Fructus Polygoni Orientalis(Prince's-feather Fruit).

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:herbs regulating blood conditions,herbs activating blood and resolving stasis.

 TCM Herbs Icon10 Introduction: Herbs activating blood and resolving stasis: also known as blood-activating and stasis-resolving herbs, an agent or substance herbs that promotes blood flow and removes stagnant blood, also known as blood-activating and stasis-dispelling herbs, or blood-activating herbs and stasis-resolving herbs.

Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 10 Introduction: The herbs regulating blood conditions,herbs activating blood and resolving stasis are known including:, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are totally [30] kinds of common TCM herbs, [53] kinds of related plant species, [5] kinds of related animal species, [6] kinds of related insect species, [1] kind of related mineral, are recorded in this category. These herbs regulating blood conditions, herbs activating blood and resolving stasis are briefly introduced separately:

Fructus Polygoni Orientalis(Prince's-feather Fruit).

 Fructus Polygoni Orientalis Brief Introduction: The herb Fructus Polygoni Orientalis is the dried ripe fruit of Polygonum orientalis L.(family Polygonaceae), used to eliminate blood stasis in the treatment of abdominal pain, and relieve epigastric pain due to food stagnation. The herb is commonly known as Fructus Polygoni Orientalis, Prince's-feather Fruit, Shuǐ Hónɡ Huā Zǐ.

 ✵Official herbal classics defined the herb Fructus Polygoni Orientalis(Prince's-feather Fruit) as the dried ripe fruit of the species (1). Polygonum orientale L. Other famous herbal classics defined the herb Fructus Polygoni Orientalis(Prince's-feather Fruit) as the fruit of the species (1). Polygonum orientale L., (2). Polygonum lapathifolium L. They are plants of the Polygonum L. Genus, the Polygonaceae family of the Polygonales order. These 2 commonly used species are introduced as:

 Polygonum orientale L. (1).Polygonum orientale L.: The plant is commonly known as Hóng Liǎo. Annual herb. Stem is erect, stout, 1~2 meters high, upper part is much-branched, densely spreading villous.

 Leaves are broadly ovate, broadly elliptic or ovate-lanceolate, 10~20 cm long, 5~12 cm wide, apex acuminate, base is rounded or subcordate, margin entire, margin densely pubescent, both surfaces are densely pubescent, veins densely growing pubescent; Petiole 2~10 cm long, with spreading villous; Stipules are tubular, membranous, 1~2 cm long, villous, with long ciliate hairs, usually with grassy, green wings along apex.

 Polygonum orientale L. Racemes are spicate, terminal or axillary, 3~7 cm long, flowers are compact, slightly pendulous, usually several again paniculate; Bracts are broadly funnelform, 3~5 mm long, grassy, green, pubescent, margin with long margin, 3~5 flowers per bract; Pedicels are longer than bracts; Perianth is 5-lobed, pink or white; Tepals are elliptic, 3~4 mm long; 7 stamens, longer than perianth; Disc conspicuous; 2 styles, lower middle connate, longer than perianth, stigma capitate.

 Achene subcircular, biconcave, 3~3.5 mm in diameter, dark brown, glossy, enveloped in persistent perianth. Its flowering period is from June to September, fruiting from August to October.

 Polygonum orientale L. Ecological Environment: the plant is widely distributed throughout China, also distributed in the Southeast Asia, Europe, and Oceania. Wild or cultivated. It grows in channel edge, wetland, village side roadside, at altitude of elevation 30~2,700 meters. It prefers warm and humid environment, the requirements of adequate light. Its adaptability is very strong, not strict to soil requirement, adapt to the soil of all sorts of types, like fertile, moist, loose soil, but also can bear barren. It is both water-loving and drought-tolerant. It is often growing in valleys, roadsides, dikes of fields, grasslands, and wetlands on both sides of rivers. The plant has strong vitality, almost no diseases, and insect pests.

 Polygonum orientale L. Trait identification: This herb is achene oblate, 3~4 mm in diameter, ca. 1 mm in thickness. The surface is brown-black, brown-yellow or reddish-brown, smooth, glossy, slightly concave on both sides, slightly longitudinal uplift in the middle, the apex of the protuberant plinth, the base has yellow dot shape fruit stalk mark, some remain gray-white membranous perianth. Qualitative hard. Removing the pericarp, an oblate seed is seen, the outer crust covered with a light brown membranous seed coat, apex with a light brown protruding micropyle, base with a round navel, endosperm white, silty, embryo small, curved, located around the endosperm. Slight smell, slight flavor. The herb in big size, full, brown and black is better.

 Polygonum lapathifolium L. (2).Polygonum lapathifolium L.:  The plant is commonly known as Suān Mú Yè Liǎo. Annual herb, 40~90 cm tall. Stem is erect, branched, glabrous, nodes swollen.

 Leaves lanceolate or broadly lanceolate, 5~15 cm long, 1~3 cm wide, apex acuminate or acute, base cuneate, upper green, often with a large black-brown crescent-shaped spot, both surfaces are shortly stiffly oppressed along mid vein, entire, margin coarsely ciliate; Petiole short, shortly stiffly oppressed; Leaf-sheath tubular, 1.5~3 cm long, membranous, pale brown, glabrous, with many veins, apex truncate, without hairs, rarely with short hairs.

 Polygonum lapathifolium L. Racemes are spicate, terminal or axillary, suberect, flowers are compact, usually several paniculate, peduncle glandular; Bracts are funnel form, margin is sparsely shortly hairy; Perianth pink or white, 4~5 deeply lobed, perianth slice elliptic, outer two sides larger, veins strong, top fork cent, outer curve; It usually has 6 stamens.

 Achene broadly ovate, double concave, 2~3 mm long, dark brown, glossy, enveloped in persistent perianth. Its flowering period is from June to August, fruiting from July to September.

 Polygonum lapathifolium L. Ecological Environment: the plant is widely distributed in the areas of north and south China, it is also distributed in Europe, other areas of East Asia, Pakistan, health field edge, roadside, water edge, wasteland or ditch edge wetland, at areas with altitude of elevation 30~3,900 meters. Polygonum lapathifolium is a common weed in dry and paddy fields and their surrounding areas. Suitable temperature for germination is 15~20℃, seedling depth of 5 cm. At north area, seedlings began to emerge in late April, flowers in late June and seeds began to mature in mid-July. Seedlings appeared in early March in the east, flowering and fruiting in May. In Guangdong, seedlings emerge in December, flowering and fruiting in February. In the Yangtze river basin and the south area, the herb is seedling from September to the second spring, its fruiting period is from April to May, mature before the crop fruit harvest date. Strong adaptability.


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