Radix Saposhnikoviae(Divaricate Saposhnikovia Root).

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Pungent-Warm Exterior-releasing Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon01 Introduction: Pungent-warm exterior-releasing herbs: an agent or substance herbs pungent in flavor and warm in property, which is usually used for treating a wind-cold exterior syndrome.

 
Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 02 Introduction: The pungent-warm exterior-releasing herbs are known including:, , ,, , , , , , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are totally [14] kinds of common TCM herbs, [26] kinds of related plant species, are recorded in this category. These pungent-warm exterior-releasing Herbs are briefly introduced separately:

 
Radix Saposhnikoviae(Divaricate Saposhnikovia Root).

 Saposhnikovia divaricata Brief Introduction: The herb Radix Saposhnikoviae is the dried root of Saposhnikovia divaricata(Turcz.) Schischk.(family Umbelliferae), used (1).to release the superficies for exterior syndromes, (2).to dispel wind in cases of urticaria, (3).to dispel wind-damp and alleviate pain in cases of rheumatalgia, and (4).to relieve spasm in cases of tetanus. The herb is commonly known as Radix Saposhnikoviae, Divaricate Saposhnikovia Root, Fánɡ Fēnɡ.

 ✵The herb Radix Saposhnikoviae is the dry root of the Saposhnikovia divaricata(Turcz.) Schischk., it is a plant of the Saposhnikovia Schischk genus, the Apiaceae(Umbelliferae) family of the Apiales(Umbellales) order.

 Saposhnikovia divaricata root The Saposhnikovia divaricata(Turcz.) Schischk., is commonly known as "Saposhnikovia divaricata", or "Fang Feng". Perennial herb, 30~80 cm high. The roots are thick, long cylindrical, branched, light yellow laurel color, the roots are ramping up, nearly as long as the main stem, and finely ribbed. Basal leaves are clustered, petiolate petiole, base broadly sheathed, slightly amplexicaul; leaf blade is ovate or oblong, 14~35 cm long, 6~8~18 cm wide, 2- to 3-pinnately divided, the first lobe is ovate or oblong, stalked, 5~8 cm long, the lower part of the second lobe has a short stalk, the distal lobe is narrowly wedge-shaped, 2.5~5 cm long, 1~2.5 cm wide; on the top lobe it has a wide leaf sheath. Most of umbellate, grow on stem and branch apices, terminal peduncle 2~5 cm long, paravegan 5~7, 3~5 cm long, glabrous, without involucre bracts; 4~10 umbellules dead, 4~6 small sepals, linear or lanceolate, ca. 3 mm; calyx teeth triangular-ovate; petals obovate, white, ca. 1.5 mm, glabrous, apex retuse, introducted. Double-hanging fruit is narrowly round or elliptical, 4-5 mm long, 2-3 mm wide, with verrucous protrusions when young, gradually maturing; there are tubules 1 in each furrow, and 2 tubings on the commissure. Its flowering period is from August to September, fruiting from September to October.

 
 

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