Spina Gleditsiae(Chinese Honeylocust Spine).

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Herbs Regulating blood conditions,Herbs Activating Blood and Resolving Stasis.

 TCM Herbs Icon10 Introduction: Herbs Activating Blood and Resolving Stasis: also known as blood-activating and stasis-resolving herbs, an agent or substance herbs that promotes blood flow and removes stagnant blood, also known as blood-activating and stasis-dispelling herbs, or blood-activating herbs and stasis-resolving herbs.

Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 10 Introduction: The Herbs Regulating blood conditions,Herbs Activating Blood and Resolving Stasis are known including:, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are Totally [30] kinds of common TCM herbs, [53] kinds of related plant species, [5] kinds of related animal species, [6] kinds of related insect species, [1] kind of related mineral, are recorded in this category. These Herbs Regulating blood conditions,Herbs Activating Blood and Resolving Stasis are briefly introduced separately:

Spina Gleditsiae(Chinese Honeylocust Spine).

 Spina Gleditsiae Brief Introduction: The Herb Spina Gleditsiae is the dried spine of Gleditsia sinensis Lam.(family Leguminosae), used (1).to reduce swelling and dispel pus for treating acute suppurative inflammation with the effect of promoting local rupture, and (2).as an antipruritic in the treatment of skin diseases. It is commonly known as Spina Gleditsiae, Chinese Honeylocust Spine, Zào Jiǎo Cì.

 ✵Official herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Spina Gleditsiae(Chinese Honeylocust Spine) as the dried spine of the species (1).Gleditsia sinensis Lam. It is a plant of the Gleditsia Linn genus, the Leguminosae family of the Rosales order. This commonly used species is introduced as:

 Gleditsia sinensis Lam. (1).Gleditsia sinensis Lam.:  It is commonly known as Zào Jiá. Deciduous trees or small trees, up to 30 m high; Branches gray to dark brown; Spines stout, cylindrical, often branched, mostly conical, up to 16 cm long, leaves as primary compound leaves, 10~18(~26) cm long; Leaflets (2~)3-9 pairs, papery, ovate-lanceolate to oblong, 2~8.5 (~12.5) cm long, 1~4(~6) cm wide, apex acute or acuminate, apex obtuse, base rounded or cuneate, sometimes slightly oblique, margin serrate, upper pubescent, lower midvein slightly pubescent; Netted veins prominent, convex on both sides; Petiole 1~2(5) mm long, pubescent.

 Gleditsia sinensis Lam. Flowers miscellaneous, yellow and white, composed of racemes; Inflorescences axillary or terminal, 5~14 cm long, pubescent; Male flowers: 9~10 mm in diameter; Pedicels 2~8(~10) mm; Receptacle 2.5~3 mm long, dark brown, outside pilose; 4 sepals, triangular-lanceolate, 3 mm long, pilose on both surfaces; 4 petals, oblong, 4-5 mm long, puberulent; 8 stamens; Vestigial pistil 2.5 mm long; Bisexual flowers: 10~12 mm in diameter; Pedicels 2-5 mm long; Calyx, petals similar to male flowers, except sepals 4~5 mm, petals 5~6 mm; 8 stamens; Ovary sutures and base hairy (occasionally a few Hubei specimen ovary all hairy), stigma shallowly 2-lobed; Ovules are numerous.

 Pod banded, 12~37 cm long, 2~4 cm wide, strong straight or twisted, pulp slightly thick, dropsy on both sides, or some pods are short, more or less cylindrical, 5~13 cm long, 1~1.5 cm wide, curved crescent shape, usually called pig tooth soap, no seeds inside; Fruit neck length 1~3.5 cm; Fruit petals leathery, brown or reddish-brown, often white pinkish frost; Seeds many, oblong or elliptic, 11~13 mm long, 8~9 mm wide, brown, shiny. Its flowering period is from March to May, fruiting period is from May to December.

 Gleditsia sinensis Lam. Ecological Environment:It is photo phobia, prefers slightly shade, grows in the hillside forest or valley, roadside, elevation from flat to 2,500 meters. Often grows in courtyards or beside houses. It grows normally in slightly acidic, calcareous, lightly saline or alkaline soils or even clay or sandy soils. It is a deep-rooted plant with strong drought tolerance and its life span up to 600 or 700 years. This plant is distributed in most areas of China.

 Trait identification:Intact spines composed of main spines and 1~2 secondary branches; Oblate columnar, 5~18 cm long, base 8~12 mm thick, terminal acute; The branches are spirally arranged, at an Angle of 60~80 ° to the main spines, extending around, generally about 1~7 cm long. There are often smaller spines on subbranches, and the medial part of the base of the spines is often a small caruncle. All purplish brown, smooth or finely wrinkled. It is light, hard and not easily broken. The products are usually cut into oblique thin slices, usually in the form of long lanceolate, 2~6 cm long, 3~7 mm wide and 1~3 mm thick. Often with a thin end of the spine, cut xylem yellow and white, the center of the pulp soft, was reddish. Brittle, easily broken, odorless, tasteless. The herb with thin slice, pure, seedless stem, color brown-purple, slice core part brown-red, generous is better.


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