Pollen Typhae(Cat-tail Pollen).

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Herbs Regulating blood conditions,Herbs Activating Blood and Resolving Stasis.

 TCM Herbs Icon10 Introduction: Herbs Activating Blood and Resolving Stasis: also known as blood-activating and stasis-resolving herbs, an agent or substance herbs that promotes blood flow and removes stagnant blood, also known as blood-activating and stasis-dispelling herbs, or blood-activating herbs and stasis-resolving herbs.

Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 10 Introduction: The Herbs Regulating blood conditions,Herbs Activating Blood and Resolving Stasis are known including:, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are Totally [30] kinds of common TCM herbs, [53] kinds of related plant species, [5] kinds of related animal species, [6] kinds of related insect species, [1] kind of related mineral, are recorded in this category. These Herbs Regulating blood conditions,Herbs Activating Blood and Resolving Stasis are briefly introduced separately:

Pollen Typhae(Cat-tail Pollen).

 Pollen Typhae Brief Introduction: The Herb Pollen Typhae is the dried pollen of Typha angustifolia L., Typha orientalis Presl., or related species(family Typhaceae), used to promote the circulation of the blood and relieve pain by eliminating blood stasis for the treatment of dysmenorrhea, postpartum abdominal pain, and gastralgia. The herb is commonly known as Pollen Typhae, Cat-tail Pollen, Pú Huánɡ.

 ✵Official herbal classics defined the herb Pollen Typhae(Cat-tail Pollen) as the dried pollen of the species (1). Typha angustifolia L., (2). Typha orientalis Presl. Other famous herbal classics defined the herb Pollen Typhae(Cat-tail Pollen) as the dried pollen of the species (1). Typha angustifolia L., (2). Typha orientalis Presl., (3). Typha latifolia L., (4). Typha angustata Bory et Chaub. They are plants of the Typha Linn. genus, the Typhaceae family of the Typhales order. These 2 commonly used species and other 2 usable species are introduced as:

 Typha angustifolia L. (1).Typha angustifolia L.:  It is commonly known as Shuǐ Zhú Xiāng Pú, or Xiá Yè Xiāng Pú(literally means narrow-leaf typha). Perennial herbs, 1.5~3 meters high. Root prostrate, fibrous roots. Leaves narrowly linear, 5~8 mm wide, up to 10 mm sparse. Flowers small, unisexual, monoecious; Spikes long cylindrical, brown; Inflorescence free, male inflorescence upper, 20~30 cm long, female inflorescence lower, 9~28 cm long, leaflike bracts, caducous; Male flowers with 2~3 blue male, basal hair longer than anthers, filling end single or 2~3 minute, pollen grains single; Female flowers bracteate, spatulate, shorter than stigma, tomentose, ca. As long as bracteoles, stigma linear or linear round. Spikelets 10~15 mm in diameter, nutty, ungrooved, not cracked, separated under outer pericarp. Its flowering period is from June to July, fruiting from July to August.

 Typha angustifolia L. Ecological Environment: It grows in shallow water. It is distributed in north, northwest, east China and Guangxi, Hubei, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, and other areas.

 Trait identification: Yellow powder, easy quality, easy to fly, hand twist of lubrication, not sink into the water. No smell, light taste. The herb which color fresh yellow, lubrication strong, pure is better.

 Typha orientalis Presl (2).Typha orientalis Presl.:  It is commonly known as Dōng Fāng Xiāng Pú. Different from Typha angustifolia: leaf stripe, 5~10 mm wide, base sheath-like clasped the stem. Deciduous inflorescence terete, male inflorescence and female inflorescence connected to each other; Male inflorescence upper, 3~5 cm long, 2~4 male inflorescences, pollen grains single; Female inflorescence lower, 6~15 cm long, female flowers apexiculate, with many basal long white hairs, hairs nearly as long as stigma, stigma spatulate, sterile pistil clavate. The nut has a groove.

 Typha orientalis Presl Ecological Environment:It grows by dry water or in a swamp. It distributed in north and east China, northwest of China, Guangdong, Guizhou, and Yunnan.

 Typha latifolia (3).Typha latifolia L.:  It is commonly known as Kuān Yè Xiāng Pú(literally means broad-leaf typha). Different from Typha angustifolia with split leaves: the leaves are linear, about 1 meter long, 10~15 mm wide, bright and long, basally sheath-like, with stems. Inflorescences cylindric, male inflorescence in thousands of 8~15 cm, female inflorescence ca. 10 cm long, ca. 2 cm in diameter, with 2~3 leaf like bracts, caducous. Male flowers with 3~4 stamens, pollen grains for 4 synthetics; Female flower bases both without bracteoles, with many basal cattle long white hairs. Ear thick, small nuts, often dry water jins crack, peel separation.

 Typha latifolia Ecological Environment: It grows on the Banks of rivers, in ponds and marshes, and shallow water in desert areas. Distributed in north and southwest China, Shaanxi, Xinjiang, Henan and other places.

 Typha angustata Bory et Chaub. (4).Typha angustata Bory et Chaub.:  It is commonly known as Cháng Bāo Xiāng Pú. Distinguished from the above: leaves striate, 6~15 mm wide, basally sheathed, clasped. Inflorescence terete, stout, male and female inflorescence up to 50 cm long, female inflorescence and male inflorescence separated; Male inflorescence ascending, 20~30 cm long, male flowers with stamens 3, hairs longer than anthers, pollen alone. Female inflorescence lower, shorter than male inflorescence, female inflorescence bracteoles nearly as long as stigma, stigma striate oblong, bracteoles, and stigma longer than hairs. Nuts have no groove.

 Typha angustata Bory et Chaub. Ecological Environment:It grows in a pond, near water. It is distributed in the north and east China, Gansu, Xinjiang, Sichuan, and other areas of northwest China.

Pollen Typhae Carbonisatum(Carbonized Cat-tail Pollen).

 Pollen Typhae Carbonisatum Brief Introduction: The Herb Pollen Typhae Carbonisatum is used as a stasis-removing hemostatic.

 ✵The Herb Pollen Typhae Carbonisatum is the carbonized residue of the Pollen Typhae by traditional preparation. The botanical origin of it is the same as the herb Pollen Typhae, it was introduced in the last entry "Pollen Typhae(Cat-tail Pollen)".


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