Flos Sophorae(Pagodatree Flower).

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Herbs Regulating blood conditions,Herbs Hemostatics.

 TCM Herbs Icon10 Introduction: Herbs Regulating blood conditions,Herbs Hemostatics: the blood-regulating herbs are an agent or substance herbs that has the effects of regulating blood-including arresting bleeding and activating circulation-and tonifying blood.The herbs hemostatics or hemostatic herbs are an agent or substance that arrests bleeding, either internal or external.

 
Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 10 Introduction: The Herbs Regulating blood conditions,Herbs Hemostatics are known including:, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are Totally [20] kinds of common TCM herbs, [20] kinds of related plant species, [1] kind of related mineral, are recorded in this category. These Herbs Regulating blood conditions,Herbs Hemostatics are briefly introduced separately:

 
Flos Sophorae(Pagodatree Flower).

 Flos Sophorae Brief Introduction: The Herb Flos Sophorae is the dried flower of Sophora japonica L.(family Leguminosae), used (1).to cool blood and stop bleeding in various cases of hemorrhages due to blood heat, particularly hemorrhoidal bleeding, and (2).to clear liver fire for up-flaming of liver fire with headache and also for hypertension. The herb is commonly known as Flos Sophorae, Pagodatree Flower, Huái Huā.

 ✵Common herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Flos Sophorae(Pagodatree Flower) as the dried flower of the species (1). Sophora japonica L. It is a plant of the Sophora genus, the Leguminosae family of the Rosales order. This commonly used species is introduced as:

 Sophora japonica L. (1).Sophora japonica L.:  It is commonly known as Huái. Trees, up to 25 m high; Bark grayish brown, with longitudinal cracks. Annual branches green, glabrous. Pinnately compound leaves 25 cm long; The leaf axis is at first sparsely pilose, immediately depurses; Petiole base enlarged, enveloping buds; Stipules variously shaped, sometimes ovate, foliate, sometimes linear or subulate, caducous; Leaflets 4~7 pairs, opposite or subalternate, papery, ovate-lanceolate or ovate-oblong, 2.5~6 cm long, 1.5~3 cm wide, apex acuminate, with a small tip, base broadly cuneate or subrounded, slightly oblique, initially sparsely pubescent, turning glabrous; 2 small stipules, subulate.

 Sophora japonica L. Panicles terminal, often pyramidal, 30 cm long; Pedicels shorter than calyx; 2 bracteoles, resembling lesser stipules; Calyx shallow campanulate, ca. 4 mm long, calyx teeth 5, subequal, rounded or obtuse triangular, grayish pubescent, calyx tube subglabrous; Corolla white or pale yellow, flag nearly round, long and wide, ca. 11 mm, with short stalk, purple-veined, apex emarginate, base shallow cordate, wing ovoid oblong, 10 mm long, 4 mm wide, apex rounded, base oblique halliform, without folds, keel flap broadly ovoid oblong, as long as wing, up to 6 mm wide; Stamens subdetached, persistent; Ovary subglabrous.

 Pods beaded, 2.5~5 cm long or slightly longer, ca. 10 mm in diameter, the inconspicuous constriction between seeds, closely arranged seeds, fleshy pericarp, not dehiscent when mature, 1~6 seeds. Seeds ovoid, yellowish-green, dark brown after drying. Its flowering period is from June to July, fruiting from August to October.

 Sophora japonica L. Ecological Environment: It grows on hillsides, plains, or in gardens. It is distributed in most areas of China. Majorly produce in provinces Hebei, Jiangsu, Guangdong, Guangxi, and other areas.

 Trait identification: Pagodatree Flower more wrinkled and curly, petals more scattered. Calyx campanulate, yellowish-green, apex 5-lobed; Petals 5, yellow or yellow-white, 1 larger, subcircular, apex slightly concave, remaining 4 oblong; 10 stamens, 9 of them basal united, filaments slender; Pistil cylindrical, curved. The herb large, tight, yellow and green, sessile leaves are preferred.

 
 
Flos Sophorae Immaturus(Pagodatree Flower-bud).

 Flos Sophorae Immaturus Brief Introduction: The Herb Flos Sophorae Immaturus is used in the same way as the flower, with stronger action. The herb is commonly known as Flos Sophorae Immaturus, Pagodatree Flower-bud, Huái Mǐ.

 ✵Common herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Flos Sophorae Immaturus(Pagodatree Flower-bud) as the dried flower buds of the species (1).Sophora japonica L. It is a plant of the Sophora genus, the Leguminosae family of the Rosales order. This commonly used species was introduced in the entry "Flos Sophorae(Pagodatree Flower)".

 Trait identification: The herb Pagodatree Flower-bud is oval or elliptic, 2~6 mm long, 2~3 mm in diameter. The lower part of the calyx is lined. Above the calyx are yellow and white petals that do not open. Pedicles are small. The herb which is light, slight smell, taste light is bitter.

 
 
Fructus Sophorae(Pogodatree Pod).

 Fructus Sophorae Brief Introduction: The Herb Fructus Sophorae is the dried ripe fruit of Sophora japonica L.(family Leguminosae), used as pagodatree flower, chiefly for the treatment of hemorrhoidal bleeding. The herb is commonly known as Fructus Sophorae, Pogodatree Pod, Huái Jiǎo.

 ✵Common herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Fructus Sophorae(Pogodatree Pod) as the dried ripe fruit of the species (1).Sophora japonica L. It is a plant of the Sophora genus, the Leguminosae family of the Rosales order. This commonly used species was introduced in the entry "Flos Sophorae(Pagodatree Flower)".

 Trait identification:Pods cylindrical, sometimes curved, constricted between seeds and beaded, 1~6 cm long, 0.6~1 cm in diameter. Surface yellow-green or yellow-brown, wrinkled and rough, slightly shiny. A yellow band on one side of the dorsal suture, a protruding residual plinth at the tip, and a stalk often at the base. Soft, easy to be broken in constriction, section pulp yellow-green, sticky, translucent cutin shape. 1~6 seeds, kidney-shaped or oblong, 8~10 mm long, 5~8 mm wide, brown and black, smooth, shiny, one side concave gray round umbilicus, hard, 2 cotyledons, yellow-green. Slight odour, slightly bitter taste. It has a beastly smell. The herb in full size, yellow and green, quality soft and moistening are better.

 
 

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