Introduction of Ce Bai Ye:Chinese Arborvitae Twig and Leaf or Cacumen Platycladi.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:herbs regulating blood conditions,herbs hemostatics.

 TCM Herbs Icon10 Introduction: herbs regulating blood conditions,herbs hemostatics: the blood-regulating herbs are an agent or substance herbs that has the effects of regulating blood-including arresting bleeding and activating circulation-and tonifying blood.The herbs hemostatics or hemostatic herbs are an agent or substance that arrests bleeding, either internal or external.

 
Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 10 Introduction: The herbs regulating blood conditions,herbs hemostatics are known including:, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are totally [20] kinds of common TCM herbs, [20] kinds of related plant species, [1] kind of related mineral, are recorded in this category. These herbs regulating blood conditions,herbs hemostatics are briefly introduced separately:

 
Cacumen Platycladi(Chinese Arborvitae Twig and Leaf).

Cacumen Platycladi Pin Yin Name: Cè Bǎi Yè.
 English Name: Chinese Arborvitae Twig and Leaf.
 Latin Name: Cacumen Platycladi.
 Property and flavor: slight cold, bitter, puckery.

 Brief introduction: The herb Cacumen Platycladi is the dried twig and leaf of Platycladus orientalis(L.) Franco(family Cupressaceae), used in the same way as a blood-cooling hemostatic for treating epistaxis, hemoptysis, hematemesis, hematochezia, and metrorrhagia, also used for treating premature graying of hair. The herb is commonly known as Cacumen Platycladi, Chinese Arborvitae Twig and Leaf, Cè Bǎi Yè.

 Botanical source: Common herbal classics defined the herb Cacumen Platycladi(Ce Bai Ye) as the dry tip of branch and leaf(or the young shoots or young twig and leaf, or tip of branch and leaf) of the Cupressaceae family plant species (1). Platycladus orientalis (L.) Franco. This commonly used species is introduced as:

 Platycladus orientalis L. Franco. (1).Platycladus orientalis (L.) Franco.:
 Botanical description: The Platycladus orientalis (L.) Franco., is a plant of the Cupressaceae family and Platycladus genus, it is commonly known as "Platycladus orientalis", or "Thuja Orientalis", or "Oriental Arborvitae", or "Chinese Arborvitae", or "Ce Bai", or "Xiang Bai, Huang Bai, Bian Bai, Bian Song, Bian Hui, etc.". Evergreen trees, grow up to 20 meters tall, with a diameter of 1 meter. The bark is thin, grayish-brown, sliver into strips. The branchlets are straight and flat. Leaves are scaly, alternating, 1~3 mm long, apex slightly obtuse, upper and lower sides of branchlets exposed to partially obovate-shaped rhomboid or oblique square, the leaves on both sides folded over the base of upper and lower leaves in a keel shape. There are glandular grooves in the middle of the dorsal lobe.

 Platycladus orientalis L. Franco.  Monoecious; Bulb alone on top of the short branch; Male bulbs are yellow, ovoid, about 2 mm long. Globule fruit mature in the year, ovoid, 1.5~2 cm long, succulent, blue-green, white powder; Ripe wood, open, reddish-brown; Seed scales 4 pairs, flat, back near the apex of the inverted tip, central seed scales 1-2 seeds. Seeds ovoid or obovate, 4~6 mm long, grayish-brown or purplish brown, wingless or ridged, large and prominent umbilicus. Its flowering period is from March to April, the fruit ripens from September to November.

 Platycladus orientalis L. Franco. Herb trait: dry branches and leaves, different length, dense branches. The leaves are small, scaly, lying on flat branches, alternating, greenish-green. Branchlets are flattened, linear, brown. Brittle. Slightly fragrant, slightly bitter, slightly spicy. It is best to have tender, green leaves, and no broken leaves.

 Platycladus orientalis L. Franco. Ecosystem: The Platycladus orientalis (L.) Franco. grows in moist and fertile land, also grows on limestone rocks, moist and fertile slopes. Geographical distribution: This species mainly distributes in most areas of China and is cultivated in most areas of China, except Qinghai and Xinjiang province. It widely distributes from the south of the northeast, passing through north China to the south of Guangdong and northern Guangxi, and west to Gansu, Shaanxi, southwest to Sichuan, Yunnan, and Guizhou. This species was native to the northwest area of China. It is also now naturalized as an introduced species elsewhere in Asia: southward to northern Pakistan; and westward to northern Iran.

 Platycladus orientalis L. Franco. Ecological habit: The plant fond of light, slightly resistant to shade when young, adaptable, not strict to soil requirements, can grow in acid, neutral, lime, and light saline soil. Drought resistance, poor infertility, strong germination capacity, moderate cold resistance. Weak wind resistance.

 Growth characteristics: The Platycladus orientalis (L.) Franco., is a temperate positive species, cultivated and wild. Calcareous soils, which are moist, fertile, and well-drained, are resistant to cold, drought, and salinity, and can grow on flat land or cliffs. In dry, lean mountains, growth is slow and plants are thin. Shallow root, but well-developed lateral root, strong germination, long life, anti-smoke, anti-sulfur dioxide, hydrogen chloride, and other harmful gases, widely distributes, it is one of the most commonly used ornamental trees in China.

 Platycladus orientalis L. Franco. Landscaping: The Platycladus orientalis (L.) Franco., has an indispensable position in landscaping. It can be used for roadway, pavilion garden, both sides of the gate, around the green area, roadside flower beds, inside and outside of walls, all are very beautiful. The seedlings can be used as a hedge, and the isolation zone is dotted with walls. In urban greening it is a common plant, Platycladus orientalis has a strong tolerance for dirty air, planted in downtown streets, roadside, good growth, no harm to the vision, adsorbing spinel, purifying the air, Platycladus orientalis could be planted in the window, near the door, very decorative effect. It is green in summer and winter, does not block the light, and does not obstruct the vision, more vitality especially in the snow. Platycladus orientalis is planted in the grass, flower beds, rocks, forest, which can increase the level of afforestation, rich aesthetic appreciation. Its characteristics of pollution resistance, cold resistance, and drought resistance have been well-developed in the northern greening. Use Platycladus orientalis, as a green seedling, the advantage is a low cost, the transplant survival rate is high, a wide supply of goods.

 Timber value: Wood is light yellow-brown, rich resin, fine texture, oblique line, strong corrosion-resistance, 0.58, solid durability. It is used for building, appliance, furniture, farm tools, and stationery.

 Characters of herbs: Branches varying in length, much-branched, branchlets flat. Leaves are finely scaly, alternate, adherent to branches, dark green or yellowish-green. Brittle and easily broken. Smells fragrant, taste bitter, astringent, slightly pungent. The herb with tender leaves, turquoise, no debris is better.

 Pharmacological actions: The decoction of the herb Cacumen Platycladi can significantly shorten the clotting time, and has an inhibitory effect on staphylococcus aureus, Mlicrococcus catarrhalis, Bacillus dysenteriae, beta streptococcus, and on Mycobacterium tuberculosis, influenza, herpes virus. The water decoction of Cacumen Platycladi, alcohol extract, and flavonoids have antitussive, expectorant, and antiasthmatic effects. The water extraction and alcohol precipitation agent can reduce blood pressure in cats.

 Medicinal efficacy: Cooling blood, hemostasis(stanch bleeding), grow hair and black hair, relieve cough and expectorant, dispelling wind dampness, disperse swelling poison. It is indicated for hememesis(spitting blood), epistaxis(nose bleeding or bleeding from five aperture or subcutaneous tissue), hematemesis, hematuria(blood in urine), hemafecia(pass blood in stool), dysentery with bloody stool, uterine bleeding and unstoppable, hemorrhoidal hamorrhage, bacterial dysentery, rheumatic arthralgia, hypertension, cough, cough with excessive phlegm, erysipelas, mumps, scalds, blood heat and alopecia(hair loss), premature whitening of hair and beard, etc.

 Administration of Cacumen Platycladi(Cè Bǎi Yè): 
 
Reference: Administration Guide of Cacumen Platycladi(Cè Bǎi Yè)
TCM Books: Internally:6~12 grams. Externally:proper amount(CP), Internally:water decoction,2~4 qian(about 6~12 grams), or prepare to pill, powder. Externally:wash with water decoction, mashed and apply stick, or grinded into powder and apply stick(DCTM), Internally:water decoction,6~15 grams, or prepared to pill, powder. Externally:proper amount, wash with water decoction, mashed and apply stick, or grinded into powder and apply stick(CHMM).


 
 
References:
  • 1.Introduction of Ce Bai Ye:Chinese Arborvitae Twig and Leaf or Cacumen Platycladi.
  • 2.TCM Books:DCTM(Dictionary of the Chinese Traditional Medicine),CHMM(Chinese Herbal Materia Medica).

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