Postpartum cold-induced syndrome and related syndromes:an introduction of Postpartum cold-induced syndrome, Postpartum headache, Postpartum cough, Postpartum cough and belch.


 TCM Knowledge:Gynecology Syndromes,Women Syndromes ✵To help clients and TCM fans know better with the common knowledge of ancient TCM and syndrome differentiation, there comes the online knowledge database in classified categories.

 ✵The main content including: the introduction of the most famous and talented Ancient Herbalists and Distinguished Physicians, the most influential and Well-Known Ancient Works, common Diagnostic Methods, the introduction of Common Disease and Syndromes, etc.

Postpartum cold-induced syndrome.
Postpartum cold-induced syndrome 
 ✵The Postpartum cold-induced syndrome is a cold-induced syndrome following childbirth due to various pathogenic reasons.

 ✧ In the TCM system, the pathogenic reasons for the Postpartum cold-induced syndrome are normally including blood deficiency and Yin deficiency, residue blood, loss of blood and Yin deficiency fever, loss of body fluid, affected by wind, cold, seasonal pathogens, etc.
 ✵Ancient herbalists and representative works hold this or similar pathogenic reasons are introduced:

 "A woman gave birth in midwinter months, or affected by exogenous wind and cold, or hurt internally from raw and cold food drink, as a result, lochia could not be discharged, distension and pain in heart and abdomen, fever and aversion to cold(fear cold), no perspiration..., or gave birth in midsummer months and affected by exogenous wind and cold, hurt internally from raw and cold food drink, lochia could not be discharged, cephalea and fever(fever, headache), vexation and spontaneous perspiration(irritable, fidget, spontaneous sweating), dry pharynx and thirst...or residue blood is not discharged, distension and pain in the abdomen and bellybutton,..." [05].

 "Woman suffers from exogenous affection and fever...affected by the cold pathogen during childbirth and easily affected. If observe symptoms cephalea(headache) and body pain, aversion to cold and high fever, or contracture of waist and back, pulse tight and rapid, is the syndrome of exogenous affection. But this type of exogenous affection is different from cold-induced syndrome..." [06].Different type are introduced:
 (1).Woman suffers from exogenous cold affection and fever after childbirth, not very deficient;
 (2).Woman suffers from exogenous cold affection and fever after childbirth, Qi deficiency and weakness of the spleen viscus;
 (3).Woman suffers from exogenous cold affection and fever after childbirth, Yin deficiency of the liver, spleen, and kidney;
 (4).Woman suffers from exogenous cold affection and fever after childbirth, a cold deficiency is serious;
 (5).Woman suffers from exogenous cold affection and fever after childbirth, physical strong and Qi excess;
 (6).Woman suffers from exogenous cold affection and fever after childbirth, fire excessive and not relieved;
 (7).Woman suffers from exogenous cold affection and fever after childbirth, affected with both cold and wind, stagnancy in both exterior and interior;

 "Cold-induced syndrome after childbirth: in the condition Qi and blood are both deficient, Ying and Wei system lost proper function, a disorder in life habits sleep and wakeup, improperly regulation and supplement, hurt from wind and affect the Wei, hurt from cold and affect the Ying, as a result, cold-induced syndrome..." [07].Different types are introduced:
 (1).Woman suffers from cold-induced syndrome after childbirth, sweating, is the syndrome of wind-affection;
 (2).Woman suffers from cold-induced syndrome after childbirth, no sweating, is the syndrome of cold-affection;
 (3).Woman suffers from cold-induced syndrome after childbirth, alternative chills and fever;
 (4).Woman suffers from cold-induced syndrome after childbirth, cephalea(headache, or pain in head);
 (5).Woman suffers from cold-induced syndrome after childbirth, generalized pain(pain in the whole body);
 (6).Woman suffers from cold-induced syndrome after childbirth, fever but not aversion to cold;
 (7).Woman suffers from cold-induced syndrome after childbirth, fever and thirst;



 ✵The Postpartum cold-induced syndrome common types are known including:

 ✧ Postpartum cold-induced syndrome, loss excess blood after childbirth, lack body fluid, deficiency in both Yin and Yang, affected by wind, cold, seasonal pathogens.

 ✧ Postpartum cold-induced syndrome, deficiency in blood and Qi after childbirth, early wakeup and work in days not rest enough, hurt by cold, gradually aversion to cold, fever, pain in head, neck, shoulder, and joints.

 ✧ Postpartum cold-induced syndrome, loss excess blood and much sweating(over perspiration), depression and vexed. Pulse weak and slight, no appetite(no food intake), hard stool, on the contrary, sweating on head. For the reasons, blood deficiency and Jue(cold limbs), Jue and surely will depression, cases depression will surely great sweating, for blood deficiency and Jue, sole Yang going upward, thus sweating on the head. So women no perspiration after childbirth, loss blood and Yin, Yang excess solely, once sweating on the head, Yin and Yang harmonized. For the reasons hard stool, vomit and no appetite.

 ✧ Postpartum cold-induced syndrome, loss excess blood after childbirth, short of breath, headache and vexation, pain in bone and joints, vexation in the heart and chest, similar as vacuity vexation.

 ✧ Postpartum cold-induced syndrome, affected by wind after childbirth, dysphoria with smothery sensation(heat vexation) in limbs, headache; or only heat vexation, no headache.

 ✧ Postpartum cold-induced syndrome, deficiency and emaciation after childbirth, cold and fever, poor appetite(low food intake), distention in abdomen, etc.

 ✧ Postpartum cold-induced syndrome, affected by wind after childbirth, fever and red face, panting and headache.

 ✧ Postpartum cold-induced syndrome, affected by wind after childbirth, not relieved in tens of days, slight headache, aversion to cold, fever now and then, hard below the heart, dry retching, sweating. Other symptoms might be observed: spontaneous sweating, or thirst, or diarrhea, or palpitation under the heart, consumption and abdominal urgency.

 ✧ Postpartum cold-induced syndrome, lochia after childbirth, suddenly stopped, clear-minded in the day time, wild talk in night, the alternation between fever and cold, as seeing ghosts. This is the case of the heat entering the blood chamber, if not treated, might transmit to other syndromes.

 ✧ Postpartum cold-induced syndrome, deficient heat and headache, body fever, contracture and spasm pain in abdomen.

 ✧ Postpartum cold-induced syndrome, alternation vacuity heat after childbirth, vexation and fullness in heart and chest, pain in bones joints, high fever and headache, turn worse in the late afternoon, symptoms similar to malaria.

Postpartum headache.
Postpartum headache 
 ✵Postpartum headache is a headache occurring following childbirth, due to various pathogenic reasons.

 ✧ In the TCM system, the pathogenic reasons for Postpartum headache are normally including deficiency in five-Zang-viscera, weakness, and deficiency of stomach Qi, poor appetite and low food intake, weak nutrient Qi(Ying), lead to deficiency heat, Yang Qi not guarding and flow up to the head, Yang excess and Yin deficiency, lead to pain in the head or headache. Other syndromes are known as headache due to residue blood after childbirth.

 ✵The Postpartum headache common types are known including:

 ✧ Postpartum headache, pain in the head, after childbirth.

 ✧ Postpartum headache, residue blood counterflow upward, pain in the head, other recipes not effective.

Postpartum cough.
Postpartum cough 
 ✵The Postpartum cough is a cough occurring following childbirth, due to various pathogenic reasons.

 ✧ In the TCM system, the pathogenic reasons for the Postpartum cough are normally including blood deficiency, lung meridian affected by exterior pathogens and turn to cough, or affected by wind, heat, cold, dampness, or eat hot food, or febrile disease, or Qi blocks, symptoms observed cough, pain in heart, short of breath and cough, cold and fever in limbs, depression in the heart and dry mouth, vexation and irritable, palpitate with fear in dream, Qi deficiency, lacking strength in limbs.

 ✧Ancient herbalists and representative works hold this or similar pathogenic reasons are introduced:

 "Cough after childbirth, or due to Yin and blood exhaustion and hurt, or due to lung Qi deficient and hurt, or due to Yin fire going upward, or affected by wind and cold...but all due to stomach Qi insufficiency..." [02].

 "Woman suffers from cephalea(headache), fever, rhinobyon(stuffy nose,nasal obstruction), cough, what is it? It is mainly due to the hurt from pathogenic Qi in nature.

 Woman suffers from cough after sunset, what is it? It is mainly due to Yin-fire, in the condition cough before mid-night it is mainly due to stomach fire, in the condition cough after mid-night it is mainly due to Yin deficiency.

 Woman suffers from cough at dawn or in the morning, what is it? It is mainly due to Yang-fire.

 Woman suffers from cough whole yearly, what is it? It is the condition due to deficiency and cold of lung and stomach.

 Woman suffers from cough in spring, what is it? It is the condition due to rising fire and affection from wind and cold.

 Woman suffers from cough in summer, what is it? It is the condition due to rising of Yin-fire and restriction of the lung.

 Woman suffers from cough in autumn, what is it? It is the condition due to dampness hurt the lung.

 Woman suffers from cough in winter, what is it? It is the condition mainly due to exogenous wind and cold pathogen affection." [03].

 "Cough:...as Danxi said: wood Qi rising in the spring, fire Qi flaming up in the summer, dampness heat hurt the lung in the autumn, wind and cold comes externally in the winter...." [04]. Different types of cough are introduced:

 (1).Cough in different time of a day: Cough more in the morning or before the noon, mainly related to stomach fire, is the excess heat type; Cough afternoon, mainly related to Yin deficiency or Yin blood deficiency; Cough at sunset, fire floating to the lung; Cough at dawn time, the fire of food flow to the lung;

 (2).Cough with distention in the lung, at left or at right and could not sleep, is the condition phlegm with blood stasis and Qi stagnancy;

 (3).Cough due to excessive heart fire;

 (4).Cough due to kidney deficiency and deficiency fire flowing upward;

 "Woman suffers from Qi deficiency after childbirth, deficiency of Wei system, the skin and hair is not in a well state, interspaces of skin and muscles being loose, attacked by wind and cold, invading the lung first, also develop to cough.Its symptoms fever, aversion to cold, nasal obstruction(stuff nose), heavy voice, or many sneezes, clear nasal discharge, etc." [07].Different types are introduced:
 (1).Woman suffers from Qi deficiency after childbirth, attacked by wind and cold, cough, symptoms fever, aversion to cold, nasal obstruction, heavy voice, many sneezes, clear nadal discharge, sweating.
 (2).Woman suffers from Qi deficiency after childbirth, attacked by wind and cold, cough, symptoms fever, aversion to cold, nasal obstruction, heavy voice, many sneezes, clear nasal discharge, chronic cough and not relieved, sticky nasal discharge and saliva phlegm.

 "Woman suffers from cough due to stomach Qi deficiency:the stomach Qi is deficient after childbirth, the five Zang-viscera lost support, easily get affected by exogenous pathogens." [07].Different types are introduced:
 (1).Woman suffers from stomach Qi deficiency after childbirth, affected by exogenous pathogens, Yin fire flow upward, and cough;
 (2).Woman suffers from stomach Qi deficiency after childbirth, Yin deficiency and affected by exogenous pathogens, and cough;
 (3).Woman suffers from stomach Qi deficiency after childbirth, Yin deficiency and affected by exogenous pathogens, dry cough with internal heat;

 "Cough after childbirth: woman suffers from cough after childbirth,(1).due to the exogenous wind and cold affection,...(2).due to fire from Yin deficiency,...(3).due to blood stasis flow upward affection..." [08].



 ✧The postpartum cough, other pathogenic reasons also could be phlegm accumulation and retained fluid. Ancient herbalists and representative works hold this or similar pathogenic reasons are introduced:

 "Cough of wind-phlegm retained fluid: woman suffers from deficiency and weakness of the spleen and stomach, affection from exogenous wind pathogen, lead to phlegm stagnancy and cough, amblyopia and dazzled." [04]. Different types of cough are introduced:
 (1).Cough of phlegm due to wind-heat;
 (2).Cough of phlegm due to coldness;
 (3).Cough of phlegm due to summer heat;
 (4).Cough of phlegm due to Qi depression;
 (5).Cough of phlegm due to liver fire from anger;
 (6).Cough of phlegm due to liver wind heat;
 (7).Cough of phlegm due to liver and kidney Qi deficiency;
 (8).Cough of phlegm due to spleen depression binding;
 (9).Cough of phlegm due to liver spleen hurt from anger;
 (10).Cough of phlegm due to spleen deficiency and phlegm counterflow;
 (11).Cough of phlegm due to spleen Qi deficiency and weak;
 (12).Cough of phlegm due to lung Qi depression stagnant;
 (13).Cough of phlegm due to Yin deficiency and water lost regulation;
 (14).Cough of phlegm due to kidney deficiency and Yin fire;
 (15).Cough of phlegm due to kidney deficiency and fire could not return to the origin.

 "Cough after childbirth, there are cases due to residue lochia flow upward, the lung was affected,...there are cases due to wind affection, aversion to cold and fever,...there are cases due to Yin deficiency fire excess, Yin fire burning upward and hurt the lung..." [06].



 ✵ The Postpartum cough common types are known including:

 ✧ Postpartum cough, lochia counterflow upward after childbirth, enter into lung system, cough.

 ✧ Postpartum cough, affected by wind and cold after childbirth, cough with much phlegm, sticky phlegm.

 ✧ Postpartum cough, cough with much phlegm after childbirth, sticky phlegm and panting.

 ✧ Postpartum cough, cough and panting, after childbirth.

 ✧Postpartum cough, due to wind and cold affection."Case a woman cough with heavy sound after childbirth, stuffy nose(nasal stuffiness, nasal obstruction), shed tears, is the condition of cough after childbirth due to wind and cold." [02].

 ✧Postpartum cough, due to liver and spleen blood deficiency."Case a woman after childbirth, spit phlegm in the morning, fever after sunset, insomnia or could not sleep at night, ever used recipes to clear phlegm and eliminating fire, gradually emaciated and thin, appetite reduced day by day, the condition turns severe. Spit phlegm in the morning, is due to spleen Qi deficiency; fever at night, is due to liver blood deficiency; could not sleep in day and night, exhaustion of spleen blood." [02].

 ✧Postpartum cough, due to Yin fire going upward and deficiency of spleen and kidney. "Case a woman after childbirth, cough with excessive phlegm, red face and dryness in mouth(dry mouth), internal heat and fever after late afternoon, affect irregularly. This is the condition due to Yin fire going upward and deficiency of spleen and kidney." [02].

 ✧Postpartum cough, due to stomach sick and lung. "Case a woman after childbirth, suffers from fullness in abdomen and no appetite, tears and spit phlegm, edema on the face and reversed flow of Qi(cough), this is the condition sick in the stomach and lung." [02].

Postpartum cough and reverse flow of Qi.
Postpartum cough and belch 
 ✵The Postpartum cough and reverse flow of Qi is a syndrome cough and reverse flow of Qi occurring following childbirth, usually due to various pathogenic reasons including stomach deficiency and Qi coldness, etc. Its difference from postpartum cough is not only cough but also with the reverse flow of Qi. It is also known as Ke Ni(cough, and reverse flow of Qi), or cough and reverse flow of Qi after childbirth.

 ✧Ancient herbalists and representative works hold this or similar pathogenic reasons are introduced:

 "Cough after childbirth:Ke Ni(cough and reverse flow of Qi)...there is case due to stomach Qi deficiency and cold, or due to middle Qi insufficiency, fire of the Chong and Ren flow upward, or due to drink much water, water retained and Qi reverse flow, or due to stoppage of defecation and urination, blocking of the lower energizer, reverse flow of Qi, or due to stomach collapse. In general, cough and reverse flow of Qi after childbirth is syndrome of stomach deficiency and coldness..." [07].Different types are introduced:
 (1).Woman suffers from cough and reverse flow of Qi after childbirth, due to stomach Qi deficiency and coldness...or with fever.
 (2).Woman suffers from cough and reverse flow of Qi after childbirth, extreme deficiency and serious emaciated, reduced appetite, cough and reverse flow of Qi, is the syndrome of stomach collapse, difficult or incurable.
 (3).Woman suffers from Qi and blood both deficiency, affected by wind and cold pathogens by chance, reverse flow upward of Qi, is an extreme syndrome of stomach Qi deficiency cold, a severe case...difficult or incurable.



Postpartum cough and belch.
Postpartum cough and belch 
 ✵The Postpartum cough and belch is cough and belch occurring following childbirth, usually due to various pathogenic reasons.

 ✧ In the TCM system, the pathogenic reasons for the Postpartum cough and belch are normally including hurt of Qi and loss of blood, injury of Zang and Fu-viscera, cold and wind combat with Qi, Qi counterflow upward, spleen deficiency and cold accumulated, coldness hide in the stomach, for eat hot food and cough belch. Qi deficiency in both Yin and Yang, the Ying and Wei Qi all counterflow reverse and cold limbs, lead to this syndrome.

 ✵The Postpartum cough and belch common types are known including:

 ✧ Postpartum cough and belch, vexation(upset,perturbed), incessant cough abd belch.

 ✧ Postpartum cough and belch, vomit and throw up, palpitation and blurred vision, no appetite.

 ✧ Postpartum cough and belch, incessant throw up in days after childbirth, suffering and want to die.

References:
  • 01.Postpartum cold-induced syndrome and related syndromes:an introduction of Postpartum cold-induced syndrome, Postpartum headache, Postpartum cough, Postpartum cough and belch.
  • 02.Nǚ Ke Cuo Yao(the Synopsis of Gynaecology).By 薛己(Xuē Jǐ)[Ming].
  • 03.Fù Kē Bǎi Biàn(the Differentiations in Hundred Syndromes of Gynaecology).By 庄履严(Zhuāng Lǚyán)[Ming].
  • 04.Nǚ Ke Bǎi Xiào Quán Shū(the Efficacious Complete Book of Gynaecology).By 龚居中(Gōng Jūzhōng)[Ming,1630].
  • 05.Huang Shi Nǚ Ke(the Synopsis of Huang's Gynaecology).By 黄彦荣(Huáng Yànróng)[Ming,1504].
  • 06.Ye Shi Nǚ Ke Zhèng Zhì(the Syndromes and Therapeutics of Ye's Gynaecology).By 叶桂(Yè Guì)[1817].
  • 07.Fù Kē Bèi Kǎo(the References of Gynaecology).By 何应豫(Hé Yīngyù)[1820].
  • 08.Fù Kē Liáng Fāng(the Effective Prescription of Gynecology).By 何梦瑶(Hé Mèngyáo)[1751].

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