甄權(Zhēn Quán):introduction about his biography and legend,main books and academic thoughts.
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Zhen Quan, or Quan Zhen(Given/Sur Name)
《明堂人形圖》(Ming Tang Ren Xing Tu) in 1 volume, 《針經鈔》(Zhen Jing Chao) in 3 volumes, 《脈經》(Mai Jing) in 1 volumes, 《針方》(Zhen Fang) in 1 volume, 《脈訣賦》(Mai Jue Fu,or Pulse Rhymed Formula Poem) in 1 volume, 《本草音義》(Ben Cao Yin Yi,or Herbal Phonosemantics) in 7 volumes, 《藥性論》(Yao Xing Lun,or Thesis of Herb Characters) in 4 volumes.
《藥性論》(Yao Xing Lun,or Thesis of Herb Characters) in 4 volumes.
Introduction: ✵甄權(Zhēn Quán,c540-643):physician in the Tang Dynasty,who was a leading expert at acupuncture and the author of the Zhen Fang, Needling Prescriptions, and the Ming Tang Ren Xing Tu,or Figures of the Human Body.
✧甄權(Zhēn Quán),birth date the Datong six years(Year 540 AD) of the Western Wei Dynasty(535-556AD,one of the Northern Dynasties),or at Datong seven years(year 541AD) of the Liang Dynasty(502~557AD,one of the Southern Dynasties),passed away at Zhenguan seventeen years of Tang (year 643 AD).Native to Xu Zhou Fugou(ancient toponym, today's Fugou, Henan), for mother sick when young, learning and careful study with medicine with younger brother 甄立言(Zhēn Lì Yán), practice remedy books, and gradually turned a famous herbalist. Herbalist 甄權(Zhēn Quán) is very good at acupuncture and moxibustion, also know well treatment with herbs.
✦Works and Writings:Herbalist 甄權(Zhēn Quán) had many writings and works in his life,till today his works known are: Ming Tang Ren Xing Tu in 1 volume,Zhen Jing Chao in 3 volumes,Mai Jing in 1 volumes,Zhen Fang in 1 volume,Mai Jue Fu,or Pulse Rhymed Formula Poem in 1 volume,Ben Cao Yin Yi,or Herbal Phonosemantics in 7 volumes,Yao Xing Lun,or Thesis of Herb Characters in 4 volumes.These works and writings all lost in ancient time,part of its content available from later classics Bei Ji Qian Jin Yao Fang,Qian Jin Yi Fang,Wai Tai Mi Yao etc, these works has influences to later generations. Especially the graphs collection Ming Tang Ren Xing Tu was very popular and fashionable at the epoch of Tang, famous herbalist 孙思邈(Sūn Sīmiǎo) ever redrawing colored photo gallery according to it, and named as Ren Ti Jing Luo Yu Xue Cai Tu,and this classics gallery also lost.
✧Ming Tang Ren Xing Tu 1 volumes ever recorded in history classics Xin Tang Zhi,or New Tang Annals,but recorded 2 volumes in the classics Tong Zhi·Yi Wen Lue,Mai Liao Fuor Mai Jue Fu,or Pulse Rhymed Formula Poem 1 volume ever recorded in classics Tong Zhi·Yi Wen Lue,Ben Cao Yin Yi,or Herbal Phonosemantics 7 volumes also recorded in Tong Zhi·Yi Wen Lue.
✦For the cause his mother feeble and sick whole year when 甄權(Zhēn Quán) was young, he and younger brother 甄立言(Zhēn Lìyán) study medicine and treatment with great concentration, read recipe books and crafts widely, and started to practice medicine and save people, and treated many patients,and herbalist 甄權(Zhēn Quán) achieved great attainment in acupuncture and moxibustion.At beginning of KaiHuang Year(Emperor Wen of Sui Dynasty, or year 581AD),甄權(Zhēn Quán) was assigned the I Secretary of the Imperial Library, and resigned with cause allege illness, and went on with medicine and craft study and treatment till pass away.There were events of his miraculous treatment skills recorded in ancient classics:
✧ Ancient classics Old Tang Book·Biography recorded," Lu Zhou Prefectural governor named 库狄嵚(Ku Diqīn) caught and suffering from apoplexia(wind-stroke syndrome), doctors could not treat with,(when comes to consult with herbalist Zhēn Quán, after careful check and diagnose), Quán said:'You simply hold the bow and arrow, aim at the target, only one needle, guarantee you can shoot.'And needling his shoulder corner point, the problems and suffering relieved and cured, Ku Diqīn tried to shoot and just hit the target, folks around all cheers."
✦In the ancient classics Qian Jin Yi Fang written by herbalist Sun Simiao,its volume 26 recorded a treatment case of herbalist 甄權(Zhēn Quán):during time Wu De Year(618~626AD), 甄權(Zhēn Quán) followed AnKang Duke 李袭誉(Lǐ Xíyù) to guard Lu Zhou(ancient toponymy,today's ChangZhi city of ShanXi province), Shenzhou Prefectural governor named 成君綽(Chéng Jūnchuò) caught problems of swelling nape, as large as a sheng(ancient measure, unit of dry measure for grain), throat obstruction, cannot eat any food or drink any water, already 3 days.甄權(Zhēn Quán) needling the forefinger of his right hand, a little while later, the patient breath became smooth.The second day, the patient recovered and eat drink as healthy as normal.This case also collected in the later classics named (Xu Ming Yi Lei An·Yan Hou Men)。
✧ Herbalist 甄權(Zhēn Quán) also know well about herbs, and often combine herbs and acupuncture together for treatment.Except for master of acupuncture and moxibustion,甄權(Zhēn Quán) also good at treat with herbs and medicine.AnPing Gong 李德林(Lǐ Délín) caught the hemilateral wind,甄權(Zhēn Quán) treated him with Fang Feng Tang, also needling his seven acupuncture point(Fengchi or Wind Pool、Jiānyú、Quchi(Bend Pond)、Zhigou、Yanglingquan、Wushu、Lower Ridge of Great Hollow)etc.Taken 9 doses of medicines, and needling nine times, the patient recovered gradually.AnKang Gong caught problems of water-swelling, difficulty in micturition, 甄權(Zhēn Quán) treated him with a recipe pill composed with Poria cocos, the swelling disappeared before the recipes taken out.These cases were recorded in ancient classics Qian Jin Yao Fang·Shui Zhong Men.
✦ZhenGuan 17 years(ZhenGuan,the reign title of Li Shimin,Emperor Taizong of Tang,year 643AD),herbalist 甄權(Zhēn Quán) already aged 102, the emperor visited him to his house, shared greetings to him and care his personal life aspects, and consult with him about theory of herb character and health maintenance.And 甄權(Zhēn Quán) so wrote a classic named 《藥性論》(Yao Xing Lun, or Thesis of Herb Characters) in 4 volumes and gifted to the emperor.And Herbalist 甄權(Zhēn Quán) passed away in the same year.
✧Herbalist 甄權(Zhēn Quán) not only good at acupuncture and herb medicine,famous well-known in the court and among folks,he also master health maintenance, knew deeply that stale rid and freshly taken in is the effective method for lifespan extending, he hold a viewpoint that diet and drink not need fat and tasty, vegetarian meal and mild flavors could generate and increase physical strength, reduce foul turbidity and dirt, adjust and compromise stomach Qi, no disease could be caught.In the years of ZhenGuan(627~649AD), accept the imperial order to compile and edit Ming Tang Ren Xing Tu.
✦In the years of ZhenGuan(627~649AD),for the chaotic conditions of the acupoint name and position,the Tang government gave orders to let officials ShaoFu(ancient official title) 甄權(Zhēn Quán),Chengwu Lang(ancient official title) 司馬德逸(Sīmǎ Déyì),Court Physician 謝季卿(Xiè Jìqīng),Taichang cheng(ancient official title) 甄立言(Zhēn Lìyán,younger brother of Zhēn Quán),compile and edit the graph spectrum of the meridians and acupoint,and completely edit and identification correct the name and position of the acupoint.
✧Year 627AD, 甄權(Zhēn Quán) accept the imperial order to compile and edit Ming Tang Ren Xing Tu,brief named Ming Tang,also edit and calibrate the classics 《图经》(Tu Jing)togethor with 甄立言(Zhēn Lìyán) and 司馬德逸(Sīmǎ Déyì).The colorful meridian graphs Ming Tang Ren Xing Tu they painted use graphs with detailed notes and explains, is one definitive book guidance for those acupuncture practitioner of Tang and later generations, generated deep and far influence.
✦The compiling and editing works led by 甄權(Zhēn Quán), actually is the first time a big compilation and identification system works about acupoint launched by government in the history with clear history records,so it is also a historical summary of the subject of point ever since the classics Zhen Jiu Jia Yi Jing, or The ABC Classic of Acupuncture and Moxibustionappeared,a big event served as a link between past and future in the history of acupuncture,has extreme big meanings for the development of acupuncture. It ended the chaotic conditions of the acupoint identification and various names ever appeared since Jin Dynasty, South and North Dynasty, Sui Dynasty and Beginning of Tang Dynasty, further developed and enriched the theory of acupoint, did extreme devotions for enlightening later generations, acupuncture education, and spread popularize the acupuncture and moxibustion.
✧Herbalist 甄權(Zhēn Quán) passed away without any illness at age 103, buried at hometown Hao Gang village north, Baotun town of FuGou county, his tomb was listed as the important historical and cultural sites under government protection by the local government. In the grave under the two Chinese scholar tree, long sleep the famous ancient herbalist 甄權(Zhēn Quán),150 meters northeast away, located the cemetery of 甄立言(Zhēn Lìyán), the younger brother of herbalist 甄權(Zhēn Quán).
1.甄權(Zhēn Quán):introduction about his biography and legend,main books and academic thoughts.