Stigma Croci(Crocus,Saffron).

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Herbs Regulating blood conditions,Herbs Activating Blood and Resolving Stasis.

 TCM Herbs Icon10 Introduction: Herbs Activating Blood and Resolving Stasis: also known as blood-activating and stasis-resolving herbs, an agent or substance herbs that promotes blood flow and removes stagnant blood, also known as blood-activating and stasis-dispelling herbs, or blood-activating herbs and stasis-resolving herbs.

 
Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 10 Introduction: The Herbs Regulating blood conditions,Herbs Activating Blood and Resolving Stasis are known including:, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are Totally [30] kinds of common TCM herbs, [53] kinds of related plant species, [5] kinds of related animal species, [6] kinds of related insect species, [1] kind of related mineral, are recorded in this category. These Herbs Regulating blood conditions,Herbs Activating Blood and Resolving Stasis are briefly introduced separately:

 
Stigma Croci(Crocus,Saffron).

 Stigma Croci Brief Introduction: The Herb Stigma Croci is the dried stigma of Crocus sativus L., (family Iridaceae), used in the same way as Flos Carthami. The herb is commonly known as Stigma Croci, Crocus, Saffron, Xī Hónɡ Huā.

 ✵Common herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Stigma Croci(Crocus, Saffron) as the dried stigma of the species (1). Crocus sativus L. It is a plant of the Crocus genus, the Iridaceae family of the Liliflorae order. This commonly used species is introduced as:

 Crocus sativus L. (1).Crocus sativus L.: It is commonly known as Fān Hónɡ Huā, Xī Hónɡ Huā, Zàng Hónɡ Huā. The Crocus is a perennial herb. Bulb oblate globose, ca. 3 cm in diameter, covered with yellowish-brown membranous envelope. Leaves basal, 9~15, striate, grayish-green, 15~20 cm long, 2~3 mm wide, margin reversed; The base of leaf plexus is covered with 4~5 membranous sheathed leaves.

 The flower stem is very short, does not protrude the ground; 1~2 flowers, pale blue, red-purple or white, fragrant, 2.5~3 cm in diameter; Perianth lobes 6,2 rounds, inner and outer perianth lobes obovate, tip obtuse, 4~5 cm long; Stamens erect, 2.5 cm long, anthers yellow, apex acute, slightly curved; Style orange-red, ca. 4 cm long, upper 3 branched, branches bent and pendulous, stigma slightly flat, apex cuneate, shallower toothed, longer than stamens, ovary narrowly fusiform. Capsule elliptic, ca. 3 cm long.

 Crocus sativus L. Stigma linear, apex broad, caudate tapering downward, apex margin unevenly dentate, lower end with residual yellow branches. It is about 2.5 cm long and 1.5 mm in diameter. Purplish red or dark reddish-brown, slightly lustrous. Body light, soft, dry brittle and easy to break. If the stigma is put into water, it will expand. It can be seen that the orange color drops in a straight line and gradually diffuses, and the water will be dyed yellow. It won't break with a needle in a short time. Odour specific, slightly stimulating, slightly bitter taste. The herb which is long, lubricious purplish red, moist and burnishes, yellow style fewer, flavor spicy and cool is better.

 Crocus sativus L. Ecological Environment:Native to Persia and the Mediterranean, Asia Minor and Iran, it is cultivated in southwest of China. Crocuses are thought to be native to the Mediterranean, Asia Minor and Iran. It was planted in Iran and Kashmir and is believed to have been introduced into China later. And recorded in the Compendium of materia medica (1552-1578). The main cultivation centers of early-stage are Silesia and Asia minor. It was recorded in a 10th century English medical book. It ever disappeared in Western Europe until the crusaders reintroduced it, and for many periods saffron was worth more than its weight in gold and is still the most valuable spice in the world today. The herb is grown mainly in Iran, France, Italy's Apennines mountains and Sicily, and Kashmir. Iran is the biggest Crocus producer in the world today.

 Crocus sativus L. Growing habits: bulbous flowers for autumn, crocus origin of Southern Europe. It prefers cold, moist and semi-shade environment, and is hardy to cold. It is suitable for sandy loam with good drainage and rich humus. pH value is 5.5 to 6.5. Bulb dormancy in summer, fall hair root, bud leaf. In late October, flowers in bloosom by day and close by night.

 Trait identification: Stigma linear, apex broad, caudate tapering downward, apex margin unevenly dentate, lower end with residual yellow branches. It is about 2.5 cm long and 1.5 mm in diameter. Purplish red or dark reddish-brown, slightly lustrous. Body light, soft, dry brittle and easy to break. When the stigma is thrown into the water, it expands. The orange color drops in a straight line and gradually diffuses. The water is dyed yellow. It won't break with a needle in a short time. Smells specific, slightly stimulating, slightly bitter taste. The herb which is long, lubricious purplish red, moist and burnishes, yellow style fewer, flavor spicy and cool is better.

 
 

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