ✦Stomach Yang deficiency: (1).a morbid condition characterized by the decline of yang-Qi which fails to warm the stomach,(2).abbreviated term for stomach yang deficiency syndrome.

 ✦Stomach Yang deficiency syndrome:  continuous epigastric pain, ameliorated by warmth and pressure, reduced food intake, stuffy sensation in the stomach, aversion to cold with cold limbs, pale tongue with whitish coating, and deep, slow and weak pulse.

 ✦Cold in the stomach:  a morbid condition due to deficiency of stomach yang or caused by direct attack of pathogenic cold, the former being deficiency-cold of the stomach, and the latter excess-cold in the stomach.

 ✦Stomach deficiency-cold syndrome: same as cold in the stomach.

 ✦Stomach excess-cold syndrome:  also known as cold invading the stomach syndrome, a syndrome marked by acute severe epigastric pain with cold sensation, vomiting of watery fluid, aversion to cold with cold limbs and whitish tongue coating.

 ✦Stomach heat: a morbid condition due to impairment of the stomach by pathogenic heat or caused by overeating of hot pungent food, mainly manifested as thirst, foul breath, hyperorexia, oliguria with dark urine, constipation, and even ulceration of the mouth or gingivitis, also known as heat in the stomach.

 ✦Intense stomach heat: (1).a morbid condition due to flaring up of stomach fire, marked by dire thirst and preference for cold drinks, foul breath, oral ulcer, toothache and gingivitis,(2).accumulation of pathogenic heat in the stomach and intestine seen in cases of epidemic febrile disease, marked by high fever, constipation, abdominal pain, and even delirium, (3).abbreviated term for intense stomach-heat syndrome.

 ✦Intense stomach heat syndrome:  a syndrome marked by dire thirst and preference for cold drinks, foul breath, oral ulcer, toothache, and gingivitis. Also known as Flaring-up of stomach fire, or Flaming stomach fire syndrome.

 ✦Stomach fire: intense stomach heat or fire accumulated in the stomach.

 ✦Stomach fire syndrome:  a syndrome marked by dire thirst and preference for cold drinks, foul breath, oral ulcer, toothache, and gingivitis.

 Introduction of Zang-Fu viscera syndrome differentiationLung insufficiency: a general term for deficiency condition of the lung.

 ✦Lung Qi deficiency: (1).a morbid condition characterized by the diminished function of the lung in governing Qi and defending the exogenous pathogens,(2).abbreviation for lung Qi deficiency syndrome.

 ✧Lung Qi deficiency syndrome:  a syndrome marked by pale complexion, shortness of breath, feeble voice, intolerance of wind, and spontaneous sweating.

 ✦Lung Yin deficiency: (1).a morbid condition characterized by insufficient lung Yin with endogenous heat,(2).abbreviation of lung yin deficiency syndrome.

 ✧Lung Yin deficiency syndrome:  a syndrome marked by nonproductive cough, afternoon fever, night sweating, malar flush, dry throat, red and dry tongue, thready and rapid pulse.

 ✦Lung deficiency-heat syndrome: synonymous with lung yin deficiency syndrome.

 ✦Lung excessiveness:  a general term for excess syndromes of the lung.

 ✧Syndrome of wind-cold attacking the lung: a syndrome marked by chills, stuffy nose, sneezing, profuse watery nasal discharge, thin sputum, thin white tongue coating, and floating tense pulse.Also known as Wind-cold restraining the lung syndrome, or restraint of wind-cold on the lung.

 ✦Wind-heat attacking the lung: (1).a morbid condition characterized by an attack of wind-heat to the lung and the superficies,(2).abbreviated term for wind-heat attacking the lung syndrome.

 ✧Wind-heat attacking the lung syndrome:  a syndrome marked by fever with mild chills, headache, sore throat, cough, the reddened tip of the tongue with thin yellowish coating, and rapid floating pulse.

 ✦Obstruction of the lung by phlegm-damp: (1).a morbid condition characterized by accumulation of phlegm-damp that obstructs the lung,(2).abbreviated term for phlegm-damp obstructing the lung syndrome.

 ✧Phlegm-damp obstructing the lung syndrome:  a syndrome marked by cough with expectoration of copious whitish thin sputum, feeling of stuffiness in the chest, whitish greasy coating of the tongue, and soggy pulse. Also known as Phlegm-turbidity obstructing lung syndrome.

 ✦Obstruction of the lung by phlegm-heat: (1).a morbid condition characterized by accumulation of phlegm-heat that obstructs the passage of lung Qi,(2).abbreviated term for phlegm-heat obstructing the lung syndrome.

 ✧Phlegm-heat obstructing the lung syndrome:  a syndrome marked by cough, dyspnea, expectoration of thick, yellow or blood-stained sputum, chest pain, reddened tongue with yellowish greasy coating, and rapid slippery pulse.

 ✦Lung heat: a general term for heat conditions of the lung.

 ✦Intense lung heat:  a morbid condition characterized by excessive pathogenic heat accumulated in the lung, also known as the accumulation of pathogenic heat in the lung,(2).abbreviation for intense lung heat syndrome.

 ✧Intense lung heat syndrome:  a syndrome marked by fever, thirst, cough, dyspnea or chest pain, constipation, dark urine, reddened tongue with yellow coating, also known accumulated pathogenic heat in the lung.Also known accumulated pathogenic heat in the lung syndrome.

 ✦Lung fire: (1).a morbid condition referred to intense heat in the lung, either of deficiency type or excess type,(2).abbreviation for lung fire syndrome.

 ✧Lung fire syndrome: a syndrome marked by fever, cough with yellow sputum, or hemoptysis.

 ✦Lung dryness: a general term for dryness of the lung due to either deficiency of Yin fluid or due to the attack of pathogenic factor of dryness, manifested by dry cough, dryness of the nasal cavity and pharynx, sore throat, thirst, hoarseness, hemoptysis, etc.

 ✧Yin deficiency with lung dryness: (1).a morbid condition characterized by the deficiency of Yin fluid and dryness of the lung,(2).abbreviation for the syndrome of yin deficiency with lung dryness.

 ✦Syndrome of Yin deficiency with lung dryness:  a syndrome marked by dry cough, sore throat, hoarseness, blood-stained sputum, reddened tongue with scanty coating, and rapid thready pulse.

 ✧Insufficiency of both lung and kidney: a general term for deficiency conditions of both the lung and the kidney, such as deficiency of lung-kidney Qi and deficiency of lung-kidney Yin.

 ✦Lung-kidney yin deficiency: (1).a morbid condition characterized by the deficiency of yin fluid of the lung and kidney with harassment of endogenous heat,(2).abbreviation for lung-kidney yin deficiency syndrome.

 ✧Lung-kidney yin deficiency syndrome: a syndrome marked by dry cough, shortness of breath, dry throat, afternoon fever, lumbago, night sweats, and nocturnal emission.

 ✦Lung-kidney Qi deficiency: (1).a morbid condition characterized by the dual deficiency of lung Qi and kidney Qi,(2).abbreviation for lung-kidney Qi deficiency syndrome.

 ✧Lung-kidney Qi deficiency syndrome:  a syndrome marked by dyspnea, asthma, shortness of breath, spontaneous sweating, and cough with profuse sputum.

 ✦Lung-kidney yang deficiency: (1).a morbid condition characterized by the decline of kidney Yang with flooding of cold-water into the lung,(2).abbreviation for lung-kidney yang deficiency syndrome.

 ✧Lung-kidney yang deficiency syndrome:  a syndrome marked by cough, asthma, profuse white thin sputum, and whitish slippery tongue coating.Also known as Water-cold flooding the lung syndrome.

 ✦Deficiency-cold of the large intestine: (1).a morbid condition characterized by diarrhea of deficiency-cold type,(2).abbreviated term for the large intestinal deficiency-cold syndrome.

 ✧Large intestinal deficiency-cold syndrome:  a syndrome marked by diarrhea with watery stool, intolerance of cold, cold limbs, dull pain and cold feeling in the abdomen, pale tongue with white moistened coating.

 ✦Large intestinal cold retention: (1).a morbid condition characterized by retention of cold in the interior with constipation,(2).abbreviated term for large intestinal cold retention syndrome.

 ✧Large intestinal cold retention syndrome:  a syndrome marked by constipation with dull pain and cold feeling in the abdomen, and pale tongue with white moistened coating.

 ✦Heat retention in the large intestine: (1).a morbid condition characterized by exuberant heat in the large intestine that causes dryness and constipation, also known as heat retention with intestinal dryness. (2).abbreviation for large intestinal heat retention syndrome.

 ✧Large intestinal heat retention syndrome:  a syndrome marked by constipation with abdominal pain and tenderness, yellow and dry coating of the tongue, deep and forceful pulse, also known as the syndrome of heat retention with intestinal dryness.Also known as Heat retention with intestinal dryness syndrome.

 ✦Large intestinal fluid deficiency: (1).a morbid condition ascribed to insufficient fluid in the large intestine,(2).abbreviation of large intestinal fluid deficiency syndrome.

 ✧Large intestinal fluid deficiency syndrome:  a syndrome marked by constipation or difficulty in defecation accompanied by dry throat, and a red tongue with scanty coating.

 ✦Large intestinal damp-heat: (1).a morbid condition characterized by accumulation of damp-heat in the large intestine,(2).abbreviation of large intestinal damp-heat syndrome.

 ✧Large intestinal damp-heat syndrome:  a syndrome marked by the discharge of purulent and bloody stools, abdominal pain, tenesmus, scanty dark urine, yellow and greasy tongue coating, and slippery and rapid pulse.

 Introduction of Zang-Fu viscera syndrome differentiationKidney insufficiency: a general term for deficiency conditions of the kidney.also known as kidney consumption.

 ✦Kidney Qi deficiency: (1).a morbid condition characterized by weakness of the kidney function in managing growth, development, reproduction, water metabolism, etc.(2).abbreviation of kidney Qi deficiency syndrome.

 ✧Kidney Qi deficiency syndrome:  a syndrome marked by dizziness, forgetfulness, tinnitus, backache, hyposexuality, and weak pulse.

 ✦Insecurity of kidney Qi: (1).a morbid condition characterized by diminished storing and astringing function of the kidney,(2).abbreviated term for kidney Qi insecurity syndrome.also known as Insecurity of the lower origin.

 ✧Insecurity of bladder Qi: a morbid condition marked by loss of control of urination, such as enuresis and incontinence of urine.

 ✦Kidney Qi insecurity syndrome: a syndrome marked by frequent urination, dribbling of urine after voiding, incontinence of urine or feces, nocturnal emission or premature ejaculation in males, continuous dribbling of menstrual discharge or liability to abortion in females, aching back and knees, and weak pulse.

 ✧Kidney yin deficiency: (1).a morbid condition caused by consumption of fluid and essence of the kidney in chronic diseases or due to intemperance in sexual life,(2).abbreviation for kidney yin deficiency syndrome.Also known as Insufficiency of genuine yin, or kidney water insufficiency, consumption of the lower origin.

 ✦Kidney yin deficiency syndrome: a syndrome marked by lumbago, lassitude, dizziness, tinnitus, nocturnal emission in men and oligomenorrhea in women, emaciation, dry throat, thirst, flushed cheeks, hot sensation in the palms and soles, afternoon fever, night sweating, reddened tongue with little or no coating, thready and rapid pulse, also known as genuine origin consumption syndrome, kidney-water consumption syndrome.

 ✧Emptiness of essence-marrow: a morbid condition ascribed to kidney insufficiency with deprivation of essence and marrow, usually manifested by dizziness, amnesia, poor intelligence, and even dementia.

 ✦Kidney Yang deficiency: (1).a morbid condition characterized by insufficiency of kidney yang with diminished warming function, also known as kidney yang insufficiency, consumption of original yang.(2).abbreviation of kidney yang deficiency syndrome.

 ✧Kidney yang deficiency syndrome: a syndrome marked by aversion to cold, cold limbs, listlessness, weakness and soreness of the loins and knees, seminal emission or impotence in men and frigidity or infertility in women, nocturia, whitish tongue coating and weak pulse at the cubit.

 ✦Failure of kidney yang:  severe case of kidney yang deficiency.

 ✧Exuberance of kidney fire:  relative excess of kidney fire due to deficiency of kidney yin, marked by hyper aphrodisia, insomnia, and dream-disturbed sleep.Also known as Intense fire of the life gate.

 ✦Kidney insufficiency with edema:  a morbid condition characterized by the deficiency of kidney Qi with impaired water metabolism and resultant flooding of retained fluid.

 ✧Syndrome of kidney insufficiency with edema: a syndrome marked by edema, particularly of the lower extremities, accompanied by oliguria, tinnitus, aching of the back and knees, pale tongue with whitish slippery coating, and weak pulse.

 ✦Failure of the kidney to receive air: (1).a morbid condition in which deficiency of the kidney Qi leads to dyspnea with prolonged expiration,(2).abbreviated term for kidney failure in receiving air syndrome.

 ✧Kidney failure in receiving air syndrome:  a syndrome marked by dyspnea with prolonged exhalation, asthenic cough, and feeble voice.

 ✦Heat retention in the bladder:  a morbid condition in which the pathogenic factor of the acute febrile disease is transformed into heat and accumulated in the urinary bladder.

 ✧Bladder heat retention syndrome:  a syndrome marked by distension and fullness of the lower abdomen, stranguria, frequent urination, and fever without chills.

 ✦Deficiency-cold of the bladder:  a morbid condition characterized by impaired activities of the urinary bladder with cold manifestations due to the consumption of kidney yang.

 ✧Bladder deficiency-cold syndrome: a syndrome marked by frequent urination, incontinence or dribbling of urine, cold feeling in the lower abdomen, whitish moist tongue coating, and weak pulse.

 ✦Damp-heat in the bladder: (1).a morbid condition ascribed to the accumulation of damp-heat in the urinary bladder,(2).abbreviated term for bladder damp-heat syndrome.

 ✧Bladder damp-heat syndrome:  a syndrome marked by frequency and urgency of urination, stranguria, turbid urine or hematuria, reddened tongue with yellow greasy coating, and rapid pulse.

 Introduction of Zang-Fu viscera syndrome differentiationDeficiency-cold of the triple energizer: deficiency-cold conditions occuring simultaneously in the upper, middle, and lower energizer.

 ✧Deficiency-cold of the upper energizer: deficiency-cold conditions of the heart and lung with symptoms such as listlessness and shortness of breath.

 ✦Deficiency-cold of the middle energizer: deficiency-cold conditions of the spleen and stomach with symptoms such as diarrhea, abdominal pain and distension, also known as deficiency-cold of spleen and stomach.

 ✧Deficiency-cold of the lower energizer: deficiency-cold conditions of the liver, kidney, intestines and urinary bladder with symptoms such as chronic diarrhea, incontinence of urine, and edema.

 ✦Excess-heat in triple energizer: (1).heat in the triple energizer of excess type,(2).febrile disease with the pathogen penetrating into the Qi system.

 ✧Excess-heat in upper energizer: excessive heat syndrome of the heart and lung with symptoms such as asthma, stuffiness and fullness in the chest.

 ✦Excess-heat in middle energizer: excess-heat syndrome of the spleen and stomach with symptoms such as abdominal distension with nausea and constipation.

 ✧Excess-heat in lower energizer: excess-heat syndrome of the urinary bladder and large intestine with the symptoms such as hematuria, burning sensation upon urination, or passage of purulent bloody stools.

 ✵Disorder of thoroughfare and conception vessels: a morbid condition characterized by disordered function of the thoroughfare and conception vessels.

 ✵Thoroughfare-conception-vessel disorder syndrome: a syndrome marked by irregular menstruation and lower abdominal distention and pain.

 ✵Insecurity of thoroughfare and conception vessels: a syndrome marked by continuous dribbling of menstrual discharge, profuse uterine bleeding or liability to abortion.

 ✵Belt vessel syndrome: a syndrome marked by pain around the waist, weakness of the lower limbs, abnormal menstruation or leukorrhea.

 ✵Yin-heel vessel syndrome: a syndrome marked by redness and pain of the eyes, muscular disability, lower abdominal pain, testicular pain in men and metrostaxis in women.

 ✵Yang-heel vessel syndrome: a syndrome mainly marked by insomnia.

 ✵Yin-link vessel syndrome: a syndrome marked by chest pain, hypochondriac distension,lumbar pain in men and vaginal pain in women.

 ✵Yang-link vessel syndrome: a syndrome mainly marked by chills and fever accompanied by dizziness.

 
References:
  • 1.Introduction of the Zang-Fu viscera syndrome differentiation.

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