Semen Ziziphi Spinosae(Spine Date Seed).

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Herbs Tranquilizers.

 TCM Herbs Icon12 Introduction: Herbs Tranquilizers: also known as tranquilizer or tranquilizing herbs, an agent or substance herbs that calms the mind and relieves mental tension.

Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 12 Introduction: The Herbs Tranquilizers are known including:, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are Totally [16] kinds of common TCM herbs, [10] kinds of related plant species, [4] kinds of related fungus species, [12] kinds of related animal species, [4] kinds of related minerals, are recorded in this category. These Herbs Tranquilizers are briefly introduced separately:

Semen Ziziphi Spinosae(Spine Date Seed).

 Semen Ziziphi Spinosae Brief Introduction: The Herb Semen Ziziphi Spinosae is the dried ripe seed of Ziziphus jujuba Mill.var.spinosa(Bunge)Hu ex H.F. Chou(family Rhamnaceae), used (1).as a tranquilizer for the treatment of fidgetiness, insomnia and palpitation, and (2).to arrest excessive sweating in cases of spontaneous perspiration and night sweats. The herb is commonly known as Semen Ziziphi Spinosae, Spine Date Seed, Suān Zǎo Rén.

 ✵ Official herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Spina Date Seed, or Zizyphus Seed as the seed of the species (1). Ziziphus jujuba Mill.var.spinosa (Bunge)Hu ex H.F. Chow. It is a plant of the Ziziphus Mill. Genus, the Rhamnaceae family of the Rhamnales order. This species is introduced as:

 Ziziphus spinosa Hu Semen Ziziphi Spinosae (1).Ziziphus jujuba Mill.var.spinosa (Bunge)Hu ex H.F.Chow.: It is commonly known as Ziziphus jujuba tree, Sour Jujube, Wild Jujube, or Suān Zǎo(Sour jujube tree). The plant Ziziphus jujuba Mill.var.spinosa (Bunge)Hu ex H.F. Chow., are deciduous shrubs, rarely small trees, high 1~3 meters. Old branches gray-brown, young branches green; at the base of the branches with a pair of thorns, a needle-shaped upright, up to 3 cm, the other one bent down, about 0.7 cm. Leaves alternate; stipules needle-shaped; leaf blade oblong-ovate to ovate-lanceolate, apex obtuse, base rounded, slightly oblique, margin serrulate. Flowers small, 2~3 clusters in leaves axils; calyx 5 cracks, lobes ovate-triangular; 5 petals, yellow-green, and sepals alternate, 5 stamens, and petals opposite; disk obvious, 10 lobed; ovary oval, buried in the disk, style 2 cracks. Drupe succulent, nearly spherical, dark reddish-brown when mature, thin peel, sour. Its flowering period is from June to July, fruit period from September to October.

 Ziziphus spinosa Hu Semen Ziziphi Spinosae Ecological environment: The tree grows in sunny or dry slopes, valleys, hills, plains, roadsides, and wasteland. It grows in mountains, hills or plains, wild hillsides, open fields or roadsides below an elevation of 1,700 meters. The tree has been widely cultivated, it is resistant to drought, often forming shrubs. This species prefers a warm and dry environment and is not suitable for cultivation in low-lying or waterlogged areas.

 Distribution: The tree is distributed in North and Northwest of China, and other provinces. It is native to China, this species is also introduced and cultivated in other areas of Asia, Europe, and America.

 Ziziphus spinosa Hu Semen Ziziphi Spinosae Properties: Sweet and acid in flavor, neutral in nature, it acts on the heart, liver and gallbladder channels. This herb is sweet in flavor and moist in nature. The sweetness and sourness can nourish Yin and nourishing the liver and bladder, nourishing the heart and calming the mind. It is often used for insomnia and dreaminess due to deficiency of both Qi and blood and insufficient nourishing of heart and mind. This herb is sour in taste and astringing sweating. It can be used for the treatment of hyperhidrosis due to general deficiency.

 Trait identification:This herb is oblate or oblate oval, length 5~9 mm, width 5~7 mm, thickness about 3 mm. Surface purplish-red or purplish brown, smooth and shiny, some have cracks. One side is relatively flat, with a ridge in the middle. The other side is slightly convex. One end is a concave, visible linear umbilicus; The other end has a small convex junction. Seed coat crisp, endosperm white, 2 cotyledons, light yellow, oily. Slight smell, mild taste.


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