✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.
Classifications of Herbs:Pungent-cool Exterior-releasing Herbs.
Introduction: Pungent-cool Exterior-releasing Herbs: an agent or substance herbs pungent in flavor and cool in property, which is usually used for treating a wind-heat exterior syndrome.
✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are Totally  kinds of common TCM herbs,  kinds of related plant species,  kind of insect species, are recorded in this category. These Pungent-cool Exterior-releasing Herbs are briefly introduced separately:
Radix Bupleuri(Chinese Thorowax Root).
Brief Introduction: The Radix Bupleuri is the dried root of Bupleurum chinense DC. or Bupleurum scorzonerifolium Willd.(family Umbelliferae), used (1).to reduce fever for relieving alternate spells of chills and fever, (2).to relieve liver Qi stagnation for alleviating hypochondriac and thoracic pains, and (3).to lift spleen Qi for correction of visceroptosis.
✵The herb Radix Bupleuri(Chinese Thorowax Root) is the dry root of the (1). Bupleurum chinense DC. or (2). Bupleurum scorzonerifolium Willd., they are plants of the Bupleurum genus, the Apiaceae(or Umbelliferae) family of the Apiales order. These 2 commonly used species are introduced as:
(1).The Bupleurum chinense DC.: It is commonly known as “North Bupleurum”, the plant is a Perennial herb, 45~70 cm high. Straight born, divided or not divided. Stems erect, tufted, upper branched, and slightly “zigzag” bend. Leaves alternate; wide linear-lanceolate, 3 to 9 cm long, 0.6 to 1.3 cm wide, apex acuminate, the final was short, like the entire margin, above the green, the following light green, with parallel pulse 7 to 9. Umbrella 4 to 10, 1 to 4 cm long, emarginate; involucral bracts missing, or 1 or 2; 5～10 small beetles, ca. 2 mm; 5 small involucral bracts; flowers small, yellow, about 1.5 mm in diameter; calyx teeth obscure; petals 5, apex bent inwardly into 2 toes; 5 stamens, anthers ovate; 2 styles, Very short. Double hanging fruit oval-shaped, left and right flat, about 3 mm long, divided into five obvious main edges, furrows usually have 3 tubings. It is flowering from August to September, fruiting from September to October. The plant grows in dry barren hills, fields, roadside, sunny hillside roadside, shore or grass.
(2).The Bupeurum scorzonerifolium Willd.: It is commonly known as "Narrow Leaf Bupleurum", or "South Bupleurum", its root is commonly known as "Red Thorowax Root" the plant is a perennial herb, 30~65 cm high. Deep roots, no disagreement or slight disagreement, skin reddish brown. Stems single or several branches, the upper part of the multi-branched, smooth glabrous. Leaves alternate; root leaves and stems of the lower leaves have long-handled; leaves linear or linear-lanceolate, 7 to 15 cm long, 2 to 6 mm wide, apex acuminate, 5-7 veins, almost parallel. Compound umbel; 3~15 umbrella ternates; involucral bracts missing, or 2~3; 10~20 small umbrella stems, ca. 2 mm; 5 involucres; flowers small, yellow: 5 petals, fold; 5 stamens; ovary lower, smooth glabrous. Double-hanging fruit, oblong or oblong-ovate, 2~3 mm long, sub-fruit has 5 thick and obtuse fruit ribs, mature fruit of the furrows in the tubing is not obvious, young fruit cross-section common to each edge, there are 3 slots in the tank. Its flowering period is from July to September, fruiting in October.