Herba Orostachyos(Roof Stonecrop).

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Herbs Regulating blood conditions,Herbs Hemostatics.

 TCM Herbs Icon10 Introduction: Herbs Regulating blood conditions,Herbs Hemostatics: the blood-regulating herbs are an agent or substance herbs that has the effects of regulating blood-including arresting bleeding and activating circulation-and tonifying blood.The herbs hemostatics or hemostatic herbs are an agent or substance that arrests bleeding, either internal or external.

Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 10 Introduction: The Herbs Regulating blood conditions,Herbs Hemostatics are known including:, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are Totally [20] kinds of common TCM herbs, [20] kinds of related plant species, [1] kind of related mineral, are recorded in this category. These Herbs Regulating blood conditions,Herbs Hemostatics are briefly introduced separately:

Herba Orostachyos(Roof Stonecrop).

 Herba Orostachyos Brief Introduction: The Herb Herba Orostachyos is the dried aerial part of Orostachys fimbriatus(Turcz.)Berg.(family Crassalaceae), used as a hemostatic mainly for treating hematochezia and hematemesis, and externally for treating skin ulcers. The herb is commonly known as Herba Orostachyos, Roof Stonecrop, Wǎ Sōnɡ.

 ✵Common herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Herba Orostachyos(Roof Stonecrop) as the dried aerial part of the species (1). Orostachys fimbriatus(Turcz.) Berg., (2). Orstachys erubescens(Maxim.) Ohwi., (3). Orost achys malacophyllus(Pall.) Fisch., (4). Orostachyl spinosus(L.) C.A.Mey. They are plants of the Orostachys Fisch. Genus, the Crassulaceae family of the Rosales order. These 4 commonly used species are introduced as:

 Orostachys fimbriatus Turcz.Berg (1).Orostachys fimbriatus(Turcz.)Berg.:  It is commonly known as Wǎ Sōnɡ. Herbs biennial or perennial, 10~40 cm tall. Plant pink green, glabrous, dense purple-red spots. Roots much-branched, fibrous. Stem erect, unbranched. Basal leaves' rosette, fleshy, spatulate linear to oblanceolate, 2~4 cm long, 4~5 mm wide, greenish purplish or glaucous, margin fringed, apex with semicircular cartilaginous appendage, center with 1 acicular spine; Stem leaves alternate, sessile, linear to lanceolate, 2~3 cm long, 2~5 mm wide, apex long acuminate, entire. Inflorescences racemose, compact, subdivided into spires; Flowers small, bisexual, bracts linear acuminate, leaf-like; 5 sepals, oblong, 1~3 mm long; 5 petals, reddish, lanceolate elliptic, 5~6 mm long, base slightly connate; 10 stamens, 2-rotund, as long as petals or slightly shorter, anthers purple; 5 carpels, detached, 1 scale attached at base of each carpel, nearly quadrate. Follicles, oblong, ca. 5 mm long, beak slender, ca. 1 mm. Seeds numerous, minute, ovate. Its flowering period is from August to September, fruiting from September to November.

 Orostachys fimbriatus Turcz.Berg Ecological Environment: It grows on hillside stones or roof tiles. It is distributed in north China, east China, and Hubei.

 Orostachys fimbriatus Turcz.Berg Trait identification: Stem yellowish-brown or dark brown, 12~20 cm long, with most of the scars, left after the leaves fall off, alternating with prismatic patterns. Leaves green or tawny, wrinkled and curly, 12~15 mm long, about 3 mm wide. Stem upper leaves with florets, reddish-brown, petiole length varies. Light and fragile. Slight smell, sour taste.

 Orstachys erubescens Maxim.Ohwi (2).Orstachys erubescens(Maxim.)Ohwi.:  It is commonly known as Wǎn Hóng Wǎ Sōnɡ. Biennial herbs. Rosette first year only, fleshy, narrowly spatulate or lanceolate, 1.5~3 cm long, 4~7 mm wide, apex long acuminate, slightly curved, cartilaginous spines, entire or with fine undulate teeth; In the second year, the flower stem was extracted from the rosette leaves, 10~40 cm high, erect, the whole plant was covered with white powder, dense brown-red glandular points. Leaves linear to linear-lanceolate on the flower stem, 2~6 cm long, 3~7 mm wide, apex long acuminate, dried with red spots. Racemes conical, flowers dense, inflorescence with leaf bracts, ovate-lanceolate or sickle-shaped; 5 sepals, ca. 4 mm; 5 petals, white or reddish, linear-lanceolate, 4~6 mm long, 1.8 mm wide; 10 stamens, 2-wheeled, slightly shorter than petals, anthers dark purple; 5 scales, nearly quadrate, first emarginate; 5 carpels, erect, detached, base acute, style slender, 2 mm long. Follicles, ca. 5 mm long. The seeds are about 1 mm long. Brown. Its flowering period is from August to September, fruiting from September to November.

 Orstachys erubescens Maxim.Ohwi Ecological Environment: It grows on low rocks or beside gullies. It is distributed in Anhui, Jiangsu, and other areas.

 Orost achys malacophyllus Pall.Fisch. (3).Orost achys malacophyllus(Pall.)Fisch.: It is commonly known as Dùn Yè Wǎ Sōnɡ. Biennial herbs. Plants form rosette in 1st year, rosette leaves densely oblong-lanceolate, lateral ovate or elliptic, 2~4 cm long, 1.5~2 cm wide, apex obtuse or shortly acuminate, not spiny, entire, densely with dark red spots. Stems from rosette in 2nd year, unbranched, 10~30 cm tall, leaves alternate on stem, larger than rosette, 7 cm long. Inflorescence racemose, sometimes spicate, flowers dense; Bracts spatulate ovately; 5 sepals, oblong, 3~4 mm long, acute; 5 petals, white or greenish, ovate-oblong, 4~6 mm long; 10 stamens, 2-wheeled, longer than petals; 5 scales, oblong, ca. 0.3 mm long, apex emarginate; 5 carpels, ovate, detached, style ca. 1 mm. Fruit follicles ellipsoid. Seeds numerous, minute, ovate-oblong, with longitudinal streaks. It is flowering in July, fruiting from August to September.

 Orost achys malacophyllus Pall.Fisch. Ecological Environment: It grows in a rock seam at an altitude of 1,200~1,800 meters. It is distributed in Hebei and other areas.

 Orostachyl spinosus L.C.A.Mey. (4).Orostachyl spinosus(L.)C.A.Mey.: It is commonly known as Huáng Huā Wǎ Sōnɡ. Biennial herbs. In the first year, plants form a rosette, with dense rosette leaves, oblong leaves, with a semicircular white cartilaginous appendage at the apex, and a 2~4 mm long spine in the center. In the second year, flower stems were extracted from the rosette, 10~30 cm high. Leaves alternate on the flower stem, sessile, broadly linear to oblanceolate, 1~3 cm long, 2~5 mm wide, apex acuminate, spinose. Inflorescences spike or racemose, terminal, 5~20 cm long; Pedicels ca. 1 mm or sessile; Bracts lanceolate to oblong, up to 4 mm long, apex acuminate, spiny; 5 sepals, ovate-oblong, 2~3 mm long, apex spiny, reddish spotted; 5 petals, yellow-green, ovate-lanceolate, 5~7 mm long, 1.5 mm wide; Stamens 10, slightly longer than petals; 5 scales, subsquare, ca. 0.7 mm long, apex emarginate; 5 carpels, lanceolate. Follicles, ellipsoid lanceolate, 5~6 mm long, margin 1.5 mm. Seeds oblong-ovate. Its flowering period is from July to August, fruiting in September.

 Orostachyl spinosus L.C.A.Mey. Ecological Environment: It grows in the stone crevices of dry hillside or on the stone cliff and sandy grassland of riverbank. It is distributed in Gansu, Xinjiang, and other areas.


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