Eupolyphaga seu Steleophaga(Ground Beetle).

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:herbs regulating blood conditions,herbs activating blood and resolving stasis.

 TCM Herbs Icon10 Introduction: Herbs activating blood and resolving stasis: also known as blood-activating and stasis-resolving herbs, an agent or substance herbs that promotes blood flow and removes stagnant blood, also known as blood-activating and stasis-dispelling herbs, or blood-activating herbs and stasis-resolving herbs.

Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 10 Introduction: The herbs regulating blood conditions,herbs activating blood and resolving stasis are known including:, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are totally [30] kinds of common TCM herbs, [53] kinds of related plant species, [5] kinds of related animal species, [6] kinds of related insect species, [1] kind of related mineral, are recorded in this category. These herbs regulating blood conditions, herbs activating blood and resolving stasis are briefly introduced separately:

Eupolyphaga seu Steleophaga(Ground Beetle).

 Ground Beetle Brief Introduction: The herb Eupolyphaga seu Steleophaga is the dried female insect of Eupolyphaga sinensis Walk., or Steleophaga plancyi(Bol.)(family Corydiidae), used (1).to break stasis for the treatment of amenorrhea and gynecological mass, and (2).to promote the healing of bone fracture. The herb is commonly known as Eupolyphaga seu Steleophaga, Ground Beetle, Zhè Chónɡ or Tǔ Biē Chónɡ.

 ✵Official herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Eupolyphaga seu Steleophaga(Ground Beetle) as the dried female insect of the species (1).Eupolyphaga sinensis Walk., (2).Steleophaga plancyi(Bol.). They are small animals of the Corydidae family of the Blattaria order. These 2 commonly used species are introduced as:

 Eupolyphaga sinensis Walk. (1).Eupolyphaga sinensis Walk.: It is commonly known as Dì Biē(literally it means a soft-shelled turtle living in soil) or Tǔ Yuán, or Ground Turtle. The Eupolyphaga sinensis Walk. is an adult female. Incomplete metamorphosis. The ground turtle is oval, 1.3~3 cm long, and 1.2~2.4 cm wide. The front end is narrower, the back end is wider, the back is purplish-brown, shiny, wingless. The chest and backplate are well-developed, covering the head; The abdominal dorsal plates are 9 segments, arranged in an imbricated pattern. Ventral reddish-brown, head small, 1 pair of filiform antennae, often decapitation, there are 3 pairs of feet on the chest, with fine hairs and spines. The belly has transverse links. Crisp and fragile. It smells fishy and slightly salty.

 Eupolyphaga sinensis Walk. Ecological habit: The ground turtle is an important medicinal insect. It lives in dark, moist, and humus-rich pine soil. It is afraid of the sun, hides during the day, and is active at night.

 Eupolyphaga sinensis Walk. To complete a generation, Eupolyphaga sinensis Walk. needs to go through three stages: egg, nymph, and adult. It takes about 8 months for males to grow wings from nymphs, and 9 to 11 months for females to mature without wings. Males die 5 to 7 days after mating. The female can lay eggs within one week after mating, and lay eggs once for life.

 Eupolyphaga sinensis Walk. Eupolyphaga sinensis Walk. is an omnivorous insect, feeding characteristics like to eat fresh food, the most like to eat bran, rice bran, followed by corn flour, crushed grain, peanut cake, soybean meal, miscellaneous fish, meat and a variety of grass leaves, melon peel, chicken, cow dung and other coarse materials. Such as grass feed sheet feeding growth slow, full-price material available 72% wheat bran, corn flour 20%, soybean cake 5%, animal feed 3% (cooked feed). Feed when you want to use boiled water to boil, add another 30%~40% green vegetables or melon fruit kind. Individuals can grow into adults after 5~6 months with full feed.

 Distribution: the insect grows nearby the river and lake, it distributes in south areas and other areas of China. Medicinal insects are produced mainly in Guangdong, Guangxi, Bozhou of Anhui, and other areas of China.

 Steleophaga plancyi. (2).Steleophaga plancyi(Bol.).: It is commonly known as Jì Dì Biē. Only male insects have wings, female insects have no wings. The male is 2.2 cm long. The female is 3.0~3.6 cm long. The upper and lower parts of the body are flat, the head is small, curved toward the ventral surface, the mouthparts are masticatory, the large jaw is hard, the antennae are filamentous, long and knobby, the compound eyes are developed, the antennae are shaped like kidneys around, the single eyes are 2, the front chest is expanded like a shield, the front narrow and the back is broad on the head. The anterior chest of the male insect is wavy, with lacunae, with 2 pairs of wings, leathery anterior wings, membranous posterior wings, folded into a fan when not in use, good at walking and flying, but not commonly used wings. The first abdominal section is very short, its web is not developed, eight, nine two abdominal sections of the backplate shortened, caudate 1 pair. The ninth web of the male insect has a pair of ventral spines, and the eighth and ninth webs of the female insect are concealed inside the seventh web. Genitalia is not protruding. Foot 3 pairs, equally developed, with fine hairs, prickly, the base is enlarged, cover and thoracoventral and abdominal parts. 5 tarsi, 2-clawed.

 The surface is dark brown. The anterior margin of the male adult is arched, the submarginal veins of the anterior wing are obviously branched, the radial veins, the middle veins, and the elbow-veins are longitudinal, and there are significant transverse veins between the veins. The buttocks are quite short.

 Life habits: For omnivorous, like to eat hummus and starch and other substances. In the daytime, hidden motionless, late foraging. More living in the wild tree roots and fallen leaves under the rock, rice stores have chaff, and the bottom of the warehouse or the oil press square damp place. Perches in the kitchen, kitchen stove foot, dank place more.


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