許叔微(Xǔ Shūwēi):introduction about his biography and legend,main books and academic thoughts.
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知可(Zhī Kě),近泉(Jìn Quán)
許學士(Xǔ Xuéshì, Scholar Xǔ)
Xu Shu-wei, or Shu-wei Xu(Given/Sur Name)
《類證普濟本事方》(Lei Zheng Pu Ji Ben Shi Fang, or Effective Prescriptions for Universal Relief) 10 volumes, 《續本事方》(Xu Ben Shi Fang, or Supplement of Effective Prescriptions for Universal Relief)10 volumes, 《傷寒百證歌》(Shang Han Bai Zheng Ge) 5 volumes, 《傷寒發微論》(Shang Han Fa Wei Lun) 2 volumes,《傷寒九十論》(Shang Han Jiu Shi Lun), 《治法》(Zhi Fa),《辯類》(Bian Lei),《翼傷寒論》(Yi Shang Han Lun), 《仲景脈法三十六圖》(Zhong Jing Mai Fa San Shi Liu Tu)
《類證普濟本事方》(Lei Zheng Pu Ji Ben Shi Fang, or Effective Prescriptions for Universal Relief) 10 volumes
Introduction: ✵許叔微(Xǔ Shūwēi)(1079-1154AD): leading physician of the Song Dynasty and a disciple of Zhang Zhongjing. He prepared graphic illustrations of 36 varieties of the pulse based on Zhang Zhongjing's work and propounded the theory of using drugs in relation to the intensity of the disease. Xu was the author of several medical works, among which the Lei Zheng Pu Ji Ben Shi Fang, or Classified Effective Prescriptions for Universal Relief(1132?) in 10 volumes has been one of his most widely read. Xu Shu-Wei was the representative herbalist of Meng He School (which origin could be traced back to Dong Han Dynasty and Three Kingdom period, originated and related from with herbalist and Taoist Ge Hong.) during Song Dynasty period.
✦許叔微(Xǔ Shūwēi), alias 知可(Zhī Kě), alternative name 近泉(Jìn Quán), native to Zhen Zhou BaiSha of Song, famous herbalist of South Song Dynasty.
✧Herbalist 許叔微(Xǔ Shūwēi) born at a poor family,at Yuan You Five Year(Yuan You was the reign title of emperor Song Zhezong, or year 1090AD) his father and mother all died at his 11 years age, tried several times but failed in imperial examination, gave up study with Confucianism and started to learn medicine, well studied with ancient classics, and very good at medical science. At year Jian Yuan 1st year of South Song(Jian Yuan was the first reign title of Song Gaozong Zhao Gou, or year l127AD), epidemic disease spread widely at ZhenZhou area,herbalist 許叔微(Xǔ Shūwēi) tried diagnosis with folks to their home,saved eight to nine among ten patients, his reputation rise up soon and well known by others for saved a lot of patients.
✦ At Shao Xing 2 Years or 3 Years(Shao Xing was the second reign title of Song Gaozong Zhao Gou,or year l132 or 1133AD) herbalist 許叔微(Xǔ Shūwēi) passed the imperial examinations and selected as Jinshi,got assigned as official titles Huizhou, HangZhouFu Jiao Shou and Scholar of JiXianGaun,folks called him Scholar Xu(許學士), later for unsatisfied with emperor Song Gaozong content with temporary ease and comfort at south of Yangtze River, and big traitor Qin Hui framed good officials,he resigned back to countryside,practice medicine and saving people.
✧Herbalist 許叔微(Xǔ Shūwēi) was regarded as one big scholar in the academic field of Shang Han Lun during the Song Dynasty, he proposed much detailed interpretations, supplement with the syndrome differentiation and treatment theory,he said that: “the treatment of cold-induced disease, should be clear with internal and external, excess or deficiency. As long as know the meaning of these, the 397 methods of herbalist Zhang Zhongjing, could be used easily.”
✦Herbalist 許叔微(Xǔ Shūwēi) often help treat strange and hard disease, and say farewell for thanks, ever made excellent study with theory of exogenous febrile disease, emphasize that the importance for treatment of exogenous febrile disease is identification of deficiency, excessive, cold and heat. And later he compiled related works like《傷寒百證歌》(Shang Han Bai Zheng Ge),《傷寒發微論》(Shang Han Fa Wei Lun),《傷寒九十論》(Shang Han Jiu Shi Lun) etc,devoted to the development of the exogenous febrile disease study,not only inherited the thought of ancient herbalist Zhang Zhongjing,also gave further interpretations. And also compiled herbal classics 《類證普濟本事方》(Lei Zheng Pu Ji Ben Shi Fang in 10 volumes) in his late, published. The herbal classics 《普濟本事方》(Pu Ji Ben Shi Fang) recorded herbal recipes over than 390 pieces,provided comparatively reliable identification and differentiation method for many syndromes with similarity,in specific theory,herbalist 許叔微(Xu Shuwei) proposed his special viewpoint for the relationship of spleen and kidney,that it is necessary to tonify kidney before tonify spleen, as if the kidney Qi deficiency, the Genuine Qi weak and deficient, food could not be digested, this theory showed important influence on visceral manifestation theory of later generation. He holds very important on the relationship between spleen and kidney and considered spleen as the root of the body, and spleen stomach closely related with life/death, among the two kidneys should be regarded as chief, to replenish the spleen “should always warm and tonify the kidney Qi”, this viewpoint showed it enlightenment to later generation for further study with spleen-kidney relationship and clinical practice.
✧Herbalist 許叔微(Xǔ Shūwēi) compiled many works in his life,his works known as Ben Shi Fang,also known as Lei Zheng Pu Ji Ben Shi Fang) 10volumes,Xu Ben Shi Fang10volumes,Shang Han Bai Zheng Ge 5 volumes,Shang Han Fa Wei Lun 2 volumes,Shang Han Jiu Shi Lun,Zhi Fa,Bian Lei,Yi Shang Han Lun,Zhong Jing Mai Fa San Shi Liu Tu etc.Among them,the works Shang Han Bai Zheng Ge content in the form of rhymes style to present the theory of Zhang Zhongjing in 100 syndromes,for the convenience to study,in the case "syndrome without prescriptions",then supplemented with other prescriptions from classics likeQian Jin Yi Fang etc;in the cases discussion not sufficient, supplemented with theory and discussions from Chao Shi Bing Yuan and herbalist 朱弘(Zhu Hong)、孫尚(Sun Shang)、孫用和(Sun Yonghe)etc. The classics Shang Han Fa Wei Lun totally recorded 22 discourse on prescription,the first discourse listed the 72 syndromes of the exogenous febrile disease,gave detailed interpretations,the second discourse and following gave records of the author's viewpoints.《傷寒九十論》(Shang Han Jiu Shi Lun) content start with the syndrome symptoms, treatment procedure, and comments, similar as later medical records.Lei Zheng Pu Ji Ben Shi Fang is an academic works recorded the clinical experience from herbalist 許叔微(Xǔ Shūwēi) himself for passing on,it classified according to disease into 23 parts,collected over 300 prescriptions,listed with main indications,prescription name and herbal doses the first,then recorded treatment method,instructions,attached with 1 to 2 patient cases,added comments in the end. Many of his specific viewpoints are insightful, such like Qi syncope should not be treat as symptoms of apoplexia, to tonify kidney better use nourishing herbs, differentiation with hemorrhoidal hemorrhage,bloody stool, blood hemorrhoids etc. Later wise herbalist commented very highly of his achievement,such like herbalist 叶桂(Yè Guì) commented that herbalist 許叔微(Xǔ Shūwēi):“He was a scholar and professional in treatment. He hold a will for universal relief, and interpret secret from ancient herbalists, to benefit offsprings, great achievement.”,his theory and prescriptions showed great influence on generation herbalists of Song Dynasty and later.
✦Among his works,《傷寒百證歌》(Shang Han Bai Zheng Ge),《傷寒發微論》(Shang Han Fa Wei Lun),《傷寒九十論》(Shang Han Jiu Shi Lun),《類證普濟本事方》(Lei Zheng Pu Ji Ben Shi Fang) survived,other works lost in ancient time,they are known as 《仲景脈法三十六圖》(Zhong Jing Mai Fa San Shi Liu Tu)、《翼傷寒論》(Yi Shang Han Lun)，《傷寒類論》(Shang Han Lei Lun)、《治法》(Zhi Fa)、《辯類》(Bian Lei),etc.
✧There was a legendary story about herbalist 許叔微(Xǔ Shūwēi) for self-treatment, when he was young study very hard, and hold a habit drink alcohol before rest,years later, he often felt sounding in stomach,hypochondriac pain, diet reduced, vomit out some gastric juice every 10 days or half month, when summer comes, his left side body does not sweat, only the right side body sweat. He made a careful analysis of his own disease, and hold a viewpoint that the disease caused by dampness obstacle stomach, spleen and stomach hurt, spleen deficiency and water could not be turned,spleen and stomach mutually exterior and interior and caused dampness obstacle stomach, thus caught the internal dampness syndrome which appears with symptoms like sounding in stomach and sweat only on right body side, vomit gastric juice etc. Thus, herbalist 許叔微(Xǔ Shūwēi) tried treated himself and followed his own academic thought "medication in essence",selected the herb CangZhu as main components,use powder of CangZhu 1 jin,Dazao 15 pieces,raw sesame oil ban Liang to prepare small pills,took 50 pills daily,and increased to 100 to 200 pills daily gradually in later days,his strange disease relieved months later, and finally recovered. The herb CangZhu flavor fragrance, character hot, warm and taste bitter, enter spleen and stomach meridians, as a fragrant herb, it could wake up spleen and turn dampness, damp pathogen and Yin Qi turned when warm.許叔微(Xǔ Shūwēi) made a correct syndrome identification himself, selected exact herbs, and only one herb got miracle effects, he knew in depth that dampness pathogen character sticky and stagnating, not easy to drive off in short time, only hold on taking the herbs and gradually increase dosage,then the recipe power could be accumulated in body and finally drove the dampness pathogen out.
1.許叔微(Xǔ Shūwēi):introduction about his biography and legend,main books and academic thoughts.