Metrorrhagia and metrostaxis:an introduction of different types uterine flooding.


 TCM Knowledge:Gynecology Syndromes,Women Syndromes ✵Gynecology of TCM is a branch to study the physiological and pathological characteristics of women and to prevent and treat syndromes specific to women. Gynecology of TCM research scope including irregular menstruation, amenia, metrorrhagia, infertility, postpartum syndromes, breast syndromes, and miscellaneous syndromes, etc.

Uterine flooding.
uterine flooding 
 ✵The uterine flooding is also known as metrorrhagia and metrostaxis, or abnormal uterine bleeding, uterine flooding(or simply "flooding"), excessive uterine bleeding with a sudden onset occurring not in the regular menstruation period or incessant dripping of blood.

 ✧ The bleeding with a sudden onset with a big amount of blood are known as metrorrhagia, the bleeding with a small amount of blood or incessant dripping of blood are known as metrostaxis.

 ✦ The pathogenic reason that leads to the metrorrhagia and metrostaxis, are known mostly due to blood heat, blood stasis, Qi deficiency, and stasis toxin, etc. The related syndromes of metrorrhagia and metrostaxis are introduced: metrorrhagia and metrostaxis of the blood-heat type(uterine flooding of the blood-heat type), metrorrhagia and metrostaxis of the Qi-deficiency type(uterine flooding of the Qi-deficiency type), metrorrhagia and metrostaxis of the blood-stasis type(uterine flooding of the blood-stasis type), metrorrhagia and metrostaxis of blood-exhaustion type(uterine flooding of the blood-exhaustion type), metrorrhagia and metrostaxis of stasis toxin(uterine flooding of the stasis toxin type), metrorrhagia and metrostaxis of Chong-Ren deficiency type(uterine flooding of the Chong-Ren deficiency type), metrorrhagia and metrostaxis of spleen stomach deficiency type(uterine flooding of the spleen stomach deficiency type), metrorrhagia and metrostaxis of liver-fire type(uterine flooding of the liver-fire type), metrorrhagia and metrostaxis of spleen-stagnation type(uterine flooding of the spleen-stagnation type), metrorrhagia and metrostaxis of sadness hurt the collaterals of the uterus type(uterine flooding of sadness hurt the collaterals of the uterus type), metrorrhagia of spleen and liver hurt(uterine flooding due to spleen and liver hurt), metrorrhagia of worry and depression type, metrorrhagia of kidney deficiency type, metrorrhagia of anger type, etc. Also give introduction about various types of deteriorated syndromes develops from metrorrhagia: chronic flooding develops to leakage, Chronic flooding develops to leukorrhea, metrorrhagia and heart pain, metrorrhagia unstoppable, etc.

 ✵Common terms related to metrorrhagia are introduced:

 Metrohagia and metrostaxis: excessive uterine bleeding with a sudden onset occurring not in the regular menstruation period(metrorrhagia) or incessant dripping of blood(metrostaxis).

 Blood flooding:sudden massive uterine bleeding, also called uterine flooding.

 Uterine flooding:synonym for blood flooding or metrorrhagia.

 Uterine dripping: or metrostaxis, slight but persistent escape of blood from the uterus.

 Metrorrhagic syndrome:a syndrome marked by sudden produse uterine bleeding.

 Menstrual flooding: or menorrhagia, profuse uterine bleeding in a prolonged menstrual period of more than two weeks.

 Menstrual dripping: incessant escape of small amounts of blood from the uterus in a prolonged menstrual period of more than two weeks.

 Blood-heat metrorrhagia and metrostaxis: excessive uterine bleeding, deep red in color, usually occurring in women with constitution of exuberant yang or after an emotional upset, accompanied by flushed face, dryness of the mouth, insomnia, deep red tongue, and full and rapid pulse.

 Blood-stasis metrorrhagia and metrostaxis: excessive uterine bleeding containing blood clots, accompanied by lower abdominal pain with tenderness, dard red tongue, and choppy pulse.

 Qi-deficiency metrorrhagic and metrostaxis: excessive uterine bleeding or incessant dripping of thin and pinkish blood, accompanied by lassitude, anorexia, loose stools, and weak pulse.

 Kidney-insufficiency metrorrhagia and metrostaxis: excessive uterine bleeding accompanied by weakness of the loins and knees, usually caused by intemperance in sexual life, multuple deliveries, or marrying too early.

 Qi-sinking metrorrhagia: excessive uterine bleeding due to spleen insufficiency with sunken Qi, marked by thin and pinkish discharge accompanied by lassitude and shortness of breath, and aggravated upon exertion.

 Qi-stagnation metrorrhagia: excessive uterine bleeding after a fit of rage, marked by sudden onset of profuse discharge of purplish-red blood with clots, accompanied by irritability, and discomfort in the hypochondriac region.

Metrorrhagia and metrostaxis of the blood-heat type(uterine flooding of the blood-heat type).
uterine flooding 02 
 ✵The Metrorrhagia and metrostaxis of the blood-heat type, or uterine flooding of the blood-heat type is mainly due to the blood-heat, for the cause of physical or body with heat, easy to lose temper or easy angry, or hold a hobby of spicy food(such as onion, garlic, pepper, etc), which lead to excess internal heat, oppression on the Ren and Chong meridians, result the blood unstable and flow out. Symptoms normally including uterine flooding in big amount suddenly, or incessant dripping of blood and not stop in a long period, blood color dark-red, vexation and upset, insomnia, dizziness, tongue color dark-red, tongue fur yellow.
 ✵Ancient herbalists who hold a syndrome differentiation viewpoint with similar explain of pathogenic reasons, and the relevant representative work are introduced and quoted:

 "There are cases of metrorrhagia due to kidney water deficiency, Yin deficiency and could not regulate the fire..., as a result, blood flows and uterine flooding..." [06].

 "A woman suffers from menses flooding over 10 days or half months, not stopped, is the condition of blood heat and hemopyretic bleeding...
 For the case menses flooding, all due to middle Qi deficiency, could not accept and regulate blood, heat accumulation internally and forces blood to flow randomly, so flowing down irregularly, or sudden flowing down, known as uterine flooding..." [07].



Metrorrhagia and metrostaxis of the Qi-deficiency type(uterine flooding of the Qi-deficiency type).
uterine flooding 01 
 ✵The Metrorrhagia and metrostaxis of the Qi-deficiency type or uterine flooding of the Qi-deficiency type is mainly due to Qi-deficiency, for the cause Qi-deficiency and could not collect, the blood sea at Ren and Chong meridian and uterus not solid, result in the blood unstable and flow out in chaotic order:symptoms normally including uterine flooding in big amount suddenly, or incessant dripping of blood and not stop, blood color pink and clear watery, mental fatigue, short of breath and powerless, do not want to speak, poor appetite or no appetite, pale tongue, tongue body floating and fat, etc.
 ✵Ancient herbalists who hold a syndrome differentiation viewpoint with similar explain of pathogenic reasons, and the relevant representative work are introduced and quoted:

 "the unstoppable menorrhea(incessant menorrhea), right hand Chi-pulse manifestation is feeble, is the condition of blood and Qi exhaustion. Press lightly with pulse rapid and lift pulse string-like and tight, or uneven, is the condition of Yang collapse and Yin-fire also collapse. Or in case observe heat symptoms at mouth nose eyes, or thirst, is the condition of Yin restlessness and Yang collapse first." ;"case of woman unstoppable menorrhea(incessant menorrhea), Qi and blood collapse, and discharge at external genitalia." [02].

 "case strain or internal lesion caused by overexertion, hurt the Qi and blood, excessive menstruation(profuse menstruation), dropping and metrostaxis, unstoppable in continuous days, ache and pain in belly button and abdomen." [03].



Metrorrhagia and metrostaxis of the blood-stasis type(uterine flooding of the blood-stasis type).
uterine flooding 02 
 ✵The Metrorrhagia and metrostaxis of the blood-stasis type, or uterine flooding of the blood-stasis type is mainly due to the blood stasis, is mainly because stagnation of blood stasis in the Chong and Ren meridians and uterus, the new blood is unstable and result in flow downward and bleeding. Symptoms normally including uterine flooding in big amount or small amount suddenly, or incessant dripping of blood and not stop, blood color dark or nearly black, with black stasis block, pain in the lower abdomen and fear of touch, the pain will be relieved once the blood block discharged, etc.
 ✵Ancient herbalists who hold a syndrome differentiation viewpoint with similar explain of pathogenic reasons, and the relevant representative work are introduced and quoted:

 "In the case of delayed periods, discharge in blocks and color purple or black, is the condition of Qi-depression and blood stasis." [03].
 "Flooding and abdominal pain, most doubt due to lochia not cleaned. In most cases due to blood, during the period it not come out and staying in the abdomen, forms blood stasis...abdominal pain, will be relieved once blood circulation free, flooding and pain in abdomen, bleeding stop and pain relieved." [03].



Metrorrhagia and metrostaxis of blood-exhaustion type(uterine flooding of the blood-exhaustion type).
uterine flooding 01 
 ✵The Metrorrhagia and metrostaxis of blood-exhaustion type, or uterine flooding of the blood-exhaustion type is mainly due to the blood-exhaustion.
 ✵Ancient herbalists who hold a syndrome differentiation viewpoint with similar explain of pathogenic reasons, and the relevant representative work are introduced and quoted:

 "for the metrorrhagia or uterine flooding condition of blood exhaustion, deficiency from lung liver spleen and stomach." [04];"a woman suffers from uterine flooding for a long period, thin and emaciation, once food approach to mouth, only smells the smelling of urine or the offensive smells, saliva comes out, take a little incredulously, distension in abdomen.This is the condition of blood exhaustion, from the hurt of lung liver spleen stomach deficiency." [04].



Metrorrhagia and metrostaxis of stasis toxin(uterine flooding of the stasis toxin type).
 
 ✵The Metrorrhagia and metrostaxis of stasis toxin type, or uterine flooding of the stasis toxin type is mainly due to stasis toxin, for the cause of the stasis toxin attack the Ren and Chong meridian and uterus, result the blood unstable and flow out in chaotic order:symptoms normally including uterine flooding in big amount or small amount suddenly, or incessant dripping of blood, morbid leucorrhea dripping, with pus or with blood, fetid odor(bad or foul odor), mental fatigue(mental weariness, tiredness), looks pinched(looks thin,emaciated,peaked), white thick greasy fur cover the blade of tongue(lingual surface), etc.

Metrorrhagia and metrostaxis of Chong-Ren deficiency type(uterine flooding of the Chong-Ren deficiency type).
uterine flooding 02 
 ✵The Metrorrhagia and metrostaxis of Chong-Ren deficiency type, or uterine flooding of the Chong-Ren deficiency type is mainly due to deficiency of Chong and Ren channels, the Chong and Ren channels are in an exterior-interior relationship and control the menses, if not hurt, the Yin and Yang are in a peaceful state, Qi and blood are in good coordination, menses comes regularly, if overstrain or tiredness and hurt the Chong and Ren channels, as a result also lead to hurt of other Zang and Fu-viscera, Qi deficiency of Chong and Ren, could not govern and regulate the menses blood, as a result, lead to menstrual bleeding or sudden flooding, and known as metrorrhagia: symptoms normally including yellowing complexion, Cunkou pulse slightly slow, which means coldness in upper-energizer, chi-pulse slightly string-like, etc.
 ✵Ancient herbalists who hold a syndrome differentiation viewpoint with similar explain of pathogenic reasons, and the relevant representative work are introduced and quoted:

 "Cases woman Qi deficiency of Ren and Chong channels, metrorrhagia or uterine bleeding, irregulation in meridian and channels, pains in the belly button, abdomen waist and feet before the menses comes, appetite reduced gradually, limbs lack in strength(tiredness in hands and feet, arms and legs)..." ;"case galactopoiesis(milk-producing), Qi deficiency in Ren and Chong channels, could not regulating, delayed in days and months, gradually develops to thin and emaciation and other syndromes." [03].

 "There are cases of Ren and Chong hurt from strains, hurt the blood sea, deficiency of the spleen and weakness of the stomach, could not regulate the blood, suddenly flowing down, is the condition of Beng Zhong(metrorrhagia)." [06].

 "For the case menses flooding of excess type, due to hurt of Chong and Ren, could not regulate menses blood,...blood heat and flows randomly, dry throat and dry lips, pulse forceful and powerful, blood smelly..." [07].

 "Uterine bleeding: after menses, woman suffers from (uterine) dripping and unstoppable, is known as Jing Lou(uterine dripping or metrostaxis); menstrual blood suddenly flooding and unstoppable, is known as Jing Beng(metrorrhagia or blood flooding). Mostly due to hurt of the Chong channel and the Ren channel, spleen deficiency, liver hurt from violent anger..." [08].



Metrorrhagia and metrostaxis of spleen stomach deficiency type(uterine flooding of the spleen stomach deficiency type).
uterine flooding 01 
 ✵The Metrorrhagia and metrostaxis of spleen stomach deficiency type, or uterine flooding of the spleen stomach deficiency type is mainly due to deficiency of the spleen and stomach, the ancient works noted "the spleen governs the blood".
 ✵Ancient herbalists who hold a syndrome differentiation viewpoint with similar explain of pathogenic reasons, and the relevant representative work are introduced and quoted:

 "For the metrorrhagia or uterine flooding, there are conditions due to spleen and stomach deficiency and hurt, could not govern the blood to the source." [04];"a woman age is approaching to 70 years old, often suffering from syndromes of the liver and spleen, once it attack then could not take food(poor appetite or no appetite), or obstruction in chest and diaphragm, or pain in the middle part of gastric cavity, or diarrhea, or urination inhibited...is a case of spleen and stomach deficiency." [04].

 "There are cases of Ren and Chong are hurt from strains, hurt the blood sea, deficiency of the spleen and weakness of the stomach, could not regulate the blood, suddenly flowing down, is the condition of Beng Zhong(metrorrhagia)." [06].

 "For the case menses flooding, all due to middle Qi deficiency, could not accept and regulate blood, heat accumulation internally and forces blood to flow randomly, so flowing down irregularly, or sudden flowing down, known as uterine flooding..." [07].



Metrorrhagia and metrostaxis of liver-fire type(uterine flooding of the liver-fire type).
 
 ✵The Metrorrhagia and metrostaxis of liver-fire type, or uterine flooding of the liver-fire type is mainly due to the liver-fire, or anger motivate the liver-fire, blood motivated by heat and flow downward.
 ✵Ancient herbalists who hold a syndrome differentiation viewpoint with similar explain of pathogenic reasons, and the relevant representative work are introduced and quoted:

 "for the metrorrhagia or uterine flooding, there are conditions due to fire in the liver..., blood motivated by heat and flow downward." ;"a woman age approach to 64 years old, depression and anger for long period, headache, alternating fever and chills, pains in breasts in spring days,...flooding irregularly as menstruation comes...is a case of liver and spleen depression fire and dryness of blood." ;"a woman nature impatient, vomiting blood and fever after...,distension and pains in hypochondrias, turn severe after sunset.This is a condition of anger hurt liver, Qi and blood both deficiency..." [04].



Metrorrhagia and metrostaxis of spleen-stagnation type(uterine flooding of the spleen-stagnation type).
uterine flooding 02 
 ✵The Metrorrhagia and metrostaxis of spleen-stagnation type, or uterine flooding of the spleen-stagnation type is mainly due to the spleen-stagnation, blood hurt and could not return to the meridian.
 ✵Ancient herbalists who hold a syndrome differentiation viewpoint with similar explain of pathogenic reasons, and the relevant representative work are introduced and quoted:

 "for the metrorrhagia or uterine flooding, there are conditions due to the spleen-stagnation, blood hurt and could not return..." [04].



Metrorrhagia and metrostaxis of sadness hurt the collaterals of the uterus type(uterine flooding of sadness hurt the collaterals of the uterus type).
 
 ✵The Metrorrhagia and metrostaxis of sadness hurt the collaterals of the uterus type, or uterine flooding of the sadness hurt the collaterals of the uterus type is mainly due to the too sad, hurt the collaterals of the uterus and flooding.
 ✵Ancient herbalists who hold a syndrome differentiation viewpoint with similar explain of pathogenic reasons, and the relevant representative work are introduced and quoted:

 "for the metrorrhagia or uterine flooding, there are conditions due to too sad, hurt the collaterals of the uterus and flooding." [04].



Metrorrhagia of spleen and liver hurt(uterine flooding due to spleen and liver hurt).
uterine flooding 01 
 ✵The Metrorrhagia of spleen and liver hurt, or uterine flooding of spleen and liver hurt type is mainly due to the hurt of the spleen or liver.
 ✵Ancient herbalists who hold a syndrome differentiation viewpoint with similar explain of pathogenic reasons, and the relevant representative work are introduced and quoted:

 "Woman suffers from strain and consumption, sudden uterine flooding, even unconsciousness." [05].Different types are introduced:
 ⑴.Woman metrorrhagia or uterine flooding, deficiency of the spleen and stomach; ⑵...the fire of the liver and blood flowing downward; ⑶...wind-heat of the liver and blood flows randomly; or liver fire trigered from anger; ⑷...stagnation binding of the spleen and blood did not return its origin; ⑸...uterus hurt from sadness; ⑹...hot-flash, cough, pulse rapid, deficiency and weakness of primordial Qi, a pulse of pseudo-heat; ⑺...spleen and stomach are hurt from cold cool nature recipes for hemostasis, could not govern blood, is a severe condition in risks;



Metrorrhagia of worry and depression type.
uterine flooding 02 
 ✵The Metrorrhagia of worry and depression type is a metrorrhagia syndrome from worry and depression, the main pathogenic reasons are mainly due to depression and worry in the heart.
 ✵Ancient herbalists who hold a syndrome differentiation viewpoint with similar explain of pathogenic reasons, and the relevant representative work are introduced and quoted:

 "For the case a woman suffers from menses flooding, mostly the causes are from the heart Qi. In general, a woman often live in seclusion and much depression, could not saying or satisfied, nature Yin and stubborn, often could not be settled or relieved, with affections from other aspects, a varied condition in noble or lower, rich or poor, death of relative and funeral arrangements, or pass away, unfortunately, do not know her righteous destiny, often worry and sorrowful, binding in the heart, heart Qi insufficiency, stagnated fire turn excessive, burning in blood channels, as a result, menses flow down irregularly, in some cases, menses flow irregularly, or suddenly flooding and unstoppable..." [07].



Metrorrhagia of kidney deficiency type.
 
 ✵The Metrorrhagia of kidney deficiency type is a metrorrhagia syndrome from kidney deficiency, the main pathogenic reasons are mainly due to deficiency of the kidney and Yin deficiency.
 ✵Ancient herbalists who hold a syndrome differentiation viewpoint with similar explain of pathogenic reasons, and the relevant representative work are introduced and quoted:

 "For case a woman suffers from menses flooding and unstoppable, due to kidney weakness and Yin deficiency, could not regulate the...fire, as a result, blood heat and menses flooding, with affection from frightening or fear, it will flooding severely..." [07].



Metrorrhagia of anger type.
uterine flooding 01 
 ✵The Metrorrhagia of anger type is a metrorrhagia syndrome from anger, the main pathogenic reasons are mainly due to anger and hurt the liver.
 ✵Ancient herbalists who hold a syndrome differentiation viewpoint with similar explain of pathogenic reasons, and the relevant representative work are introduced and quoted:

 "For the case a woman suffers from menses flooding after a wave of anger or rage(a wave of great anger), is the condition that sudden anger hurt the liver, the liver could not store blood and the blood flows randomly..." [07].



Chronic flooding develops to leakage.
 
 ✵The Chronic flooding develops to leakage is a metrorrhagia syndrome in which uterine flooding not relieved in a long period, and later develops to menses leakage, the main pathogenic reasons are mainly due to middle Qi collapse and great deficiency.
 ✵Ancient herbalists who hold a syndrome differentiation viewpoint with similar explain of pathogenic reasons, and the relevant representative work are introduced and quoted:

 "A woman suffers from chronic uterine flooding develops to menses leakage, not stoppable for many years, is the condition that the Middle Qi collapse, the lower primordial hurt and deficient..." [07].



Chronic flooding develops to leukorrhea.
uterine flooding 02 
 ✵The Chronic flooding develops to leukorrhea is a metrorrhagia syndrome in which uterine flooding not relieved in a long period, and later develops to leukorrhea, the main pathogenic reasons are mainly due to insufficiency of blood and Yang collapse.
 ✵Ancient herbalists who hold a syndrome differentiation viewpoint with similar explain of pathogenic reasons, and the relevant representative work are introduced and quoted:

 "A woman suffers from chronic uterine flooding and it develops to leukorrhea...in the beginning stage a woman suffers from uterine flooding, in a longer period blood insufficiency, and loss Yang too, as a result, leukorrhea flows and unstoppable, the blood sea will wither..." [07].



Metrorrhagia and heart pain.
uterine flooding 
 ✵The Metrorrhagia and heart pain is a syndrome heart pain during metrorrhagia(uterine flooding), the main pathogenic reasons are blood deficiency of the heart and the spleen viscera.
 ✵Ancient herbalists who hold a syndrome differentiation viewpoint with similar explain of pathogenic reasons, and the relevant representative work are introduced and quoted:

 "A woman suffers from metrorrhagia(uterine flooding) and then pain in the heart, is known as Sha Xue Xin Tong(loss of blood and pain in the heart), due to blood deficiency of the heart and spleen viscera." [05].Different types are introduced:
 (1).A woman suffers from metrorrhagia(uterine flooding) and then pain in the heart, in the condition blood deficiency and weakness of the heart; ⑵...in the condition blood hurt from depression;

 "A woman suffers from pain in the heart due to uterine flooding, is known as Sha Xue Xin Tong(loss of blood and pain in the heart). It is due to blood deficiency of the heart and spleen,...so pains. In the condition loss of excessive blood in miscarriage and severe pain in the heart, is the same..." [07].



Metrorrhagia and unstoppable.
uterine flooding 01 
 ✵The Metrorrhagia unstoppable is a syndrome metrorrhagia(uterine flooding) could not stopped, the main pathogenic reasons are mainly due to Qi and blood deficiency, or extreme deficiency of Qi and blood.
 ✵Ancient herbalists who hold a syndrome differentiation viewpoint with similar explain of pathogenic reasons, and the relevant representative work are introduced and quoted:

 "For the case menses flooding unstoppable, Qi and blood are both deficient...The severe case is known as flooding, the mild case is known as menses leakage, all due to extreme deficiency of Qi and blood, the spleen is hurt first, those cases could accept tonification could be treated...
 In case a woman suffers from menses flooding and unstoppable, color fresh red, affected from strain and labor first, deficiency and hurt of the spleen and stomach, shortness of breath and reverse flow of Qi, spontaneous sweating unstoppable, general fever, diarrhea, general fatigue(powerless in limbs), no appetite(do not want to take food)..." [07].



Metrorrhagia and metrostaxis of other types.
 
 ✵The Metrorrhagia and metrostaxis of other types are known including:

 ✧Metrorrhagia and metrostaxis(uterine flooding), pain in belly button, abdomen, waist and feet first before menstruation, poor appetite(reduced food intake), weak limbs, leukorrhea, this is the case of Qi deficiency in Ren and Chong, disorder of meridian and channels.

 ✧Metrorrhagia and metrostaxis(uterine flooding), profuse menstruation, dripping, incessant in days, pain in belly button, this is the case of consumption and Qi blood hurt; Metrorrhagia and metrostaxis(uterine flooding), threatened abortion, abdominal pain drop, this is the case of inappropriate pregnancy; Metrorrhagia and metrostaxis(uterine flooding), dripping with blood, lumbago or pain in waist, vexed and in chaos, this is the case of consumption hurt the collaterals of the uterus; Metrorrhagia and metrostaxis(uterine flooding), short of breath, this is the case of abortion hurt the heart due to injury; Metrorrhagia and metrostaxis(uterine flooding), gradual emaciation in long period after childbirth and giving milk, this is the case of Qi deficiency in Ren and Chong meridians, could not regulate.

 ✧Metrorrhagia and metrostaxis(uterine flooding), incessant and unstoppable, this is the case of Yin deficiency of kidney essence, could not harmonize with the ministerial fire in the collaterals of the uterus, thus bleeding. For example, ancient herbalists and representative works hold this or similar pathogenic reasons are introduced:"case woman metrorrhagia(flooding) and unstoppable, kidney-water Yin deficiency, could not regulate ministerial fire in the collaterals of the uterus, as a result menses flooding." [03].

 ✧Metrorrhagia and metrostaxis(uterine flooding), turn severe in the case of fever(or heat) and depression, this is the case of stomach Qi collapsing.

 ✧Metrorrhagia and metrostaxis(uterine flooding), incessant and unstoppable, color as pea liquid, or mixed color, sallow yellow facial complexion, stabbing pain at belly button, alternate attacks of chill and fever, this is the case of meridian and channel lost support.

 ✧Metrorrhagia and metrostaxis(uterine flooding), menstrual bleeding incessant and unstoppable, change to metrorrhagia and metrostaxis.

 ✧Metrorrhagia and metrostaxis(uterine flooding), suffer in a long period, incessant dropping blood and clear discharge, or Menorrhagia of women age over fifty years, this is the case of Yin deficiency and blood deficiency type.

 ✧Metrorrhagia and metrostaxis(uterine flooding), "case suffer for a long period, bleeding and menses dripping and unstoppable, and case woman age over fifty years with excessive menstrual blood." [03].

 ✧Metrorrhagia and metrostaxis(uterine flooding), severe and lead to faint(lose consciousness), fall into a dead faint, this is the case of blood collapse type.

 ✧Metrorrhagia and metrostaxis(uterine flooding), suffering cold and fall into a faint(lose consciousness), this is the case of cold pathogen accumulation type.

 ✧Metrorrhagia and metrostaxis(uterine flooding), "strain hurt the collaterals of the uterus, uterine flooding during pregnancy, suffering flooding and pain in waist or low back and vexation chaotic" [03], this is the case of strain hurt the collaterals of the uterus type.

 ✧Metrorrhagia and metrostaxis(uterine flooding), "stomach Qi collapse, menses blood flooding suddenly." [03], this is the case of stomach Qi collapse type.

 ✧Metrorrhagia and metrostaxis(uterine flooding), "woman menses unstoppable, state looks like bean juice, mottled with five colors, facial complexion dull or withered yellow, stabbing pain in abdomen and belly button, alternate attack of chill and fever, metrorrhagia and unstoppable." [03].

 ✧Metrorrhagia and metrostaxis(uterine flooding), "case metrorrhagia or flooding, dizziness and dazzled, unconsciousness." [03], this is the case of metrorrhagia lead to unconsciousness type.

References:
  • 01.Metrorrhagia and metrostaxis:an introduction of different types uterine flooding.
  • 02.Kun Yuan Shi Bao(the Kun Essence is Guaranteed).By 薛轩(Xuē Xuān)[Song].
  • 03.Song Shi Nǚ Ke Cuo Yao(the Synopsis of Song's Gynaecology).By 宋林皋(Sòng Lín Gāo)[Ming].
  • 04.Nǚ Ke Cuo Yao(the Synopsis of Gynaecology).By 薛己(Xuē Jǐ)[Ming].
  • 05.Nǚ Ke Bǎi Xiào Quán Shū(the Efficacious Complete Book of Gynaecology).By 龚居中(Gōng Jūzhōng)[Ming,1630].
  • 06.Huang Shi Nǚ Ke(the Synopsis of Huang's Gynaecology).By 黄彦荣(Huáng Yànróng)[Ming,1504].
  • 07.Ye Shi Nǚ Ke Zhèng Zhì(the Syndromes and Therapeutics of Ye's Gynaecology).By 叶桂(Yè Guì)[1817].
  • 08.Fù Kē Liáng Fāng(the Effective Prescription of Gynecology).By 何梦瑶(Hé Mèngyáo)[1751].

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