Radix Notoginseng(Sanchi).

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Herbs Regulating blood conditions,Herbs Hemostatics.

 TCM Herbs Icon10 Introduction: Herbs Regulating blood conditions,Herbs Hemostatics: the blood-regulating herbs are an agent or substance herbs that has the effects of regulating blood-including arresting bleeding and activating circulation-and tonifying blood.The herbs hemostatics or hemostatic herbs are an agent or substance that arrests bleeding, either internal or external.

Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 10 Introduction: The Herbs Regulating blood conditions,Herbs Hemostatics are known including:, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are Totally [20] kinds of common TCM herbs, [20] kinds of related plant species, [1] kind of related mineral, are recorded in this category. These Herbs Regulating blood conditions,Herbs Hemostatics are briefly introduced separately:

Radix Notoginseng(Sanchi).

 Radix Notoginseng Brief Introduction: The Herb Radix Notoginseng is the dried root of Panax notoginseng(Burk.) F.H. Chen(family Arialiaceae), used to resolve stasis, stop bleeding, activate the blood and check pain for treating various kinds of external and internal hemorrhage, blood stasis and pain in cases of traumatic injuries, and angina pectoris. The herb is commonly known as Radix Notoginseng, Sanchi, Sān Qī.

 ✵Common herbal classics defined the herb Panax notoginseng(San Qi) as the root of the Araliaceae family plant species (1).Panax notoginseng(Burk.) F.H. Chen ex C.Chow. The herb Panax notoginseng Leaf(San Qi Ye) and Panax notoginseng Flower(San Qi Hua) are the leaves or flowers of the same species. It is a plant of the Panax L. genus, the Araliaceae family of the Apiales order. This commonly used species is introduced as:

 Panax notoginseng. (1).Panax notoginseng(Burk.) F.H.Chen ex C.Chow.: The Panax notoginseng(Burk.) F.H.Chen ex C.Chow., is a plant of the Araliaceae family and Panax genus, perennial herb, up to 30~80 cm. Roots short, with old stem residue marks; root thick meat, inverted conical or shortly cylindrical, about 2~5 cm, the diameter of about 1~3 cm, there are several branches, the skin yellow-green to brownish-yellow. Stems erect, nearly cylindrical; smooth glabrous, green or with many purple fine longitudinal stripes. Palmate leaf compound, 3~4 leaves grow at stem end; petiole slender, surface glabrous; 3~7 leaflets; leaf blade elliptic to oblong-obovate, ca. 5~14 cm, width 2~5 cm, central Several pieces are larger, the last two are the smallest, the tip is long, and the base is round or disproportionate on both sides. The edges are serrated, the teeth are even with small bristles, the surface has finely bristled along the veins, and sometimes both sides are close. In hairless; with the petiole.

 Panax notoginseng. The total pedicels are drawn from the middle of the petiole of the stem, erect, 20~30 cm long; umbels terminal, ca. 3 cm in diam.; flowers numerous, bisexual, sometimes unisexual flowers and bisexual flowers coexist; peduncles short, base scaly Sepals; calyx green, apex usually 5-toothed; 5 petals, oblong-ovate, apex, yellow-green; 5 stamens, anthers elliptic, inflorescences abaxially, introrse, filaments linear-shaped; pistil 1, ovary Lower position, 2 rooms, spent 2 pieces, combined at base, flat or dimpled.

 Drupes berrylike, nearly reniform, ca. 6~9 mm long; green when tender. Red when ripe, 1-3 seeds, spherical, white seed coat. Its flowering period is from June to August, fruiting period is from August to October.

 Panax notoginseng. Ecosystem: The Panax notoginseng(Burk.) F.H.Chen ex C.Chow., grows under the hillside jungle. Geographical distribution: This species mainly distributed in China provinces southwestern of Guangxi and southeastern of Yunnan, it is generally cultivated; also cultivated in other provinces Jiangxi, Hubei in recent years. The herb Panax notoginseng mainly produced in counties of Yunnan provinces, also counties of Guangxi province. The Wenshan county of Yunnan province has a long history of cultivation, large output, and good quality. It is commonly known as "Wensan Sanqi" and "Tianqi", is a famous authentic herb.

 Panax notoginseng. The growing environment: The plant Panax notoginseng(Burk.) F.H.Chen likes warm and shaded wet environment, fear of cold and heat, but also afraid of more water. The soil is loose red soil or brown soil, slightly acidic; the average annual temperature of 16.0~19.3 °C is appropriate. If the temperature lasts for 3 to 5 days during growth and above 30 Degree C, the plants are susceptible to disease. This herb is sugar-containing, moisture-prone mildew, insects, but dry roots can withstand storage for up to 10 years. The growth of Panax notoginseng has extremely high demands on soil and climate. This is mainly reflected in the fact that Panax notoginseng cannot be planted continuously. The land planted on Panax notoginseng must be rested for at least 10 years before it can be planted again.

 Panax notoginseng. Character identification: The roots are conical, spindle-shaped or irregularly shaped, 1~6 cm long and 1~-4 cm in diameter. The surface is grayish-yellow to brownish-black with a waxy sheen. There are root scars on the top, knobs around the sides, and intermittent longitudinal wrinkles and branching scars on the sides. Weight, solid quality, after the breaking of the skin and wood, are often separated; cross-section grayish-green, yellow-green or gray-white, the skin has small brown spots, the center of the radial texture. Smells slightly, bitter taste, cool in nature and taste sweet later. The better grade heavy in weight, firmness, fullness, smooth surface, fracture surface color gray-green or green.

 The main root is conical or cylindrical, with a length of 1~6 cm and a diameter of 1~4 cm. The surface is gray-brown or gray-yellow with intermittent longitudinal wrinkles and root marks. There are scars on the top and knobs around. Weight, solid quality, cross-section grayish-green, yellow-green or gray-white, wood slightly arranged radially. Smells slightly, bitter and sweet.

 The ribs are cylindrical or conical, length 2~6 cm, the upper diameter of about 0.8 cm, the lower end of the diameter of about 0.3 cm.

 The shears are irregular and crumpled or strips. There are several obvious scars and rings on the surface. The center of the section is grayish-green or white with dark green or gray edges.

 Panax notoginseng. Sanqi, also called Tianqi or Tien-chi, is the dried tuber of Panax Notoginseng (family: Araliaceae). Native to East Asia, it is found in forests and shrubberies in China, Burma, and up to 2,100~4,300 meters in Central Nepal and the Himalayas. The perennial plant grows to about 1.2 meters high at a slow rate. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs). It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) or semi-shade (light woodland). It requires moist soil. Native to China, Notoginseng is grown commercially in the southern and central regions of the country. The portion of the plant used in remedies is the root, dug up before the plant flowers or after the fruit has ripened. It is classified as warm in nature, sweet and slightly bitter, and non-toxic. The dose in decoction for clinical use is 5~10 g. It can be ground to powder for swallowing directly or taking mixed with water: the dose, in that case, it is usually 1~3 grams, each time (a common preparation is tablets, 500 mg Sanqi powder per tablet). In the Bencao Gangmu (Compendium of Materia Medica, 1596 A.D.) it is stated: "On account of the fact that Sanqi is a herb belonging to the Xue (blood) phase of the Yangming and Jueyin meridians, it can treat all diseases of the blood." Sanqi is a herb that has been used in China quite extensively since the end of the 19th century. It has acquired a very favorable reputation for the treatment of blood disorders, including blood stasis, bleeding, and blood deficiency.

 Ecological environment: It grows under a hillside jungle, cultivated or wild in the shade of a hillside forest. Distributed in southwest Guangxi, southeast Yunnan, generally cultivated; It is also cultivated in Jiangxi, Hubei and other provinces in recent years. It is mainly cultivated in Yunnan and Guangxi.

 Trait identification:Dry, irregularly cylindrical or spindle-shaped, 3~5 cm long, 0.3~3 cm in diameter, with root residues at the tip. Appearance grayish-yellow or brownish-black, shiny, with intermittent longitudinal wrinkles and transverse uplifted lenticels, with root breaks. Qualitative and solid, not easy break-off, section wood ministry, and skin ministry often depart, skin ministry yellow, gray or brown-black, this ministry cutin is smooth, have radial grain. Slight smell, taste first bitter and then slightly sweet. The herb in big size and solid, big and thin skin, cutting-section brown-black, no crack is better.


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