Semen Persicae(Peach Seed).

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Herbs Regulating blood conditions,Herbs Activating Blood and Resolving Stasis.

 TCM Herbs Icon10 Introduction: Herbs Activating Blood and Resolving Stasis: also known as blood-activating and stasis-resolving herbs, an agent or substance herbs that promotes blood flow and removes stagnant blood, also known as blood-activating and stasis-dispelling herbs, or blood-activating herbs and stasis-resolving herbs.

Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 10 Introduction: The Herbs Regulating blood conditions,Herbs Activating Blood and Resolving Stasis are known including:, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are Totally [30] kinds of common TCM herbs, [53] kinds of related plant species, [5] kinds of related animal species, [6] kinds of related insect species, [1] kind of related mineral, are recorded in this category. These Herbs Regulating blood conditions,Herbs Activating Blood and Resolving Stasis are briefly introduced separately:

Semen Persicae(Peach Seed).

 Semen Persicae Brief Introduction: The Herb Semen Persicae is the dried ripe seed of Prunus persica (L.) Batsch or Prunus davidiana(Carr.) Franch.(family Rosaceae), used (1).to promote blood flow and remove stasis for the treatment of amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, abdominal masses, and traumatic injuries, and (2).as an aperient for constipation in the aged and debilitated. The herb is commonly known as Semen Persicae, Peach Seed, Táo Rén.

 ✵Common herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Semen Persicae(Peach Seed, Tao Ren) as the seed of the Rosaceae(rose family) family plant species (1). Prunus persica(L.) Batsch., or (2). Prunus davidiana(Carr.) Franch. They are plants of the Amygdalus L. genus, the Rosaceae family of the Rosales order. These 2 commonly used species are introduced as:

 Prunus persicaL. Batsch. (1).Prunus persica(L.) Batsch.: The Prunus persica(L.) Batsch., is a plant of the Rosaceae(rose family) family and Prunus genus, it is commonly known as "Amygdalus persica L.", "Peach", or "Táo", peach is a kind of tree, 3~8 meters high; the canopy is broad and flat; the bark is dark reddish-brown, old and rough scale-like; branchlets are slender, glabrous, shiny, green, and turn into red at sunny places, with plenty of Small lenticels; winter buds conical, blunt at top, pubescent outside, often 2-3-fascicled, middle leaves buds, flower buds on both sides.

 Prunus persicaL. Batsch. Leaf blade oblong-lanceolate, elliptic-lanceolate or obovate-lanceolate, 7~15 cm long, 2~3.5 cm wide, apex acuminate, base broadly cuneate, glabrous above, with few short below in veins Hairy or glabrous, margin serrate or coarsely serrate, tooth glands glandular or absent; petiole stout, 1~2 cm long, often with 1 to several glands, sometimes glandular.

 Flowers solitary, open before leaves open, 2.5~3.5 cm in diam.; pedicels very short or few sessile; calyx tube-shaped, pubescent, rarely glabrous, green with red spots; bracts ovate to oblong-shaped, apically rounded, outer pubescent; petals oblong to elliptic to broadly obovate, pink, rarely white; stamens ca. 20~30, anthers blushing; style several and stamens as long or slightly shorter; ovary being pubescent.

 Prunus persicaL. Batsch. The shape and size of the fruit are mutated, oval, broadly elliptical or oblate, with a diameter of (3) 5~7 (12) centimeters. The length is equal to the width and width. The color changes from light greenish-white to orange-yellow, often in sunny The mask is red-tinged, densely pubescent outside, thinly glabrous, with clear abdominal joints, short stems, and deep fruiting pods; flesh white, light greenish-white, yellow, orange or red, juicy, sweet, sweet and sour; Nucleus large, nuclear or sticky, oval or near-circular, flat on both sides, tip acuminate, surface with vertical and horizontal grooves and holes; kind of bitter, thin and sweet. Its flowering period is from March to April, the fruit ripening period varies from variety to variety, usually from August to September.

 Prunus persicaL. Batsch. Ecological Environment: The Prunus persica(L.) Batsch., grows on the slopes, valley bottoms or wild woodland and shrubs at elevations of 800~1,200 meters. Geographical distribution: This species was native to China, native to the region of Northwest China between the Tarim Basin and the north slopes of the Kunlun Mountains, where it was first domesticated and cultivated widely in various provinces and regions. It is now planted all over the world. After the second century BC, the peach trees cultivated by the Chinese people spread along the Silk Road from Gansu and Xinjiang to the west through Central Asia to Persia. From there, they were introduced to countries along the coasts of the Mediterranean, and they gradually passed in France, Germany, Spain and Portugal. However, until the 9th century AD, the number of peach trees planted in Europe gradually increased. After the fifteenth century AD, China's peach tree was introduced into the England.

 Trait identification: Seeds oblate, apex pointed, middle slightly enlarged, base obtuse and oblique, margin thinner. It is 1.2~1.8 cm long, 0.8~1.2 cm wide and 2~4 mm thick. Surface reddish-brown or yellow-brown, with small granular processes. One side of the tip has an angle-shaped species umbilicus, with a confluent point at the base, from which most brown vascular bundle veins are scattered, forming a longitudinal concave pattern full of seed coat, seed coat is thin. Cotyledons are plump and oily. Slight smell, slight bitter taste. The herb which is full in shape, seed kernel color white, complete is better.

 Prunus davidiana Carr.Franch. (2).Prunus davidiana(Carr.)Franch.: The Prunus davidiana(Carr.)Franch., is a plant of the Rosaceae(rose family) family and Prunus genus, it is commonly known as "Shān Táo(literally means Mountain Peach), "Amygdalus davidiana (Carr.) Vos ex Henry", "Persica davidiana, Prunus persica var. davidiana", "Chinese wild peach" or "Shan Tao", Trees, up to 10 meters in height; canopy development, bark dark purple, smooth; branchlets slender, erect, glabrous when young, brown when old. Leaf-blade ovate-lanceolate, 5~13 cm long, 1.5~4 cm wide, apex acuminate, base cuneate, both surfaces glabrous, margin serrulate; petiole 1~-2 cm long, glabrous, often glandular body.

 Prunus davidiana Carr.Franch. Flowers solitary, open before leaves open, 2~3 cm in diameter; pedicels very short or sessile; calyx glabrous; calyx tube-shaped; bracts ovate to ovate-oblong, purple, apex rounded; petals obovate or subrounded, 10~15 mm long, 8~12 mm wide, pink, apex obtuse, slightly concave; numerous stamens, several as long as or slightly shorter than petals; ovary pilose, style longer than stamens or nearly equal length.

 Prunus davidiana Carr.Franch. Fruit nearly spherical, 2.5~3.5 cm in diam., pale yellow, densely pubescent outside, short pedicels and deep fruit; fruit flesh thin and dry, inedible, not dehiscent when mature; nucleus spherical or subglobose, bilateral Not flattened, top rounded, base truncated, surface with vertical and horizontal grooves and holes, separated from the pulp. Its flowering period is from March to April, fruiting from July to August.

 Ecological Environment: The Prunus davidiana(Carr.)Franch., is a common tree species in temperate and frigid zones. Geographical distribution: This species mainly distributed in China provinces Gansu, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Shanxi. Also cultivated in Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Sichuan, and Northeast China; and high-altitude regions in Yunnan and Guizhou also have growth. The vertical distribution is usually 500~1,450 meters above sea level and up to 2,100 meters in Gansu Province. It is commonly found in sunny hillside shrubs. In recent years, it has been widely used in the conversion of farmland to forests, afforestation of barren hills, and landscaping.

 Prunus davidiana Carr.Franch. The Prunus davidiana(Carr.) Franch., is a tree species that is resistant to cold, salt and alkali, drought and taboos. Suitable for planting in well-lit, well-ventilated and well-drained areas, where soils are neutral to slightly alkaline, a sandy loam is most suitable. Viscous fluids are prone to develop on sticky soils.

 Prefers light, cold-resistant, adaptable to the soil, resistant to drought, thin, fear of embarrassment. The Prunus davidiana(Carr.) Franch., is wild in various mountainous regions and semi-mountainous areas, adapting to the natural environment and generally capable of growing. Not strict on soil requirements.

 Trait identification:Seeds ovoid, base oblique, smaller and thickened. It is 0.9~1.5 cm long, 7 mm wide and 5 mm thick. The seed skin is reddish-brown or yellow-brown, the surface grain is coarser and dense and full. The herb which is full in shape, seed kernel color white, complete is better.


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