岐伯(Qí Bó):introduction about his biography and legends,main books and academic thoughts.

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岐伯(Qí Bó).

  
Brief Introduction
漢語名(Chinese Name): 岐伯(Qí Bó)Alias: 仙伯(Xiān Bó)
Popular name:  岐伯English Name: Qi Bo, Uncle Qi
Nationality: 華夏族(Huaxia)Belief:  Tao
Hometown: QiShan MountainDates: about 2717~2599 B.C.
Main works: 《黃帝內經》(Huang Di Nei Jing, or the Yellow Emperor's Internal Canon), one of co-authors.
Representative works: 《黃帝內經》(Huang Di Nei Jing, or the Yellow Emperor's Internal Canon), one of co-authors.
Reputation: 天師(Tiān Shī)Star-rating:   

 Introduction: Qi Bo
 ✵岐伯(Qí Bó), a famous physician in the reign period of Huangdi(about year 2698~2589 B.C.). He was asked by Huangdi(the Yellow Emperor) to taste various kinds of herbs and to study medicine and pharmacy. The first and greatest ancient medical work survived till today in China, the Huangdi Nei Jing, or Huangdi's Internal Classic, or Canon of Medicine, the book mainly consists of questions and answers between Huangdi and Qi Bo on health.

 ✧Qi Bo is the most prominent herbalist with high prestige at the ancient legendary time of China. As his living time is very far ancient period, there are not many deeds were recorded in written books which are survived till today. The ancient book Han Shu·Yi Wen Zhi·Fang Ji recorded that: “There were Qi Bo, Yu Fu in remote antiquity, there were Bian Que, Qin He in the middle age.”,"in the ancient legendary time, there was Qi Bo, Yu Fu, in the middle age, there was Bian Que, Qin He." Ancient history book Di Wang Shi Ji(the King's Century) recorded that:"「The Emperor asked Qi Bo to taste herbs, manage affairs of treatment, the books Jing Fang, Ben Cao, Su Wen all came out.", "Di(Huang Di, or the Yellow Emperor) asked master Qi Bo to taste hundreds of herbs, master in treatment. Those books, Jing Fang(the classical prescriptions), Ben Cao(herbal materia medica), Su Wen(the plain question) all appeared."

 ✦Official herbalists and emendator 林億(Lin Yi) in the Song Dynasty gave some records in ancient book Chong Guang Bu Zhu Huang Di Nei Jing Su Wen·Biao(the Supplementary of Huang Di Nei Jing Su Wen·Biao) and recorded that:"「Seek the sufferings of folks. Take pity on folk's pains, are the deep kindness of master and lord, is the governing of the Yellow Emperor....then seek truth with Qi Bo up to the heaven, down to the earth, far to the things, close to the body, questioning and answering in dialogue, left methods to benefit later generations, so Lei Gong and others, taught and spread it, the works Neijing was compiled.」", "Ask and care about folks' illness. Take pity on the sickness of folks, the deep kindness of ancient kings could be traced back to Huang Di' succession...then (Huangdi) discussed with Qi Bo on those topics include the celestial disciplines, geography, things in nature, corporeity of man, questioning and answering with each other in dialogue forms, to benefit later generations, thus Lei Gong generations made records and taught to spread the classics, thus the book Nei Jing was written." Today's version of the ancient classic Su Wen comes as a dialog between Huang Di and Qi Bo in question and answer pairs, to explain and expatiate the medicine theory, from which the profession of Qi Bo on the medical field could be studied.

 Qi Bo✦Ancient book Yun Ji Qi Jian·Xuan Yuan Ben Ji recorded that “There is an elixir uncle, came from the Qishan mountain, self titled Qi Bo, good in talking about nature and tastes of herbs, was a great physician, the Yellow Emperor asked him to manage affairs of prescriptions and herbs,……ever compiled the Nei Jing and Wai Jing.”, "There was an immortal uncle, comes from Qi Shan mountain, his alias is Qi Bo, good at medicinal nature and property taste of herbs, a respected grand physician, Huang Di (the Yellow Emperor) invited him to minister prescriptions and medicines....ever wrote Nei Jing(the Inner Cannon) and Wai Jing(the Exterior Cannon)."

 Qi Bo was wise and has gifted talent in his childhood, knowledgeable when he grew up, kind and humble, and wiser than others. When adults, he determined to help others and save folks from sufferings. He ever traveled a long distance to study medicine with Guang Chengzi, Chi Songzi, and other masters of Tao, learn about medicine and properties of herbs in the day time, study the health preservation ways at night, master Yin and Yang, four seasons and theory of five evolutive phases and six climatic factors, meridians and therapy methods. Years later, Qi Bo's medical theory and treatment techniques are both exquisite, all of them are wonderful and miraculous in treatment. Later, when Huáng Dì(the Yellow Emperor) ask Guang Chengzi to taught him Tao in the KongTong mountain, Qi Bo was recommended to Huáng Dì(the Yellow Emperor) by Guang Chengzi, later Huáng Dì(the Yellow Emperor) also took Qi Bo as his master.

References:
  • 1.岐伯(Qí Bó):introduction about his biography and legends,main books and academic thoughts.

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