華佗(Huà Tuó):introduction about his biography and legend,main books and academic thoughts.

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華佗(Huà Tuó).

  
Brief Introduction
漢語名(Chinese Name): 華佗(Huà Tuó)Alias: 華旉(Huà Fū)
Taoist monastic name:  華元化(Huà Yuán Huà)English Name: Hua Tuo, Tuo Hua(Given/Sur Name)
Nationality: HanBelief:  Taoism
Hometown: 譙縣(Qiao County)Dates: about 145~203 AD
Main works: 《青囊經》(Qing Nang Jing, or Blue-sac Canon),
《枕中灸刺經》(Moxibustion and Acupuncture On Pillow Canon),
《中藏經》(Zhong Zang Jing, or Central Treasury Canon)
Representative works: 《中藏經》(Zhong Zang Jing, or Central Treasury Canon)
Reputation: 神醫(Miracle Herbalist)Star-rating:   

 Introduction: Hua Tuo
 ✵華佗(Huà Tuó),famous surgeon and master of all branches of medicine, also a famous Taoist Priest at end of Dong Han period and Three Kingdom period, also known as Hua Fu(華旉) or Hua Yuan-Hua(華元化)(?-203), native to Pei Guo Qiao(today's Bo Town of Anhui province.). He was said to have performed many major operations including the abdominal section with herbal anesthesia and to be the first to recommend therapeutic gymnastic called Wu Qin Xi, or the Frolics of Five Animals. The book Zhong Zang Jing, or Central Treasury Canon was once ascribed to him.

 ✧Hua Tuo excellent at treatment and medical skills,good at internal,surgery,gynaecology,paediatrics,acupuncture and moxibustion,especially good at surgery.Ancient official records noted and described him that "(Hua Tuo) study and travel to Xu area, he was master of several classics. Know and good at method skills of nature-cultivation, looks still young appearance when actually near to 100 years old, folks at that time think he was an immortal."), Hua Tuo was also a famous alchemist at that time.

 ✦Hua Tuo traveled and help folks, well known at the area of An Hui, Jiang Su, Shan Dong, He Nan at that time, the time Hua Tuo lived, is just the end of Eastern Han and beginning of Three-Kingdom period,an epoch of warlords, folks suffered from drought, floods, and pestilence. A famous poet named 王粲(Wang Cui,177-217) described a scene in his poet Qi Ai Shi(Seven Mourning Poem): "there is no other scenes, bones of the dead scattering the fields.".Hua Tuo seems to know well about books from Zhang Zhongjing, it is said he ever written a classic named Qing Nang Jing(Blue-sac Canon), but unfortunately lost. Hua Tuo has several disciples, such like 樊阿(Fan A),who was good at acupuncture and moxibustion,吳普(Wu Pu),who wrote a herbal classic named Wu Pu Ben Cao or Wu Pu's Herbal, 李當之(Li Dangzhi),who wrote a book named Ben Cao Jing,

 ✧As one of the hermit herbalist of Jian An period(196~220,reign title of Han Xian Di),his story got recorded both in Hou Han Shu and San Guo Zhi,Hou Han Shu noted Tuo was especially good at herbal recipes,described some story about his treatment skills and his cases,such like Hua Tuo's excellent skills of acupuncture,cases of Du You Xu Yi,case of scorpion bite,cases of parasite,cases of Cao Cao's headache,a kind of intermittent headache,Tuo's invention of Wu Qin Xi,or the Frolics of Five Animals,which exercise to mime tiger,deer,bear,ape and bird for health. The legend said his disciple Wu Pu practiced Wu Qin Xi regularly, and his eyesight and hearing are still very good, teeth complete and strong in his 90 years age.

 Hua Tuo✦ Cao Cao, is a warlord and king of Wei Kingdom at Three-Kingdom period,the history record noted that Cao Cao caught Tou Feng(a serious headache, a kind of an intermittent headache), after treatment by Hua Tuo with acupuncture and moxibustion, recovered. But Hua Tuo thinks to be a physician servant is some shameful career,thus left Cao's palace with cause of his wife disease and never back,later Cao Cao knew the true reason that Hua Tuo would not like to be a physician servant,so seized him and put him into prison,and killed him later. Ancient historical classic Hou Han Shu noted, "Hua Tuo left Cao Cao with cause his wife caught a disease and never returned. Cao Cao sent him several letters to call and command county lord gift invitation, but Tuo still would not like come. Cao became angry, sent someone to investigate and found Hua Tuo's wife actually not sick, so put him into prison, tortured him. Xun Yu beg for Hua Tuo and said:'Hua Tuo is really good at skills, which related to folk's life, should better release him.'but Cao Cao never listened to him, finally killed Hua Tuo.

 ✧The related story recorded by San Guo Zhi(The Records of Three Kingdoms),which written by historian Chen Shou,noted that:"Xun Yu(a very important counselor of Cao Cao) beg for Hua Tuo and said:'Hua Tuo is really good at skills, which related to folk's life, should better release him.'but Tai Zu(reign title of Cao Cao) said: no worry, there should be many such kinds of scoundrels mouse creatures?' so torture Tuo and killed him....later when son Cang Shu(Cao Cao's son) caught a troublesome disease, Tai Zu lament a misfortune and said: I regret killed Hua Tuo, this caused my son died in vain today.'

 Hua Tuo Tomb✦ Hua Tuo invented a new method of Anesthesia named powder for anesthesia, according to some herbal archeologist, this recipe is composed of Man Tuo Luo Hua(Flos daturae,1 sheng), Sheng Cao Wu, Quan Dang Gui, Xiang Bai Zhi, Chuan Xiong(Raw Monkshood Root.Whole Angelica Sinesis Root, Radix Angelicae Dahuricae,Rhizoma chuanxiong 4 qian each), Chao Nan Xing(Fried Southern Star 1qian). This new method of anesthesia helped Hua Tuo a lot for surgical treatment, and more patients got cured. Hua Tuo was able to perform surgical intervention such as Tumor extirpation and Gastrointestinal suture. As Hua Tuo traveled to many countrysides,he paid attention to collect effective recipes from a different area, learned a lot of herbal knowledge from local folks, and used such kind of recipes to treat his patients. Some story recorded a case of parasite treatment, it proposed that Hua Tuo met a folk suffered from Laryngeal obstruction, who could not eat anything, and on the way to see a doctor. The patient suffered and groaning sounded very painful.Hua Tuo checked him with care, then told him that: "You can ask to buy 2 to 3 liang of Píng Jī(Powdered duckweed) from pancake seller, add a half bow of Suan Cu(vinegar), mixed together and eat it, then your suffering will be relieved later."The patient eats Ping Ji and vinegar, then vomit out a parasite looks like a snake, then the problems really settled. When he visited Hua Tuo with this parasite, he saw there were many parasites hanged on the wall of Hua Tuo's house, Tuo treated many patients with this recipe. An ancient herbal classic recorded many blends under the title of Hua Tuo to treat parasite problems, such as recipe for the anal parasite, for nine parasites, ascarid, taenia, pinworm, etc.

References:
  • 1.華佗(Huà Tuó):introduction about his biography and legend,main books and academic thoughts.

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