Introduction of Huai Hua:Pagodatree Flower or Flos Sophorae.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:herbs regulating blood conditions,herbs hemostatics.

 TCM Herbs Icon10 Introduction: herbs regulating blood conditions,herbs hemostatics: the blood-regulating herbs are an agent or substance herbs that has the effects of regulating blood-including arresting bleeding and activating circulation-and tonifying blood.The herbs hemostatics or hemostatic herbs are an agent or substance that arrests bleeding, either internal or external.

 
Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 10 Introduction: The herbs regulating blood conditions,herbs hemostatics are known including:, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are totally [20] kinds of common TCM herbs, [20] kinds of related plant species, [1] kind of related mineral, are recorded in this category. These herbs regulating blood conditions,herbs hemostatics are briefly introduced separately:

 
Flos Sophorae(Pagodatree Flower).

Flos Sophorae Pin Yin Name: Huái Huā.
 English Name: Pagodatree Flower.
 Latin Name: Flos Sophorae.
 Property and flavor: slight cold, bitter.

 Brief introduction: The herb Flos Sophorae is the dried flower of Sophora japonica L.(family Leguminosae), used (1).to cool blood and stop bleeding in various cases of hemorrhages due to blood heat, particularly hemorrhoidal bleeding, and (2).to clear liver fire for up-flaming of liver fire with headache and also for hypertension. The herb is commonly known as Flos Sophorae, Pagodatree Flower, Huái Huā.

 Botanical source: Common herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Flos Sophorae(Pagodatree Flower) as the dried flower of the species (1). Sophora japonica L. It is a plant of the Sophora genus, the Leguminosae family of the Rosales order. This commonly used species is introduced as:

 Sophora japonica L. (1).Sophora japonica L.:
 Botanical description: The tree is commonly known as Huái. Trees, grow up to 25 meters high; The bark is grayish brown, with longitudinal cracks. Annual branches are green, glabrous. Pinnately compound leaves are 25 cm long; The leaf axis is at first sparsely pilose, immediately depurses; Petiole base is enlarged, enveloping buds; Stipules variously shaped, sometimes ovate, foliate, sometimes linear or subulate, caducous; 4~7 pairs of leaflets, opposite or subalternate, papery, ovate-lanceolate or ovate-oblong, 2.5~6 cm long, 1.5~3 cm wide, apex acuminate, with a small tip, base broadly cuneate or subrounded, slightly oblique, initially sparsely pubescent, turning glabrous; 2 small stipules, subulate.

 Sophora japonica L. Panicles are terminal, often pyramidal, 30 cm long; Pedicels are shorter than calyx; 2 bracteoles, resembling lesser stipules; Calyx shallow campanulate, ca. 4 mm long, 5 calyx teeth, subequal, rounded or obtuse triangular, grayish pubescent, calyx tube subglabrous; Corolla is white or pale yellow, flag nearly round, long and wide, ca. 11 mm, with a short stalk, purple-veined, apex emarginate, base shallow cordate, wing ovoid oblong, 10 mm long, 4 mm wide, apex rounded, base oblique halliform, without folds, keel flap broadly ovoid oblong, as long as the wing, up to 6 mm wide; Stamens are subdetached, persistent; Ovary subglabrous.

  Pods beaded, 2.5~5 cm long or slightly longer, ca. 10 mm in diameter, the inconspicuous constriction between seeds, closely arranged seeds, fleshy pericarp, not dehiscent when mature, 1~6 seeds. Seeds are ovoid, yellowish-green, dark brown after drying. Its flowering period is from June to July, the fruiting period is from August to October.

 Sophora japonica L. Ecological Environment: The tree grows on hillsides, plains, or in gardens. It is distributed in most areas of China, majorly produces in the north area, the lower reaches area of the Yangtze River, the Zhujiang river area, and other areas of China.

 Growth characteristics: The tree Sophora japonica has strong adaptability to climate and can be cultivated in the field with a deep soil layer, especially in the sandy loam with moist, deep, fertile, and good drainage. But it can also grow normally in calcareous and mildly saline-alkali soil.

 Characters of herbs: Pagodatree flower is more wrinkled and curly, petals more scattered. Calyx campanulate, yellowish-green, apex 5-lobed; 5 petals, yellow or yellow-white, 1 larger, subcircular, apex slightly concave, remaining 4 oblong; 10 stamens, 9 of them basal united, filaments slender; Pistil cylindrical, curved. The herb which is large, tight, yellow and green, sessile leaves are preferred.

 Pharmacological actions: The herb Flos Sophorae can shorten the clotting time, the effect of the fried charred herb is enhanced, its component rutin and quercetin can reduce capillary permeability, enhance the resistance of capillary, but also can expand coronary artery, enhance myocardial contractive power, slow down the heart rate, reduce blood pressure, prevent arteriosclerosis. The water infusion of the herb Flos Sophorae has a different degree of inhibition effect on the dermatophytes such as Trichophyton violaceum and Trichophyton schoenleini, etc.

 Medicinal efficacy: Cool blood and hemostasis(stanch bleeding), clear heat, removing heat from the liver and purging the pathogenic fire, removing heat from the liver and improving eyesight. It is indicated for hemafecia(pass blood in stool), hemorrhoidal hamorrhage and hemafecia(pass blood in stool), hemorrhoids blood, hematuria(blood in urine), bloody stranguria(stranguria complicated by hematuria), blood dysentery, uterine bleeding, hememesis(spitting blood), epistaxis(nose bleeding or bleeding from five aperture or subcutaneous tissue), dysentery with bloody stool, liver heat and red eyes, wind-heat and red eyes, red eyes and swelling pain, liver heat and headache, ulcer and sore poison, headache and dizziness. It is also indicated for the prevention of apoplexia.

 Administration of Flos Sophorae(Huái Huā): 
 
Reference: Administration Guide of Flos Sophorae(Huái Huā)
TCM Books: Internally:5~9 grams(CP), Internally:water decoction,2~5 qian(about 6~15 grams), or prepare to pill, powder. Externally: fumigation washes with water decoction, or grinded into powder and sprinkle.(DCTM), Internally: water decoction,5~10 grams, or prepared to pill, powder. Externally: proper amount, fumigation wash with water decoction, or grinded into a fine powder and sprinkle apply.(CHMM).


 
 
Flos Sophorae Immaturus(Pagodatree Flower-bud).

 Flos Sophorae Immaturus Brief Introduction: The herb Flos Sophorae Immaturus is used in the same way as the flower, with stronger action. The herb is commonly known as Flos Sophorae Immaturus, Pagodatree Flower-bud, Huái Mǐ.

 ✵Common herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Flos Sophorae Immaturus(Pagodatree Flower-bud) as the dried flower buds of the species (1).Sophora japonica L. It is a plant of the Sophora genus, the Leguminosae family of the Rosales order. This commonly used species is introduced in the entry "Flos Sophorae(Pagodatree Flower)".

 Characters of herbs: The herb Pagodatree Flower-bud is oval or elliptic, 2~6 mm long, 2~3 mm in diameter. The lower part of the calyx is lined. Above the calyx are yellow and white petals that do not open. Pedicles are small. The herb which is light, slight smell, taste light is bitter.

 
 
Fructus Sophorae(Pogodatree Pod).

 Fructus Sophorae Brief Introduction: The herb Fructus Sophorae is the dried ripe fruit of Sophora japonica L.(family Leguminosae), used as pagodatree flower, chiefly for the treatment of hemorrhoidal bleeding. The herb is commonly known as Fructus Sophorae, Pogodatree Pod, Huái Jiǎo.

 ✵Common herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Fructus Sophorae(Pogodatree Pod) as the dried ripe fruit of the species (1).Sophora japonica L. It is a plant of the Sophora genus, the Leguminosae family of the Rosales order. This commonly used species is introduced in the entry "Flos Sophorae(Pagodatree Flower)".

 Characters of herbs: Pods are cylindrical, sometimes curved, constricted between seeds and beaded, 1~6 cm long, 0.6~1 cm in diameter. The surface is yellow-green or yellow-brown, wrinkled and rough, slightly shiny. A yellow band on one side of the dorsal suture, a protruding residual plinth at the tip, and a stalk is often at the base. Soft, easy to be broken in constriction, section pulp is yellow-green, sticky, translucent cutin shape. 1~6 seeds, kidney-shaped or oblong, 8~10 mm long, 5~8 mm wide, brown and black, smooth, shiny, one side concave gray round umbilicus, hard, 2 cotyledons, yellow-green. Slight odor, slightly bitter taste. It has a beastly smell. The herb in full size, yellow and green, quality soft, and moistening is better.

 
 
References:
  • 1.Introduction of Huai Hua:Pagodatree Flower or Flos Sophorae.
  • 2.TCM Books:DCTM(Dictionary of the Chinese Traditional Medicine),CHMM(Chinese Herbal Materia Medica).

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