Fructus Psoraleae(Malaytea Scurfpea Fruit).

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Yang Tonics,Herbs for Reinforcing Yang

 TCM Herbs Icon14 Introduction: Yang Tonics,Herbs for Reinforcing Yang: also known as Yang-tonifying herb, or Yang-reinforcing herb, an agent or substance herb that tonifies Yang-Qi, used in treating Yang deficiency.

 
Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 14 Introduction: The Yang Tonics,Herbs for tonifies Yang-Qi are known including:, , , , , , , , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are Totally [15] kinds of common TCM herbs, [28] kinds of related plant species, [1] kind of related fungus species, are recorded in this category. These Yang Tonics, Herbs for tonifies Yang-Qi are briefly introduced separately:

 
Fructus Psoraleae(Malaytea Scurfpea Fruit).

 Fructus Psoraleae Brief Introduction: The Herb Fructus Psoraleae is the dried ripe fruit of Psoralea corylifolia L.(family Leguminosae), used to warm the kidney and spleen, and reinforce Yang for the treatment of impotence, nocturnal emission, frequent micturition, chronic asthma due to kidney insufficiency, and diarrhea occurring daily just before dawn due to deficiency of spleen and kidney Yang. The herb is commonly known as Fructus Psoraleae, Malaytea Scurfpea Fruit, Bǔ Gǔ Zhī.

 ✵Common official herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Fructus Psoraleae(Bu Gu Zhi) as the fruit of the species (1).Psoralea corylifolia L. It is a plant of the Psoralea Linn. Genus, the Leguminosae(bean or pea family) family of the Rosales order. This commonly used species is introduced as:

 Psoralea corylifolia L. (1).Psoralea corylifolia L.: The Psoralea corylifolia L., is a plant of the Leguminosae(bean or pea family) family and Psoralea genus, it is commonly known as "Malaytea Scurfpea Fruit", "Fruit of Malaytea Scurfpea", "Bǔ Gǔ Zhī", herbs annual, erect, 60~150 cm tall. Hard branches, sparsely white hairs, and obvious glandular spots. Leaves are single leaves, sometimes with 1 lateral leaflet ca. 1~2 cm long; stipules calyx-shaped, 7~8 mm long; petiole 2~4.5 cm long, glandular; petiole 2-3 mm long, White tomentose; leaves broadly ovate, 4.5~9 cm long, 3~6 cm wide, apex obtuse or acute, base rounded or cordate, margin irregularly jagged, tough, black on both sides glands, sparse or nearly hairless.

 Psoralea corylifolia L. Inflorescences axillary, with 10~30 flowers, densely arranged racemes or headlike inflorescences, pedicels 3~7 cm long, with white pilose and glandular spots; bracts membranous, lanceolate, 3 mm long, Tomentose and glandular spots; pedicels ca. 1 mm; calyx 4~6 mm long, white pilose and glandular spots, calyx lanceolate, lower one longer, corolla yellow or blue, petals distinctly stalked, Flag flap obovate, 5.5 mm long; 10 stamens, upper part separate.

  Psoralea corylifolia L. Capsule fruit ovoid, 5 mm long, with small pointed tip, black, irregularly textured surface, no cracking, peel, and seed not easy to separate; seed flat. Its flowering and fruiting period is from July to October.

 Ecological environment: The Psoralea corylifolia L., grows on the slopes, streams and fields. Geographical distribution: This species mainly grows in Yunnan (Xishuangbanna), Sichuan Jinsha River Valley, also cultivated in other provinces of China, Anhui, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Henan, Jiangxi, Shanxi, and other provinces have cultivated. This species also distributed in Myanmar and Sri Lanka.

 Psoralea corylifolia L. Growth habit: The Psoralea corylifolia L., likes warm and humid climate, sunny and sunny environment. Seedlings like damp but avoid flooding. Prefers fertilizer, basic fertilizer is sufficient, fertile soil is lush. Not strict requirements on soil, common field could be planted, but the sandy loam rich in humus is the best, the clay is poor. The seed is germinating in about 7~10 days in the soil with a humidity of about 20 Deg C.

 Trait identification:This herb is kidney-shaped, slightly flat, 3~5 mm long, 2~4 mm wide, about 1.5 mm thick. Surface black, dark brown or taupe, with fine reticular wrinkles. The tip is round blunt, have a small protuberance, the concave side has fruit stalk mark. Qualitative hard. Pericarp thin, and seed is not easy to separate; 1 seed, 2 cotyledons, yellow-white, oily. Fragrant, pungent and slightly bitter.

 
 

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