王叔和(Wáng Shūhé):introduction about his biography and legend,main books and academic thoughts.

TCM Knowledge:Prominent Ancient Herbalists ✵To help clients and TCM fans know better with the common knowledge of ancient TCM and syndrome differentiation, there comes the online knowledge database in classified categories.

 ✵The main content including: the introduction of the most famous and talented Ancient Herbalists and Distinguished Physicians, the most influential and Well-Known Ancient Works, common Diagnostic Methods, the introduction of Common Disease and Syndromes, etc.

王熙(Wáng Xī).

  
Brief Introduction
漢語名(Chinese Name): 王熙(Wáng Xī)Alias: 王叔和(Wáng Shūhé)
Popular name: 王太醫(Wáng Tàiyī)English Name: Wang Shuhe, or Shuhe Wang(Given/Sur Name)
Nationality: HanBelief:  Tao
Hometown: Gao PingDates: about 180~270,177~255,or 177~280AD
Main works: 《脈經》(Mai Jing, or The Pulse Classic),《傷寒論》(Shang Han Lun, or Treatise on Febrile Diseases)
Representative works: 《脈經》(Mai Jing, or The Pulse Classic),《傷寒論》(Shang Han Lun, or Treatise on Febrile Diseases)
Reputation: 太醫(Imperial Physician)Star-rating:   

 Introduction: Wang Shuhe
 ✵王熙(Wáng Xī), talent herbalist, and according to some records he ever been a commissioner of the Imperial Academy of Medicine Jin Dynasty, also called 王叔和(Wáng Shūhé, date of birth and death are unidentified, possible around 180~270,177~255, or 210~285, or 177~280AD).Native to Gao Ping, Famous herbalist of late Han and West Jin. He was well versed in pulse-taking and was the author of the Mai Jing, or The Pulse Classic, the earliest comprehensive book on sphygmology now extant in China. He perfected and systemized the art of pulse-taking, yet emphasized the use of all the other methods of diagnosis as well. He rearranged Zhang Zhongjing's Treatise on Cold-induced and Miscellaneous Diseases, and thus contributed much to preserving the important classic of medicine.王叔和(Wáng Shūhé) was a famous herbalist and master of sphygmology in Ancient China.

 ✧王叔和(Wáng Shūhé), name 熙(Xī), native to Gao Ping of Jin Dynasty(today's Gao Ping of Shanxi Province).Wang Shuhe is a very learned herbalist, and an honest man, he made 2 big important devotions in the development of TCM history,one is editing the survival classics copies left by herbalist 張仲景(Zhāng Zhòngjǐng), another is compiled 《脈經》(Mai Jing, or The Pulse Classic). Herbalist 王叔和(Wáng Shūhé) was a friend of famous litterateur 王粲(Wáng Cui), also friend with 衛汛(Wèi Xùn, a disciple of herbalist 張仲景(Zhāng Zhòngjǐng).Herbalist 王叔和(Wáng Shūhé) hold very broad hobby when young, and truly learned, thoroughly understood different schools of philosophy in ancient. For the frequent wars in the north area, the situation turned very chaotic, to avoid the war, migrated to Jinzhou area with his family. When he lived in Jinzhou area, chances got known with 衛汛(Wei Xun), a disciple of herbalist 張仲景(Zhāng Zhòngjǐng), and ever got chances learn from herbalist 張仲景(Zhāng Zhòngjǐng) and was deeply influenced, showed strong interest in study the classical prescriptions, and knew thoroughly with it later and disease sources, Herbalist 王叔和(Wáng Shūhé) learned widely from others' strong points and his healing art became perfection day by day. At Jian An-13 years (AD208), Herbalist 王叔和(Wáng Shūhé) and 王粲(Wáng Cui) all followed with 曹操(Cáo Cāo), at Jian An-18 years (AD213),曹操(Cáo Cāo) was crowned as the King of Wei,王粲(Wáng Cui) was appointed as Privy Counselor, and 王叔和(Wáng Shūhé) was believed to be appointed as the commissioner of the Imperial Academy of Medicine of Wei.

  Wang Shuhe✦The epoch herbalist 王叔和(Wáng Shūhé) lived was the end of East Han and Three Kingdom Period, after years of war, many bamboo slips(there was no paper inventions and books are written on slips) are scattered get lost or mutilated,and even the classics of herbalist 張仲景(Zhāng Zhòngjǐng) which completed a few decades ago is the same fate. As the Court Physician of the Wei Kingdom and Jin Dynasty, herbalist 王叔和(Wáng Shūhé) knew the great value of this classics, great bear in mind, and he's determined to make these masterpieces restored to its original state. So he started to gather the survived slips of the classics by herbalist 張仲景(Zhāng Zhòngjǐng), and looked around the original copy of the classics as possible as he could, and finally succeeded and got some copy of the classics,then he tried to edit them and finally edited out the classics under title 《傷寒論》(Shang Han Lun).

  Wang Shuhe✧Herbalist 王叔和(Wáng Shūhé),in view of the pulse subjected literature and materials in history scattered and in disorder, contents extremely inconsistent and not easy to learn and use, he tried systematized those pieces of literature of pulse in previous generations, and finally compiled the classic Mai Jing(the Pulse Classic). The classics Mai Jing(The Pulse Classic) total 10 volumes and 98 pieces, over 100,000 words, gave records of the sections and methods of pulse taking. This classic collected those study results before Jin Dynasty, most of them comes from and extracted from those classics like Nei Jing(the Inner Canon of the Yellow Emperor),Nan Jing(the Classic of Difficult Issues),Shang Han Za Bing Lun(Treatise on Cold Pathogenic and Miscellaneous Diseases),and those pulse studies of 扁鵲(Biǎn Què),淳於意(Chún Yúyì),華佗(Huà Tuó), widely combined experiences from different schools, and also combined his own clinical experiences, added new and additional contents, with his own special way to assemble and compile. He classified various pulse manifestations to 24 kinds(浮脈floating pulse, 芤脈gaseous pulse, 洪脈surging pulse, 滑脈slippery pulse, 数脈rapid pulse, 促脈abrupt pulse, 弦脈taut pulse, 紧脈rordy pulse, 沉脈deep pulse, 伏脈deep-sited pulse, 革脈leather pulse, 实脈forceful pulse, 微脈faint pulse, 涩脈hesitant pulse, 细脈thready pulse, 软脈soft pulse, 弱脈weak pulse, 虚脈feeble pulse, 散脈scattered pulse, 缓脈moderate pulse, 迟脈retarded pulse, 结脈knotted pulse, 代脈intermittent pulse, 动脈stirred pulse),and listed them one by one with simple and clear notes,although later generation herbalists ever developed the pulse manifestations to 26,27,28,30,32 kinds,but those common and basic pulse conditions,all not going beyond the scope of this classic. Herbalist 王叔和(Wang ShuHe) gave detailed descriptions about the characteristics and Representative diseases of every type pulse manifestations, and also gave detailed descriptions about the pathological changes according to five viscera and six entrails, Yin Yang, YingQi and WeiQi, with vivid language and appropriate descriptions, very practicable, he also made comparations with normal pulse(or the pulse or healthy people). The ancient pulse-taking method processed with ning readings of three sections, which known as Renying(common carotid artery), Cunkou(wrist pulse), Dieyang(the anterior tibial artery), take the pulse three times of one section, total nine readings, procedure complicated,and patients need take off clothes and pull off stockings,not convenient for diagnosis,herbalist 王叔和(Wáng Shūhé) summed up and sorted out those ancient pulse taking methods,and made his own innovations, changed the ancient method to wrist pulse taking method, which means only by taking the wrist pulses on both sides, the general health condition of the patient could be known exactly. After clinical practice by generations of herbalists almost 2000 years,this method still used followed,and have has been proved effective every time since ever,passed the test of time,this new pulse taking method invented by herbalist 王叔和(Wáng Shūhé) is a big success crystal composed of both his great knowledge and his great courage insight. The classics 《脈經》(Mai Jing, or The Pulse Classic) is a big achievement in the history of ancient Chinese Medicine, and herbalist 王叔和(Wáng Shūhé) could be counted as a scarce and uncommon genius,and herbalist 王叔和(Wáng Shūhé) publicly worshiped as the Pulse-Ancestor of China.

 ✦Herbalist 王叔和(Wáng Shūhé) also hold some very incisive opinion about health maintenance,his theory of health maintenance is the earliest system addresses about diet in China,as he proposed that,to gain longevity,should pay attention to four tips in daily life:should avoid too complex diet,should avoid polyphagia and polydipsia;diet has forbidden, and differentiate for diet in 4 seasons;diet should vary to different person, diet choices should be made before eating; diet rule better screen out bad and kept good, could not eat over volume even for delicious food.

  Wang Shuhe✧In his late, herbalist 王叔和(Wáng Shūhé) resignated and turned back to Xiangyang(in today's Hubei Province), habitat and built his house in a beautiful small village, and saving people. For his respectable medical ethics, and high skills were respected and called as Miracle-Doctor by local folks. At around year 270AD, the great herbalist 王叔和(Wáng Shūhé) passed away, offsprings buried him at the cemetery Medicine King Mountain(located in today's Oldman Hill, Baiguo Town, MaCheng City, Hubei Province, China), other folks who ever cared saved by him also built a cenotaph to memory him at the foot of the Xianshan Mountain(located at south to XiangFan city, Hubei Province), his Cemetery still Stand there and worshiped by generations of Chinese folks so many years!

References:
  • 1.王叔和(Wáng Shūhé):introduction about his biography and legend,main books and academic thoughts.

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