陶弘景(Táo Hóngjǐng):introduction about his biography and legend,main books and academic thoughts.

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陶弘景(Táo Hóngjǐng).

  
Brief Introduction
漢語名(Chinese Name): 陶弘景(Táo Hóngjǐng)Alias: 陶通明(Táo Tōngmíng)
Popular name:  華陽隱居(Huáyáng Yǐnjū)English Name: Tao Hongjing, or Hongjing Tao(Given/Sur Name)
Nationality: HanBelief:  Taoism
Hometown: 丹陽秣陵(Moling,Danyang Jun)Dates: about 456-536AD
Main works: 《陶隱居本草》(Tao Yin Ju Ben Cao,or Herb Canon of Tao Hermit),
《養性延命錄》(Yang Xing Yan Ming Lu,or Books of Nature Cultivation and Life Extending),
《真誥》(Zhen Gao,20 vlumes),《真靈位業圖》(Zhen Ling Wei Ye Tu,1 volume),
《登真隱訣》(Deng Zhen Yin Jue)
Representative works: 《養性延命錄》(Yang Xing Yan Ming Lu,or Books of Nature Cultivation and Life Extending)
Reputation: 華陽隱居(Huáyáng Yǐnjū, or Huayang Hermit)Star-rating:   

 Introduction: Tao Hongjing
 ✵陶弘景(Táo Hóngjǐng), a famous Taoist who specialized in the study of herbs, also called Tao Tongming(456-536), alias Tong Ming, native to Dan Yang Mo Ling. Also a famous Taoist Priest at Southern and Northern Dynasties period,who compiled the Ben Cao Jing Ji Zhu(7 volumes),or Commentary on Sheng Nong's Herbal, one of the most valuable books on materia medica in China, describing 730 varieties of medical substances,including vegetables,animal and mineral drugs. Tao was also the author of the Yang Xing Yan Ming Lu(Books of Nature Cultivation and Life Extending)(2 volumes).

 ✧The ancient literature noted,TaoHongjing got an ancient book named Shen Xian Zhuan, or Legend of Immortals(written by Ge Hong) at his 10 year age, wrote a book named Xun Shan Zhi(Looking for Mountains) at his 15 age,admire life of hermit,took 孫遊嶽(Sūn Yóuyuè) as his teacher at age 30, learn Qing Jing Method, and started to live in solitude since year 492, at Mount Ju Qu(today's Mount Maoshan), titled Hua Yang Hermit, constructed Hua Yang Palace with disciples, till his death,Tao Hongjing as a man of parts, excellent in astronomy, calendar calculation, herbs, gold elixir, classics, geography, natural science, literature and arts, ever written classics more than 80 kinds, the classics survived all became important classics in Taoism and China Scientific Technology history. Tao Hongjing lived at Mount Mao 45 years, had many disciples, passed away at the age of 81 years old, posthumous title Zheng Bai.

  Mountain Maoshan✦Except his famous herbal classics,Tao Hongjing ever written some other herbal classics,such like 《效驗方》(Xiao Yan Fang,or Effective Recipes)(5 volumes),《肘後百壹方》(Zhou Hou Bai Yi Fang)(3 volumes),《陶隱居本草》(Tao Yin Ju Ben Cao,or Herb Canon of Tao Hermit),Ya Zong Jue,Da Yin Yang Sheng Tu,etc. Tao Hongjing ever written many books about Taoism,including:《真誥》(Zhen Gao(20 volumes),《真靈位業圖》(Zhen Ling Wei Ye Tu)(1 volume),Deng Zhen Yin Jue《登真隱訣》(3 volume),He Dan Yao Zhu Fa Jie Du(1 volume),Ji Jin Dan Huang Bai Fang(1 volume),Tai Qing Zhu Dan Ji Yao(4 volumes),etc.

 ✧Tao Hongjing's classic 《養性延命錄》(Yang Xing Yan Ming Lu,or Books of Nature Cultivation and Life Extending) summarized the Taoist Preservation Science,like spirit-cultivation,build physical shape,qi-promoting method,coition medicine,etc.This classic gave new medicine classification system according to species: stones, herbs and woods, insects, animals, fruits, vegetables, kernel, seed, it enriched the system of Taoism Medicine. Followed Taoist Ge Hong, Tao Hongjing developed Jin Dan School Taoism and discovered flame identification method of saltpeter(KNO3).

  Taoist Temple✦About Physical shape building, Dr.Tao suggested that basic principle is "eating habit should obey limit or demarcations on time and volume", he proposed: "the cause and damage from eating, may over than sexual desire and passions. Sensual passions and desire could be suppressed over years, but eating could not stop for one day. When it does more good,it brings much troublesome too."

References:
  • 1.陶弘景(Táo Hóngjǐng):introduction about his biography and legend,main books and academic thoughts.

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