Flos Carthami(Safflower).

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Herbs Regulating blood conditions,Herbs Activating Blood and Resolving Stasis.

 TCM Herbs Icon10 Introduction: Herbs Activating Blood and Resolving Stasis: also known as blood-activating and stasis-resolving herbs, an agent or substance herbs that promotes blood flow and removes stagnant blood, also known as blood-activating and stasis-dispelling herbs, or blood-activating herbs and stasis-resolving herbs.

Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 10 Introduction: The Herbs Regulating blood conditions,Herbs Activating Blood and Resolving Stasis are known including:, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are Totally [30] kinds of common TCM herbs, [53] kinds of related plant species, [5] kinds of related animal species, [6] kinds of related insect species, [1] kind of related mineral, are recorded in this category. These Herbs Regulating blood conditions,Herbs Activating Blood and Resolving Stasis are briefly introduced separately:

Flos Carthami(Safflower).

 Flos Carthami Brief Introduction: The Herb Flos Carthami is the dried flower of Carthamus tinctorius L.(family Compositae), used to activate blood flow, eliminate stasis and alleviate pain for the treatment of amenorrhea, chest pain, abdominal mass, and traumatic injuries. The herb is commonly known as Flos Carthami, Safflower, Hóng Huā, or Cǎo Hóng Huā.

 ✵Common herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Flos Carthami(Safflower) as the dried flower of the plant species (1). Carthamus tinctorius L. It is a plant of the Carthamus genus, the Asteraceae family of the Campanulales order. This commonly used species is introduced as:

 Carthamus tinctorius L. (1).Carthamus tinctorius L.: It is commonly known as Hóng Huā, is a member of the family Compositae or Asteraceae, which is a thistle-like plant with a strong central branch stem, a varying number of branches, and a tap-root system. Each branch will usually have from one to five flower heads containing 15~20 seeds per head. The seed oil content ranges is from 30~45 percent. Flower color is usually yellow or orange, although some varieties have red or white flowers. Plant height in North Dakota varies between 15 ~30 inches (38.1~76.2 cm) depending on environmental conditions.

 Carthamus tinctorius L. The taproot of safflower can penetrate to depths of 8 to 10 feet (2.4~3.05 meters) if subsoil temperature and moisture permit. As a result, safflower is more tolerant of drought than small grains.

 Carthamus tinctorius L. Carthamus tinctorius L., is an annual herb, high 50~100 cm. Stem erect, upper branches, white or pale white, smooth glabrous. Leaves alternate; sessile; middle and lower stem leaves lanceolate, ovate-lanceolate or elliptic, 7~15 cm long, 2.5~6 cm wide, margin with a large serrated, serrate, serrate or entire, thin Pinnately fissured, addendum acupuncture, thorn 1~1.5 mm, upward leaves gradually smaller, lanceolate, margin serrated, tooth top acupuncture longer, up to 3 mm; all leaf hard, leathery, Glabrous on both sides, glandular, shiny. The majority of the head inflorescences, arranged in the corymbs at the top of stems, surrounded by husk; bracts oval or ovate-lanceolate, with apex acupuncture 2.5~3 cm long, with or without acupuncture edge; involucre Shaped, diameter 2.5 cm; total bracts 4 layers, the outer harp-shaped, the middle or lower part of the harrier, harvested above the leaf green leaves above the edge of acupuncture without acupuncture or grate, Middle dural membranous, oblanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, ca. 2.2 cm, apex acuminate; bracts glabrous, glandular-free; florets red, reddish-orange, all bisexual, corolla Long 2.8 cm, thin tube minister 2 cm, corolla lobes several eaves Department base. Achenes obovate, 5.5 mm long, 5 mm wide, milky white, with 4 edges, no crown. Its flowering period is from May to August.

 Carthamus tinctorius L. The safflower plant grows from 0.3~1.2 m high. It is in leaf from May to October, in flower from August to October, and the seeds ripen from September to October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by insects. The plant can grow in nutritionally poor soil and requires dry or moist soil. It cannot grow in the shade but can tolerate drought.

 Carthamus tinctorius L. Safflower has flowers that may be red, orange, yellow, or white. The dried flowers may be used to obtain carthamin, a red textile dye that was commercially important at one time but has since been replaced by synthetic aniline dyes, except in local areas of southwestern Asia. Safflower has been used as an adulterant of the condiment saffron.

 Oil obtained from the seed is the chief modern use of the plant. Safflower oil does not yellow with age, making it useful in preparing varnish and paint. Most of the oil, however, is consumed in the form of soft kinds of margarine, salad oil, and cooking oil. It is highly valued for dietary reasons because of its high proportion of polyunsaturated fats. The meal, or cake residue, is used as a protein supplement for livestock. Safflower, grown chiefly in west of China, has been introduced as an oil crop into the United States, Australia, Israel, Turkey, and Canada.

 Flos Carthami:Safflower Safflower is cultivated in China as a blood herb. It is grown in most areas of China and mainly grows and spread in China's northeast, north, northwest provinces, also widely cultivated. Harvested when the flower turns from yellow into the red in summer, the flower is dried in the air or sun for use when raw.

 Traditionally, the crop was grown for its flowers, used for coloring and flavoring foods and making dyes, especially before cheaper aniline dyes became available, and in medicines.

 Trait identification: Tube flowers dry, ca. 1.5 cm long, orange-red, tube narrow, apex 5-lobed, lobes narrowly linear, 5~7 mm long, 5 stamens, anthers yellow, united into tubes, higher than the lobes, center of stigma exposed. With a distinctive aroma, slightly bitter taste. The flower long in size, the color bright red, the herb soft is better.


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