Introduction of Jiu Xiang Chong:Stink-bug or Aspongopus.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Herbs regulating the flow of Qi.

 TCM Herbs Icon10 Introduction: Herbs regulating the flow of Qi: also known as Qi-regulating herbs, an agent or substance that regulates the activity of Qi to treat Qi stagnation or adverse Qi flow, also known as Qi-moving herbs.

Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 10 Introduction: The Herbs Regulating the Flow of Qi are known including:, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date March 19th, 2020, there are totally [18] kinds of common TCM herbs, [23] kinds of related plant species, [1] kind of related insect species, are recorded in this category. These herbs regulating the flow of Qi are briefly introduced separately:


Aspongopus chinensis Dallas. Pin Yin Name: Jiǔ Xiānɡ Chónɡ.
 English Name: Stink-bug.
 Latin Name: Aspongopus.
 Property and flavor: warm, pungent, salty.

 Brief introduction: The herb Aspongopus(Stink-bug) is the dried body of Aspongopus Chinensis Dallas(family Pentatomidae), used to (1).to regulate Qi and alleviate pain for treating epigastric distension and pain, and (2).to invigorate the kidney for treating impotence and lumbago. The herb is commonly known as Aspongopus, Stink-bug, Jiǔ Xiānɡ Chónɡ.

 Botanical source: Official herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Aspongopus(Stink-bug) as the dried body of the species (1).Aspongopus Chinensis Dallas. It is an insect of the Megymeum genus, the Pentatomidae stinkbug family of the Hemiptera order. This commonly defined species is introduced as:

 Aspongopus chinensis Dallas. (1).Aspongopus chinensis Dallas.:
 Botanical description: The insect is commonly known as Jiǔ Xiānɡ Chónɡ. All oval, 1.7~2.2 cm long, 1~1.2 cm wide, the body is generally purple-black, with copper luster, head, chest backplate, and small shield plate is black. The head is small and slightly triangular; Compound eyes protruding, ovoid, grow on both sides near the base; Single eye 1 pair, orange; The beak is shorter, with 6 antennae, 1 thick and cylindrical, the remaining 4 are slender and flat, 2 longer than 3. Anteriorly narrow and posteriorly broad, leading-edge concave, trailing edge slightly arched, middle transverse, lateral Angle prominent; Surface dense fine carved point, with miscellaneous black wrinkles, both sides of the front have a considerable "eyebrow area", dark color, only the middle with a carved point. The small shield is big. Wing 2 pair, the front wing is half Coleoptera, brown-red, the end of the wings is membranous, with longitudinal veins are very dense. 3 pairs of feet, hind foot is long, tarsal 3 segments. The ventral surface is covered with fine incisions and wrinkles. There are 2 stink holes in the anterior front of the posterior chest and abdominal plate. The 9th segment of the male insect is the reproductive segment, its end margin arc, the center especially arch protrusion.

 Aspongopus chinensis Dallas. Ecological environment: The adult insects have wings and can fly. The host plants are mainly calabash plants, such as squash, wax gourd, watermelon, loofah, and watermelon. The newly hatched nymphs (larvae) mostly live on the host plant's tendrils and leaf buds and petioles, and inhabit in the yellow withered leaves with curly folds. The insect takes host plant juice as food, to the adult insects dormant under the earth rocks, stone cracks, melon shed, or wall cracks in the hole in the winter. It widely distributes in the south area of China including the middle and lower reaches areas of the Yangtze River, the Zhujiang river area, the southwest area, and Taiwan of China. It is mainly produced in provinces Yunnan, Sichuan, Guizhou, Guangxi, and other areas of China.

 Growth characteristics: The adult insects have wings and can fly. They often pass overwinter under clods of earth, stones, and crevices, and fly out in March every year.

 Aspongopus chinensis Dallas. Characters of herbs: The dry insect body is hexagonal oval and flat, with a reddish-brown, salty brown and black surface, about 2 cm long and 1.2 cm wide. The head is small and triangular. The back has membrane qualitative translucent wing 2 pairs, the back is visible after the wing is removed, color orange to red, has a section, with an edge of 1 millimeter wide nearly, brown and brown alternate with phase arrange knot grain. The chest foot has fallen off. The abdomen is brown-red to brown-black, has oily light, each segment has a protuberant dot near the brim place. The quality is crisp, there is light brown oily powder in the abdomen after breaking off. It smells similar to fennel, slightly salty taste. The insect shape in a uniform, brown, oily, moth-free is better.

 Pharmacological actions: The herb stink-bug has been proved to have a strong antibacterial effect by in vitro experiment. In the test tube, stink-bug has a strong inhibitory effect on Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus typhi, Bacillus paratyphosus A and Dysenteria flexneri.

 Medicinal efficacy: Regulate Qi and relieve pain, warm the middle energizer and supporting Yang, warm the kidney strengthening yang. It is indicated for stomach cold and distention pain, liver and stomach pain arising from the stagnation of Qi, distension pain in the chest and hypochondrium gastral cavity due to liver-stomach disharmony or cold stagnant in the middle energizer, kidney deficiency and impotence, waist and knee pain, lumbago due to Yang deficiency, deficiency of spleen and kidney, insufficiency of primordial Yang.

 Administration of Aspongopus(Jiǔ Xiānɡ Chónɡ): 
Reference: Administration Guide of Aspongopus(Jiǔ Xiānɡ Chónɡ)
TCM Books: Internally:3~9 grams(CP), Internally:water decoction,1~2 qian(about 3~6 grams), or prepare to pill, powder(DCTM), Internally:water decoction,3~9 grams, or prepared to pill, powder,0.6~1.2 grams(CHMM).

  • 1.Introduction of Jiu Xiang Chong:Stink-bug or Aspongopus.
  • 2.TCM Books:DCTM(Dictionary of the Chinese Traditional Medicine),CHMM(Chinese Herbal Materia Medica).

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