Herba Agrimoniae(Hairvein Agrimonia Herb).

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Herbs Regulating blood conditions,Herbs Hemostatics.

 TCM Herbs Icon10 Introduction: Herbs Regulating blood conditions,Herbs Hemostatics: the blood-regulating herbs are an agent or substance herbs that has the effects of regulating blood-including arresting bleeding and activating circulation-and tonifying blood.The herbs hemostatics or hemostatic herbs are an agent or substance that arrests bleeding, either internal or external.

Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 10 Introduction: The Herbs Regulating blood conditions,Herbs Hemostatics are known including:, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are Totally [20] kinds of common TCM herbs, [20] kinds of related plant species, [1] kind of related mineral, are recorded in this category. These Herbs Regulating blood conditions,Herbs Hemostatics are briefly introduced separately:

Herba Agrimoniae(Hairvein Agrimonia Herb).

 Herba Agrimoniae Brief Introduction: The Herb Herba Agrimoniae is the dried aerial part of Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb.(family Rosaceae), used (1).as an astringent hemostatic for treating various kinds of bleeding including bloody dysentery, and (2).to counteract toxins and reduce swelling for treating boils and sores. It is also used for treating malaria. The herb is commonly known as Herba Agrimoniae, Hairvein Agrimonia Herb, Hairyvein Agrimonia Herb and Bud, Xiān Hè Cǎo(literally it means "the Crane Herb").

 ✵Official herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Herba Agrimoniae(Hairvein Agrimonia Herb) as the dried aerial part of the species (1). Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb. It is a plant of the Agrimonia genus, the Rosaceae family of the Rosales order. These 2 commonly used species are introduced as:

 Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb. (1).Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb.:  It is commonly known as Lóng Yá Cǎo(literally it means "Dragon's Sprout Grass"). Herbs perennial. Roots often tuberous, surrounded by many lateral roots, rhizome short, base often 1 to several underground buds. Stem 30~120 cm tall, sparsely pilose and pubescent, sparsely hirsute below.

 Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb. Leaves odd-odd pinnate compound, usually with 3~4 pairs of lobules, sparse 2 pairs, reduced to 3 lobules, petiole sparsely pilose or pubescent; Small leaves sessile or short shank, obovate, elliptic or lanceolate, pour eggs 1.5~5 cm long, 1~2.5 cm wide, apex acute to obtuse, dilute acuminate, base cuneate to broadly cuneate, margin with acute to obtuse serrate, puberulous above, loose fall off a few glabrous, usually under the pulse on rusty villous, loose fall off a few glabrous, glandular dots significantly; Stipules herbaceous, green, falcate, sparsely ovate, apex acute or acuminate, margin sharply serrate or lobes, sparsely entire, lower stipules sometimes ovate-lanceolate, often entire.

 Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb. Inflorescences spike racemose terminal, branched or unbranched, raceme axis pilose, pedicels 1~5 mm long, pilose; Bracts usually deep 3-lobed, lobes zonal, bracteoles opposite, ovate, entire or marginal dividing; Flowers 6-9 mm in diameter; 5 sepals, triangular-ovate; Petals yellow, oblong; 5~8~15 stamens; 2 styles, filiform, stigma capitate.

 Fruit obovate-conical, with 10 ribs outside, sparsely pilose, with several layers of hooks at the top, erect when young, conjoined when mature, 7~8 mm long, 3~4 mm in diameter at widest. Its flower period is from May to December.

 Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb. Ecological environment: It grows in wasteland, hillside, streamside, roadside, grassland, thicket, forest edge and undergrowth. It is distributed in most areas of China. Main production Jiangsu, Hubei. Besides, Anhui, Guangdong, Hebei, Yunnan and other places are also produced.

 Trait identification: The whole grass is dry, stem base lignified, pale tan to purplish red, diameter 4~6 mm, smooth glabrous, stem nodes conspicuous, upper sparsely dense, sometimes with residual stipules; Upper stem greenish-brown, or yellowish-brown, white pilose, leaves grey-green, wrinkled and curly. Occasionally see flower branch or fruit branch. Slight smell, slightly bitter taste. The herb with purple stem, branch tender, leaves intact is the best.


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