✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.
Classifications of Herbs:herbs regulating blood conditions,herbs hemostatics.
Introduction: herbs regulating blood conditions,herbs hemostatics: the blood-regulating herbs are an agent or substance herbs that has the effects of regulating blood-including arresting bleeding and activating circulation-and tonifying blood.The herbs hemostatics or hemostatic herbs are an agent or substance that arrests bleeding, either internal or external.
✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are totally  kinds of common TCM herbs,  kinds of related plant species,  kind of related mineral, are recorded in this category. These herbs regulating blood conditions,herbs hemostatics are briefly introduced separately:
Nodus Nelumbinis rhizomatis(Lotus Rhizome Node).
Brief Introduction: The herb Nodus Nelumbinis rhizomatis is the dried node of the rhizome of Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.(family Nymphaeaceae), used to cool blood, arrest bleeding, and remove blood stasis for the treatment of nasal bleeding, hemoptysis, hematuria, and abnormal uterine bleeding. The herb is commonly known as Nodus Nelumbinis rhizomatis, Lotus Rhizome Node, ǒu Jié.
✵Common herbal classics defined the herb Nodus Nelumbinis rhizomatis(Lotus Rhizome Node) as the dried node of the rhizome of the Nymphaeaceae family plant species (1). Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. This commonly used species is introduced as:
(1).Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.: The Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn., is a plant of the Nymphaeaceae family and Nelumbo genus, it is commonly known as "Nelumbo nucifera", or "Lian", perennial aquatic plants. Rhizomes are mostly grown in water sediments. The leaf-shaped shield is round, dark green surface, waxy white powder, gray-green back, full and wavy. The petiole is cylindrical, dense barbed. Flowers are solitary on the top of the pedicel and above the high water surface. They are single, double, double, and heavy; flowers vary in white, pink, crimson, lavender, or inter-color; stamens; pistil is isolated, buried in an inverted cone-shaped spongy torus, the receptacle surface with a majority of scattered honeycomb holes, gradually expanded after fertilization as a lotus, each hole in a small nut(seed). The flowering season starts from June to September and closes every morning. The fruit ripening period is from September to October. There are many lotus cultivars, which can be divided into three major systems: lotus, lotus, and lotus depending on the use.
The rhizomes of the lotus are planted on the mud at the bottom of the pond or river, while the lotus leaves rise to the surface. A few centimeters of flower stems on the surface of the water grow flowers. The lotus generally grows to 150 cm in height and extends horizontally to 3 meters. The lotus leaf is up to 60 cm in diameter. The eye-catching lotus has a diameter of up to 20 cm. There are many cultivars for lotus, ranging from snow-white to yellow to pink.
Lotus can be bred with seeds or rhizomes. In particular, lotus seeds can survive for thousands of years. Some scientists have cultivated some thousand-year-old lotus seeds, and the lotus that has been produced is still alive. The two ancient lotus seeds found in the Yangshao cultural site have a history of more than 3,000 years, but they are too precious to be cultivated.
Identification traits of the Herb: The leaves are folded into semi-circular or scalloped shapes. After unfolding, they are round-shaped and have a diameter of 20~50 cm, which is entirely or slightly wavy. The upper surface is dark green or yellowish-green, coarser; the lower surface is light gray-brown, smoother, with 21-22 thick veins, projecting from the center to the periphery, with a raised petiole residue in the center. Crisp and fragile. Slightly fragrant, slightly bitter taste.
Ecosystem: The Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn., grows in pond and rivers, lakes, etc. Geographical distribution: This species mainly distributes in China provinces from south to north where there is water and is commonly cultivated in water gardens. This species also distributes in Southeast Asia.
The Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn., likes relatively stable and calm water, avoiding fluctuations and disparities and large waves. The water depth should not exceed 1.5 meters. The optimum temperature of stems and leaves in the growing season is 25~30 °C. It is required to have sufficient sunshine and it is not appropriate to cultivate indoors for long periods. The soil is preferably made of organic-rich clay loam. Lotus seeds have a long lifespan, and the millennium ancient lotus seeds can still sprout new strains. Lotus breeding more commonly used in the ramets can also be sown. Should be carried out after warming in the spring. The main diseases of the lotus are rot disease, leaf spot disease, etc. The insect pests include aphids and scarabs.
Building a pond with lotus plants and building bridges and bridges along the water constitutes a scenic view of the lotus. It is a traditional method of Chinese gardens. Scenic spots are widely used throughout the country. It also applies to garden water, purified water, or potted plants. The lotus root and lotus seeds are rich in nutrients. Raw and cooked foods are suitable. Lotus root stems can be processed into wolfberry powder, candied fruit, and so on. Lotus seeds have a soothing effect, often used as a soup or candied fruit, to nourish the Chinese people. Lotus petals and young leaves can be eaten. All parts of lotus can be used as medicine.