Herba Menthae(Peppermint).

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Pungent-cool Exterior-releasing Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon01 Introduction: Pungent-cool exterior-releasing herbs: an agent or substance herbs pungent in flavor and cool in property, which is usually used for treating a wind-heat exterior syndrome.

 
Classifications of Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon 02 Introduction: The pungent-cool exterior-releasing herbs are known including:, , , , , , , , , , , , .

 ✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are totally [13] kinds of common TCM herbs, [21] kinds of related plant species, [1] kind of insect species, are recorded in this category. These pungent-cool exterior-releasing herbs are briefly introduced separately:

 
Herba Menthae(Peppermint).

 Mentha haplocalyx Brief Introduction: The herb Herba Menthae is the dried aerial part of Mentha haplocalyx Briq.(family Labiatae), used (1).to disperse wind and heat in the treatment of wind-heat affliction, (2).to clear the head and eyes for relieving headache and conjunctivitis, (3).to promote eruption in the treatment of measles, and (4).to soothe the liver for alleviating hypochondriac and thoracic pain. The herb is commonly known as Herba Menthae, Peppermint, Bò He.

 ✵The herb Herba Menthae(Peppermint) is the whole herb or leaves of the (1). Mentha haplocalyx Briq., or (2). Mentha haplocalyx Briq.var.piperascens(Malinvaud)C.Y.Wu et H.W.Li., or (3). Mentha x piperta L., they are plants of the Mentha spicata L. genus, the Lamiaceae or Labiatae(mint or deadnettle family) of the Lamiales order. These 3 commonly used species are introduced as:

 Mentha haplocalyx Briq. (1).Mentha haplocalyx Briq.: The Mentha haplocalyx Briq., known as "M. haplocalyx Briq.; M.aruensis L.var.haplocalyx Briq.; M.aruensis auct.non L., Mentha canadaensis L.", perennial herb, stems are erect, 30~60 cm high, with a rhizome of medlar, reaching 13 cm deep into the soil, crispy, easily broken, with slender fibrous roots and horizontal rhizomes at the lower part. Roots, the cultivated mints, with a true absorption effect are a number of fibrous roots growing on the upright stems in the ground and underground rhizome nodes. These roots are buried into the soil to a depth of about 30 cm, and the topsoil layer is about 15~20 cm. Concentration; In addition, in the case of relatively high humidity between the plants, there will be many aerial roots on the base section of the erect stem and between the nodes. This aerial root will die by itself when the weather is dry. Almost no effect on the growth of mint. Stems are sharply tetragonal, much branched, with trichomes that are glabrous or slightly retro reflective on all four sides. Leaf blade is oblong-lanceolate, lanceolate, elliptic or ovate-lanceolate, thinly oblong, 3~5~7 cm long, 0.8~3 cm wide, apex acute, base cuneate to suborbicular, the margin is sparse above and below the base and coarse teeth serrations, lateral veins of about 5-6 pairs, with the middle rib above the obvious, above the green; along the veins densely covered sparsely puberulent, or in addition to the pulse outside the remainder hairless, light green above, usually densely puberulent along veins; petiole 2~10 mm in length, abaxially concave-convex, puberulent.

 Mentha haplocalyx Briq.var.piperascens (2).Mentha haplocalyx Briq.var.piperascens(Malinvaud)C.Y.Wu et H.W.Li.: The Mentha haplocalyx Briq.var.piperascens(Malinvaud) C.Y.Wu et H.W.Li., the botanical appearance is similar to the Mentha haplocalyx Briq. Main differences are: leaves ovate to oblong, 2~5 cm long, with glandular spots on both surfaces. Calyx lobes are narrowly triangular, ciliate. Corolla lilac or white. Nutlets are 0.7 mm long.

 Mentha x piperta L. (3).Mentha x piperta L.: The Mentha x piperta L., is commonly known as "Peppermint", "Mentha balsamea Wild.", "black mint(M.piperta var.vulgaris Sole)" and "white mint(M.piperta var.officinalis Sole)", perennial herb with aromatic, cool taste. Rhizomes with bracts, with nodes on top, each having two opposite buds and bud scales. The stems are prismatic, erect, with hairs on the upper part, and the lower part only has a few hairs along the edges. Leaves opposite, oblong-lanceolate to elliptic, 8~10 cm long, 3~5 cm wide, apical acute, leaf surface flat, leaf color green to dark green, reticulate veins sink, leaf edge serration deep and sharp, petiole 1~2 cm long, covered with hairs. Umbrella inflorescences axillary, calyx tubular bell-shaped. The mint was first discovered and named by Carl Linnaeus when he took a sample in the England; Linnaeus considered this plant to be a new species but has reached a consensus in the academic community to classify peppermint as a hybrid plant. This species is a hybrid from the Spearmint(Mentha spicata) and Watermint(Mentha aquatica).

 
 

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