Herba Lycopi(Bugleweed Herb).

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Herbs Regulating blood conditions,Herbs Activating Blood and Resolving Stasis.

 TCM Herbs Icon10 Introduction: Herbs Activating Blood and Resolving Stasis: also known as blood-activating and stasis-resolving herbs, an agent or substance herbs that promotes blood flow and removes stagnant blood, also known as blood-activating and stasis-dispelling herbs, or blood-activating herbs and stasis-resolving herbs.

 
Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 10 Introduction: The Herbs Regulating blood conditions,Herbs Activating Blood and Resolving Stasis are known including:, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are Totally [30] kinds of common TCM herbs, [53] kinds of related plant species, [5] kinds of related animal species, [6] kinds of related insect species, [1] kind of related mineral, are recorded in this category. These Herbs Regulating blood conditions,Herbs Activating Blood and Resolving Stasis are briefly introduced separately:

 
Herba Lycopi(Bugleweed Herb).

 Herba Lycopi Brief Introduction: The Herb Herba Lycopi is the dried aerial part of Lycopus lucidus Turcz.var.hirtus Regel(family Labiatae), used (1).to activate the blood, remove stasis and regulate menstruation for the treatment of irregular menstruation and postpartum abdominal pain, (2).to reduce swelling for treating traumatic injuries, boils and sores, and (3).to induce diuresis for treating edema and ascites. The herb is commonly known as Herba Lycopi, Bugleweed Herb, Hiraute Shiny Bugleweek Herb, Herb of Hirsute Shiny Bugleweed, Zé Lán

 ✵The official herbal classics defined the herb Herba Lycopi(Bugleweed Herb) as the dried aerial part of the species (1). Lycopus lucidus Turcz. var.hirtus Regel. Other famous herbal classics defined the herb Herba Lycopi(Bugleweed Herb) as the dried aerial part of the species (1). Lycopus lucidus Turcz. Var. hirtus Regel, or (2). Lycopus lucidus Turcz. They are plants of the Lycopus Linn. genus, the Labiatae family of the Tubiflorae order. This 1 officially defined species and another usable species are introduced as:

 Lycopus lucidus Turcz. (2).Lycopus lucidus Turcz.:  It is commonly known as Dì Guā ér Miáo(literally means sweet potato seedling), or Dì Sǔn(literally means soil bamboo). Perennial herbs, 0.6~1.7 meters high; Rhizome transverse, with nodes, dense fibrous roots on nodes, apex hypertrophy cylindrical, at this time on the nodes with scaly leaves and a few fibrous roots, or side with hypertrophic scaly leaves underground branches. Stems erect, usually unbranched, prismatic, grooved, green, often somewhat purplish at nodes, glabrous, or sparsely small hirsute at nodes.

 Leaves at very short or nearly sessile, oblong-elliptic, lanceolate, many arcs curved, usually 4~8 cm long, 1.2~2.5 cm wide, apex abruptly acuminate, base gradually narrow, thick edge with sharp, pointed teeth shape blade, on both sides or mask luster, bright green, both surfaces glabrous, glandular dots, mask sag under lateral veins 6 or 7 pairs, with midrib prominent under the above, was not significant. Inflorescence sessile, globose in outline, flower diameter is 1.2~1.5 cm, many flowers dense, with bracteoles below; Bracteoles ovoid to lanceolate, apex prickly, above calyx on the outer side, 5 mm long, 3-veined, on the inner side, 2~3 mm long, shorter than or equal to calyx, 1-veined, margin all with small cilia.

 Lycopus lucidus Turcz. Calyx campanulate, 3 mm long, both surfaces glabrous, outside glandular, 5 calyx teeth, lanceolate triangular, 2 mm long, spinose, margin with small ciliate hairs. Corolla white, 5 mm long, outside with glandular points on the cornice, inside with white pubescent in the larynx, coronal tube ca. 3 mm long, coronal cornice not distinctly bilabiate, upper lip nearly rounded, lower lip 3-lobed, middle lobe larger. Stamens fertile only anteriorly, beyond the corolla, apex slightly recurved, filaments filamentous, glabrous, anthers ovoid, 2-locule, Chambers slightly diversely, posterior to stamens deformable, filamentous, apex clavate. The style extended corolla, apex equally 2-lobed, lobes linear. Disk flat top.

 Nutlets obovate-quadrilateral, base slightly narrow, 1.6 mm long, 1.2 mm wide, brown, margin thickened, abaxially flat, ventral ribbed, glandular. Its flowering period is from June to September, fruiting from August to November.

 Lycopus lucidus Turcz. Ecological Environment: It grows at areas below the altitude of 2,100 meters, at the marsh, mountain and low-lying land, water edge and other wet places. Prefer warm and humid climate. It grows well in the hot and rainy season of June and July. Cold-resistant, not afraid of waterlogging, fond of fertilizer, grow luxuriant in fertile soil areas, to choose the Yang, deep soil, rich in humus loam or sandy loam cultivation is appropriate; It is not suitable for cultivation in dry, barren and without irrigation. It distributed in Anhui, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Hubei, Jiangxi, Jiangsu, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Taiwan, Yunnan, Sichuan.

 Trait identification: The stem is square, with shallow longitudinal furrows on all sides, 50~100 cm long, 2~5 mm in diameter, yellow-green or slightly purple on the surface, nodes are obvious, internode length is 2~11 cm. Brittle, easily broken, hollow pulp. Leaves opposite, wrinkled, lanceolate or oblong, margin serrate, upper surface black-green, lower surface gray-green, brown glandular. Flower clusters in leaf axils into a wheel, corolla more exfoliated, bracts and calyx persistent. Slight smell, mild taste. The herb which is tender, many leaves, the color green is better.

 Lycopus lucidus Turcz. Var. hirtus Regel. (1).Lycopus lucidus Turcz. Var. hirtus Regel.:  It is commonly known as Máo Yè Dì Guā ér Miáo(literally means hairy-leaf sweet potato seedling), or Máo Yè Dì Sǔn(literally means hairy-leaf soil bamboo). It is a varietas of the Lycopus lucidus Turcz. Herbs perennial, 40~100 cm tall. Underground rhizome transverse, slightly thickened, white. Stem erect, square, with four edges and corners, hollow, surface green, purplish-red or purplish green, smooth and glabrous, with only tufts of hair at nodes, leaves alternating opposite; Lanceolate, narrowly lanceolate to broadly lanceolate, 4.5~11 cm long, 8~35 mm wide, apex long acute, base cuneate, margin coarsely serrate, sometimes serrate between teeth; Subleathery, slightly glossy above, glabrous, densely glandular below, glabrous or sparsely white pilose on veins; Petiole short or nearly sessile. Inflorescences axillary, flowers small, many; Bracts lanceolate, margin hairy; Calyx campanulate, ca. 4 mm long, apex 5-lobed, lobes narrowly lanceolate, apex long acute; Corolla white, bell-shaped, slightly exposed to calyx, 4.5~5 mm long, glandular outside, upper lip erect, lower lip 3-lobed, lobes nearly equal; Ability to rear 2 stamens; Ovary rectangular, 4-lobed, inserted on disk, style apex 2-lobed, protruding. Nuts flat, ca. 1 mm long, dark brown. Its flowering period is from July to September, fruiting period is from September to October.

 Lycopus lucidus Turcz. Var. hirtus Regel. Ecological Environment: It grows in swamps, water and other wet places. Distributed in Anhui, Hubei, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Sichuan, Shanxi and other areas.

 Lycopus lucidus Turcz. Var. hirtus Regel. Trait identification: The stem nodes and leaves are densely covered with stiff hairs, other features are similar to the Lycopus lucidus Turcz.

 
 

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