孫思邈(Sūn Sīmiǎo):introduction about his biography and legend,main books and academic thoughts.
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☯妙應真人(Miào Yīng Zhēn Rén)
Sun Simiao, or Simiao Sun(Given/Sur Name)
about 518 or 541-682 AD
《千金要方》(Qian Jin Yao Fang, or Invaluable Prescriptions),《千金翼方》(Qian Jin Yi Fang, or Supplement to the Invaluable Prescriptions)
《千金要方》(Qian Jin Yao Fang, or Invaluable Prescriptions)
藥王(King of Herbs)
Introduction: ✵孫思邈(Sūn Sīmiǎo,518 or 541-682 AD): prominent physician of the Tang Dynasty,also a famous Taoist Priest at Tang period,the author of the 《千金要方》(Qian Jin Yao Fang, or Invaluable Prescriptions)(652),total 30 volumes,combined 5300 recipes and formulas,and the 《千金翼方》(Qian Jin Yi Fang or Supplement to the Invaluable Prescriptions)(682),which have been considered compilations of the medical achievements before the 7th century.
✧孫思邈(Sūn Sīmiǎo) was also a famous Taoist and scholar of Taoism,he was a real scholar and good at anti-aging,he started research of herbs at very young age, as he proposed: "I suffered cold chilling since child, consult with doctor many times, to pay for the fees of medicine nearly exhausting our family property.""started to know well about medicine since 20 years old, thus could be kind to neighbors who suffer from a disease, helped them."),when the Sui Dynasty ended, Sun Simiao became a hermit and move to ZhongNan Mountain, be friend with famous monk Dao Xuan(596~667).according to ancient literature, even at age 40s,he still looks like a young man,the literature noted that "During years of Tang Dynasty, Wu De reign title[618-626], Sun Simiao became a famous alchemist and herbalist, come to national capital by imperial edict from Tang TaiZong[Li Shimin, the 2nd emperor of Tang Dynasty]. Tang Taizong caught sight of herbalist Sun Simiao and saw he looks very young although aged, surprising and saying he must have ways, so showed respect and give some rank of nobility, but herbalist Sun refused it.), at year 674, Sun returned back to Mountain with the cause of sickness. Herbalist Sun was a real scholar and all his life living by help patients in the mountain, Dr.Sun belives nature-cultivation may bring longevity, and the most important method of health preserving is nature-cultivation, and it is even more important than supplements. Except the famous books,Sun ever written some other books,such like 《攝養枕中方》(She Yang Zhen Zhong Fang, or Health Cultivation Pillow Recipes),《福祿論》(Fu Lu Lun, or On Fortune),《保生銘》(Bao Sheng Ming, or Inscription about health preserving),《存神煉氣銘》(Cun Shen Lian Qi Ming),etc.
According to ancient works 《旧唐书》(Chiu Tang shu, or the Old Book of Tang), Sun ever wrote "annotation on 《老子》(Lao-tzu, or annotation on Lao-Tzu), 《庄子》(Chuang Tzu, or annotation on Chuang Tzu), wrote 《千金方》(Qian Jin Fang) in 30 volumes, also wrote 《福禄论》(Fu Lu Lun, or on Fortune) in 3 volumes, 《摄生真录》(She Sheng Zhen Lu, or True records on health regimen), 《枕中素书》(Zhen Zhong Su Shu, or Plain book in the Pillow), 《会三教论》(Hui San Jiao Lun, or Thesis on the three religions) in 1 volume each."
✦Herbalist 孫思邈(Sūn Sīmiǎo) hold very precious treatment morality in ancient time, emphasizing the importance of life, he proposed " man's life is the most important, and higher value than 5kgs gold,1 recipe for help, morality over than saving.",he thinks as a herbalist, firstly, should "know widely about the origin of classics, learn hard and with no lassitude, should not listen to hearsay, then announced that herbal theory already finished.",and second, herbalist should "set saving as purpose,", "when a patient with problems ask for help and saving, should not ask and discriminate by their social position, the rich or poor, old or young, appearance beautiful or looks ugly, a Chinese or a barbarian, a wise man or an idiot, all should be treated the same, as one's closest relatives, and should not overcautious and indecisive, considering good or ill luck for self, should take life precious and care about it."
✧Herbalist 孫思邈(Sūn Sīmiǎo) pay attention to health preservation, and emphasis that health preservation prompt longevity, he believes in Taoism theory "my life hold in my own hand, instead of God.",he proposed that "Its hard to be an immortal, but it is easier to respect method of nature-cultivation. Thus those who good at health preservation should care of tattoo, care of supplement, thus no afraid of hurt from God within a hundred years of life, before death comes.",Dr.Sun thinks the most important for health preservation is nature-cultivation, this is more important than supplement, and he proposed that "if a person's morality degraded, lifespan could never be extended even taken very precious pills and liquid."
1.孫思邈(Sūn Sīmiǎo):introduction about his biography and legend,main books and academic thoughts.
2.旧唐书列传第一百四十一方伎(Chiu Tang shu, or the Old Book of Tang·Biographies 141)