Radix Sanguisorbae(Garden Burnet Root).

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:herbs regulating blood conditions,herbs hemostatics.

 TCM Herbs Icon10 Introduction: herbs regulating blood conditions,herbs hemostatics: the blood-regulating herbs are an agent or substance herbs that has the effects of regulating blood-including arresting bleeding and activating circulation-and tonifying blood.The herbs hemostatics or hemostatic herbs are an agent or substance that arrests bleeding, either internal or external.

Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 10 Introduction: The herbs regulating blood conditions,herbs hemostatics are known including:, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are totally [20] kinds of common TCM herbs, [20] kinds of related plant species, [1] kind of related mineral, are recorded in this category. These herbs regulating blood conditions,herbs hemostatics are briefly introduced separately:

Radix Sanguisorbae(Garden Burnet Root).

 Radix Sanguisorbae Brief Introduction: The herb Radix Sanguisorbae is the dried root of Sanguisorba officinalis L. or Sanguisorba officinalis var.longifolia(Bert.) Yu et Li, used as a blood-cooling hemostatic for treating various kinds of hemorrhage such as hematemesis, hemoptysis, epistaxis, hematochezia, metrorrhagia, and also used as an important agent for treating burns. The herb is commonly known as Radix Sanguisorbae, garden burnet root, Dì Yú.

 ✵Common herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Radix Sanguisorbae(Garden Burnet Root) as the dried root of the species (1).Sanguisorba officinalis L., or (2). Sanguisorba officinalis var.longifolia(Bert.) Yu et Li. They are plants of the Sanguisorba genus, the Rosaceae family of the Rosales order. These 2 commonly used species are introduced as:

 Sanguisorba officinalis L. (1).Sanguisorba officinalis L.:  The plant is commonly known as Dì Yú (literally it means "ground elm"). Perennial herb, it grows up to 30~120 cm tall. The root is thick and strong, show spindle shape more, thin cylinder shape, the surface is brown or purplish brown, have longitudinal wrinkle and transverse crack, cross-section surface is yellow-white or purplish red, flatter.

 Stems are erect, arrowed, glabrous or sparsely glandular at base. Basal leaves are pinnately compound, with 4-6 pairs of lobules, petiole glabrous, or base with sparse glandular hairs. Leaf-blade is short stipitate, ovate or oblong-ovate, 1~7 cm long, 0.5~3 cm wide, the apex is obtuse and sparsely acute, base cordate to shallow cordate, margin with most coarsely obtuse and sparsely acute serrate, green on both sides, glabrous; Cauline leaves are fewer, small leaves are sessile to sessile, oblong to oblong-lanceolate, elongate, base slightly cordate to rounded, apex acute; Basal leaf stipules are membranous, brown, glabrous or sparsely glandular, cauline stipules large, grassy, semiovate, lateral margin sharply serrate.

 Sanguisorba officinalis L. Inflorescences are elliptic, cylindrical or ovoid, erect, usually 1~3 cm long, 0.5~1 cm transverse, opening downwards from the top of the inflorescence, peduncle smooth or occasionally sparsely glandular-hairy; Bracts are membranous, lanceolate, apically acuminate to caudate apex, shorter than sepals or subequal, abaxially and margin pilose; 4 sepals, purplish red, elliptic to broadly ovate, abaxially sparsely pilose, slightly longitudinally ridged in the center, apex often shortly pointed; 4 stamens, filaments are filamentous, not enlarged, subequal or slightly shorter than sepals; Ovary outside glabrous or basally slightly hairy, stigma is apically enlarged, discoid, margin with a fringed nipple. The fruit is enclosed in a persistent calyx tube with a bucket outside. Its flowering period is from July to October.

 Sanguisorba officinalis L. Ecological Environment: The plant grows in grasslands, meadows, hillside grasslands, thickets, or under sparse forests with an altitude of 30~3,000 meters. The plant mainly distributes in the northwest, east, southwest, and other areas of China.

 Trait identification: the root is cylindrical, slightly twisted and curved, 18~22 cm long, diameter 0.5~2 cm. Lateral rami or rami marks are sometimes visible. The surface is tan, with obvious wrinkles. The apex of a terete rhizome or its residue. It is firm, slightly brittle, the broken surface is flat, slightly silty. The cross-section cambium ring is obvious, the skin part is flaxen, the wood part is brownish yellow or pink, show significant radial arrangement. Smells emblem, slightly bitter taste. The herb which is thick, qualitative firm, the cross-section pink is better.

 Sanguisorba officinalis var.longifolia Bert.Yu et Li. (2).Sanguisorba officinalis var.longifolia(Bert.) Yu et Li.:  The plant is commonly known as Cháng Yè Dì Yú(literally means long-leaf ground elm). The main differences between this varietas and the Sanguisorba Officinalis L. are as follows: basal leaf lobules banded oblong to banded lanceolate, base slightly cordate, round cordate to wide cuneate; Stem leaves are more numerous, similar to basal leaves, but longer and narrower. Spikelets are cylindrical, 2~6 cm long, 0.5~1 cm in diameter; The stamens are nearly as long as the sepals. Its flowering and fruiting period is from August to November.

 Sanguisorba officinalis var.longifolia Bert.Yu et Li. Ecological Environment: The plant grows in grassland, streamside, thicket, wet grassland, and sparse forest of 100~3,000 meters above sea level. It distributes in the east, central, and south, southwest area of China.

 Trait identification: the roots are cylindrical, often curved, 15~26 cm long, 0.5~2 cm in diameter. Sometimes more roots, surface tan, tougher, not easy to break. Broken face fine hair shape, visible numerous fibers. The cross-sectional cambium ring is not obvious, the skin is yellow, wood light yellow. Not radially aligned. Weak smell, slightly bitter taste. The herb which is thick, qualitative firm, cross-section pink is better.


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