Fructus Toosendan(Szechwan Chinaberry).

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Herbs regulating the flow of Qi.

 TCM Herbs Icon10 Introduction: Herbs regulating the flow of Qi: also known as Qi-regulating herbs, an agent or substance that regulates the activity of Qi to treat Qi stagnation or adverse Qi flow, also known as Qi-moving herbs.

Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 10 Introduction: The Herbs Regulating the Flow of Qi are known including:, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date March 19th, 2020, there are totally [18] kinds of common TCM herbs, [23] kinds of related plant species, [1] kind of related insect species, are recorded in this category. These herbs regulating the flow of Qi are briefly introduced separately:

Fructus Toosendan(Szechwan Chinaberry).

 Fructus Toosendan Brief Introduction: The herb Fructus Toosendan is the dried ripe fruit of Melia toosendan Zucc.(family Meliaceae), used to move Qi for relieving hypochondriac, epigastric and abdominal pain, and (2).to kill parasitic worms in cases of enterobiasis and scabies. The herb is commonly known as Fructus Toosendan, Szechwan Chinaberry, Szechwan Chinaberry Fruit, Chuān Liàn Zǐ.

 ✵Official herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Fructus Toosendan(Szechwan Chinaberry) as the dried ripe fruit of the species (1).Melia toosendan Zucc. It is a plant of the Melia Linn. Genus, the Meliaceae family of the Rutales order. This commonly defined species is introduced as:

 Melia toosendan Zucc. (1).Melia toosendan Zucc.:  The tree is commonly known as Chuān Liàn. Trees, it grows up to more than 10 meters high; Young branches are densely covered with brown stellate scales, none when old, dark red, lenticellate, leaf markings are conspicuous. 2 gyri feathery compound leaf length 35~45 cm, each feather has 4~5 pairs of lobules; With a long handle; Leaflets are opposite, shortly sessile or subsessile, membranous, elliptic-lanceolate, 4~10 cm long, 2~4.5 cm wide, apex acuminate, base cuneate or subrounded, both surfaces are glabrous, entire or with inconspicuous obtuse teeth, lateral veins 12~14 pairs. Panicles clustered in leaf axils on top of branchlets, about 1/2 the length of a leaf, densely covered with grayish-brown stellate scales; Flowers are pedicellate, denser; Sepals are oblong to lanceolate, ca. 3 mm long, both surfaces are pilose, outer denser; Petals are mauve, spatulate, 9~13 mm long, sparsely pilose outside; Stamen tube is terete, purple, glabrous and veined, apex with 10 3-lobed teeth, anthers are oblong, glabrous, ca. 1.5 mm long, slightly protruding from the tube; Disk is subcupped; Ovary subglobose, glabrous, 6-8 locules, style subterete, glabrous, stigma inconspicuously 6-toothed, enclosed in a staminal tube. Drupes are large, elliptic, spherical, about 3 cm long, about 2.5 cm wide, the peel is thin, yellow when cooked; Nucleus are slightly harder, 6~8 cells. Its flowering period is from March to April, the fruiting period is from October to November.

 Melia toosendan Zucc. Ecological environment: The tree is often cultivated near the village or along the highway in the miscellaneous wood and thin forest or the flat dam and hilly area. It distributes in the northwest, southwest, the middle reaches area of the Yangtze River, and other areas of China. It prefers a warm and humid climate, like the sun, not resistant to shade, can grow at an area with an altitude below 1,000 meters above sea level. To choose sufficient sunshine, deep soil layer, loose fertile sandy soil for cultivation.

 Melia toosendan Zucc. Trait identification: The drupes are round, 2~3.2 cm in diameter. The surface is golden yellow to brown, slightly shiny, wrinkled, or slightly concave, with a dark brown dot. The apex has the style remnant mark, the base is sunken, has the fruit stalk mark. Exocarp is leathery, often interstitial with flesh; Pulp is soft, pale yellow, water wetting viscous. The fruit core is spherical or ovoid, hard, two ends, 6~8 vertical school, inside 6~8, each room containing a black-brown oblong seed. The peculiar smell, sour taste, bitter. The herb which is big, full, golden skin, and yellow pulp is better.


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