Tabanus(Gadfly).

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Herbs Regulating blood conditions,Herbs Activating Blood and Resolving Stasis.

 TCM Herbs Icon10 Introduction: Herbs Activating Blood and Resolving Stasis: also known as blood-activating and stasis-resolving herbs, an agent or substance herbs that promotes blood flow and removes stagnant blood, also known as blood-activating and stasis-dispelling herbs, or blood-activating herbs and stasis-resolving herbs.

 
Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 10 Introduction: The Herbs Regulating blood conditions,Herbs Activating Blood and Resolving Stasis are known including:, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are Totally [30] kinds of common TCM herbs, [53] kinds of related plant species, [5] kinds of related animal species, [6] kinds of related insect species, [1] kind of related mineral, are recorded in this category. These Herbs Regulating blood conditions,Herbs Activating Blood and Resolving Stasis are briefly introduced separately:

 
Tabanus(Gadfly).

 Tabanus Brief Introduction: The Herb Tabanus is the dried female insect of Tabanus bivittatus Matsum(family Tabanidae), used to break stasis and reduce swellings for the treatment of severe cases of blood stasis, such as amenorrhea and gynecological mass. The herb is commonly known as Tabanus, Gadfly, Ménɡ Chónɡ.

 ✵Official herbal classics defined the herb Tabanus(Gadfly) as the dried female insect of the species (1). Tabanus bivittatus Matsumura., (2). Tabanus chrysurus Loew. Other famous herbal classics defined the herb Tabanus(Gadfly) as the dried female insect of the species (3). Tabanus mandarinus Schiner., (4). Atylotus bivittateinus Takahasi. They are small insects of the Tabanus genus, the Tabanidae family of the Diptera order. These 2 commonly used species and other 2 usable species are introduced as:

 Tabanus bivittatus Matsumura. (1).Tabanus bivittatus Matsumura.:  It is commonly known as Fù Dài Méng, or Niú Méng Chóng. Female gadfly body length 13~17 mm, yellow-green. Compound eyes large, hairless, with a narrow black band in the middle. Yellowish or slightly grayish forehead; The top of the head is covered with short hair. Antennae yellow, 3rd segment hypertrophy, base with blunt dorsal processes. The base of the lips and the cheeks are yellowish gray. Mandibular beard 2nd segment pale yellow, covered with white and mixed with short black hairs. Middle chest backplate, side plate, web gray yellow, yellow short hair, and miscellaneous black and yellow gray long hair, wings transparent without spots, yellow balance rod. Feet 3 pairs, middle and posterior feet 1/3 gray at base of the femoral node; The tarsus of the forefoot and the tip of the tibia of the forefoot are black. The tip of the middle and posterior tarsus is dark brown. Belly dark yellow-gray; The first 1~3 or 1~4 ventral segments have large yellow spots on both sides of the backplate, with a dark yellow longitudinal band in the middle, and the width is about 1/4 ~ 1/3 of the width of the abdomen. The abdomen is covered with dense yellow or yellowish-gray short hairs, sometimes interspersed with black short hairs. Ventral grey, yellow on both sides of 1st to 2nd or 1st to 3rd webs. Male gadflies are similar in shape, but smaller, with compound eyes covered with fine gray hairs.

 Tabanus bivittatus Matsumura. Female flies feed on cattle, horses, donkeys, and other livestock blood; The male gadfly does not suck blood, but only the SAP of plants.

 Tabanus bivittatus Matsumura. Ecological Environment:It usually lives in grass and woods. It likes sunshine, activity in day time. It is distributed in most areas of the country. Produced in Guangxi, Sichuan, Jiangsu, Hubei, Shanxi, and other areas.

 Trait identification:The dry insect body is oblong, 1.5~2 cm long, 5~10 mm wide. The head was dark brown and the compound eyes were mostly lost. The chest is dark brown, the back is crustlike and shiny, the wings are longer than the tail; Chest prominent below, dark brown, with 3 pairs of feet, often broken. Abdomen brownish yellow color, have 6 individual segments. Loose and brittle, easily broken. It smells bad and tastes bitter and salty. Large, complete and free of impurities is preferred.

 Tabanus chrysurus Loew. (2).Tabanus chrysurus Loew.: It is commonly known as Lù Méng.

 Tabanus mandarinus Schiner. (3).Tabanus mandarinus Schiner.: It is commonly known as Huá Méng. Slightly larger, about 1~3 cm long, stout, hairy. The head is wide and the eye is large, the piercing mouth apparatus is short, the antennae are only three segments. Larvae live in bogs and are carnivorous. The female sucks human and animal blood. People are easy to be bitten by it.

 Tabanus mandarinus Schiner. Female 16~18 mm long, gray-black. Forehead yellowish gray, basal scapula is nearly ovoid, yellowish-brown. The base of the first segment of the antenna is brownish red, with sharp protrusions, transparent wings, and brown veins. Chest backplate gray, with 5 distinct black gray longitudinal bands. The abdomen is round and obtuse, has an apparent white spot. The male is similar to the female, slightly larger than the female, with only a conical abdomen.

 Atylotus bivittateinus Takahasi. (4).Atylotus bivittateinus Takahasi.:  It is commonly known as Suāng Bān Huáng Méng.

 
 

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