Fructus Toosendan(Szechwan Chinaberry).

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Herbs Regulating the Flow of Qi.

 TCM Herbs Icon10 Introduction: Herbs Regulating the Flow of Qi: also known as Qi-regulating herbs, an agent or substance that regulates the activity of Qi to treat Qi stagnation or adverse Qi flow, also known as Qi-moving herbs.

Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 10 Introduction: The Herbs Regulating the Flow of Qi are known including:, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date March 19th, 2020, there are Totally [18] kinds of common TCM herbs, [23] kinds of related plant species, [1] kind of related insect species, are recorded in this category. These Herbs Regulating the Flow of Qi are briefly introduced separately:

Fructus Toosendan(Szechwan Chinaberry).

 Fructus Toosendan Brief Introduction: The Herb Fructus Toosendan is the dried ripe fruit of Melia toosendan Zucc.(family Meliaceae), used to move Qi for relieving hypochondriac, epigastric and abdominal pain, and (2).to kill parasitic worms in cases of enterobiasis and scabies. The herb is commonly known as Fructus Toosendan, Szechwan Chinaberry, Szechwan Chinaberry Fruit, Chuān Liàn Zǐ.

 ✵Official herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Fructus Toosendan(Szechwan Chinaberry) as the dried ripe fruit of the species (1).Melia toosendan Zucc. It is a plant of the Melia Linn. Genus, the Meliaceae family of the Rutales order. This commonly defined species is introduced as:

 Melia toosendan Zucc. (1).Melia toosendan Zucc.:  It is commonly known as Chuān Liàn. Trees, more than 10 meters high; Young branches densely covered with brown stellate scales, none when old, dark red, lenticellate, leaf markings conspicuous. 2 gyri feathery compound leaf length 35~45 cm, each feather has 4~5 pairs of lobules; With a long handle; Leaflets opposite, shortly sessile or subsessile, membranous, elliptic-lanceolate, 4~10 cm long, 2~4.5 cm wide, apex acuminate, base cuneate or subrounded, both surfaces glabrous, entire or with inconspicuous obtuse teeth, lateral veins 12~14 pairs. Panicles clustered in leaf axils on top of branchlets, about 1/2 the length of a leaf, densely covered with grayish-brown stellate scales; Flowers pedicellate, denser; Sepals oblong to lanceolate, ca. 3 mm long, both surfaces pilose, outer denser; Petals mauve, spatulate, 9~13 mm long, sparsely pilose outside; Stamen tube terete, purple, glabrous and veined, apex with 10 3-lobed teeth, anthers oblong, glabrous, ca. 1.5 mm long, slightly protruding from tube; Disk subcupped; Ovary subglobose, glabrous, 6-8 locules, style subterete, glabrous, stigma inconspicuously 6-toothed, enclosed in staminal tube. Drupes large, elliptic, spherical, about 3 cm long, about 2.5 cm wide, peel thin, yellow when cooked; Nucleus slightly harder, 6~8 cells. Its flowering period is from March to April, fruiting from October to November.

 Melia toosendan Zucc. Ecological environment: It is often cultivated near the village or along the highway in the miscellaneous wood and thin forest or the flat dam and hilly area. Distributed in Gansu, Hubei, Guangxi, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan and other areas of China. It prefers a warm and humid climate, like the sun, not resistant to shade, can grow below 1,000 meters altitude. To choose sufficient sunshine, deep soil layer, loose fertile sandy soil for cultivation.

 Melia toosendan Zucc. Trait identification:The drupes are round, 2~3.2 cm in diameter. Surface golden yellow to brown, slightly shiny, wrinkled, or slightly concave, with a dark brown dot. The apex has the style remnant mark, the base is sunken, has the fruit stalk mark. Exocarp leathery, often interstitial with flesh; Pulp soft, pale yellow, water wetting viscous. Fruit core spherical or ovoid, hard, two ends, 6~8 vertical school, inside 6-8, each room containing a black-brown oblong seed. The peculiar smell, sour taste, bitter. The herb which is big, full, golden skin and yellow pulp is better.


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