Semen Litchi(Lychee Seed).

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Herbs Regulating the Flow of Qi.

 TCM Herbs Icon10 Introduction: Herbs Regulating the Flow of Qi: also known as Qi-regulating herbs, an agent or substance that regulates the activity of Qi to treat Qi stagnation or adverse Qi flow, also known as Qi-moving herbs.

Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 10 Introduction: The Herbs Regulating the Flow of Qi are known including:, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date March 19th, 2020, there are Totally [18] kinds of common TCM herbs, [23] kinds of related plant species, [1] kind of related insect species, are recorded in this category. These Herbs Regulating the Flow of Qi are briefly introduced separately:

Semen Litchi(Lychee Seed).

 Semen Litchi Brief Introduction: The Herb Semen Litchi is the dried ripe seed of Litchi chinensis Sonn.(family Sapindaceae), used to move Qi, dissipate nodulation, disperse cold and alleviate pain for treating hernial pain, dysmenorrhea, lower abdominal distension with pain, and swelling and pain of the testis. The herb is commonly known as Semen Litchi, Lychee Seed, Lì Zhī Hé.

 ✵Official herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Semen Litchi(Lychee Seed) as the dried ripe seed of the species (1). Litchi chinensis Sonn. It is a plant of the Litchi Sonn. Genus, the Sapindaceae family of the Sapindales order. This commonly defined species is introduced as:

 Litchi chinensis Sonn. (1).Litchi chinensis Sonn.:  It is commonly known as Lì Zhī. Evergreen trees, usually not more than 10 m tall, sometimes up to 15 m or higher, bark grayish-black; Branchlets terete, maroon, densely white lenticels.

 Leaves joined to stalk 10~25 cm long or crossed; 2 or 3 pairs leaflets, less than 4 pairs, thinly leathery or leathery, lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate, sometimes oblong-lanceolate, 6~15 cm long, 2~4 cm wide, apex abruptly acute or caudate shortly acuminate, entire, ventral dark green, glossy, back flour green, both surfaces glabrous; Lateral veins often slender, not evident on ventral surface, evident or slightly convex on abaxially; Petiole 7~8 mm long.

 Litchi chinensis Sonn. Inflorescences terminal, broad, much-branched; Pedicels slender, 2~4 mm long, sometimes coarsely short; Calyx by short golden villi; 6~7 stamens, sometimes 8, filaments ca. 4 mm; Ovary densely covered with nodules and bristles.

 Fruit ovoid to subglobose, 2~3.5 cm long, usually dark red to bright red when ripe; The seeds are all covered with fleshy aril. It is flowering in spring, fruiting in summer.

 Litchi chinensis Sonn. Ecological environment: It is mainly distributed within the range of 18~29 degrees north latitude in China. It is mostly cultivated in Guangdong, followed by Guangxi, and also cultivated in Sichuan, Yunnan, Guizhou, and Taiwan. It is also cultivated in Southeast Asia and introduced into America and Oceania.

 Litchi chinensis Sonn. Trait identification: Seeds oblong or oblong-ovate, slightly oblate, 1.5-2.5 cm long. 0.5~1.5 cm in diameter. The surface is brown to red-brown, slightly burnish, with irregular pits and fine wrinkles; One end truncated, with a nearly round yellowish-brown seed umbilicus, 5~7 mm in diameter, the other end rounded and obtuse. The seed coat is hard, thin leathery and brittle when cut; There are 2 thick cotyledons, orange or tan. Slight smell, taste light sweet, bitter, astringent. The herb in big size and full-grain is better.


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