王好古(Wáng Hǎogǔ):introduction about his biography and legend,main books and academic thoughts.
✵To help clients and TCM fans know better with the common knowledge of ancient TCM and syndrome differentiation, there comes the online knowledge database in classified categories.
✵The main content including: the introduction of the most famous and talented Ancient Herbalists and Distinguished Physicians, the most influential and Well-Known Ancient Works, common Diagnostic Methods, the introduction of Common Disease and Syndromes, etc.
進之(Jìn Zhī),or 信之(Xìn Zhī)
Wang Haogu, or Haogu Wang(Given/Sur Name)
Confucianism in early age, ☯Taoism in late.
Zhao Zhou(today's Zhao county,Hebei)
about 1200~1308 AD
Over 20 kinds ever recorded,mainly 《陰證略例》(Yin Zheng Lue Li, or the Sketchy Cases of Yin Syndromes) 1 volume,《醫壘元戎》(Yi Lei Yuan Rong, or Fighting Diseases in Medical Field) 12 volumes,《此事難知》(Ci Shi Nan Zhi) 2 volumes,《癍論萃英》(Ban Lun Cui Ying) 1 volume,《湯液本草》(Tang Ye Ben Cao) 3 volumes; other works ever published but some lost:《伊尹湯液仲景廣為大法》(Yi Yin Tang Ye Zhong Jing Guang Wei Da Fa) 4 volumes,《斑疹論》(Ban Zhen Lun) 1 volumes,《本草實錄》(Ben Cao Shi Lu), 《活人節要歌括》(Huo Ren Jie Yao Ge Kuo),《痘疹論》(Dou Zhen Lun), 《標本論》(Biao Ben Lun),《錢氏補遺》(Qian Shi Bu Yi),《十二經要圖解》(Shi Er Jing Yao Tu Jie); Other works not ever published:《傷寒辨惑論》(Shang Han Bian Huo Lun),《仲景詳辨》(Zhong Jing Xiang Bian),《光明論》(Guang Ming Lun).
《陰證略例》(Yin Zheng Lue Li),《湯液本草》(Tang Ye Ben Cao).
Introduction: ✵王好古(Wáng Hǎogǔ): herbalist 王好古(Wáng Hǎogǔ) is a distinguished sagacious physician ever lived in the 13th century and early of the 14th century, also known as Wang Jinzhi for his alias, or Wang Hai-Zang for his Taoist monastic name, whose chief contribution was the explanation of Yin syndromes and the use of warming tonics in the later stage of cold-induced diseases. Five of his books published ever since are extant and well-known.
王好古(Wáng Hǎogǔ), alias 進之(Jìn Zhī), titled 海藏(Hǎi Cáng), native to Zhao Zhou, ever followed master 張元素(Zhāng Yuánsù) and studied medicine with another disciple 李東垣(Lǐ Dōngyuán) together, but his age is 20 years younger than 李東垣(Lǐ Dōngyuán), later he also followed 李東垣(Lǐ Dōngyuán) and took him as teacher, inherited all theory of 李東垣(Lǐ Dōngyuán) himself. Herbalist 張元素(Zhāng Yuánsù) attached importance to syndrome differentiation of Zang-Fu viscera, and emphasized on differentiate cold-head, deficiency-excess of the Zang-Fu viscera at which the disease os located, herbalist 李東垣(Lǐ Dōngyuán) gave interpretations on the theory of spleen and stomach, with extreme detections on internal traumatic deficiency syndrome of spleen and stomach. With both influence from herbalist 張元素(Zhāng Yuánsù) and 李東垣(Lǐ Dōngyuán), herbalist 王好古(Wáng Hǎogǔ) also paid attention to ancient classics Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases.), hold his specific viewpoint and focused on Yang-Qi deficiency originated from primordial Qi deficiency and presented as Three Yin syndromes and Yang Deficiency syndrome which originated from primordial Qi, established a specific school and doctrine.
About the date of herbalist 王好古(Wáng Hǎogǔ), some common unclear recorded it as about year 1200~1264 AD, this date was concluded by later generation according to some reign title records "Zhi Yuan" which was ever recorded in one of his works, but due to the possible confusion of reign title years and other facts and the date of his later works, this date is doubtful and might be a mistake, according to other facts and his later works(such as the "Ren Chen" year records in the preface of the book Yin Zheng Lue Li(the Sketchy Cases of Yin Syndromes)), some latest study from historians concluded that his date is about year 1200~1308.
✧Herbalist 王好古(Wáng Hǎogǔ) knew well with ancient classics and history in his early age, passed Chin-shih(the highest imperial examinations) and was assigned as Jiao Shou of local state(Jiao Shou was an ancient title,similar as "Scholar" or "Professor" of now a days), also was assigned as an official titled "Ti Ju Guan Nei Yi Xue", the academic thoughts of herbalist 王好古(Wáng Hǎogǔ) mainly come from ancient classics Nei Jing(the Huangdi's Internal Canon.), Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) etc, also affected by previous famous herbalist including 王叔和(Wáng Shūhé), 朱肱(Zhū Gōng), 許叔微(Xǔ Shūwēi), 韓祗和(Hán Zhīhé), and especially influenced by the Spleen-Stomach theory of his teacher herbalist 張元素(Zhāng Yuánsù) and Internal Injury Theory of spleen and stomach from teacher 李東垣(Lǐ Dōngyuán), all these contributed to the basis of his theory of Yin Syndromes and other theory.
✦Major Works: herbalist 王好古(Wáng Hǎogǔ) was known ever compiled and wrote works over 20 kinds, some of them are survived till today, some lost, some not ever published, the works survived till today are known as: Yin Zheng Lue Li(the Sketchy Cases of Yin Syndromes) in 1 volume, Yi Lei Yuan Rongin 12volumes,Ci Shi Nan Zhiin 2 volumes, Ban Lun Cui Ying, Tang Ye Ben Caoin 3 volumes etc, among them Yin Zheng Lue Li(the Sketchy Cases of Yin Syndromes) was regarded as his representative work. Herbalist 王好古(Wáng Hǎogǔ) ever compiled many works and with literature records may over 20 kinds, other works under title Yi Yin Tang Ye Zhong Jing Guang Wei Da Fa in 4 volumes, Ban Zhen Lun in 1 volumes, other works from him known as Ben Cao Shi Lu, Huo Ren Jie Yao Ge Kuo, Dou Zhen Lun, Biao Ben Lun, Qian Shi Bu Yi, Shi Er Jing Yao Tu Jie, ever published, but some of them were lost. His other works ever recorded and known in ancient literature Shang Han Bian Huo Lun, Zhong Jing Xiang Bian, Guang Ming Lun, seems not ever published.
The ancient worksYin Zheng Lue Li(the Sketchy Cases of Yin Syndromes) was an academic work on thesis and discussion of Yin Syndromes. According to the preface by herbalist 王好古(Wáng Hǎogǔ) himself, it was compiled and finished at year 1232 AD, reference to “The cold-induced disease is a big class of disease from ancient till now, the Yin syndrome, hurt people especially urgent.”, “the Yang syndrome is easier to differentiate and easier for treatment, the Yin syndrome is difficult to differentiate and difficult to treat.”, the author quoted and extracted discussions and treatise about Yin Syndromes from the previous herbalists, with combination of his own viewpoints, gave detailed and exhaustive interpretations from different aspects including pathogenic factors, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment, etc, with aim to clearly explain and interpret the risks and harms of the Yin Syndrome and the importance of Warm and Yang. From ancient literature records, this work was ever collected in a later work titled Ji Sheng Ba Cui(Essence For Life Saving) by herbalist 杜思敬(Dù Sījìng) at the earliest date(the work Ji Sheng Ba Cui was published at year 1308). And it was also recorded in later works such as Yi Shu Wu Shi Si Zhong(Fifity Four Kinds of Medical Books) by herbalist 陳修園(Chén Xiūyuán) and Zhong Guo Yi Xue Da Cheng(Great Achievement of Chinese Medicine). From its content of version, the earlier version by herbalist 杜思敬(Dù Sījìng) recorded some more original content including Yin Syndrome Yellowing, and Yin-syndrome with an eruption, together with 1 case. According to the preface of Yin Zheng Lue Li(the Sketchy Cases of Yin Syndromes) by herbalist 麻信之(Má Xìnzhī), herbalist 王好古(Wáng Hǎogǔ) ever took five disciples, and they were known as ancient herbalist 皇甫黻(Huángfǔ Fú), 張沌(Zhāng Dùn), 宋廷圭(Sòng Tíngguī), 張可(Zhāng Kě), and 弋英(Yi Gòuyīng).
The ancient work 《癍論萃英》(Ban Lun Cui Ying) was compiled and finished at year 1237 AD, its content is simple and brief in meaning, gave specific discussion and viewpoints on the subject treatment of ecchymosis and differentiation with herpes, the prescriptions were issued properly and fit for practice. The ancient work Yi Lei Yuan Rong(Fighting Diseases in Medical Field) was compiled and finished at year 1291 AD, due to the exogenous febrile disease(cold-induced disease) and miscellaneous diseases were divided into 2 departments after herbalist Zhang Zhongjing, medical crafts gradually became stupid, more professional and rougher, so herbalist 王好古(Wáng Hǎogǔ) inherited those wills of herbalist Zhang Zhongjing, combined methods from the Yi Shui School and herbalist Li Dongyuan, reinvented key points for the treatment of exogenous febrile disease and miscellaneous diseases, and hope learners could achieve the mastery through a comprehensive study of the subject.
The ancient work Tang Ye Ben Cao first draft was compiled at year 1298 AD, and its final draft was finished till year 1308 AD. Main content with an interpretation of herbs and treatment method, points and preparation method of herbs, etc, gave further interpretation and development of the theory from herbalist 張元素(Zhāng Yuánsù) and 李東垣(Lǐ Dōng Yuán), and it reflects the academic achievement of medical theory and herbal classics at the epoch. The ancient work Ci Shi Nan Zhi was published at year 1308 AD, and edited from medical theory of his teacher 李東垣(Lǐ Dōng Yuán), including content of Zang-fu viscera, channel and meridians, Qi and blood, Ying-Qi and Wei-Qi, diagnostic methods, etiology and pathogenesis, treatment method, and the relations and interaction between the sky and human, etc.
✧ Main Theories and Theory Creations from herbalist 王好古(Wáng Hǎogǔ):
Theory of Endogenous Yin Syndrome: ever since the ancient herbal classical work Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) by herbalist 张仲景(Zhang Zhongjing) published, later generation herbalists all respected it as an ancient classics of in-depth study. But most scholars of it normally left detailed studies with the Three Yang Syndrome but short of study with the Three Yin Syndromes, which means the descriptions of Yin-Syndromes in Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) were not got reasonably attention from later herbalists. And in peace epochs cases were described in those scenes “fat people take greasy food, and normally used a recipe with strong potency, works well enough.”, which led herbalist in cases almost all did not tell conditions of Three Yin, kept silence and no comments on Yin-Syndromes, in his own practices herbalist 王好古(Wáng Hǎogǔ) felt in depth that "the exogenous febrile disease, really a big disease of folks, its symptoms are very urgent, and the affection of Yin Syndrome extreme result very bad. The Yang-Syndromes are easy to identify and easy to treat, yet the Yin-syndromes are hard to differentiate and hard to cure.", and in most real cases simple pure Yang-Syndrome or simple pure Yin-Syndrome case are really rare, as he described that "in the cases, deficiency and excess observed alternatively, alternation of cold and heat, affected by the five elements' motion and six kinds of natural factors, pulse manifestation not consistent, in cases occasionally the difference is even small to a millet, then the (diagnosis) result may already have big difference similar to the space between clouds in the sky.", for these reasons, in practice, herbalist should "Differentiate Yin and Yang, Cold and Heat as to differentiated the Black and White", so make folks "avoid natural disasters and innocent, all healthy peace and live longevity.", he buried himself in this subject for several years, searched good discussions related from previous herbalists, proved them in practice, changed drafts triple times in ten years, and finally compiled and finished the academic works Yin Zheng Lue Li(the Sketchy Cases of Yin Syndromes), based his own argumentation on those recipes and treatise of Warm Interior and Supporting Yang from herbalist Zhang Zhongjing, discussions and treatise about Yin-Syndrome and Yin-channels from other previous herbalists, gave detailed analysis and interpretation on the etiology and pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment of Yin Syndrome, well-intentioned. The Theory of Endogenous Yin Syndrome by herbalist 王好古(Wáng Hǎogǔ), based on his own knowledge of the internal injury of three Yin, his teacher herbalist 張元素(Zhāng Yuánsù) treated internal diet injury, ever set up three methods(resolving method, emetic method, purgative method) according to the pulse manifestations at wrist pulse with differentiation among Three Yin channels disease. Herbalist 王好古(Wáng Hǎogǔ) got enlightened from his teacher's method, and concluded himself that "Since Jie Gu ever had purgative methods of three Yin, then definitely there were replenish method of three Yin too."
Theory of Insidious Yin Hidden deeply in the Interior: Herbalist 王好古(Wáng Hǎogǔ) ever discussed in details of the pathogenic reasons of the Endogenous Yin Syndrome and concluded that it related with both exogenous and endogenous. On the exogenous aspects, he quotes and concluded from ancient works 《素問·生氣通天論》(Su Wen·Sheng Qi Tong Tian Lun):“The Qi grows since dawn time, the Yang Qi is flourishing at noon, the Yang Qi is deficient at sunset, the Qi gate closed, as a result should collect at sunset, not disturb tendons and bones, not stay in fogs and dews, act against these three times, body appearance lassitude and turn thin”, with this classical discussion, he pointed out that the cause of Yin Syndrome related with unpreventable exogeneous cold dampness of fog and dew, and he pointed out: “At the time Yang Qi going out then go outside, Yang Qi is hiding then go back home, at night the Yang Qi turn weak, Yin phase is in mastering internally, should collect to reject deficiency pathogens. Move bones and tendons will against Yang and exhaust essence, stay in fogs and dews then suffering from cold and dampness affection.”, for the pathogenic factors such as cold dampness, or fog dew factor, because its character belong to Yin and heavy turbid, so he concluded that “dew and mist enter into the abdomen, although did not drink cold water, it is the same as ever drunk cold water.”, Yang-Qi hurt of folks will lead to Yin Syndromes, obviously, this description is totally different from the commonly known pathogenesis that wind, cold, rain, and dampness affect skin exogenously and cause disease. With these internal pathogenic reasons, herbalist 王好古(Wáng Hǎogǔ) hold a viewpoint that the Yin Syndrome might have relations with different factors including lust desire, overfatigue, cold and raw diet habit, weakness physical conditions, etc. In the section of his famous work Yin Zheng Lue Li·Yin Zheng Fa Ke(the Sketchy Cases of Yin Syndromes·the Thirst of Yin Syndromes) herbalist 王好古(Wáng Hǎogǔ) proposed: “Yin syndrome……those people sucked on desires, exhausted Vital Essence and Qi, exhaustion of Zhen Shui(true water), result collapsing of Primordial Qi and Yang from the center.”, and as a result, “those cases hobby drink alcohol, addict to sexual activity, exhaustion of true essence, deficiency in both Qi and blood.”, when the person caught endogenous Yin Syndrome, each time the Syndrome go deep into the channel and meridians of Jueyin and ShaoYin, then the Syndrome of the two meridians both appeared. And from practice, he concluded that “those take less greasy food and weak Qi, are observed Yin syndrome in most of the cases.”, which means the general physical condition could be recognized as one important factor of the Yin Syndrome.
Diagnosis and Identification of Yin Syndrome: as the symptoms of the Yin Syndrome represented in complicated forms, also varied(deteriorated syndromes) and present with pseudomorph or false appearance. To bring more convenience for herbalists to "differentiate Yin Yang Cold Heat as to differentiate Black White", in practice, herbalist 王好古(Wáng Hǎogǔ) did an in-depth study of the diagnosis of Yin Syndrome. He proposed and hold a viewpoint that the identification and differentiation of Yin and Yang need to focus on the difference between the seeming certainty but at the same time uncertainty, as he proposed that "In case of Yang syndrome, the head go deep and syncope, not difficult to differentiate; In Yin syndromes with symptoms cold and deficiency, on the contray much heat on the exterior, not same easy to differentiate as cold limbs syndromes with pulse sinking fine and collapse. And for the case pulse is powerful, and Yang pulse several times, Tai Yin hidden internally, fever and vexation restlessness, desire to sit in a well, this was not ever recorded before.", but those syndromes which not ever described in analogy or metaphor are hard to identify and differentiate with, with a little carelessness, disease mislead and bungled. So, herbalist 王好古(Wáng Hǎogǔ) searched widely and collected various schools of thoughts as for reference, summarized and induced twelve common symptoms as a reference for identifying and differentiate Yin Syndrome and Yang Syndrome in practice.
✧Experience of Yin Syndrome Treatment:
1. Exogenous Cold and Dampness affection, regulating and harmonizing the Middle Energizer and relieve the Exterior syndrome: for the cold dampness of fog and dew pathogenic factors affect folks, although could cause exterior syndrome, for its treatment, herbalist 王好古(Wáng Hǎogǔ) attached extreme importance to the deficiency and excess of Primordial Qi, fine method for strengthening vital Qi to eliminate pathogenic factor. For affected exogenously by cold dampness of fog dew pathogenic factors, its syndrome presented with symptoms fever and heat, aversion to cold, perspiration, hard on waist and back, uncomfortable of head and neck, heavy and tiredness of arms and legs, poor appetite, or oppression in the stomach duct after food intake, pulse floating tight or moderate, prepared a series of recipes for related treatment, for example Shen Shu Tang, these recipes could reflect the characteristics of the treatment method of Exogenous Yin Syndrome by herbalist 王好古(Wáng Hǎogǔ), attached importance to strengthening the root replenishing spleen and eliminating dampness, and principles reflect the experience of herbalist 王好古(Wáng Hǎogǔ) in rules and principle of ADFS(ascending, descending, floating and sinking) which inherited from his teachers.
2. Characteristics of Prescriptions: accordingly and corresponding to his treatment principle of warm tonic, for the treatment of Yin Syndrome, herbalist 王好古(Wáng Hǎogǔ) extremely against use herbs with cold nature, and he clearly proposed that: “double resolve, honey tea, bath, all should not be used for Yin syndromes”, and he also hold different viewpoints for ancient classical treatment from herbalist Zhang Zhongjing in works Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), the 29th articles, once Yang-Qi recovered, if...then treated with “in cases the stomach Qi is not in harmony, wild talk, give small amount of Tiao Wei Cheng Qi Tang ”, and he holds an opinion that in this case, “ should warm it first, and use purgative method later, should Not use it without considerations, for there are symptoms from both interior and exterior”, so, prescription for Yin Syndrome, normally use more herbs which warm heat in nature and taste bittersweet, seldom use herbs which taste bitter and nature cold. His academic work Yin Zheng Lue Li(the Sketchy Cases of Yin Syndromes) recorded 58 recipes, among them those characteristics warm the Middle energizer and dissipate cold, broke Yin and reinvigorate Yang, total added to total 46 pieces, and shared 79% of all the recipes recorded. And, in most of the recipes, more often herbalist 王好古(Wáng Hǎogǔ) used several warm herbs together. Among them, those recipes used Fu Zi and Gan Jiang shared a total of 16 pieces, and in other herbs combinations, etc. Among those self-prepared recipes, the herb number is smaller and dosage is light, attention for warm and Yang of spleen replenish characteristics. For the Endogenous Yin Syndrome with Exogenous Cold Dampness treatment recipe Shen Shu San, combined of herbs; and for treatment of the case “cold-induced disease coldness, cold pain in the stomach duct and abdomen” he prepared Yi Han Wan composed of six kinds of herbs, among it herbs all own property of warm middle energizer and spleen replenish functions.
✧Academic Thoughts of Herbalist 王好古(Wáng Hǎogǔ):
i;In discussions of the exogenous febrile disease, herbalist 王好古(Wáng Hǎogǔ) attached importance to the internal pathogenic reasons, and he holds an opinion whether internal injury or exogenous disease, the reason which causes disease, may all attribute to the deficiency of Genuine Qi(the Vital energy). Exogenous cold pathogens, internal injury of diet and a cold or empty stomach, all may lead to the internal Yin Syndrome. But the syndromes might be different in mild or server, and a different result in treatable or untreatable after diagnosis, may all attributed to the deficiency or excess conditions of the Healthy Qi(the vital Qi). This theoretical viewpoints of herbalist 王好古(Wáng Hǎogǔ), is consistent and completely the same as that described in ancient classics 《內經》(Huang Di Nei Jing) that: “Where pathogens come together, its Qi will be deficiency”，“ The Positive Qi exists in the interior, the pathogenic factors could not affect”. Besides, in the above descriptions, herbalist 王好古(Wáng Hǎogǔ) also proposed the pathogenesis of the Three Yin Syndrome and explained it has a very close relationship with Insidious Yin Hidden deeply in the Interior. This analysis from physical conditions of the pathogenesis emphasizes that the physical conditions may have actual meanings. In the discussion of exogenous febrile disease with emphasis on deficiency of Healthy Qi as a root cause, herbalist 李東垣(Lǐ Dōngyuán) ever emphasis on Primordial Qi deficiency as the root cause of internal injury, is basically similar, which can be an evidence that herbalist 王好古(Wáng Hǎogǔ) inherited the theory from herbalist 李東垣(Lǐ Dōngyuán) and in one continuous line.
According to his personal experience, herbalist 王好古(Wáng Hǎogǔ) hold viewpoints that the treatment of the internal injury Three Yin syndromes, Jue Yin case deficiency Yang due to flourishing of Yin, with Dang Gui Si Ni Tang, and this recipe fit for “cases counterflow cold of hands and feet, pulse fine and verging on expiry”; for the Shao Yin case deficiency yang due to flourishing of yin, treatment with Tong Mai Si Ni Tang, and it fit for cases “counterflow cold of hands and feet, pulse weak and verging on expiry”; for the Tai Yin case deficiency yang due to flourishing of yin, treatment with Li Zhong Tang, and it fit for cases “cases pulse floating or sunken not the same, moderate and slow.”. Herbalist 王好古(Wáng Hǎogǔ) attached great importance of exogenous febrile disease three Yin syndrome, proposed that “the Yang syndromes are easier to differentiate and easy to treat, the Yin syndromes are difficult to differentiate and difficult to treat”, and did make-up a serial additional research findings of the shortcomings on the subject of Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases) study from previous generations, a specific application of the warm tonic theory he inherited from herbalist 李東垣(Lǐ Dōngyuán) and its flexible application in the study of Shang Han Lun(the Treatise on Cold-induced Diseases), has his own unique features and perfections.
In practice and medication, herbalist 王好古(Wáng Hǎogǔ) hold opinions use herbs warm and should supplement the spleen and stomach. He used Fan Yin Dan to treat Yin toxin and Exogenous febrile disease, mind and spirit dysphoria, headache, counterflow cold of the limbs. Use recipe Pi Li San to treat Excessive Yin refusing Yang(Predominant Yin rejecting Yang), dysphoria and not drink, Use Si Yang Dan to treat Yin toxin and exogenous febrile disease, cyanotic looks(cyanotic facial complexion), counterflow cold of the limbs(counterflow cold of arms hands and legs feet), flatulence of heart and intestine, pulse deep and thready. Use recipe Zheng Yang San to treat Yin toxin and exogenous febrile disease, cyanotic looks(cyanotic facial complexion), breath out and Qi out, hard glomus below the heart, body not hot, sweating only on the forehead, anxiety without stopping, tongue black and drowsiness(more sleep), limbs cold. Use Huo Yan San for treatment of exogenous febrile disease with evil symptoms. Use Bai Shu San to treat Yin toxin and exogenous febrile disease, mind heart fidget and irritation, counterflow cold of the limbs. Use Rou Gui San for treatment overdose of cold herbs in the treatment of exogenous febrile disease, abdominal flatulence, counterflow cold of the limbs, dope off and could not recognize folks, turned into Yin toxin serious syndrome. Among the above recipes, Fan Yin Dan, Hui Yang Dan, Huo Yan San, Pi Li San, Zheng Yang San, etc all use herb Fu Zi as the main herb. For other recipes like Bai Shu San, Rou Gui San, etc, use more herbs Fu Zi, Bai Shu together in combination, to replenish the spleen and kidney together.
✦With his own wisdom and genius, wide knowledge and hard study, herbalist 王好古(Wáng Hǎogǔ) followed theory which comes from the syndrome differentiation of zang-fu organs by herbalist 張元素(Zhāng Yuánsù) and the theory of spleen stomach by herbalist 李東垣(Lǐ Dōngyuán), with a combination of his own experience, frequently and widely quoted speeches of different schools, with his own creative findings, separately interpreted and described the syndrome differentiation of Yin Syndromes, and edited those discussion and treatise articles scattered in various previous works in abrupt orders, systemized them into a specific theory with his own specific syndrome differentiation and treatment, this gave a big contribution to the development of TCM theory in that chaotic war epoch, and also initiated a big enlightenment to the study of Yin Syndromes for later generations.
In the discussion of the Yin Syndrome, herbalist 王好古(Wáng Hǎogǔ) thought highly of the internal reason, was not limited by traditional cold disease exogenous pathogenic origin theory, proposed theory of Endogenous Yin Syndrome, gave detailed interpretation of the Yin Syndrome theory based on Tai Yin internal injury of deficiency cold, which brought the differentiation and treatment of the Yin syndrome from the Cold-induced Exogenous Yin Syndrome, to a new stage which the internal injury miscellaneous Yin syndrome was identified, greatly enlarged the scope of Yin Syndromes, and combined the theory of cold-induced disease and the theory of spleen stomach internal injury. The theory of Yin Syndromes not only developed the theory of herbalist 張仲景(Zhāng Zhòngjǐng) but also was supplemented with those aspects and fields which not recorded in the Heat Syndrome of Middle in the spleen-stomach internal injury theory of herbalist 李東垣(Lǐ Dōngyuán). His viewpoints on the warm tonic and replenish spleen stomach had an in-depth influence on Warm-recuperation school of Ming Dynasty and later.
Herbalist 王好古(Wáng Hǎogǔ) is really a genius with his own specific creativity in the field, and enlightened great number of later generation herbalists, due to the seriousness and actual treatment-resistant of the Yin Syndromes, in practice field his efforts and great achievements saved countless folks, should be respected as a Great Herbalist and Master of medicine.
1.王好古(Wáng Hǎogǔ):introduction about his biography and legend,main books and academic thoughts.