張仲景(Zhāng Zhòngjǐng):introduction about his biography and legend,main books and academic thoughts.
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Zhang Zhongjing, or Zhongjing Zhang(Given/Sur Name)
Nie Yang county,Nan Yang Jun
《傷寒雜病論》(Shang Han Za Bing Lun, or Treatise on Cold Pathogenic and Miscellaneous Diseases),《辨傷寒》十卷(Bian Shang Han.10 Vols), 《評病藥方》壹卷(Ping Bing Yao Fang.1 vol),《療婦人方》二卷(Liao Fu Ren Fang.2 vols), 《五藏論》壹卷(Wu Zang Lun.1 vol)
《傷寒雜病論》(Shang Han Za Bing Lun, or Treatise on Cold Pathogenic and Miscellaneous Diseases)
“建安三神醫”之壹(One of Three Miracle Herbalists during the Jian An period)、醫聖(Medical Sage)
Introduction: ✵張機(Zhāng jī), is the name of herbalist 張仲景(Zhāng Zhòngjǐng),(150?~219?), 仲景(Zhòngjǐng) is the alias, herbalist 張機(Zhāng jī) is one of the most influential herbalists in the history of China, a Legendary Generation Great Herbalist and Grand Master of Herbs both in history of China and the history of World, a famous Taoist Priest. Native to ancient Nan Yang Jun, Nie Yang County of Han Dynasty(today's Zhang Zhai village, Dong Yang town,Deng County,Henan province.), YanXi 4th year(year 161 AD), Zhang Ji took 張伯祖(Zhāng Bózǔ) as teacher,learned excellent diagnosis skills and good for treatment,master of classics and recipes,also famous herbalist at Capital Chang'an. His books used as the ancestor of later recipes, folks at Han period declared that Bian Que, Cang Gong could not compare with him, Zhang Ji appraised by later folks as Medical Sage. The year 1182, herbalist 劉完素(Liú Wánsù) recorded “Zhong Jing, inferior Sage" in his book; the Year 1526, herbalist 李濂(Lǐ Lián) recorded in his book named History of Medicine recorded Zhong Jing "was elected as inferior Sage", Year 1589, herbalist 方有執(Fāng Yǒuzhí) recorded in his book(Shang Han Lun Tiao Bian) that “Zhong Jing was called Sage".
✧The history book Hou Han Shu(The Book of the Later Han,or History of the Later Han) gave no records of him, his achievements firstly recorded in classics named Ming Yi Lu(or Famous Herbalists Records) written by 甘伯宗(Gān Bózōng) of Tang Dynasty, it recorded: “Zhang Zhongjing, native to Nan Yang, name Ji, Zhong Jing is alias. Started to learn crafts with native herbalist Zhang Bozu, folks at that time told his ideas and skills refined and exceeded his master, his books, brief essential and profound, his method simple but comes in details, could not be understood by those who know a little or shallow."
✦According to autobiographic note of Dr.Zhang Ji,those classics like Su Wen(Elementary Questions),Jiu Juan,Nan Jing(Classic of Questioning),Yin Yang Da Lun,Tai Lu Yao Lu and others already widespread. Evidence from Jia Yi Jing.Xu(The Systematized Canon of Acupuncture and Moxibustion.Preface) showed that professional classic about recipes and treatment named Tang Ye Jing already published. The basic classics of TCM like basic theory,materia medica, prescriptions of Chinese materia medica, and science of acupuncture and moxibustion already widespread, the basic theory of medicine already came into shape and became rich and complete day by day.
✧Dr.Zhang Ji's great classic Shang Han Za Bing Lunis the first classic Medical Books which systemly represented and combined "Theory, Method, Recipes,Medine" completely, in this classic herbalist Zhang Zhongjing firstly explained the pathological reasons of epidemic disease and miscellaneous diseases, pathological mechanism, and treatment methods, founded a firm theoretical basis for the clinical medicine development of later generations. The combinative theory system the Shang Han Za Bing Lun(Treatise on Cold Pathogenic and Miscellaneous Diseases) has a very high scientific level and practical value, it offers very effective treatment method for both exogenous febrile disease and miscellaneous disease, gave long period clinical practice guide for herbalists ever since it published, had big and very important influence on the development of TCM academics.
✦In the Jin Dynasty, Imperial doctor 王叔和(Wáng Shūhé) collected the survival volumes of Shang Han Za Bing Lun(Treatise on Cold Pathogenic and Miscellaneous Diseases), tried to edit and sort out it. When editing this book, Wang Shuhe found he could not edit them into 16 volumes, instead only 10 volumes finished, its content is mainly about Shang Han and its dialectical identification and treatment theory, thus he named this edition as Shang Han Lun(Treatise on Febrile Diseases), in his personal famous classic Mai Jing(The Pulse Classic), Wang Shuhe collected many contents of Shang Han Lun(Treatise on Febrile Diseases).
1.張仲景(Zhāng Zhòngjǐng):introduction about his biography and legend,main books and academic thoughts.