Radix Puerariae(Kudzuvine Root).

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Pungent-cool Exterior-releasing Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon01 Introduction: Pungent-cool exterior-releasing herbs: an agent or substance herbs pungent in flavor and cool in property, which is usually used for treating a wind-heat exterior syndrome.

 
Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 02 Introduction: The pungent-cool exterior-releasing herbs are known including:, , , , , , , , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are totally [13] kinds of common TCM herbs, [21] kinds of related plant species, [1] kind of insect species, are recorded in this category. These pungent-cool exterior-releasing herbs are briefly introduced separately:

 
Radix Puerariae(Kudzuvine Root).

 Pueraria lobata Brief Introduction: The herb Radix Puerariae is the dried root of Pueraria lobata(Willd.) Ohwi, or Pueraria thomsonii Benth.(family Legumonisae), used (1).to reduce heat in cases of exterior syndrome with fever and painful stiffness of the back and nape, (2).to relieve thirst in febrile diseases and diabetes mellitus, (3).to arrest diarrhea in spleen insufficiency, and (4).to promote eruption for measles. The herb is commonly known as Radix Puerariae, Kudzuvine Root, Gě Gēn.

 ✵The herb Radix Puerariae(Kudzuvine Root) is the dried root of the (1). Pueraria lobata(Willd.) Ohwi, or (2). Pueraria thomsonii Benth., they are plants of the Pueraria Genus, the Fabaceae(Leguminosae) family of the Fabales order. These 2 commonly used species are introduced as:

 Pueraria lobata Willd. Ohwi (1).Pueraria lobata(Willd.)Ohwi:  The Pueraria lobata (Willd.) Ohwi., is a plant of perennial deciduous vine, up to 10 meters. The whole plant is brown with hair. Tuberous cylindrical, hypertrophy, skin gray, internal silty, fibrous very strong. Stems stout base, upper branches. Three out of the compound leaves; terminal petiole longer; leaves rhombus-shaped, 5.5~19 cm long, 4.5~18 cm wide, apex acuminate, base rounded, sometimes lobed, lateral leaflets are smaller, obliquely ovate, varies on both sides, pale back, with cream, both sides of the white abaxially pubescent; stipules shield-like students, ovate-oblong, small care needle-shaped. Racemes are axillary or terminal, Corolla is blue-purple or purple; bracts are narrowly linear, caducous, bractlets ovate or lanceolate; calyx campanulate, 0.8~1 cm long, 5 calyx teeth, lanceolate, above 2 teeth connate, longer than 1 tooth longer; petals subrounded or oval, apex dorsal, base with two short ears, wings are narrowly elliptic, shorter than the petals, often with basal auricles, keels slightly longer than the petals; 10 stamens, body; ovary linear, style is curved. Pods are linear, 6~9 cm long, 7~10 mm wide, densely tanned hirsute. Seeds are oval, auburn, shiny. Its flowering period is from April to August, fruiting period is in October.

 Pueraria thomsonii Benth (2).Pueraria thomsonii Benth.:  The Pueraria thomsonii Benth., is a plant of vine. Root hypertrophy. Stems are yellowish brown short hairs or miscellaneous hirsute. Leaves trimmed, long elliptic, hairy; leaflets lanceolate to broadly ovate, sometimes 3-lobed, 9~21 cm long, 8~18 cm wide, apex shortly acuminate, base graphics. Racemes axillary; bracteoles ovate; calyx campanulate, 1.2~1.5 cm long, 5 calyx teeth, lanceolate, longer than calyx tube, yellow hirsute; corolla purple, long 1.3~1.8 cm. Pods are long oval, flat; length 10~12 cm, width 1~1.2 cm, densely beige hirsute. Seeds are kidney-shaped or round. Its flowering period is from June to September, fruiting period is from August to October.

 
 

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