Herba Schizonepetae(Fineleaf Schizonepeta Herb).

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Pungent-Warm Exterior-releasing Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon01 Introduction: Pungent-Warm Exterior-releasing Herbs: an agent or substance herbs pungent in flavor and warm in property, which is usually used for treating a wind-cold exterior syndrome.

 
Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 02 Introduction: The Pungent-Warm Exterior-releasing Herbs are known including:, , ,, , , , , , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are Totally [14] kinds of common TCM herbs, [26] kinds of related plant species, are recorded in this category. These Pungent-Warm Exterior-releasing Herbs are briefly introduced separately:

 
Herba Schizonepetae(Fineleaf Schizonepeta Herb).

 Fineleaf Schizonepeta Herb Brief Introduction: The Herba Schizonepetae is the dried aerial part of Schizonepeta tenuifolia Briq.(family Labiatae), used (1).to release the superficies and disperse wind in cases of wind-cold affliction, (2).to promote eruption for treating measles, and (3).to dispel wind for urticaria. The herb is commonly known as Herba Schizonepetae, Fineleaf Schizonepeta Herb, Jīnɡ Jiè.

 ✵The herb Herba Schizonepetae(Fineleaf Schizonepeta Herb) is the dried aerial part of Schizonepeta tenuifolia Briq. It is also known as Fineleaf Schizonepeta Herb, Herb of Fineleaf Schizonepeta.

 Common official herbal classics defined the herb Herba Schizonepetae(Jīnɡ Jiè) as the dried aerial part of (1).Schizonepeta tenuifolia Briq. Other famous herbal classics defined the herb as the dried aerial part of species of the same family:(1).Schizonepeta tenuifolia Briq., (2).Schizonepaeta multifida (L.)Briq. They are plant species of the Nepeta Linn. Genus, Labiatae family of the Lamiales order. These 2 commonly used species are introduced as:

 Schizonepeta tenuifolia Briq (1).Schizonepeta tenuifolia Briq.:  It is also known as Nepeta tenuifolia Bent., or Lie Ye Jing Jie. Herbaceous annual, 60~100 cm high. Strong aroma. Stem erect, prismatic, upper much-branched, base brownish-purple. The whole plant is covered with pale pubescent. Leaves opposite; Stem base of leaf sessile or nearly sessile, pinnate deep cleft, 5 lobes, middle and upper leaves sessile, pinnate deep cleft, 3~5 lobes, 1~3.5 cm long, 1.5~2.5 cm wide, apex lancet, base cuneate and gradually narrow the postponement of petiole, lobes lanceolate, margin entire, the dark green, sage green below, both surfaces glabrous, veins and edge is close, have a poof gland. Flowers for the inflorescence, multi-wheelel dense at the branch end, form spike, 3-13 cm long; Bracts leaflike, 4~17 mm long; Bracteoles linear, smaller; Flowers small, calyx funnelform obconical, ca. 3 mm long, ca. 1.2 mm in diameter, gray pilose and yellow-green glandular points, apex 5-dentate, lobes ovate-triangular; The upper lip apex 2-lobed, 3-lobed, middle lobe largest. 4 stamens, 2-strong; Ovary 4-lobed, stylopodium, stigma 2-lobed. 4 nutlets, oblong triangular, ca. 1.5 mm long, ca. 0.7 mm in diameter, tan, smooth. Its flowering period is from July to September, fruiting from September to November.

 Schizonepeta tenuifolia Briq Ecological environment and Distribution: This species grow on hillsides by roadsides or in valleys. The altitude is between 540 and 2,700 meters. It is cultivated in provinces Gansu, Guizhou, Henan, Jiangsu, Qinghai, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan and other provinces. It is distributed in most areas of the country. Mainly produced in Hebei, Hubei, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, and other provinces.

 Trait identification: the herb of Schizonepeta tenuifolia Briq. is a branch with a flower spike. Stem square columnar, upper branched, 50~80 cm long, 0.2~0.4 cm in diameter; Surface yellow-green or purple-brown, white pubescent; Light, crisp, broken face fibrous, yellow and white, with white loose pulp in the center. Leaves opposite, mostly deciduous, 3~5 pinnately divided, lobes slender. Inflorescence terminal, 3~13 cm long, ca. 7 mm in diameter. Corolla is much shed, host calyx is yellow-green, bell-shaped, quality is brittle, inside the small nut of brown-black. The air is fragrant, the taste is slight acerbity but spicy cool. With color light yellow-green, spike dense and long, the fragrance is good.

 Schizonepaeta multifida Briq (2).Schizonepaeta multifida (L.)Briq.:  It is also known as Nepeta multifida L., or Duo Lie Ye Jing Jie. Herbaceous perennial, up to 40~50 cm tall. Stem base lignified, upper part Four-edge shape, white villous. Leaves opposite; Petiole about 1.5 cm long; Leaves feathery deeply divided or divided, sometimes lobed to entire, lobes ovate or ovate-lanceolate, entire or sparsely toothed, 2~3.4 cm long, 1.5~2 cm wide, apex acute, base sub truncate to cordate, dark green above, slightly pilose, white yellow below, white short bristles, veins upper and margin lashes, glandular. Most of the inflorescences form a terminal spike, 6~12 cm long. Bracts leafy, deep or entire, ovate, ca. 1 cm long; Bracteoles ovate-lanceolate or lanceolate, purplish, slightly longer as long as flowers; Calyx purplish, ca. 5 mm long, 15 veined, externally sparsely pubescent, apex 5-dentate, triangular; Corolla 2-lipped, blue-purple, pale yellow after drying, ca. 8 mm long, pilose, upper lip 2-lobed, lower lip 3-lobed, middle lobe largest; 4 stamens, anthers mauve, style slender, stigma 2-lobed. 4 nutlets, oblong, slightly ribbed, ca. 1.6 mm long, ca. 0.6 mm wide, brown. Its flowering period is from July to September, fruiting after September.

 Schizonepaeta multifida Briq Ecological environment and Distribution: This species grow on the edge of pine forest, hillside grass or wet grassland at an altitude of 1,300~2,000 meters. It is distributed in Hebei, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Gansu and other provinces.

 Trait identification: the herb of Schizonepaeta multifida is the stems and branches, purplish red, pubescent; Light and brittle, easy to break, cross-sectionalal fibrous. Leaf lobes wider, ovate or ovate-lanceolate. Inflorescences continuous rarely interrupted; Calyx teeth acute. The air is fragrant, the taste is slight acerbity but spicy cool.

 
 
Spica Schizonepetae(Fineleaf Schizonepeta Spike).

 Fineleaf Schizonepeta Spike Brief Introduction: The Spica Schizonepetae is the seed-bearing part of schizonepeta used similarly to Herba Schizonepetae, fineleaf schizonepeta herb, with stronger actions.

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Herba Schizonepetae Carbonisata(Carbonized Fineleaf Schizonepeta).

 Carbonized Fineleaf Schizonepeta Brief Introduction: The Herba Schizonepetae Carbonisata is the carbonized schizonepeta used as a hemostatic for treating functional uterine bleeding and hematochezia.

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