Radix Hedysari(Sweetvetch Root).

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Qi Tonics,Herbs for Replenishing Qi.

 TCM Herbs Icon14 Introduction: Qi Tonics,herbs for replenishing Qi: also known as Qi-tonifying herbs, an agent or substance that tonifies Qi, used in treating Qi deficiency.

 
Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 14 Introduction: The Qi Tonics, herbs for replenishing Qi are known including:, , , , , , , , , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are totally [14] kinds of common TCM herbs, [27] kinds of related plant species, are recorded in this category. These Qi Tonics,Herbs for Replenishing Qi are briefly introduced separately:

 
Radix Hedysari(Sweetvetch Root).

 Radix Hedysari Brief Introduction: The herb Radix Hedysari is the dried root of Hedysarum polybotrys Hand.-Mazz.(family Leguminosae), used as a substitute for Radix Astragali, Milkvetch Root. The herb is commonly known as Radix Hedysari, Sweetvetch Root, Hónɡ Qí.

 ✵Common official herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Radix Hedysari(Sweetvetch Root) as the dried root of the species (1).Hedysarum polybotrys Hand.-Mazz. It is a plant of the Hedysarum Linn. Genus, the Leguminosae family of the Rosales order. This commonly used species is introduced as:

 Hedysarum polybotrys Hand.-Mazz. (1).Hedysarum polybotrys Hand.-Mazz.:  It is commonly known as Duō Xù Yán Huáng Qí, or Hónɡ Qí. Perennial herbs, 100~120 cm tall. Root is straight, thick, long, thick about 1~2 cm, the skin is dark red-brown. Stems are erect, tufted, much-branched; Branches are hard, glabrous, slightly tortuous. Leaves are 5~9 cm long; Stipules are lanceolate, tan dry membranous, connate uppermost; Petiole is usually absent; 11~19 leaflets, shortly stipitate ca. 1 mm long; Leaf blade is ovate-lanceolate or ovate-oblong, 18~24 mm long, 4~6 mm wide, apex rounded or obtuse, usually pointed, base cuneate, glabrous at upper part, appressed pilose at lower part.

 Hedysarum polybotrys Hand.-Mazz. Racemes axillary, usually no higher than leaves; Flowers are numerous, 12~14 mm long, with filiform pedicels 3~4 mm long; Bracts are subulate lanceolate, equal to or slightly shorter than pedicels, pilose, often caducous; Calyx is oblique broad bell-shaped, 4~5 mm long, pubescent, calyx teeth are triangular subulate, teeth between a wide concave, upper calyx teeth about 1 mm long, lower calyx teeth are as long as the upper calyx teeth 1 times; Corolla is pale yellow, 11~12 mm long, flag oblong-ovate, apex rounded, slightly concave, wing linear, equal to or slightly longer than flag, keel longer than flag 2~3 mm; Ovary linear, pubescent. Pod 2~4 segments, pubescent, node pod suborbicular or broadly ovate, 3~5 mm wide, concave on both sides, with distinct reticulations and narrow wings. Its flowering period is from July to August, fruiting from August to September.

 Ecological environment: the plant grows on rocky mountain slopes, thickets and forest margins. It is distributed in Gansu(liupan mountain and southern mountain) and Sichuan northwest and so on.

 Hedysarum polybotrys Hand.-Mazz. Trait identification: This product is cylindrical, rarely branched, slightly thick at the upper end, 10~50 cm long, 0.6~2 cm in diameter. The surface is reddish-brown, with longitudinal wrinkles, transversely long skin holes and a few root marks, the skin is easy to fall off, flaky yellow. Hard and tough, not easy to break, the cross-section is fibrous, and show powder, yellow and white skin, wood core is light yellow-brown, ray radial, cambium ring light brown. Light smell, taste light sweet, chewing with a beanstalk taste.

 
 

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