Radix Linderae(Combined Spicebush Root).

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Herbs Regulating the Flow of Qi.

 TCM Herbs Icon10 Introduction: Herbs Regulating the Flow of Qi: also known as Qi-regulating herbs, an agent or substance that regulates the activity of Qi to treat Qi stagnation or adverse Qi flow, also known as Qi-moving herbs.

 
Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 10 Introduction: The Herbs Regulating the Flow of Qi are known including:, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date March 19th, 2020, there are Totally [18] kinds of common TCM herbs, [23] kinds of related plant species, [1] kind of related insect species, are recorded in this category. These Herbs Regulating the Flow of Qi are briefly introduced separately:

 
Radix Linderae(Combined Spicebush Root).

 Radix Linderae Brief Introduction: The Herb Radix Linderae is the dried tuberous root of Lindera aggregata(Sims)Kosterm. (family Lauraceae), used to move Qi, alleviate pain, warm the kidney and dispel cold for relieving distension and pain in the lower abdomen, frequent micturition, and enuresis. The herb is commonly known as Radix Linderae, Combined Spicebush Root, Wū Yào.

 ✵Official herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Radix Linderae(Combined Spicebush Root) as the dried tuberous root of the species (1).Lindera aggregata(Sims) Kosterm. It is a plant of the Lindera Thunb. Genus, the Lauraceae family of the Ranales order. This commonly used species is introduced as:

 Lindera aggregata Sims Kosterm (1).Lindera aggregata(Sims)Kosterm.: It is commonly known as Wū Yào. Herbs, evergreen shrubs or small trees, up to 4~5 meters. Root woody, swollen stout, slightly rosary. The bark is grayish-green. Branchlets densely rust-colored pubescent when young, smooth glabrous when old; Stem and branch tough, not easy to break. Alternate, leathery, elliptic to broadly obovate, 3~8 cm long, 1.5~5 cm wide, apex acuminate or caudate acuminate, base rounded or broadly cuneate, entire, above green, glossy, glabrous except for midrib, below pale, covered with pale brown villous, later becoming smooth, 3 veins, basal, very distinct; Petiole short, pubescent. Inflorescence umbellate axillary, scarcely scabellate; Pedicel 1.5~3 mm long, hairy, clustered with many florets; Flowers unisexual, dioecious, yellow-green; Perianth 6 pieces, the size is a few equal, wide elliptic, male flower has 9 stamens, arrange 3 round, the base of the innermost round has gland, anther 2 room; Female flowers have several stamens, ovary superior, spherical, 1 loculus, ovule 1. Drupes subglobose, green at first, black when ripe. Its flowering period is from March to April, fruiting from October to November.

 Lindera aggregata Sims Kosterm Ecological environment: It grows in the shrubbery of the slope facing the sun or the forest margin and the piedmont, the field and so on. Distributed in Anhui, Guangxi, Hubei, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, and other areas of China.

 Biological characteristics:It prefers subtropical climate, strong adaptability. It is advisable to cultivate in acid soil with abundant sunshine and loose and fertile soil.

 Lindera aggregata Sims Kosterm Trait identification: The root is spindle-shaped or round, slightly curved, and some of the middle parts contract in a conjoined shape, 5~15 cm long, 1~3 cm in diameter. The surface is yellowish-brown or grayish brown, with fine longitudinal wrinkles and sparse fine root marks. Extremely hard, not easy to break, cross-section yellow and white. Odour fragrant, taste slightly bitter, spicy, a cool feeling. The tablet is a cross-cut circular slice, 1~5 mm thick, or thinner, yellow-white to light - tan and reddish, with radial grain and rings. Very brittle. The herb big size, fat, tender and fragrant broken surface is better. Old, fusiform taproots not used for medicinal purposes.

 
 

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