Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae(Dried Tangerine Peel).

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Herbs Regulating the Flow of Qi.

 TCM Herbs Icon10 Introduction: Herbs Regulating the Flow of Qi: also known as Qi-regulating herbs, an agent or substance that regulates the activity of Qi to treat Qi stagnation or adverse Qi flow, also known as Qi-moving herbs.

 
Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 10 Introduction: The Herbs Regulating the Flow of Qi are known including:, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date March 19th, 2020, there are Totally [18] kinds of common TCM herbs, [23] kinds of related plant species, [1] kind of related insect species, are recorded in this category. These Herbs Regulating the Flow of Qi are briefly introduced separately:

 
Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae(Dried Tangerine Peel).

 Dried Tangerine Peel Brief Introduction: The Herb Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae is the dried ripe pericarp of Citrus reticulata Blanco and its cultivated varieties(family Rutaceae), used to regulate Qi, invigorate the spleen, dry dampness, and resolve phlegm in the treatment of Qi stagnation in the spleen and stomach, and cough with profuse phlegm. The herb is commonly known as Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae, Dried Tangerine Peel, Chén Pí.

 ✵The herb Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae(Dried Tangerine Peel) is the dried ripe pericarp of Citrus reticulata Blanco and its cultivated varieties, they are plants of the Citrus genus, the Rutaceae family of the Sapindales order. The species Citrus sinensis(L.) Osbeck. is the cultivated varieties.

 Citrus reticulata Blanco. (1).Citrus reticulata Blanco.: The Citrus reticulata Blanco., is a plant of the Rutaceae family and Citrus genus, it is commonly known as "Orange trees", or "Ju", and its cultivated species, more branched, branches spread or slightly droop, and there are fewer stings.

 Leaves:Single-leaf compound leaves. The wings are usually narrow, or only traces and leaves are lanceolate. Oval or broad oval, large variation in size. The top often has a notch, and the midvein is branched from the base to the notch near the notch. At least the upper half of the leaf margin usually has blunt or round teeth, rarely entire.

 Citrus reticulata Blanco. Flower: Flowers solitary or 2~3 clustered, irregular leaves 5~3, petals usually less than 1.5 cm long, 20~25 stamens, slender style, stigma capitate. Citrus flowers are mixed flowers. After germination, they have branches, leaves, and flowers. They have single flowers and inflorescences. They are single flowers such as red-orange and mandarin orange, and sweet orange, lemon, grapefruit, etc. Inflorescence, grapefruit mainly inflorescence. Citrus usually requires pollination and fertilization before the results, but Wenzhou oranges, navel oranges and other unskilled can also result, this is a unisexual result, also known as parthenocarpy.

 Citrus reticulata Blanco. Fruit:Fruit shape, usually oblate to nearly spherical, skin is very thin and smooth, or thick and rough, light yellow, scarlet or dark red, easy or slightly peelable, orange network is much or less, was netted, easy to separate, usually tender, the center column is large and often empty. Rare and full, floating sac 7-14 flap. Rarer. The wall is thin or slightly thick, tender or rather tough, the flesh is sour or sweet, or has a distinctive odor, more or less seed. Usually ovoid, narrowly pointed at the top, rounded at the base, cotyledons dark green, light green or nearly milky white, multi embryonic, rarely with single embryos. Its flowering period is from April to May, fruiting from October to December.

 Citrus sinensis L. Osbeck. (2).Citrus sinensis(L.) Osbeck.: The Citrus sinensis(L.) Osbeck., is a plant of the Rutaceae family and Citrus genus, it is commonly known as "Fragrant Citrus", or "Tian Cheng", evergreen small trees, 3~8 meters high. The crown is round, with many branches, glabrous, barbed or without thorns, and the skills are angular. Leaves alternate, single compound leaves; petiole length 0.6~2 cm, leaf blade narrow, width 2~3 mm, apex related nodes; leaf blade thicker, elliptic or ovoid, 6~12 cm long, 2.3~5.5 cm wide, apex Short-tip or acuminate, dimpled, base broadly cuneate or rounded, undulating green, or inconspicuous wavy serrations, translucent glands. Flowers 1 to several clustered. Leaves axils, white, stipitate; calyx 3~5-lobed, lobes triangular; 5 petals, tongue-shaped, ca. 1.5 cm, width 7 mm, reflexed outward; 19~28 stamens, filaments connective Synthetic 5~12 bundles, 1 pistil, ovary subglobose, 10-13 cells, stigma capitate, styles thin, not falling. Citrus fruits are oblate or nearly spherical, 6~9 cm in diameter, orange or orange-red, thicker skin, not easy to peel, 8~13 crops, juice yellow, sweet. Seed wedge-shaped oval, smooth surface. Its flowering period is in April, fruit ripening from November to December.

 Citrus sinensis L. Osbeck. Flower: flower color is white, rarely with abaxial purple, racemes with a few flowers, or axillary flowers; 5~3 calyx lobed, petal length 1.2~1.5 cm; 20~25 stamens; style Stout, stigma increased.

 Fruit:fruit is spherical, oblate or oval, orange-orange to orange-red color, difficult or slightly peel, 9~12 petals, fruiting heart or semi-concrete, pulp color is light yellow, orange or Purple, sweet or slightly acidic; seedless or none, seed coat slightly ribbed, cotyledons milky white, multiple embryos.

 Trait identification: Solid skin dark brown, relatively smooth, with small granular processes. The cut surface is white, 2~4 mm thick, 8~11 petals, sour and bitter. Outside the skin green-brown, flesh thick, white, flesh small, solid quality, the strong aroma is better.

 
 
Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae Viride(Green Tangerine Peel).

 Green Tangerine Peel Brief Introduction: The Herb Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae Viride is the dried green unripe exocarp of Citrus reticulata Blanco and its cultivated varieties(family Rutaceae), used to regulate Qi, soothe the liver, and remove stagnation for the treatment of liver Qi stagnation and food retention.

 ✵The herb Green Tangerine Peel is the dried green unripe exocarp of Citrus reticulata Blanco and its cultivated varieties, they are plants of the Citrus genus, the Rutaceae family of the Sapindales order. And the plants are introduced in the above section titled "Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae(Dried Tangerine Peel)".

 
 
Semen Citri Reticulatae(Tangerine Seed).

 Tangerine Seed Brief Introduction: The Herb Semen Citri Reticulatae is the dried ripe seed of Citrus reticulata Blanco and its cultivated varieties(family Rutaceae), used to regulate Qi, dissipate nodulation and alleviate pain for the treatment of hernial pain, nodules in the breast, and swelling and pain of the testis.

 ✵The herb Tangerine Seed is the dried ripe seed of Citrus reticulata Blanco and its cultivated varieties, they are plants of the Citrus genus, the Rutaceae family of the Sapindales order. And the plants are introduced in the above section titled "Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae(Dried Tangerine Peel)".

 
 
Exocarpium Citri Rubrum(Red Tangerine Peel).

 Red Tangerine Peel Brief Introduction: The Herb Exocarpium Citri Rubrum is the dried exocarp of Citrus reticulata Blanco and its cultivated varieties(family Rutaceae), used in the same way as dried tangerine peel, with stronger action.

 ✵The herb Red Tangerine Peel is the dried exocarp of Citrus reticulata Blanco and its cultivated varieties, they are plants of the Citrus genus, the Rutaceae family of the Sapindales order. And the plants are introduced in the above section titled "Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae(Dried Tangerine Peel)".

 
 

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