Rhizoma Bletillae(Common Bletilla Tuber).

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Herbs Regulating blood conditions,Herbs Hemostatics.

 TCM Herbs Icon10 Introduction: Herbs Regulating blood conditions,Herbs Hemostatics: the blood-regulating herbs are an agent or substance herbs that has the effects of regulating blood-including arresting bleeding and activating circulation-and tonifying blood.The herbs hemostatics or hemostatic herbs are an agent or substance that arrests bleeding, either internal or external.

Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 10 Introduction: The Herbs Regulating blood conditions,Herbs Hemostatics are known including:, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are Totally [20] kinds of common TCM herbs, [20] kinds of related plant species, [1] kind of related mineral, are recorded in this category. These Herbs Regulating blood conditions,Herbs Hemostatics are briefly introduced separately:

Rhizoma Bletillae(Common Bletilla Tuber).

 Rhizoma Bletillae Brief Introduction: The Herb Rhizoma Bletillae is the steamed and dried tuber of Bletilla striata(Thunb.) Reichb.f.(family Orchidaceae), used (1).as a hemostatic for treating hemoptysis, hematemesis and traumatic bleeding, and (2).to reduce swelling and promote regeneration for treating boils and burns. The herb is commonly known as Rhizoma Bletillae, Common Bletilla Tuber, Common Bletilla Pseudobulb, Tuber of Common Bletilla, Tuber of Hyacinth Bletilla, Bái Jí.

 Bletilla striata Thunb.Reichb.f. ✵Official herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Rhizoma Bletillae(Common Bletilla Tuber) as the steamed and dried tuber of the species (1). Bletilla striata(Thunb.) Reichb.f. It is a plant of the Bletilla Rchb. f. genus, the Orchidaceae family of the Asparagales order. This commonly used species is introduced as:

 Bletilla striata Thunb.Reichb.f. (1).Bletilla striata(Thunb.)Reichb.f.: It is commonly known as Bái Jí. Herbs perennial, 15~70 cm tall. Rhizome (or pseudobulb) triangular-oblate or irregularly lozenged, fleshy, hypertrophic, viscous, constant, joined. Stems erect. 3~5 leaf-blades, lanceolate or broadly lanceolate, 8~30 cm long, 1.5~4 cm wide, apex acuminate, base descending long sheath, entire. Racemes terminal, 3~8 flowers, raceme axis length 4~12 cm; Bracts lanceolate, 1.5~2.5 cm long, caducous; Flowers purple or reddish, 3~4 cm in diameter; Sepals and petals equal length, narrowly oblong, 2.8~3 cm long; Lower lobe obovate, 2.3~2.8 cm long, white or purplish, upper 3-lobed, middle lobe margin undulate, apex concave, center with 5 folds, lateral lobes erect, clasped column, slightly reaching toward middle lobe, but less than half of middle lobe; Stamen and pistil join as stamen column, two sides have narrow wing, stigma tip bears 1 stamen, anther block 4 pairs, flat and long; Ovary inferior, terete, twisted. Capsule cylindrical, 3.5 cm long, ca. 1 cm in diameter, slightly acute at both ends, with 6 longitudinal ribs. Its flowering period is from April to May, fruiting period is from July to September.

 Bletilla striata Thunb.Reichb.f. Ecological Environment: It grows on humid areas in mountains and valleys. Distributed in the east, south, southwest of China and provinces Hebei, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Gansu, Taiwan, and other areas. Cultivation biological characteristics: It prefers a warm and humid climate, not cold. Loose, fertile and well-drained sandy loam, mixed with sandy soil and humus soil should be selected for cultivation.

 Bletilla striata Thunb.Reichb.f. Trait identification:Rhizome slightly irregular oblate or rhomboid, 2~3 difurcated palmately, 1.5~5 cm long, 0.5~1.5 cm thick. The surface is grayish-white or yellowish-white, with fine wrinkles, and there are raised stem marks on the top, and there are also traces of connecting another tuber below; Take stem mark as the center, a few brown concentric ring grain, remain on the ring brown dot shape fibrous root mark. Hard and not easily broken. Transect kind of white, translucent, horny appearance, visible scattered in the point of the vascular bundle. Coarse powder in water that is expanded, there is a significant stick-slip feeling, water immersion was gelatinous. No smell, bitter taste, chewing sticky. The herb in big size, full, color white, translucent, solid quality is better.


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