Postpartum wind-stroke and related syndromes:an introduction of Postpartum palpitation wind stroke, Postpartum wind stroke and trance, postpartum deficiency wind stroke, postpartum wind-stroke, postpartum wind-stroke and spasm of limbs.


 TCM Knowledge:Gynecology Syndromes,Women Syndromes ✵To help clients and TCM fans know better with the common knowledge of ancient TCM and syndrome differentiation, there comes the online knowledge database in classified categories.

 ✵The main content including: the introduction of the most famous and talented Ancient Herbalists and Distinguished Physicians, the most influential and Well-Known Ancient Works, common Diagnostic Methods, the introduction of Common Disease and Syndromes, etc.

Postpartum palpitation wind stroke.
Postpartum palpitation wind stroke 
 ✵The Postpartum palpitation wind stroke is wind stroke occurring following childbirth due to various pathogenic reasons.

 ✧ In the TCM system, the pathogenic reasons for the Postpartum palpitation wind stroke are normally including old wind pathogens, heart Qi deficiency, common symptoms depression and short of breath, eyes open and lockjaw, similar as dysentery, palpitation, paraphasia(deranged speech).

 ✵The Postpartum palpitation wind stroke common types are known including:

 ✧ Postpartum palpitation wind stroke, heart Qi deficiency, frighten and wild talk, or sing cry evil laugh, indeterminacy of mind.

 ✧ Postpartum palpitation wind stroke, deficiency weak and emaciation, excessive sweating, diarrhea, great deficiency. Similar to wind stroke, wild talk, depression, and unconsciousness.

 ✧ Postpartum palpitation wind stroke, wild talk, unsteadiness, confusional state, deficiency of heart Qi, this is the case of postpartum palpitation wind stroke due to wind pathogens.

 ✧ Postpartum palpitation wind stroke, alternation between palpitation and flustered, wild talk or paraphasia(deranged speech), absent-minded and fall into a trance, this is the case of postpartum palpitation wind stroke due to heart deficiency.

Postpartum wind stroke and trance.
Postpartum wind stroke and trance 
 ✵The Postpartum wind stroke and trance is a wind stroke and trance state occurring following childbirth, due to various pathogenic reasons.

 ✧ In the TCM system, the pathogenic reasons for the Postpartum wind stroke and trance are normally including hurt of blood and Qi for the labor, deficiency of Zang and Fu-viscera, heart could not regulate other viscera, insufficiency of Ying and Wei(nutrient Qi and defense Qi), affected by wind pathogens.

 ✵The Postpartum wind stroke and trance common types are known including:

 ✧ Postpartum wind stroke and trance, sudden suffering, paipitation, wild talk or paraphasia(deranged speech), into a trance, this is the case of Postpartum wind stroke and trance due to deficiency of the heart.

 ✧ Postpartum wind stroke and trance, alternation between palpitation and flustered, indeterminacy of mind, irritable and into a trance.

 ✧ Postpartum wind stroke and trance, into a trance, difficult speech, numbness of hands and feet.

Postpartum deficiency wind stroke.
Postpartum 
 ✵The Postpartum deficiency wind stroke is a wind stroke occurring following childbirth, due to various pathogenic reasons.

 ✧ In the TCM system, the pathogenic reasons for the Postpartum deficiency wind stroke are normally including excessive bleeding, and loss of Qi,

 ✵ The Postpartum deficiency wind stroke common types are known including:

 ✧ Postpartum deficiency wind stroke, cyanotic lips and body cold, perspiration, dizziness and coma(unconsciousness), this is the case of postpartum deficiency wind stroke due to excessive bleeding, loss of Qi, great deficiency. This is a case in danger.
 ✵Ancient herbalists and representative works hold this or similar pathogenic reasons are introduced:

 "Case postpartum wind stroke of hands and feet, is the condition of postpartum wind stroke mainly due to Qi and blood deficiency." [02].

 "Woman suffers from sudden numbness after childbirth, what is it? This is the condition that due to the great deficiency of Qi and blood..." [04].



Postpartum wind-stroke.
Postpartum wind-stroke 
 ✵The Postpartum wind-stroke is a case of wind-stroke occurring following childbirth, due to various pathogenic reasons.

 ✧ In the TCM system, the pathogenic reasons for the Postpartum wind-stroke are normally including hurt of Qi and blood due to childbirth, get off bed too early, hurt in a month, affected by sorrow or anger, hurt of Zang-viscera and Fu-viscera, early wakeup and working, Qi deficiency and affected by wind pathogens, wind pathogens visiting the skin channels, pain and numbness, fatigue and emaciation, short of breath, other symptoms observed including go into trance, spasm, etc.
 ✵Ancient herbalists and representative works hold this or similar pathogenic reasons are introduced:

 "Woman suffers from wind stroke, with paralysis of the right half of the body, what is it? It is mainly due to the hurt of Qi.

 Woman suffers from wind stroke, with paralysis of the left half of body, what is it? It is mainly due to the hurt of blood.

 Woman suffers from wind stroke, with facial paralysis(deflection of mouth and eyes), barylalia(slurred speech), pain in eyes, and could not sleep, what is it? It is mainly due to blood insufficiency and affected by wind.

 Woman suffers from wind stroke, there is slim or fat, how about the difference? Mainly with phlegm for a fat person, with fire for a slim person.

 Woman suffers from wind stroke, with sweating, what is it? The case wind stroke with perspiration is due to the Wei system hurt by the wind.

 Woman suffers from wind stroke, without sweating, what is it? The case wind stroke without perspiration is due to the Ying system hurt by cold.

 Woman suffers from wind stroke, difficulty in defecation or urination(constipation or urinary stoppage), what is it? The case of wind stroke with constipation or urinary stoppage, is the condition of excess, the case of wind stroke with defecation or urination uninhibited, is the condition of deficiency." [04].

 "Woman suffers from blood deficiency after childbirth, should observe much perspiration(sweating), affected by wind pathogens, develops to spasm and lockjaw, stiffness of the back, shaking her head and tinnitus(ringing in ears), bent..." [06].

 "Wind-stroke after childbirth:Woman get off the bed in five to seven days after childbirth, hurt Qi and blood, wind pathogen invading by chances of deficiency. Or hurt from sexual intercourse, or worry and anger in the chest, disturb the harmony and orders, or take raw and hard food, hurt Zang and Fu viscera. In the initial stage symptoms pain in eyes and lockjaw, spasm and contracture of muscles, gradually affect waist and back, in case of stiffness and up of tendon and muscle, incurable. This is due to not care in daily life, not from occasionally wind-stroke..." [07].

 "Wind-stroke after childbirth: woman lose excessive volume of blood after childbirth, sudden deficiency of the liver Qi,...as a result, unconsciousness and short of breath, sweating and cold in skin, fainting and sudden fall, spasm of hands and feet, is the condition wind from liver deficiency, wind generates from endogenous origin...woman lack in blood support after childbirth, mostly suffers from endogenous heat from Yin deficiency, extreme heat generate wind, although its external symptoms is similar to wind, but actually is Yin deficiency in the interior, Qi lost governing." [08].Different types are introduced:
 (1).Woman suffers from wind-stroke after childbirth, due to losing excessive volume blood, Yin insufficiency in the interior, Qi lost governing. Symptoms lockjaw, lips cyanotic, cold in muscle and sweating, or deflection of mouth and lips, spasm of hands and feet, syndromes similar to wind-stroke.
 (2).Woman suffers from wind-stroke after childbirth, due to exhaustion of Qi and blood, excessive perspiration, the vitality lost mastering, as a result, lead to opisthotonos, is the condition extreme deficiency of Jue Yin similar to Jing(spasm)
 (3).Woman suffers from cold-induced syndrome after childbirth, although there are Gang Jing(tense convulsion) or Rou Jing(sweating convulsion), but after childbirth, due to blood dryness, blood collapse.
 (4).Woman suffers from wind-stroke after childbirth, in the case with phlegm and fire.
 (5).Woman suffers from wind-stroke several days after childbirth, no clots pain in abdomen;
 (6).Woman suffers from wind-stroke after childbirth, difficulty in speech and movements of limbs(difficult to move of arms legs hands feet);
 (7).Woman suffers from wind-stroke after childbirth, speechless or difficulty in speech;
 (8).Woman suffers from wind-stroke after childbirth, much perspiration and lockjaw, bending of back and short of breath, similar to Zhi(spasm);
 (9).Woman suffers from wind-stroke after childbirth, no perspiration and spasm;
 (10).Woman suffers from wind-stroke after childbirth, lockjaw and difficulty in speech(lockjaw, could not speak or talk);
 (11).Woman suffers from wind-stroke after childbirth, powerless and twitch(convulsion), hyperphoria with fixed eyeballs(Dai Yan) and opisthotonus(bending to backward of the body due to convulsion), sweating as pearls, two hands hold with empty, is the case incurable.



 ✵Although there are various pathogenic reasons of the wind-stroke, the main reason is normally due to the deficiency in the interior(internal deficiency) and affection from exogenous wind pathogen, according to the difference of the affected region, in general, it could be classified into wind-stroke affect Fu-viscera which affect at the exterior, wind-stroke affect Zang-viscera which affect at the interior, wind-stroke affect blood collaterals which affect at the middle, etc. Ancient herbalists and representative works hold this or similar pathogenic reasons are introduced:

 "Woman suffers from wind stroke, because of internal deficiency and affected by wind. It is the syndrome recorded in ancient works Nei Jing and known as Pian Ku(similar to hemiplegia), Feng Fei, Feng Yi, Feng Bi, and into different types wind-stroke affect Fu-viscera, wind-stroke affect Zang-viscera, wind-stroke affect blood collaterals. In the condition of wind-stroke affect the Fu-viscera, is at the exterior; In the condition of wind-stroke affect the Zang-viscera, is at the interior; In the condition of wind-stroke affect the blood collaterals, is at the middle...In the condition of wind-stroke affect the Fu-viscera, mainly at limbs, symptoms numbness and spasm in hands and feet, aversion to wind and cold...In the condition of wind-stroke affect the Zang-viscera, mostly stagnant the nine orifices, for examples, dazzled eyes for affection the liver, the tongue could not speak(loss of speech) for affection the heart, slow in lips and constipations for affection the spleen, nasal obstruction(stuffy nose) for affection the lung, deafness for affection the kidney, these conditions are seriously sick and most are difficult to treat...In the condition of wind-stroke affect the blood collaterals, symptoms no six-meridian syndrome at the exterior, no inhibition of urination or defecation at the interior, could not lift limbs, loss of speech...In the condition of real wind-stroke, there are also differences between Qi-phase and blood-phase...The syndromes similar to wind-stroke, there are wind affection, dampness affection, fire affection, seasonal Qi affection, syncope of food, strain consumption, sexual strain, these are all syndromes similar to wind-stroke...For areas north or south, body constitution deficiency type or excess type, there are differences, in general, the syndromes between man and woman are similar..." [05].

 "Wind-stroke from extreme deficiency: woman get wind-stroke after childbirth, due to losing too much blood, Qi lost master, as a result, lips turn cyanotic and cold limbs(reverse cold in hands feet, arms legs), perspiration, dazzled and unconscious, life is in danger in a short time, is the condition wind-stroke due to extreme deficiency..." [07].This is wind-stroke from extreme deficiency after childbirth is a case very difficult.

 "Wind-stroke after childbirth: woman suffers from health Qi sudden deficient after childbirth, joints opening, wind pathogen easily invading, lost proper regulation, affected by wind, lost consciousness(unconsciousness), mouth and eyes wriggle, spasm and contracture of hands and feet, bending of the body, is the case of Feng Wai Zhong(exogenous wind-stroke)..." [08].



 ✵The Postpartum wind-stroke common types are known including:

 ✧ Postpartum wind-stroke, wind-deficiency, headache and pain in eyes, wild talk sometimes.

 ✧ Postpartum wind-stroke, frightened or fear, uncertain of wills, go into a trance, wild talk.

 ✧ Postpartum wind-stroke, contracture or spasm of body and back as being trapped, and thirst.

 ✧ Postpartum wind-stroke, contracture or spasm of limbs, dragging pain of muscle, unable to move around, similar as opisthotonus.

 ✧ Postpartum wind-stroke, affected by wind and cold pathogen in shade, or into panting, blue lips and black nose.

 ✧ Postpartum wind-stroke, polydypsia(vexation and thirst).

 ✧ Postpartum wind-stroke, hemiplegia(paralyzed on one side), paralysis of the limbs(paralysis of hands and feet), tongue-tied, go into trance and amnesia(forgetfulness), mental uncertainty.

Postpartum wind-stroke and spasm of limbs.
Postpartum 
 ✵The Postpartum wind-stroke and spasm of limbs is a case of wind stroke and spasm of limbs occurring following childbirth, due to various pathogenic reasons.

 ✧In the TCM system, the pathogenic reasons for the Postpartum wind-stroke and spasm of limbs are normally including deficiency of Qi and blood, asthenia of Zang-viscera and Fu-viscera, early wakeup and working before dawn, deficiency not recovered and affected by wind-cold pathogen visiting the channels in the skin, lead to numbness, fatigue emaciation and short of breath, affect the muscle and channels, spams and contracture.

 ✵Ancient herbalists and representative works hold this or similar pathogenic reasons are introduced:

 "Woman suffers from Qi-deficiency, wind affected and enter into Yang meridians, or blood deficiency after childbirth, affected by wind during perspiration, stiffness of the body and lockjaw, counter-bending of the back and waist, is the syndrome of spasm. For the Tai Yang meridian was affected first by wind, and then affected by cold, as a result, symptoms similar to epilepsy.

 In conditions of wind-stroke and lockjaw, is mainly due to deficiency of the body and affected by wind, enter into the cheeks. The three Yang meridians of hand, connect to the cheeks, up to the mouth, affected by wind pathogen then spasm, as a result, the maxillary joint retract and lockjaw..." [05].

 "Woman suffers from wind stroke after childbirth, tendons and muscles spasm, all due to Qi and blood deficiency, wind and cold pathogen invading the skin layer, as a result, pain and numbness of the four limbs(arms legs hands feet)..." [06].

 "Spasm syndrome after childbirth: the spasm syndrome after childbirth, is the condition Yin blood greatly insufficient. Its symptoms observed are bent backward of the waist and back, hyperphoria with fixed eyeballs and euthyphoria(look steadily at), or four limbs are strong and powerful, a convulsion of the body. In cold-induced disease, although there are differences between Gang Jing(tonic convulsion), Rou Jing(flaccid convulsion, or sweating convulsion), in general, are all due to blood exhaustion and blood dryness..., for the reasons of convulsions, in general for the cold-induced syndrome, mistakenly induced perspiration greatly and loss of body fluid, or induced purgation greatly and loss of Yin, or ulcer and pus, after severe diarrhea, then this syndrome will be observed. So for conditions after childbirth, also in the case loss too much blood, or from greatly induced perspiration or purgation. It is a condition that the primordial Qi is extremely deficient, the blood is in a withered and collapsing state...If misdiagnosed as the phlegm of wind, and use recipes for dissipating or resolving food retention, surely will pass away." [07].

 "Spasm after childbirth: woman suffers from spasm and pains of tendons and collaterals, the native folk name is Jia Zhua Feng(chicken claw wind), blood deficiency after childbirth, could not support tendons and collaterals.,...in the case also affected by exogenous wind pathogen,..." [09].



 ✵The Postpartum wind-stroke and spasm of limbs common types are known including:

 ✧ Postpartum wind-stroke, contracture and spasm of limbs and pains, stiffness of neck and back.

 ✧ Postpartum wind-stroke, uneasy sleeping and sitting, spasm of limbs and muscles, or stiffness of limbs and muscles.

 ✧ Postpartum wind-stroke, contracture and spasm of limbs and muscles, pains.

 ✧ Postpartum wind-stroke, contracture and spasm of limbs and muscles, pains, mind and heart annoyed and vexed, stiffness(rigidity) of back and neck.

 ✧ Postpartum wind-stroke, lockjaw, maxillary joint retract.

 ✧ Postpartum wind-stroke, lockjaw, maxillary joint retract, deviation of the eyes and mouth.

 ✧ Postpartum wind-stroke, deviation of the mouth.

Postpartum wind stroke with spontaneous perspiration.
wind stroke with spontaneous perspiration 
 ✵The Postpartum wind stroke with spontaneous perspiration normally affects after childbirth, is a syndrome wind stroke and spontaneous perspiration(spontaneous sweating.)

 ✧In the TCM system, the pathogenic reasons for the postpartum wind stroke with spontaneous perspiration are normally including an imbalance of Ying and Wei and affected by wind pathogen, the striae and interstitial space(Cou Li) is not solid, ever took recipes for wind syndrome, weakness of Yang Qi. The spontaneous perspiration might be accompanied with night sweating.

 ✧Ancient herbalists and representative works hold this or similar pathogenic reasons are introduced:

 "Wind stroke with spontaneous perspiration:...In case of spasm, the twitch of the mouth and eyes, sweating whole body...should recover Ying and Wei to dispel wind pathogen...In the condition of the striae and interstitial space are not solid,...In the condition ever took recipes for wind syndrome,...In the condition weakness of Yang Qi..." [05].



Postpartum wind stroke with hemiplegia.
wind stroke with hemiplegia 
 ✵The Postpartum wind stroke with hemiplegia normally affects after childbirth, is a syndrome wind stroke and hemiplegia(paralysis of one side of the body), the symptoms are paralysis of one side of the body, thin and withered muscles, pain in bones and joints.

 ✧In the TCM system, the pathogenic reasons for the postpartum wind stroke with hemiplegia are normally including loss of essence, blood exhaustion, excessive heat, dryness of body fluid.

 ✧Ancient herbalists and representative works hold this or similar pathogenic reasons are introduced:

 "Wind stroke with hemiplegia, its symptoms paralysis of one side, withered and thin of muscles, pain in bones and joints. The ancient works Nei Jing recorded: perspiration and hemiplegia. As branches of trees, body fluid could not arrive and then withered, hurt by the wind...In general, the syndrome mostly due to loss of nutritional support, lead to the withering of essence and blood...Wind affection and heat turn excessive, excessive heat then water dried, the water dried and Qi lost support, as a result, essence lost, this is the reasons where the wind syndrome comes..." [05].



Postpartum blood-wind.
Postpartum blood-wind 
 ✵The Postpartum blood-wind normally affects after childbirth, is a syndrome also known as the wind of blood, due to Qi and blood deficiency, the striae and interstitial space not tight, affected by wind and cold, as a result, the pathogenic reasons and positive energy fight each other, the normal syndromes including:(1).blood-wind with joint pain,(2).blood-wind with white tiger-biting,(3).blood-wind with urticaria and itching,(4).Blood-wind with cephalea.

 ✧In the TCM system, the pathogenic reasons for the postpartum blood-wind syndromes are introduced:

 (1).Blood-wind with joint pain:the common symptoms of blood-wind with joint pain are pains in joints and bones, fever in body and limbs, dryness in mouth and throat, mainly due to Qi and blood deficiency, the striae and interstitial space not tight, other reasons might be involved are: a disorder of diet and drink, deficiency of spleen and stomach, blood heat in the liver meridian, blood deficiency in the liver meridian, wind dampness with phlegm, wind dampness hurt the spleen, summer dampness hurt Qi, Qi-depression hurt the spleen and liver, stomach Qi hurt, blood stasis, tiredness, and lassitude.

 (2).Blood-wind with white tiger-biting: the common symptoms of blood-wind with white tiger-biting, sudden contracting pains as biting by a white tiger, internal heat or hot flash in the late afternoon, spontaneous sweating or night sweating, or irregular menstruation, tastelessness in diet, etc, mainly due to physical deficiency and affected by wind, attack with blood, or affect in the skin layer, or sudden attack as biting by a tiger, other reasons might be involved are: dampness and heat, a disorder of diet and drink, a disorder of seven emotions and consumption, deficiency and hurt of the spleen and stomach.

 (3).Blood-wind with urticaria and itching: the common symptoms of blood-wind with urticaria and itching are known as: urticaria and itching, dysphoria with smothery sensation(vexation and heat from inside), mainly due to physical deficiency and affected by wind and cold, exposed to cold air after batch with sweating. Other symptoms are: swellings grow on the skin, pain or itching not regularly, or dripping pus, fever and polydipsia(irritable or vexed, thirst), dizziness and dazzled, turn to serve in the late afternoon, or alternative chills and fever, irregular menstruation, or anger and grow out swellings on the skin, pain itching and alternative chills fever; or fever at night, thirst and wild talk; etc.

 (4).Blood-wind with cephalea: the blood-wind with cephalea is also known as blood-wind with headache, normally affects a woman who suffers from wind syndrome of the head, five among ten cases, fainting as sitting on ships or cars. In general, due to blood deficiency of the liver meridian, and affection from wind pathogen. Differences in six meridians: the cephalea or headache of foot Tai Yang, symptoms pulse floating and tight, aversion to wind and cold; the cephalea or headache of Shao Yang, symptoms pulse string-like and fine, alternative chills and fever; the cephalea or headache of foot Yang Ming, symptoms headache, fever, pain in eyes, dryness in the nose, aversion to cold and fever, pulse floating slow and long; the cephalea or headache of hand Tai Yang, symptoms with phlegm and heavy in body, or pain in the abdomen, is phlegm stasis, pulse sinking and slow; the cephalea or headache of foot Shao Yin, symptoms cold in feet and Qi counterflows, as reverse cold limbs, pulse sinking and fine; the cephalea or headache of foot Jue Yin, symptoms spit saliva and foams, reverse cold, pulse floating and slow.

 ✧Ancient herbalists and representative works hold this or similar pathogenic reasons are introduced:

 "Woman suffers from blood-wind, due to Qi and blood deficiency, the striae and interstitial space not tight, affected by wind and cold, as a result, the pathogenic reasons and positive energy fight each other, pain in bones and joints, fever of body and limbs, dry in mouth and throat.

 Woman suffers from wind syndrome of the head, five among ten cases, fainting as sitting on ships or cars. In general, due to blood deficiency of the liver meridian, and affection from wind pathogen." [05].



Postpartum syndrome similar to stroke.
Postpartum 
 ✵The Postpartum syndrome similar to stroke normally affects after childbirth, is a syndrome sudden exhaustion of blood and Qi, bones and muscles lost support from blood, as a result, lockjaw, spasm in hands and feet, similar symptoms to wind-stroke.

 ✧In the TCM system, the pathogenic reasons for the postpartum syndrome similar to wind-stroke are normally including sudden exhaustion of Qi and blood, bones and muscles lost support from the blood.

 ✧Ancient herbalists and representative works hold this or similar pathogenic reasons are introduced:

 "Case sudden exhaustion of blood and Qi, bones of the body collectively lack support and nutrients from blood, suddenly lockjaw and tight teeth, spasm in hands and feet, similar to wind-stroke, also similar to epilepsy." [03].

 "Case after childbirth, blood insufficiency, lockjaw and stiffness of the neck, spasm, similar to wind-stroke. Other symptoms might observed: with phlegm, hurt from meat, hurt from diet or wheat diet, constipation, thirst, much sweating, frightened, etc.

 Case after childbirth, wind-stroke, faintly in a trance, difficulty in speech, difficulty in movement of limbs(hands feet legs arms)." [03].

 "Similar to stroke after childbirth:woman suffers from lockjaw, spasm of tendons, similar to wind-stroke, due to Qi and blood could not support Ying and Wei..." [08].



Postpartum limbs numbness.
Postpartum limbs numbness 
 ✵The Postpartum limbs numbness or numbness in the legs and arms occurring following childbirth, due to various pathogenic reasons majorly due to blood deficiency and wind attack, other symptoms are itching in skin and numbness, etc.
 ✵Ancient herbalists and representative works hold this or similar pathogenic reasons are introduced:

 "Woman suffers from numbness in four limbs(hands arms feet legs), itching skin and numbness, are all due to blood deficiency and wind attack..." [07].



References:
  • 01.Postpartum wind-stroke and related syndromes:an introduction of Postpartum palpitation wind stroke, Postpartum wind stroke and trance, postpartum deficiency wind stroke, postpartum wind-stroke, postpartum wind-stroke and spasm of limbs.
  • 02.Song Shi Nǚ Ke Cuo Yao(the Synopsis of Song's Gynaecology).By 宋林皋(Sòng Lín Gāo)[Ming].
  • 03.Jiēzhāi Gōng Tāi Chǎn Yī àn(Births Cases of Jie Zhai Gong).By 王纶(Wáng Guān)[Ming].
  • 04.Fù Kē Bǎi Biàn(the Differentiations in Hundred Syndromes of Gynaecology).By 庄履严(Zhuāng Lǚyán)[Ming].
  • 05.Nǚ Ke Bǎi Xiào Quán Shū(the Efficacious Complete Book of Gynaecology).By 龚居中(Gōng Jūzhōng)[Ming,1630].
  • 06.Huang Shi Nǚ Ke(the Synopsis of Huang's Gynaecology).By 黄彦荣(Huáng Yànróng)[Ming,1504].
  • 07.Ye Shi Nǚ Ke Zhèng Zhì(the Syndromes and Therapeutics of Ye's Gynaecology).By 叶桂(Yè Guì)[1817].
  • 08.Fù Kē Bèi Kǎo(the References of Gynaecology).By 何应豫(Hé Yīngyù)[1820].
  • 09.Fù Kē Liáng Fāng(the Effective Prescription of Gynecology).By 何梦瑶(Hé Mèngyáo)[1751].

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